Sustainability Course Inventory

University of Toronto’s 2023-2024 Undergraduate Sustainability Course Inventory

The Sustainability Course Inventory gathers information about all sustainability-related undergraduate courses at the University of Toronto. It includes 2,061 sustainability-oriented courses, representing 29.87% of all 6,899 undergraduate courses at U of T. This is an increase from 25% of undergraduate courses the previous year. The purpose of the sustainability course inventory is to increase the visibility of such courses, making it more accessible for students to add sustainability content to their educational experience. We hope to encourage deeper understanding of the societal shift towards sustainability, to contribute to the creation of a culture of sustainability at the university. Our understanding of sustainability englobes both human and environmental concerns, and the inventory was created based on keywords from the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), see below. The SDGs were chosen as a basis for the inventory due to their comprehensiveness and widespread usage in the sustainability field. The first inventory was created in 2017 by the Expanded Student Engagement (ESE) Project, supported by the President’s Advisory Committee on the Environment, Climate Change, and Sustainability (CECCS). This 2023-2024 edition was updated by a CECCS Research Assistant in September 2023. If you have any questions or suggestions for a course to be included or removed from this inventory, please contact

SDG Goals

The UN Sustainable Development Goals and Inventory Keywords

See the SDG Keywords page for the list of keywords searched in the titles and descriptions of undergraduate courses in the master list of undergraduate courses. The search results were quality assured by the CECCS Work Study team to remove any courses which were deemed not to have sustainability content. Methodologies and contexts for making this inventory were highlighted in an academic paper written by the ESE team and published in the journal “Sustainability”: “Expanding Student Engagement in Sustainability: Using SDG- and CEL-focused Inventories to Transform Curriculum at the University of Toronto“, January 2019, Sustainability 11(2):530.

Summary Tables
University DivisionsUnique Sustainability Courses% of Total Courses% of Undergraduate StudentsNumber of Sustainability Courses per Student (Divisional)
Arts and Science9684742.433
U of T Scarborough4432120.531
U of T Mississauga395192325
Applied Science & Engineering1155.58.220
Kinesiology & Physical Education 341.61.533
Architecture, Landscape, and Design301.41.528

*The following divisions were not included in the table as they had no courses in the inventory: Dentistry, Law, Medicine, Nursing, OISE, Woodsworth Certificate, Transitional Year Program

SDG GroupNumber of Courses% of Total Courses
1. No Poverty821.7
2. Zero Hunger992
3. Good Health and Well-Being3156.5
4. Quality Education4349
5. Gender Equality3837.9
6. Clean Water and Sanitation771.6
7. Affordable and Clean Energy1072.2
8. Decent Work and Economic Growth2645.4
9. Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure3336.9
10. Reduced Inequalities54911.3
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities3206.6
12. Responsible Consumption and Production2214.5
13. Climate Action3817.8
14. Life Below Water2064.2
15. Life on Land3837.9
16. Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions66113.6
17. Partnership for the goals350.7

Undergraduate Sustainability Course Inventory

Course CodeCourse TitleCourse DescriptionDivisionKeyword(s)SDG(s)
ABP102Y1Contemporary CanadaThis interdisciplinary, foundational course provides an introduction to contemporary Canadian society. The course includes the study of geography, politics, literature and culture through a historical framework of the twentieth century. It also emphasizes particular themes including indigenous issues, Quebec nationalism, gender/women's issues and immigration/multiculturalism. Open only to Academic Bridging Program students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, women, indigenous, nationalismSDG10,SDG16
ABP104Y1Environmental Issues TodayThis interdisciplinary course introduces the major issues regarding the sustainability of the global environment in the face of human development by integrating humanities and social science with the fundamental concept of environmental science. It examines major environmental problems, such as rapid climate change and land degradation as well as the role and impact of government, economics, and ethics on environmental issues. Open only to Academic Bridging Program students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofclimate, environmental, landSDG8,SDG13,SDG15
ABP106Y1Media, Culture, and SocietyThis interdisciplinary course provides an introduction to the cultural and social impacts of present-day popular mass media. Themes explored include the economic and political forces that shape the media world, the role of technology, and issues of representation, gender, and social justice. The course examines a wide range of texts, emphasizing popular culture produced in Canada, and students will have the opportunity to draw extensively on their own interactions with popular media. Open only to Academic Bridging Program students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, social justiceSDG5,SDG16
ABP108Y1Introduction to University Studies in ChemistryThis course covers the fundamental knowledge and skills needed for success in First Year university Chemistry and other Sciences such as Biology. Topics include atoms, elements, and compounds; the chemical and physical properties of gases, liquids, and solids; chemical reactions; and the importance of chemistry in understanding the world around us, with attention to how it can address issues in medicine, the environment, and sustainability. Open only to Academic Bridging Program students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledgeSDG4
ACMB10H3Equity and Diversity in the ArtsEquity and diversity in the arts promotes diversity of all kinds, including those of race, gender, socio-economic status, sexual orientation or identity, age, ability or disability, religion, and aesthetics, tradition or practice. This course examines issues of equity and diversity and how they apply across all disciplines of arts, culture and media through critical readings and analysis of cultural policy.University of Toronto Scarboroughsocio-economic, disability, equity, genderSDG5,SDG8,SDG10
ACMC01H3ACMEE Applied Practice IA study of the arts, culture and/or media sector through reflective practice. Students will synthesize their classroom and work place / learning laboratory experiences in a highly focused, collaborative, and facilitated way through a series of assignments and discussions.University of Toronto Scarboroughlearning, laborSDG4,SDG8
ACMD01H3ACMEE Applied Practice IIAn advanced study of the arts, culture and/or media sector through reflective practice. Students will further engage with work places as "learning laboratories", and play a mentorship role for students in earlier stages of the experiential education process.University of Toronto Scarboroughlearning, laborSDG4,SDG8
ACMD02H3ACMEE Applied Practice IIIAn advanced study of the arts, culture and/or media sector through reflective practice. Students will further synthesize their classroom and work place / learning laboratory experiences, and play a mentorship role for students in earlier stages of the experiential education process.University of Toronto Scarboroughlearning, laborSDG4,SDG8
AER507H1Introduction to Fusion EnergyNuclear reactions between light elements provide the energy source for the sun and stars. On earth, such reactions could form the basis of an essentially inexhaustible energy resource. In order for the fusion reactions to proceed at a rate suitable for the generation of electricity, the fuels (usually hydrogen) must be heated to temperatures near 100 million Kelvin. At these temperatures, the fuel will exist in the plasma state. This course will cover: (i) the basic physics of fusion, including reaction cross-sections, particle energy distributions, Lawson criterion and radiation balance, (ii) plasma properties including plasma waves, plasma transport, heating and stability, and (iii) fusion plasma confinement methods (magnetic and inertial). Topics will be related to current experimental research in the field.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofenergySDG7
AER510H1Aerospace PropulsionScope and history of jet and rocket propulsion; fundamentals of air-breathing and rocket propulsion; fluid mechanics and thermodynamics of propulsion including boundary layer mechanics and combustion; principles of aircraft jet engines, engine components and performance; principles of rocket propulsion, rocket performance, and chemical rockets; environmental impact of aircraft jet engines.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofenvironmentalSDG13
AER515H1Combustion ProcessesScope and history of combustion, and fossil fuels; thermodynamics and kinetics of combustion including heats of formation and reaction, adiabatic flame temperature, elementary and global reactions, equilibrium calculations of combustion products, and kinetics of pollutant formation mechanisms; propagation of laminar premixed flames and detonations, flammability limits, ignition and quenching; gaseous diffusion flames and droplet burning; introduction to combustion in practical devices such as rockets, gas turbines, reciprocating engines, and furnaces; environmental aspects of combustion.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofenvironmental, fossil fuel, pollutSDG13
AFR150Y1Introduction to African StudiesA multi-disciplinary study of Africa, emphasizing inquiry and critical analysis. Pre-colonial, colonial and contemporary African history, anthropology, politics, African humanism and society, religion, art, music, race, resistance, gender and Pan-Africanism.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgenderSDG5,SDG10
AFR250Y1Africa in the 21st Century: Challenges and OpportunitiesA critical examination of Africa as a living space rather than merely a site of intellectual speculation and study. Uses scholarly and popular literature to explore the issues that engage the attention of ordinary Africans, ranging from the dramatic to the seemingly trivial, as they struggle to fashion meaningful lives in fast-changing societies. Topics include urban transition and city life; economic, political and cultural impacts of globalization; new religious movements and changing conceptions of selfhood; new African diasporas in the West; dynamics of gender relations, kinships and identities; and the politics of liberalization. Materials studied will include print and electronic news media and other mass media resources from Africa and across the world.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, globaliz, urban, transitSDG5,SDG8,SDG9,SDG10,SDG11
AFR251H1Language, Freedom and Linguistic Human Rights in AfricaExamines the language situation in Africa and the extent to which freedom and linguistic human rights are enabled, granted, nurtured, achieved or protected by post-colonial African states. Using linguistic diversity in Africa as a backdrop, presents, discusses and assesses language policies that were adopted by post-colonial African states, particularly in education, and the implications that these policies have for the rights, freedom and empowerment of citizens of African states. Changes and evolving trends in language use and language planning are also discussed.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcitizen, human rightsSDG4,SDG16
AFR270H1African Literature and the Politics of StorytellingFocuses on the art and politics of storytelling across the continent. Students will engage with various kinds of narrative genres from great African novels to short stories, folktales, popular African films from Nollywood and other industries, as well as more recent forms of storytelling from social media. Topics of discussion will include globalization, colonialism, post-coloniality, neo-imperialism, environmental justice, ecocriticism, artistic expression and African identities. This novel course offers a combination of a wide range of literary and non-literary narrative genres as well as a variety of theoretical and methodological approaches to textual analysis from decolonial theories to ecocriticism, postcolonial environmentalisms, narrative theory, as well as more traditional methods of literary criticism and analysis.Arts and Science, Faculty ofdecolonial, globaliz, environmental, environmental justiceSDG4,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
AFR351Y1African Systems of ThoughtThe exploration of a range of African cosmologies, epistemologies, and theologies, as well as specific case studies on justice, the moral order, and gender relations. The influence of these richly diverse traditions is traced as well in the writings of African thinkers in the Diaspora.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgenderSDG5
AFR353H1International Relations of AfricaExplores inter-state relations in Africa, African states' relations with the West, China, India, Brazil, and international political, economic and financial institutions.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinstitutSDG10,SDG16,SDG17
AFR355H1African Youth Languages and CulturesExamines the nature of youth languages and cultures in contemporary Africa with a focus on their characteristics and the conditions under which they develop. Also considers similarities and/or differences between youth languages and cultures in different regions of Africa and the general youth condition. Includes urban youth languages such as Sheng, Engsh, Tsotsitaal, etc. and music genres associated with youth such as hip hop, Bongo flava, etc. Discusses challenges and opportunities associated with African youth languages as they relate to questions of identity, national integration, regional integration, and development.Arts and Science, Faculty ofurbanSDG16
AFR370H1Anticolonialism, Radicalism and Revolutions in AfricaAn interdisciplinary exploration of the histories of nationalist and revolutionary movements, ideologies, and regimes in twentieth and twenty-first century Africa, examining the various ways that Africans imagined, actively shaped, and continue to demand freedom and political modernity. Emphasis will be placed on African history methodology (including oral history) and historiography to encourage students to apply a historical lens to approaching key themes and concepts in African Studies such as nationalism, decolonization, the state, politics, citizenship, labour movements, and pro-democracy movements.Arts and Science, Faculty ofanticolonial, citizen, labour, decolonization, nationalism, democraSDG4,SDG8,SDG10,SDG11,SDG16
AFR389H1The Geopolitics and Debates on Africa-China Economic RelationsExplores the geopolitics of Africa-Asia relations, in particular, the unabated and polarized debates and narratives on China's engagement across sectors in Africa, Africa-China multifaceted trade relations, strategies and interests, and economic diplomacy. Critically examines the changing landscape of economic cooperation and development financing in contemporary Africa, their underlying impulses and their broader implications.Arts and Science, Faculty oftrade, landSDG16
AFR450Y1African Studies Honours Research SeminarThis honours research seminar required of all specialists and majors in African Studies offers critical explorations of the genealogy of African Studies, the transnational study of Africa, Africa's place in a globalized world, the historical, intellectual and institutional contexts of Africanist knowledge production, its dissemination and consumption in Africa, Europe, the Americas and emerging academic sites in Asia. It engages with the paradigm shifts and vibrant scholarly and epistemic debates across disciplines and geographies as well as unfolding events, public discourses, geopolitics, African popular cultures and the reimagining of African futures through canonical, emergent scholarship and creative media and emphasizes students' original and creative research explorations, engaged praxis and search for alternative theorizing and decolonial epistemologies.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, decolonial, globaliz, gini, consum, production, institutSDG4,SDG8,SDG9,SDG10,SDG12,SDG16
AFR454H1Migration, Mobility, and Displacement in Contemporary AfricaWhy do people move voluntarily or involuntarily? What are the causes and consequences of migration and displacement in Africa? This course critically examines the multifaceted dimensions of migration, mobility, and displacement, with a specific focus on communities and populations displaced by war, environmental destruction and disaster, economic failings, and the quest for economic opportunities, love, education, or individual freedom.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenvironmentalSDG4,SDG8,SDG11,SDG12,SDG13,SDG15,SDG16
AFR455H1Conflicts, Negotiations and Peacebuilding in AfricaExamines conflicts and peace negotiations in African contexts such as Somalia, Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and North Africa through public discourse, citizen actions, policy debates and mobilizations. Explores formal, informal, indigenous and institutional mediation and peace negotiation platforms, strategies, and impulses. Analyzes various conflict zones, case studies and intervention strategies for negotiating and sustaining peace in Africa in the broader context of the war on terror, increasing militarism, and securitization in peacebuilding.Arts and Science, Faculty ofpeace, citizen, indigenous, institut, democraSDG4,SDG10,SDG16
AFSA01H3Africa in the World: An IntroductionAn interdisciplinary introduction to the history and development of Africa with Africa's place in the wider world a key theme. Students critically engage with African and diasporic histories, cultures, social structures, economies, and belief systems. Course material is drawn from Archaeology, History, Geography, Literature, Film Studies, and Women's Studies. Same as HISA08H3University of Toronto ScarboroughwomenSDG5,SDG8,SDG10
AFSA03H3Experiencing Development in AfricaThis experiential learning course allows students to experience first hand the realities, challenges, and opportunities of working with development organizations in Africa. The goal is to allow students to actively engage in research, decision-making, problem solving, partnership building, and fundraising, processes that are the key elements of development work. Same as IDSA02H3University of Toronto ScarboroughlearningSDG9,SDG10,SDG17
AFSB50H3Africa in the Era of the Slave TradeAn introduction to the history of Sub-Saharan Africa, from the era of the slave trade to the colonial conquests. Throughout, the capacity of Africans to overcome major problems will be stressed. Themes include slavery and the slave trade; pre-colonial states and societies; economic and labour systems; and religious change. Same as HISB50H3University of Toronto Scarboroughlabour, tradeSDG8,SDG10
AFSC03H3Contemporary Africa: State, Society, and PoliticsThis course is intended as an advanced critical introduction to contemporary African politics. It seeks to examine the nature of power and politics, state and society, war and violence, epistemology and ethics, identity and subjectivities, history and the present from a comparative and historical perspective. It asks what the main drivers of African politics are, and how we account for political organization and change on the continent from a comparative and historical perspective. Same as IDSC03H3.University of Toronto ScarboroughviolenceSDG10,SDG16
AFSC19H3Community-Driven Development: Cooperatives, Social Enterprises and the Black Social EconomyThis course introduces students to alternative business institutions (including cooperatives, credit unions, worker-owned firms, mutual aid, and social enterprises) to challenge development. It investigates the history and theories of the solidarity economy as well as its potential contributions to local, regional and international socio-economic development. There will be strong experiential education aspects in the course to debate issues. Students analyze case studies with attention paid to Africa and its diaspora to combat exclusion through cooperative structures. Same as IDSC19H3University of Toronto Scarboroughsocio-economic, worker, invest, institutSDG1,SDG8,SDG9,SDG10,SDG12
AFSC55H3War and Society in Modern AfricaConflict and social change in Africa from the slave trade to contemporary times. Topics include the politics of resistance, women and war, repressive and weak states, the Cold War, guerrilla movements, resource predation. Case studies of anti-colonial rebellions, liberation wars, and civil conflicts will be chosen from various regions. Same as HISC55H3University of Toronto Scarboroughwomen, trade, social changeSDG5,SDG10,SDG16
AFSD07H3Extractive Industries in AfricaThis course examines resource extraction in African history. We examine global trade networks in precolonial Africa, and the transformations brought by colonial extractive economies. Case studies, from diamonds to uranium, demonstrate how the resource curse has affected states and economies, especially in the postcolonial period. Same as IDSD07H3University of Toronto ScarboroughtradeSDG8,SDG10,SDG15
AFSD52H3East African Societies in TransitionA seminar study of East African peoples from late pre-colonial times to the 1990's, emphasizing their rapid although uneven adaptation to integration of the region into the wider world. Transitions associated with migrations, commercialization, religious change, colonial conquest, nationalism, economic development and conflict, will be investigated. Student presentations are required. Same as HISD52H3University of Toronto Scarboroughinvest, transit, nationalismSDG8,SDG10,SDG11,SDG12,SDG13
AMS199H1Razing the Roof and Tearing Down Monuments: Controversies in Public MemoryIn cities across America, statues of past heroes are being kicked off their pedestals. As the republic grapples with conflicting histories, this course introduces students to the interdisciplinary field of American Studies by considering the politics, history, aesthetics, ideologies and geographies of public memorialization. We’ll also critically engage with current research on creative acts of public memory – both digital and material – which offer provocative ways to encounter our collective pasts. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcitiesSDG10,SDG11
AMS200H1Introduction to American StudiesA formal introduction to the interdisciplinary study of the United States and to the field of American Studies. Drawing from a variety of source materials ranging from political and literary to visual culture and material artifacts, this course examines the politics, history and culture of the U.S. A major emphasis will be learning to analyze primary sources.Arts and Science, Faculty oflearningSDG4,SDG10
AMS300H1Theories and Methods in American StudiesThis course, required for majors and minors but open to all who have met the pre-requisites, explores a range of approaches to the field of American Studies. Students will be introduced to some of the many theories and methods that have animated the field of American Studies, including historical methods; formal analysis of visual and literary texts; and key concepts, such as commodity chain analysis, race, commodity, gender, diaspora, and affect.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgenderSDG5,SDG10
ANA124H1Kinesiology Human Anatomy I: Organ SystemsThis course is the first half of the human cadaveric anatomy experience for students in the KPE program. Students will explore gross anatomy of the thoracic, abdominal, pelvic and nervous systems with focus on the structure, function, innervation and blood supply. Students will be introduced to implications of function and dysfunction or disease within these systems. Students will learn through theory and practice including in-class lectures, asynchronous learning modules and digital resources, active learning tasks and hands-on practice in the anatomy laboratory.Kinesiology and Physical Education, Faculty oflearning, laborSDG3
ANA125H1Kinesiology Human Anatomy II: Musculoskeletal SystemThis course is the second half of the human cadaveric anatomy experience for students in the KPE program. Students will explore musculoskeletal anatomy, including in depth investigation of the upper and lower limb bones, joints, ligaments, muscles, blood and nerve supply. Functional application of musculoskeletal anatomy with respect to movement will be introduced with real-life examples of exercise, injury and disease. Students will learn through theory and practice including in-class lectures, asynchronous learning modules and digital resources, active learning tasks and hands-on practice in the anatomy laboratory.Kinesiology and Physical Education, Faculty oflearning, labor, investSDG3
ANT199H1Living on the Water in TorontoWhat do the Great Lakes mean to people living here? Especially Indigenous people? When and how do people care about the Great Lakes? Poems, stories, social science offer perspectives on the water from anthropology and arts. Field trips including paddling on a river, hiking; talks with local activists and artists. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofwater, indigenousSDG6,SDG10,SDG15,SDG16
ANT201H5World ArchaeologyArchaeological survey of human cultural development from a global perspective, including: the elaboration of material culture; the expansion of social inequality; the development of diverse food procurement (hunter-gatherer-fisher) and food production (herding-agricultural) economies; and the changes in patterns of mobility over time and between world areas, with the growth of village and city life. Students will engage with the current state of archaeological research and some of the major issues archaeologists address in their recreations of archaeologically-based human history.University of Toronto Mississaugaagricultur, labor, inequality, equalit, production, fishSDG2,SDG8,SDG10,SDG11,SDG12,SDG13
ANT204H1Social Cultural Anthropology and Global IssuesA course focused on recent anthropological scholarship that seeks to understand and explain the transformation of contemporary societies and cultures. Topics may include some of the following: new patterns of global inequality, war and neo-colonialism, health and globalization, social justice and indigeneity, religious fundamentalism, gender inequalities, biotechnologies and society etc.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, globaliz, inequality, equalit, social justiceSDG3,SDG5,SDG9,SDG10,SDG13,SDG16
ANT205H1Medical Anthropology: Sociocultural Perspectives on Illness, Medicine and CareIntroduction to medical anthropology with a focus on questions, methods, and insights from sociocultural anthropology. Explores the relationships among culture, society, and medicine with special attention to power, inequality, and globalization. Examples from many parts of the world, addressing biomedicine as well as other healing systems.Arts and Science, Faculty ofillness, globaliz, inequality, equalitSDG3,SDG9,SDG10
ANT207H5Being Human: Classic Thought on Self and SocietyThe question of what it means to be human has been at the core of anthropology for over two centuries, and it remains as pressing now as it ever was. This course introduces students to some classic attempts at addressing this question with specific reference to the nature of personhood and social life. By engaging with the writings of Marx, Weber, Freud, and DeBeauvoir among other great thinkers of the modern age, students will develop deeper knowledge of the major theories guiding anthropological research. We will pay close attention to how arguments are constructed in these texts and focus on the methodologies that these pioneers of social thought developed in their inquiries. The course covers enduring topics ranging from the production of social inequality, what it means to be an individual, how collective life is shaped by economic markets, and the role of religion in shaping human experience, to develop an understanding of central issues facing the world today. [24L 12T]University of Toronto Mississaugaknowledge, inequality, equalit, productionSDG4,SDG10,SDG12
ANT208H1Medical Anthropology: an Evolutionary Perspective on Human HealthIntroduction to applied evolutionary medical anthropology. It explores evidence for the evolution of human vulnerability to disease across the life cycle (conception to death) and implications for health of contemporary populations in behavioral ecological, cross-cultural, health and healing systems, historical trauma, intersectionality, and climate change, lenses.Arts and Science, Faculty ofvulnerability, climate, ecologSDG3,SDG11,SDG13,SDG15
ANT210H1Anthropologists and Indigenous Peoples in North AmericaThis course provides a rigorous introduction to historical and contemporary relations between Indigenous peoples and anthropologists, spanning archaeology, biological/ evolutionary anthropology, and socio-cultural & linguistic fields. The course centers Indigenous experience, critique, and scholarship, and fosters students’ critical thinking skills as applied to the ethics and politics of anthropological research, past and present. The course is organised into three modules: 1. Introduction to Indigenous peoples’ critiques and concerns regarding anthropology 2. Understanding historical context of these issues 3. In-depth discussion of current issues, oriented to emergent and possible future transformations in anthropology’s relations with Indigenous peoples.Arts and Science, Faculty ofindigenousSDG10,SDG16
ANT210H5Fantasies, Hoaxes and Misrepresentations of the Ancient WorldHave you ever wondered why television programs like Ancient Aliens are so popular or if they have any merit? Have you also wondered why outrageous ideas about the human past seem to be more popular than the message science presents? This course critically evaluates the anatomy of significant hoaxes, outrageous claims, and just plain old "bad archaeology" in popular culture. Students will develop the tools to critically evaluate potential hoaxes and fictional accounts of the past by investigating a wide variety of cases that range from attempts to rewrite history using fake discoveries, to the simply outrageous claims created in order to promote racist agendas, to make money, or just for the fun of duping an unsuspecting public. [24L]University of Toronto MississaugainvestSDG10,SDG16
ANT214H5Anthropology of Food and NutritionThis course explores human food use and nutrition from a broad anthropological perspective. It examines archaeological evidence of dietary patterns of human ancestors and examines contemporary phenomena such as the preference for sweetness and lactase persistence that are the legacy of ancestral adaptations. It explores significant food revolutions, from the origins of agriculture to the relatively recent phenomenon of biotechnological food production and looks at both the positive and negative effects of these changes on patterns of human growth and health. The goal of the course is to provide students with a basic understanding of nutrition science that is contextualized in contemporary anthropological debates about the costs of changing food systems.University of Toronto Mississaugaagricultur, nutrition, food system, productionSDG2,SDG3,SDG12
ANT215H1Fight the Power!: A Global History of Resistance and RevolutionThis course examines the efforts of Indigenous communities in North America to subvert, resist, and persist in the face of hegemonic power. Over the course of the semester, students will develop a critical understanding of the inner workings of power and the impact of these structures on the contemporary world. In examining the power-resistance dynamic, this course takes a cross-cultural comparative approach that situates North American case studies in relation to examples of resistance from Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean. In examining these case studies, students are asked to engage with a variety of primary sources including songs, speeches, literary texts, and material culture.Arts and Science, Faculty ofindigenousSDG10,SDG16
ANT215H5How Should One Live? An Introduction to the Anthropology of EthicsFew questions are more obviously important than that which Socrates poses in Plato's Republic: "how should one live?" This course considers the various ways this question has been asked and the answers it has received across a range of very different contexts. It begins with Socrates' address to the Athenian assembly in The Apology and his conclusion that the examined life is the only one worth living. We then turn to the Greek past and the Homeric background against which the reflective life, that Socrates exemplified, stood in stark contrast. With this background in place we will proceed to consider the various ways in which the question of how one should live has been answered across of a range of social settings. Drawing on ethnography as well journalism and documentary film we will consider, for instance, Rastafarianism, Jainism, living "off-grid" in North America, deaf communities in the US, transgenderism, and non-binary gender identity. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugagender, non-binary, transgenderSDG5,SDG11
ANT216H5Racketeers, Smugglers and Pirates: Anthropology of IllegalityThis course will explore anthropological approaches to the study of various forms of illegal activities. Denaturalizing the state-imposed categories of legality and illegality, the course will examine how the legal-illegal divide is constructed contingently, and unpack moralities, inequalities, precarities, and forms of politics that illegal activities both rely on and make possible. The course will bring together recent ethnographies of racketeering, gang violence, piracy, human trafficking and contraband smuggling from different world regions. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugatrafficking, equalit, violenceSDG5,SDG10,SDG11,SDG16
ANT220H5Introduction to the Anthropology of HealthThis course introduces students to the many strategies anthropologists use to understand patterns of health and disease in human populations through time. It will serve as an entry point into the Anthropology of Health focus and will be a prerequisite for later courses in Growth and Development, Infectious Disease, and the Advanced Seminar in the Anthropology of Health. In this course, the concept of health is examined using bioarchaeology, biomedicine, medical anthropology, and epidemiology. The course examines evolutionary, epigenetic, and life history approaches to understanding chronic disease risk in human populations, culminating in an investigation of the role of poverty and social inequality on disease burden. Although the course is designed as an introduction to the Health focus, it is suitable for students seeking training in pre-health disciplines and is open to all students possessing the necessary prerequisites.University of Toronto Mississaugapoverty, invest, inequality, equalitSDG1,SDG3,SDG10,SDG11
ANT241H5Anthropology and the Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island (in Canada)This course will examine the relationship between the field of anthropology and Indigenous people of Turtle Island. We will examine the past, present, and future manifestations of this relationship. This course will emphasize Indigenous, decolonial, and community scholars. Students will be encouraged to think critically and reflect on their own world views. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugadecolonial, indigenous, landSDG10,SDG16
ANT300H5Cultural Heritage Management: The Past in the Present and for the FutureCultural Heritage Management, also known as cultural resource management or applied archaeology, aims to protect traces of the past such as artifacts, archaeological sites and cultural landscapes, that have meaning for people in the present. This course takes a broad look at cultural heritage, why it matters in the present, and why we need to preserve aspects of it for the future. Topics may include stakeholders and the politics of the past, mechanisms for the protection of heritage and archaeological sites, the heritage management industry, and the methods used to identify, document, and mitigate impacts to archaeological sites, and to preserve the materials recovered. [24L]University of Toronto MississaugalandSDG9,SDG11
ANT313H5China, Korea and Japan in PrehistoryThe exploration of the remarkable prehistories of China, the Koreas and Japan challenge western thought on agricultural origins, complex hunter-gatherers, urbanization and the development of centralized authority. This course evaluates current thinking about these issues in the three regions and examines the impact of local archaeological practice on the construction of narratives about the past. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugaagricultur, urbanSDG11
ANT318H5Archaeological FieldworkIntroduction to archaeological field methods. Practical component of the field school takes place on the UTM campus during the last two weeks of August (Monday-Friday 9:00 am – 5:00 pm). Morning lectures (week one) covering note taking, map making, cultural landscapes, material culture identification and survey and excavation methods, are followed by afternoons in the field applying skills taught that morning. Week two is spent excavating at an archaeological site. During weekly laboratory sessions September – December students learn to process, identify, and catalogue artifacts recovered during the field component. Limited Enrolment and Application Process: see Anthropology department website for more details.University of Toronto Mississaugalabor, landSDG8
ANT320H1Ancient Cultures of the AndesThis class offers intensive study of the archaeology and culture history of the Andean region prior to the Spanish conquest. The complexity and distinctiveness of Andean social organization, political institutions, religious ideologies, and economic practices have long fascinated anthropologists. Ultimately, the course will explore Andean cultures over a 10,000 year period, highlighting key debates, current research projects, and innovative theoretical approaches shaping contemporary archeological scholarship in South America and beyond.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinstitutSDG16
ANT320H5Archaeological Approaches to TechnologyUsing hands-on learning as a primary approach, this course focuses on insights into social and cultural processes provided by the study of ancient and historic technology. Experimental, ethnographic, archaeological, and textual data are used to examine topics such as organization and control of production, style of technology, and the value of objects. Throughout, we will discuss social and cultural as well as economic and functional reasons for the development and adoption of new technologies.University of Toronto Mississaugalearning, productionSDG9,SDG17
ANT324H1Tourism & GlobalizationThe course uses tourism as a lens to examine global connections. Particular focus will be on the politics of cultural encounters. Drawing examples from diverse ethnographic materials, the course explores how different visions of the world come into contact, negotiated and transformed, and how tourist encounters shape peoples everyday lives.Arts and Science, Faculty ofglobalizSDG8,SDG12
ANT325H1Indigenous ArchaeologiesThis course introduces students to the field of Indigenous archaeology. Indigenous archaeology is a form of critical praxis that encompasses archaeological research conducted for, with, and by Indigenous peoples. Throughout the class we explore the colonial origins of archaeology, Indigenous activism and its impacts on the discipline of anthropology, ongoing efforts to decolonize and indigenize cultural heritage, and community-based research methods. Students will all also be introduced to new theoretical perspectives emerging out of the intersection of Anthropology and Indigenous Studies including survivance, refusal, futurity, and resurgence.Arts and Science, Faculty ofindigenousSDG10,SDG16
ANT327H5Agricultural Origins: The Second RevolutionA second revolution in human existence began when people developed agriculture long after the origin of modern humans and Upper Palaeolithic culture. This course critically evaluates the shift to agriculture in the context of current ecological and archaeological perspectives. The concept of "agriculture" is evaluated by considering plant and animal domestication as well as resource management in a broad range of contexts. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugaagricultur, animal, ecologSDG2,SDG15
ANT329H1Language & Power StructureThe role of language and symbolism in the representation and manipulation of ideology and power structure. Case materials drawn from the study of verbal arts, gender, law, advertising, and politics with a focus on North America.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgenderSDG4,SDG5
ANT331H5The Biology of Human SexualityHuman sexual behaviours will be examined through the lens of evolutionary theory. Through lectures and readings, students will examine such topics as genetic, hormonal, and environmental determinants of sex, sexual selection, and the influence of sex on life history and behaviour. Students will discuss research that has been published in this area, and will develop critical assessments of the literature and films. [24L]University of Toronto MississaugaenvironmentalSDG3
ANT335H5Anthropology of GenderSurvey of the function of gender roles from evolutionary and cultural perspectives. Cross-cultural variation in human sexual behaviour and gender will be examined. In some years, as part of this course, students may have the option of participating in an international learning experience that will have an additional cost and application process. See Anthropology department website for more details.University of Toronto Mississaugalearning, genderSDG3,SDG5
ANT336H1Evolutionary Anthropology TheoryThis course will explore the foundational and leading concepts in evolutionary anthropology. Historically important readings and current concepts will be presented and discussed in the context of research, especially in areas of human population biology, ecology and the evolution of Homo sapiens. Topics will include behavioral ecology and life history theory, as well as a critique of the adaptationist program.Arts and Science, Faculty ofecologSDG3
ANT337H1Human MovementThis course will investigate human movement and physical activity patterns through the lens of evolutionary anthropology. The evolution of hominin physical behaviours, such as bipedalism and tool use, will be explored alongside the morphological traits associated with these behaviours. We will also examine social and cultural factors that may moderate physical activities among diverse human groups, including subsistence strategy variation and contemporary views on activity and exercise.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinvestSDG3
ANT338H5Laboratory Methods in Biological AnthropologyThis lab methods course focuses on laboratory techniques used by biological anthropologists to assess growth, health, and risk of chronic disease in human populations. In this course students will gain practical, hands-on experience in nutrition assessment, anthropometry, physical activity and sleep assessment, and human energy expenditure. State-of-the-art instruments and software are employed, ensuring students gain valuable knowledge of data management and analysis using applications suitable in both clinical and research settings.University of Toronto Mississauganutrition, knowledge, energy, laborSDG3
ANT341H5Anthropology of Infectious DiseaseInfection is situated at the intersection of social and biological experience. This course examines why infectious disease occupies such a central position in our contemporary understanding of health. It examines the many theoretical and methodological approaches currently used to understand how humans experience infectious illness. Perspectives from bioarchaeology, demography, environmental anthropology, medical history, biocultural anthropology, and medical anthropology are used to examine the way epidemics and infections have been understood throughout human history and how those understandings continue to shape human perceptions of risk, the body and identity. Social inequality is a major focus of inquiry; the course explores how colonialism, globalization and injustice lead to significant and persistent health inequalities for many populations.University of Toronto Mississaugaillness, epidemics, globaliz, inequality, equalit, environmental, injusticeSDG3,SDG9,SDG10,SDG13,SDG16
ANT344H1Political AnthropologyThis course explores the conceptual and methodological tools anthropologists employ to study the ways social groups enact, resist, and transform social relations that involve the production and distribution of power. It studies how anthropologists theorize politics in relation to power, authority, coercion, and consent. Topics explored in this class include political cultures in state and statelessness societies, political affect and the politics of everyday life, hegemony and resistance, governmentality and bio-politics, violence and militarization, social movements and citizenship, and the difficulties of anthropological research in conflict zones.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcitizen, production, violenceSDG10,SDG16
ANT345H1Global Health: Anthropological PerspectivesThis course examines medical anthropology's contributions to, and critiques of, global health policies and programs. Topics covered include: colonialism and health, the political ecology of disease, indigenous constructions of illness and healing, medical pluralism, the politics of primary health care, population policies, reproductive health, and AIDS.Arts and Science, Faculty ofglobal health, health care, illness, reproductive health, indigenous, political ecology, ecologSDG3,SDG10,SDG16,SDG13
ANT347H1Metropolis: Global CitiesThe role of culture, cultural diversity, space and performance in urban institutions and settings. The cultural context and consequence of urbanization.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcities, urban, metro, institutSDG9,SDG11
ANT352H1Anthropology of Life and DeathWhat might it mean to think of death as inside of life, as opposed to at the end of it? This class examines Anthropological approaches to understanding life and death in our contemporary moment, one marked by widespread illness, war, policing, suicide, accident, and further loss. How do we go on living surrounded by death every day? Why are certain deaths valued above others? We will examine a range of related themes including funerary rituals, grief and mourning, violence and killing, illness and ageing, and ghosts and the afterlife.Arts and Science, Faculty ofillness, violenceSDG3,SDG16
ANT352H5Protest, Power and Authority: Topics in Political AnthropologyThis course explores ethnographically the social and cultural practices through which the exercise of power is legitimized, authorized, and contested, examining such topics as nation-building, non-governmental activism, human rights, and the global "war on terror." [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugahuman rightsSDG10,SDG16
ANT355H5Disabled Cyborgs and Racist Robots: Bodies, Technologies, and Social JusticeHow does technology mediate our ideas about the social differences of disability, race, and gender? By rethinking the role of technology in reproducing social disparities and challenging bioethical debates about enhancement, students will emerge with the tools to reimagine the relationship between technology, the human body, and social justice.University of Toronto Mississaugadisabilit, gender, social justiceSDG3,SDG5,SDG9,SDG10,SDG16
ANT356H5War, Peace, and Revolution in the Middle East: Anthropological Perspectives on Political ConflictsThis course will explore political violence and social change in the modern Middle East. What forms of loyalty, authority or rivalry have accompanied political violence? What economic activities and relations have been shaped by political conflict and peace in the region? What are the historical origins of nation-states, political regimes, and social movements in the region? By taking a historical and anthropological look at political conflict and change, this course will examine the transformations of the region in the last two centuries.University of Toronto Mississaugapeace, social change, violenceSDG10,SDG16
ANT357H1Social Worlds of Medicine and CarePresents anthropological perspectives on provision of healthcare as a complex social and cultural phenomenon. Examines hierarchies and division of labour among health care providers, and how social groups come to occupy particular positions. Considers how knowledge and skills are gained through formal training and/or lived experience, how they are recognized and valued, and may become sources of identity. Examines local variations within biomedicine as practiced in different settings around the world.Arts and Science, Faculty ofhealth care, healthcare, knowledge, labourSDG3,SDG4,SDG5,SDG8
ANT363H5Magic and ScienceWhat's the difference between magic and science? Is there one? This course explores anthropological approaches to magic and science and related topics, raising basic questions about the nature of knowledge: what can we know about the world, and how can we know it? Through close readings of key anthropological texts, we consider what--if anything--differentiates magic and science, belief and truth, subjectivity and objectivity, irrationality and rationality. [12L, 12S]University of Toronto MississaugaknowledgeSDG4
ANT364H1Environment & GlobalizationThis course will examine the relationships between humans and the environment in the context of contemporary efforts to develop within or in opposition to the political economy of neoliberal globalization. We will critically examine the discourses of progress and environment within a broader theoretical inquiry of structure/agency and power.Arts and Science, Faculty ofglobalizSDG9,SDG10,SDG16
ANT366H1Anthropology of Activism and Social JusticeExplores how anthropologists have traditionally studied social movements and how new social movements have challenged anthropologists to rethink some of their ethnographic methods and approaches. Some specific movements covered include those related to indigenous rights, environmentalism, refugees, gay and lesbian issues, biotechnology, new religions, and globalization.Arts and Science, Faculty ofglobaliz, refugee, indigenous, environmental, social justice, indigenous rightsSDG5,SDG10,SDG13,SDG16
ANT369H5Religious Violence and NonviolenceReligious violence and nonviolence as they emerge in the tension between strict adherence to tradition and individual actions of charismatic figures. The place of violence and nonviolence in selected faith traditions. [24L]University of Toronto MississaugaviolenceSDG16
ANT370H1Introduction to Social Anthropological TheoryAn in-depth critical review of foundational ideas in the development of the practice of Anthropology. Topics may include questioning fieldwork, origins and legacies of functionalism, cultural materialism, politics of culture, power and political economy, globalization and post modernism, gender and post-structuralism.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, globalizSDG5,SDG10,SDG16
ANT402H5Wild Nights: Sleep, evolution, and performance in the 21st centurySleep is essential to cognitive function and health in humans, yet the ultimate reasons for sleep - that is, 'why' we sleep - remains mysterious. This course integrates research findings from human sleep studies, the ethnographic record, and the ecology and evolution of mammalian and primate sleep to better understand sleep along the human lineage and in the modern world. Students will learn how to use 'wearable' technology, such as actigraphy, for scientific research. The goal of the course is to empower students with the theoretical and technological tools to be able to not only critically assess their own sleep-wake behaviour and performance but also popular generalizations about how to maximize long-term health outcomes.University of Toronto MississaugaecologSDG3
ANT414H5People and Plants in PrehistoryThe relationship between plants and people through time offers important insights into our past, particularly human-environmental interaction, plant domestication, and agricultural origins and development. Students will learn archaeological plant remains identification and interpretation skills through a combination of laboratory and seminar sessions. In some years, students may additionally have the option of participating in an international learning experience during Reading Week that will have an additional cost and application process. Skills learned in this course are also useful in forensic investigations. Students will develop a project based on archaeological material from Japan and/or Ontario in consultation with the instructor.University of Toronto Mississaugaagricultur, learning, labor, invest, environmentalSDG2,SDG4,SDG15
ANT437H5Advanced Seminar in the Anthropology of HealthThis course is the culmination of the undergraduate Anthropology of Health focus and aims to prepare students for workplace application and graduate study in a wide range of clinical and research domains. The course brings together diverse branches of biological investigation (human biology, nutrition, growth and development, chronic and communicable disease) and undertakes a critical examination of theory and methods used in the study of human health. It traces the historical development of the powerful biomedical paradigm that dominates health research today and uses a critical lens to examine the systems used to measure and classify health and disease. It explores evolutionary and biological approaches to understanding human health by examining the concepts of adaptation and plasticity, genetic and epigenetic approaches, developmental origins and life history theories, social determinants of health, and critical medical anthropology. The course explores the profoundly influential role of social inequality on the production and reproduction of health in historical and contemporary populations.University of Toronto Mississauganutrition, communicable disease, invest, inequality, equalit, productionSDG2,SDG3,SDG9,SDG10,SDG12
ANT455H5TOXIC! The anthropology of toxicityThe presence of toxic chemicals is a defining feature of contemporary life. But while toxicity is everywhere, it is not everywhere the same. Considering toxicity through medical and environmental anthropology, science and technology studies, and environmental justice, we will gain new perspectives on the politics of evidence, the nature of health, and the nature of nature. Creative, hands-on assignments will help us understand the toxic worlds around us at UTM.University of Toronto Mississaugaenvironmental, environmental justiceSDG10,SDG13
ANT460H1Global Perspectives on Women's HealthThis fourth-year seminar examines how female gender shapes health and illness. Using case studies of sexual health, fertility and its management, substance use/abuse, mental health, and occupational/labor health risks, the course investigates the material, political, and socio-cultural factors that can put women at risk for a range of illness conditions.Arts and Science, Faculty ofmental health, illness, gender, women, female, labor, investSDG3,SDG5,SDG8,SDG9
ANT463H1Anthropology of Racial Capitalism and DispossessionThis course considers racial capitalism from an anthropological perspective through ethnographies and films which examine the role race, colonialism and white supremacy play in shaping and enabling contemporary forms of capitalist accumulation by dispossession in everyday life. Considering dispossession broadly, we will explore not only processes that dispossess people of property and land, but also of rights, modes of belonging, health, citizenship and life. We will also look at the ways people are organizing to reclaim what they have been dispossessed of or denied, from anti-eviction movements and abolitionist organizing to struggles for reproductive rights, food sovereignty and climate justice.Arts and Science, Faculty offood sovereignty, citizen, capital, climate, climate justice, land, sovereigntySDG9,SDG10,SDG13,SDG15,SDG16
ANT464H1Black EthnographiesBlack populations in the African Diaspora defy simple characterizations. In this course, we will examine the experiences of Black people through an ethnographic exploration of their lives. The close analysis of ethnographic monographs and articles will illuminate the ways in which race, gender, ethnicity, class, sexuality, ability, nationality, and other factors, shape the everyday for Black people in different cultural contexts. An additional focus will be a consideration of the experiences of Black anthropologists as ethnographers and scholars who are broadening anthropological discourses.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgenderSDG5,SDG10
ANTB05H3Culture and Society in AfricaAn overview of the range and diversity of African social institutions, religious beliefs and ritual, kinship, political and economic organization, pre-colonial, colonial and post-colonial experience.
Same as AFSB05H3
Area course
University of Toronto ScarboroughinstitutSDG16
ANTB12H3Anthropology of Science FictionThis course is about science fiction as a form of cultural and political critique. The course will explore themes that are central to both ethnography and science fiction, including topics such as colonialism, gender, and the climate crisis, while reflecting on the power of writing and myth-making to produce meaning and the future.University of Toronto Scarboroughgender, climateSDG4,SDG13
ANTB18H3Development, Inequality and Social Change in Latin AmericaThis course addresses Latin American systems of inequality in relation to national and transnational political economy, from colonialism to neoliberalism; how ideas of race, culture, and nation intersect with development thinking and modernization agendas; and how the poor and marginalized have accommodated, resisted, and transformed cultural and political domination.
Area course
University of Toronto Scarboroughinequality, equalit, marginalized, social changeSDG10,SDG16
ANTB20H3Ethnography and the Global ContemporaryHow has the global flow of goods, persons, technologies, and capital reproduced forms of inequality? Using ethnography and other media, students examine globalization through topics like migration, race and citizenship, environmental degradation, and increasing violence while also discussing older anthropological concerns (e.g., kinship, religious practices, and authority). This course enhances students’ understanding of ethnography, as a method for studying how actors engage and rework the global forces shaping their lives.University of Toronto Scarboroughcitizen, capital, globaliz, inequality, equalit, environmental, violenceSDG9,SDG10,SDG12,SDG14,SDG15,SDG16
ANTB33H3The Future of WorkThis course explores a pressing issue facing contemporary life: “the future of work.” It examines how work has been and continues to be transformed by automation, digital technologies, climate change, pandemics, the retrenchment of the welfare state, deindustrialization, global supply chains, and imperial and colonial rule. All kinds of media (e.g., academic texts, corporate publications, policy reports, activist literature, cinema) will be utilized to demonstrate how these transformations are not limited to work or labour but reverberate across social, political, and economic life.University of Toronto Scarboroughwelfare, labour, industrialization, supply chain, climateSDG1,SDG8,SDG9,SDG12,SDG13
ANTB36H3Anthropology of the End of the WorldA cultural and comparative study of apocalyptic thought, practice, and representation around the world. It explores the conditions that inspire end times thinking and the uses it serves. Cases may include: millenarian movements, Revelation, colonialism, epidemics, infertility, deindustrialization, dystopian science fiction, nuclear war, climate change, and zombies.University of Toronto Scarboroughepidemics, industrialization, climateSDG3,SDG9,SDG16
ANTC10H3Anthropological Perspectives on DevelopmentA critical probe of the origins, concepts, and practices of regional and international development in cultural perspective. Attention is paid to how forces of global capitalism intersect with local systems of knowledge and practice.University of Toronto Scarboroughknowledge, capitalSDG4,SDG9
ANTC12H3Culture and Society in Contemporary South AsiaThis course surveys central issues in the ethnographic study of contemporary South Asia (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka). Students will engage with classical and recent ethnographies to critically examine key thematic fault lines within national imaginations, especially along the lines of religion, caste, gender, ethnicity, and language. Not only does the course demonstrate how these fault lines continually shape the nature of nationalism, state institutions, development, social movements, violence, and militarism across the colonial and post-colonial periods but also, demonstrates how anthropological knowledge and ethnography provide us with a critical lens for exploring the most pressing issues facing South Asia in the world today. Same as GASC12H3University of Toronto Scarboroughknowledge, gender, institut, nationalism, violenceSDG4,SDG5,SDG10,SDG16
ANTC14H3Feminism and AnthropologyExamines why, when, and how gender inequality became an anthropological concern by tracing the development of feminist thought in a comparative ethnographic framework.University of Toronto Scarboroughgender, feminis, inequality, equalitSDG5,SDG10
ANTC15H3Genders and SexualitiesExplores cultural constructions of male and female in a range of societies and institutions. Also examines non-binary gender configurations.University of Toronto Scarboroughgender, female, non-binary, institutSDG5,SDG10
ANTC18H3Urban WorldsThe planet today is more urbanized than at any other moment in its history. What are the tools we need to examine urbanization in this contemporary moment? This course explores how urbanization has altered everyday life for individuals and communities across the globe. Students will trace urbanization as transformative of environmental conditions, economic activities, social relations, and political life. Students will thus engage with work on urbanization to examine how urban spaces and environments come to be differentiated along the lines of race, class, and gender. Not only does this course demonstrate how such fault lines play themselves out across contexts, but also provides the critical lenses necessary to tackle the most pressing issues related to urbanization today.University of Toronto Scarboroughgender, urban, environmental, planetSDG10,SDG11,SDG13
ANTC22H3Education, Power, and Potential: Anthropological Perspectives and Ethnographic InsightsWhat does it mean to get an education? What are the consequences of getting (or not getting) a “good education”? For whom? Who decides? Why does it matter? How are different kinds of education oriented toward different visions of the future? What might we learn about a particular cultural context if we explore education and learning as social processes and cultural products linked to specific cultural values, beliefs, and power dynamics? These are just some of the questions we will explore in this course. Overall, students will gain a familiarity with the anthropology of education through an exploration of ethnographic case studies from a variety of historical and cultural contexts. University of Toronto ScarboroughlearningSDG4,SDG10
ANTC32H3Political AnthropologyCan ethnographic research help us make sense of various political situations and conflicts around the world? In this course we will review different approaches to power and politics in classical and current anthropology. We will consider notions of the state, political agency and power, civil society, authoritarianism and democracy.University of Toronto Scarboroughdemocra, authoritarianSDG10,SDG16
ANTC34H3The Anthropology of TransnationalismThis course considers dimensions of transnationalism as a mode of human sociality and site for cultural production. Topics covered include transnational labour migration and labour circuits, return migration, the transnational dissemination of electronic imagery, the emergence of transnational consumer publics, and the transnational movements of refugees, kinship networks, informal traders and religions.University of Toronto Scarboroughlabour, trade, refugee, consum, production, nationalismSDG8,SDG10,SDG12
ANTC61H3Medical Anthropology: Illness and Healing in Cultural PerspectiveSocial and symbolic aspects of the body, the life-cycle, the representation and popular explanation of illness, the logic of traditional healing systems, the culture of North American illness and biomedicine, mental illness, social roots of disease, innovations in health care delivery systems.University of Toronto Scarboroughhealth care, illnessSDG3,SDG10
ANTC71H3Climate, Palaeoecology, and Policy: Archaeology of Humans in the EnvironmentThis course examines the evolution of human-environment systems over deep time as well as the present implications of these relationships. We will examine the archaeological methods used in reconstructing human palaeoecology and engage with evolutionary and ecological theory as it has been applied to the archaeological record in order to understand how humans have altered ecosystems and adapted to changing climates through time and space. Building upon the perspective of humans as a long-term part of ecological systems, each student will choose a current environmental policy issue and progressively build a proposal for a remediation strategy or research program to address gaps in knowledge.University of Toronto Scarboroughknowledge, remediation, climate, environmental, ecosystem, ecologSDG4,SDG6,SDG11,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
ANTD04H3The Anthropology of Violence and SufferingThis course examines the social life of violence, its cultural production and political effects in a global perspective. It asks how social worlds are made and unmade through, against, and after violent events, how violence is remembered and narrated, and how ethnography might respond to experiences of suffering, trauma, and victimhood.University of Toronto Scarboroughproduction, violenceSDG1,SDG10,SDG16
ANTD16H3Biomedical AnthropologyThis course is designed for advanced students seeking an intensive examination of specific problems in medical Anthropology. Problems to be discussed include: genetic disorders in families and populations, the interaction of malnutrition and infectious diseases in human populations, chronic non-infectious diseases in populations today, and epidemiology and medical anthropology as complementary disciplines.
Science credit
University of Toronto Scarboroughnutrition, malnutritionSDG1,SDG2,SDG10
ANTD19H3Primate ConservationA large percentage of nonhuman primate species are at risk of extinction due mostly to human-induced processes. Relying on theory from Conservation Biology, this course will consider the intrinsic and extrinsic factors that lead to some primate species being threatened, while others are able to deal with anthropogenic influences. Students will critically examine conservation tactics and the uniqueness of each situation will be highlighted.University of Toronto Scarboroughanthropogenic, conserv, speciesSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
APS305H1Energy PolicyComplimentary Studies Elective
Core Course in the Sustainable Energy Minor
Introduction to public policy including the role and interaction of technology and regulation, policy reinforcing/feedback cycles; procedures for legislation and policy setting at the municipal, provincial and federal levels; dimensions of energy policy; energy planning and forecasting including demand management and conservation incentives; policy institution, analysis, implementation, evaluation and evolution; Critical analyses of case studies of energy and associated environmental policies with respect to conservation and demand management for various utilities and sectors; policy derivatives for varied economic and social settings, developing countries and associated impacts.
Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofenergy, environmental, conserv, institutSDG7,SDG13,SDG16
APS330H1Interdisciplinary Studies for Sustainability & InnovationThis is an interdisciplinary and multi-university project-based course focused on positively impacting the complex sustainability challenges faced by real-world communities around the world. Throughout this course, students work in small (three to five person) interdisciplinary and multi-university teams in order to (1) identify and understand a well-defined sustainability (social and/or environmental) problem faced by a real-world community, and then (2) devise, design and propose an implementable idea for positively impacting that problem. During the course, students are provided with multiple facilitated and structured opportunities to: engage directly with local stakeholders from the community their team is focused on; receive mentorship from a global network of experienced sustainability and innovation experts; and collaborate with a diverse array of students from other disciplines and institutions working on similar sustainability problems with other communities around the world. Admission to this course will be by application conducted in the Fall. The schedule for this course will be determined in the Fall in consultation with the participating universities. Students will be able to select the section that best fits their schedule.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty oflabor, environmental, institutSDG13,SDG16,SDG17
APS420H1Technology, Engineering and Global DevelopmentHumanities and Social Science Elective

The role of technology and engineering in global development is explored through a combination of lectures, readings, case studies, and analysis of key technologies, including energy, information and communications technologies, water and healthcare. Topics include a brief history and basic theories of international development and foreign aid, major government and non-government players, emerging alternative models (social entrepreneurship, microfinance, risk capital approaches), major and emerging players in social venture capital and philanthropy, the role of financial markets, environmental and resource considerations/sustainable development, technology diffusion models and appropriate technologies.
Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofhealthcare, water, energy, sustainable development, entrepreneur, capital, financial market, environmentalSDG7,SDG8,SDG9
APS470H1Engineering and Public HealthAn introduction to the disciplines of public health and the connections with engineering; quantitative and qualitative public health methods including study designs and statistical analysis; legal, regulatory and ethical frameworks applicable to public health; the structure and regulation of the public health and health care system; examples of common public health hazards to illustrate public health toxicology, exposure measurement and modelling, data analysis and prevention strategies.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofpublic health, health careSDG3,SDG9
APS510H1Innovative Technologies and Organizations in Global Energy SystemsComplementary Studies electiveA broad range of global energy systems are presented including electricity generation, electricity end use, transportation and infrastructure. Discussions are based on two key trends: (a) the increasing ability to deploy technologies and engineering systems globally, and (b) innovative organizations, many driven by entrepreneurship (for profit and social) and entrepreneurial finance techniques. The course considers these types of innovations in the context of developed economies, rapidly developing economies such as India and China, and the developing world. The course will interweave a mix of industry examples and more in-depth case studies. The examples and cases are examined with various engineering, business and environmental sustainability analysis perspectives.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofenergy, entrepreneur, infrastructure, environmentalSDG7,SDG8,SDG9
APS530H1Appropriate Technology & Design for Global DevelopmentEngineering design within the context of global society, emphasizing the needs of users in order to support appropriate, sustainable technology. A design project will comprise the major component of the course work. The course will take the approach of "design for X". Students are expected to be familiar with design for functionality, safety, robustness, etc. This course will extend the students' understanding of design methodologies to design for "appropriateness in developing regions". Readings and discussions will explore the social, cultural, economic, educational, environmental and political contexts in which third world end users relate to technology. Students will then incorporate their deepened understanding of this context in their design project. The projects will be analyzed for functionality as well as appropriateness and sustainability in the third world context. Upon completion of the course, students should have a deeper appreciation of the meaning of appropriate technology in various international development sectors such as healthcare, water & sanitation, land management, energy, infrastructure, and communications in both urban and rural settings.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofhealthcare, water, sanita, energy, infrastructure, urban, rural, environmental, landSDG7,SDG9,SDG11,SDG13
ARC281H1Structures, Building Systems, and Environments IAn introduction to structural and environmental design, the technologies of building and landscape systems, and the methods and frameworks through which the built environment is constructed. The calculation of quantitative criteria is taught through first-principles explorations.Architecture, Landscape, and Design, John H. Daniels Faculty ofenvironmental, landSDG9,SDG11
ARC354H1History of HousingAn exploration of the question of housing since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution.Architecture, Landscape, and Design, John H. Daniels Faculty ofhousingSDG11
ARC355H1History of UrbanismA consideration of urbanism through an examination of physical, social, economic, and political factors that have shaped cities and regions from the early modern period up to the present.Architecture, Landscape, and Design, John H. Daniels Faculty ofcities, urbanSDG9,SDG11
ARC357H1Environmental History of Landscape ArchitectureAn examination of the global history of the interrelations between societies and their environment. This course examines the organisation of landscape and urban systems in a variety of geographic and cultural regions across the globe and over large spans of time. Please note that ARC356H1 Design History of Landscape Architecture is recommended as background for this course.Architecture, Landscape, and Design, John H. Daniels Faculty ofurban, environmental, landSDG11,SDG15
ARC363Y1Landscape Architecture Studio IIIThis studio will address urban form, context, and significance as factors in the creation of public space, with a focus on sites at block and neighbourhood scales.Architecture, Landscape, and Design, John H. Daniels Faculty ofurban, landSDG11,SDG15
ARC364Y1Landscape Architecture Studio IVThis studio will examine the reciprocal influences of landscape and urbanism, with respect to form and process, through a focus on landscapes as urban systems at multiple scales.Architecture, Landscape, and Design, John H. Daniels Faculty ofurban, landSDG11,SDG15
ARC366H1Selected Topics in Landscape ArchitectureExamination of a selected topic in the design of landscape architecture. The focus of the course changes depending upon the instructors research specialty or current issues in landscape architecture.Architecture, Landscape, and Design, John H. Daniels Faculty oflandSDG15
ARC367H1Selected Topics in Urban DesignExamination of a selected topic in the design of urbanism. The focus of the course changes depending upon the instructors research specialty or current issues in urban design.Architecture, Landscape, and Design, John H. Daniels Faculty ofurbanSDG11
ARC380Y1Technology Studio IIIThis studio applies knowledge obtained from the prerequisite courses towards project-based design work with the aim of facilitating an understanding of the relationship between emerging digital technologies and production in architecture, landscape architecture, and urbanism through the development of computational tools and algorithmic design.Architecture, Landscape, and Design, John H. Daniels Faculty ofknowledge, urban, production, landSDG4,SDG10,SDG11,SDG12,SDG15
ARC381Y1Technology Studio IVThis studio continues to explore the role of technology in design and promotes innovation in design tool development, building systems, simulation and visualization. Emphasis will be on applying knowledge gained in earlier coursework in a project-based studio setting using computational techniques, physical model making, and 1:1 fabrication and prototyping.Architecture, Landscape, and Design, John H. Daniels Faculty ofknowledgeSDG4
ARC382H1Structures, Building Systems, and Environments IIContinued exploration of the principles of structural and environmental design, the technologies of building and landscape systems, and the methods and frameworks in which the built environment is constructed. The calculation of quantitative criteria is taught through first-principles explorations.Architecture, Landscape, and Design, John H. Daniels Faculty ofenvironmental, landSDG13,SDG15
ARC383H1Technologies of Architecture, Landscape, Urbanism, and Art IIBuilding upon the themes and topics explored in Technologies of Architecture, Landscape, Urbanism, and Art I, this course will investigate how technology has shaped the disciplines of design and art through a series of case studies that describe paradigmatic episodes at the nexus of architecture, landscape architecture, urbanism, and art.Architecture, Landscape, and Design, John H. Daniels Faculty ofinvest, urban, landSDG9,SDG11,SDG15
ARC386H1Landscape EcologyAn introduction to the principles of landscape ecology, addressing the application of evolving scientific understanding to contemporary landscape architecture and urban design practice.Architecture, Landscape, and Design, John H. Daniels Faculty ofurban, ecolog, landSDG11,SDG15
ARC387H1Landscape Topography and HydrologyAn introduction to the manipulation of landform and water in the urban context, studied through digital fabrication and metrics.Architecture, Landscape, and Design, John H. Daniels Faculty ofwater, urban, landSDG6,SDG11,SDG15
ARC426H1Working with WoodWood has been an important building material throughout the ages and in today's world has taken on the added importance of being a renewable and sustainable material that assists with greenhouse gas mitigation strategies. This course will provide students with an understanding of wood’s unique physical properties, the variability of these properties within different species and how these properties can inform its proper use in various applications. The Canadian forestry industry sets the context for this course acknowledging that forests transcend political borders and reach around the world.Architecture, Landscape, and Design, John H. Daniels Faculty ofrenewabl, greenhouse, greenhouse gas, species, forestSDG7,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
ARC456H1Senior Seminar in History and Theory (Research)Through individual and group efforts, students will address a collective topic of critical importance to the disciplines of architecture, landscape architecture, and urban design within areas of faculty expertise.Architecture, Landscape, and Design, John H. Daniels Faculty ofurban, landSDG11,SDG15
ARC457Y1Senior Seminar in History and Theory (Thesis)This course gives students experience in engaging a multidisciplinary urban problem that spans the design, history and theory, and technology of the design disciplines. It is a team-oriented project-based course in which students will develop a collaborative project.Architecture, Landscape, and Design, John H. Daniels Faculty oflabor, urbanSDG8,SDG11
ARC461H1Senior Seminar in Design (Research)Through individual and group efforts, students will address a collective topic of critical importance to the disciplines of architecture, landscape architecture, and urban design within areas of faculty expertise.Architecture, Landscape, and Design, John H. Daniels Faculty ofurban, landSDG11,SDG15
ARC462Y1Senior Seminar in Design (Thesis)This course gives students experience in engaging a multidisciplinary urban problem that spans the design, history and theory, and technology of the design disciplines. It is a team-oriented project-based course in which students will develop a collaborative project.Architecture, Landscape, and Design, John H. Daniels Faculty oflabor, urbanSDG8,SDG11
ARC467H1Advanced Topics in Urban DesignExamination of an advanced topic in the design of urbanism. The focus of the course changes depending upon the instructors research specialty or current issues in urban design.Architecture, Landscape, and Design, John H. Daniels Faculty ofurbanSDG11
ARC490Y1Multidisciplinary Urban Capstone ProjectAn experience in multi-disciplinary architectural practice through a significant, open-ended, client-driven design project in which student teams address stakeholder needs through the use of a creative and iterative design process.Architecture, Landscape, and Design, John H. Daniels Faculty ofurbanSDG11
ARH100Y1Introduction to ArchaeologyArchaeology entails an active process of uncovering evidence for and learning about aspects of the human past. The goal of this course is to involve students in current archaeological practice, including its socio-political context, and the global structure of the human experience from human evolution through cities and empires. Students will critically engage with ideas both within and outside the discipline on working with descendant communities, stewardship, ethical practice, and the relevance of archaeology to contemporary issues from climate change to social inequality. This course can serve as an introduction for students planning to pursue an archaeology program or as an opportunity to engage with a fascinating topic that is relevant to disciplines ranging from science to humanities.Arts and Science, Faculty oflearning, inequality, equalit, cities, climateSDG10,SDG13
AST198H1Great Astronomical IssuesThere are some fundamental questions which humankind has asked itself over the centuries. Many of these involve astronomical origins, events, and objects. Astronomers now have the tools with which to attempt to answer some of the most fundamental questions, such as "Where did it all begin, where are we in space and time, are we alone, and who and what are we?" This seminar will explore some of these great issues. The selection of topics will be made initially by the instructor, but will be modified by the seminar participants at the first class meeting. Topics could include: stellar evolution and the future of the Sun, origin of the elements, origin and future of the Universe, origin of the Earth, origin of life, and extinction of the dinosaurs, global warming, the scientific method, astronomy and the public. Participants will be expected to join actively in lively discussions and to prepare and lead some of the seminars. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofglobal warmingSDG13
BIO120H1Adaptation and BiodiversityPrinciples and concepts of evolution and ecology related to origins of adaptation and biodiversity. Mechanisms and processes driving biological diversification illustrated from various perspectives using empirical and theoretical approaches. Topics include: genetic diversity, natural selection, speciation, physiological, population, and community ecology, maintenance of species diversity, conservation, species extinction, global environmental change, and invasion biology. A lab coat is required. (Lab Materials Fee: $26)Arts and Science, Faculty ofenvironmental, conserv, species, biodivers, ecologSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
BIO153H5Diversity of OrganismsThe consequences of Darwinian evolution: adaptations of organisms as a product of the main evolutionary mechanism - natural selection. The roles of natural selection and other mechanisms in the diversification of life are reviewed, along with the diversity of structures and life cycles in bacteria, protists, animals, plants and fungi. [24L, 18P, 12T]University of Toronto MississaugaanimalSDG14,SDG15
BIO202H5Introductory Animal PhysiologyDiversity of structure and function in animals at the tissue and organ system level. Focus is on morphology and processes that sustain life and maintain homeostasis, including water balance, gas exchange, acquisition and transport of oxygen and nutrients, temperature regulation, electrical and chemical signal transmission, sensory processing, and locomotion. Principles and mechanisms of animal form and function are developed in lectures and laboratories. [24L, 15P, 10T]University of Toronto Mississaugawater, labor, animalSDG14,SDG15
BIO203H5Introductory Plant Morphology and PhysiologyIntroduction to the morphology and physiology of plants. Students will learn that plants require energy to support metabolism and growth, and that these processes are highly regulated in order to achieve homeostasis. Topics covered include: biology of the plant cell, plant morphology, plant respiration and photosynthesis, transport processes, regulation of growth and development, and plant ecophysiology. Principles and mechanisms of plant form and function are developed in lectures and laboratories. [24L, 10T, 15P]University of Toronto Mississaugaenergy, laborSDG15
BIO205H5EcologyAn introduction to the scientific study of ecology, emphasizing the structure and dynamics of populations, communities and ecosystems. Topics include population growth and regulation, competition, predation, biodiversity, succession, and nutrient cycling. Classic models and studies will be supplemented with both plant and animal examples. [24L, 18P]University of Toronto Mississaugaanimal, biodivers, ecosystem, ecologSDG14,SDG15
BIO207H5Introductory GeneticsThe principles of Mendelian inheritance and modern genetics are illustrated using examples from medical research, evolutionary biology, agriculture and conservation biology. Topics covered include: chromosome theory of inheritance, basic eukaryotic chromosome mapping, gene and chromosome mutation, the lac system, the extranuclear genome, population and quantitative genetics. In tutorials, students will work through problem sets related to lecture material as well as probability and statistical analysis.University of Toronto Mississaugaagricultur, conservSDG14,SDG15
BIO220H1From Genomes to Ecosystems in a Changing WorldDynamics of genetic and ecological change in biological systems, from genomes to ecosystems. Evolutionary genetic and ecological perspectives on wide-ranging topics including disease, aging, sexual conflict, genetics of human differences, conservation, and global climate change. Applications of evolutionary, ecological, and molecular-genetic principles and processes. Responsibilities of human societies in a changing world. (Lab Materials Fee: $26).Arts and Science, Faculty ofclimate, conserv, ecosystem, ecologSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
BIO251H1Form, Function and Development in Plants (formerly BIO251Y1)This course is an introduction to structure, function and ecology of vegetative and reproductive processes in plants with a focus on flowering plants and gymnosperms. Topics of study in lecture and laboratory tutorials include photosynthesis, transport processes, plant reproduction, patterns of plant growth and development, and the role of hormones in plant development.Arts and Science, Faculty oflabor, production, ecologSDG15
BIO312H5Plant PhysiologyThis course focuses on the principal physiological processes in plants and the regulation of these processes in response to environmental factors with an emphasis on the relationship between structure and function from the molecular to the whole-plant level. The course will provide the basis to understand how plants sense and respond to changing environmental conditions. This will enable students to understand why rising atmospheric carbon dioxide and global climate warming impact photosynthesis, plant metabolism and ultimately whole plant and ecosystem performance. Concepts discussed during lectures will be demonstrated in a series of practical labs.University of Toronto MississaugaABS, climate, environmental, carbon dioxide, ecosystemSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
BIO313H5Methods and Experimental Design in EcologyThis course will provide Biology Majors and Specialists particularly interested in ecology with integrated, practical exposure to field and laboratory research methods on plant, animal, and microbial communities including study design, data collection, statistical analysis, and interpretation of results.University of Toronto Mississaugalabor, animal, ecologSDG14,SDG15
BIO324H5Plant BiochemistryThis course examines plants as the biochemical motors and sustainers of life on earth. The major pathways of plant metabolism are surveyed to provide students with an integrated model of plant cells as autonomous biochemical networks. This course further emphasizes the specialized metabolism of economically significant plant species, the biosynthesis of pharmacologically and agriculturally important metabolites, and the role of biotechnology in engineering exotic plant metabolism in industrial settings.University of Toronto Mississaugaagricultur, speciesSDG14,SDG15
BIO326H5OrnithologyEcology, evolution, form, function, diversity, and conservation of birds. Practical sessions focus on observation and assessment of local avian populations using field ornithology techniques and approaches.University of Toronto Mississaugaconserv, ecologSDG15
BIO329H5Conservation BiologyConservation of biodiversity, from genes to ecosystems. Topics include identifying biodiversity across levels of organization; understanding major threats to biodiversity (land use change, climate change, overharvesting); evaluating conservation actions (protected areas, reintroductions, assisted migration, restoration); and ethical considerations pertaining to conservation practices.University of Toronto Mississaugaclimate, conserv, biodivers, ecosystem, land use, landSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
BIO330H5Plant EcologyA survey of the population and community ecology of plants. Topics include resource acquisition, growth and reproduction, mutualisms, competition, defence, invasions, disturbance, population dynamics, and community structure. Interactions with other plants, diseases, and animals particularly are emphasized. [24L, 12T]University of Toronto Mississaugaurban, production, animal, ecologSDG14,SDG15
BIO331H5Ecology of CommunitiesThis course will cover the theoretical foundations of community ecology, including the role of species interactions and environment structure on patterns of diversity and implications of community ecology in conservation. It will provide practical experience working with tools used to analyze community structure. Discussion and evaluation of the primary literature is a key component of this course. Students will also complete written assignments.University of Toronto Mississaugaconserv, species, ecologSDG14,SDG15
BIO333H5Freshwater EcologyA functional analysis of freshwater ecosystems, with emphasis on lakes. Lectures cover water chemistry; the physical structure of lakes; the different ways that algae, zooplankton, benthic invertebrates, and fish have evolved to succeed in these habitats and interact with one another; and the impact of man on freshwater systems. Students must be available to participate in a mandatory weekend field trip to a lake on one of two weekends in late September or early October. Students not available for one of those weekends should not register for this course. Ancillary fees for this course apply. Please check the Departmental website for full details.University of Toronto Mississaugawater, fish, ecosystem, ecologSDG14
BIO347H5EpigeneticsEpigenetic phenomena play key roles in environmental interactions, development, and in disease. Underlying molecular mechanisms that regulate chromatin structure and gene expression are explored, including DNA methylation, histone modifications, or non-coding RNAs. Examples focus predominantly on eukaryotes (e.g. plants, insects, humans) and highlight how epigenetic marks are set, maintained, and involved in shaping phenotypic outcomes. The course will also enable students to apply knowledge and basic principles to recent scientific literature in this dynamic field. [24L, 12T]University of Toronto Mississaugaknowledge, environmentalSDG15
BIO353H5Plant DevelopmentThe course addresses key concepts, with emphasis on unique plant-related aspects. Integrates plant development at the levels of the cell, tissue, organ and organism, with knowledge from diverse fields of Biology. Topics will include embryology, environmental interactions, signaling, developmental transitions, developmental diversity, evolution and development, and tools for discovery research. [24L, 15P, 10T]University of Toronto Mississaugaknowledge, transit, environmentalSDG15
BIO374H5Modern BiotechnologyThis course is designed to introduce students to biotechnology and its applications in a variety of fields, including medicine, food & beverage, agriculture, forensics, fisheries and environmental protection. The course explores the principles and methods of genetic, tissue and organismal engineering involving species from bacteria to humans. The social and ethical issues associated with biotechnologies such as GMOs, stem cells and cloning will also be discussed. Topics include: Recombinant DNA Technology, Genomics & Bioinformatics, Protein Technology, Microbial Biotechnology, Plant Biotechnology, Animal Biotechnology, Forensic Biotechnology, Environmental Biotechnology, Aquatic Biotechnology, Medical Biotechnology, Biotechnology Regulations, and Careers in Biotechnology.University of Toronto Mississaugaagricultur, environmental, fish, species, animalSDG2,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
BIO378H5The Biology of Marine Mammals: evolution, physiology, ecology and conservationThis course provides an introduction to the biological study of marine mammals and their populations. It explores the evolution of marine mammals, their adaptations to aquatic environments, as well as their population and behavioural ecology. The course also investigates threats to marine mammal populations and their national and global conservation. [24L, 24T]University of Toronto Mississaugainvest, marine, conserv, ecologSDG14,SDG15
BIO380H5Human DevelopmentReproduction and embryonic development in humans are emphasized. After a general review of human reproduction, the formation of sperm and eggs is analyzed, followed by an in-depth analysis of fertilization in vivo and in vitro. Early embryonic developmental processes are studied with a view to how the embryo becomes organized so that all of the tissues and organs of the adult body form in the right places at the proper times. The course ends with an in-depth analysis of limb development and organ regeneration. The relevance of the material to such topics as human infertility, contraception, cloning, biotechnology and disease is continually addressed. [36L]University of Toronto Mississaugaproduction, regenerationSDG3,SDG15
BIO405H5Evolutionary Perspectives on BehaviourAreas of focus may change from year to year. Each year, advanced topics considered will fall under one of more of the research areas of behavioural ecology, cognitive ecology, evolutionary neuroscience, and/or neuroethology and use as examples a variety of animals, sometimes including humans, and atypical model systems.University of Toronto Mississaugaanimal, ecologSDG15
BIO406H5Current Topics in Ecology and EvolutionA combination of lectures and tutorials. The course will emphasize group discussion and critiques of current publications in the field. The theme of the course is expected to be topical and current and to vary from year to year, with the interests of the faculty member(s) teaching the course. Course themes are expected to range from structure and function of whole ecosystems (e.g. the collapse of fisheries) to evolutionary ecology (e.g. the evolution of emergent diseases).University of Toronto Mississaugafish, ecosystem, ecologSDG14,SDG15
BIO412H5Climate Change BiologyClimate change is affecting life on earth at all levels from cells to ecosystems. As a result, shifts in the distribution of species, the timing of biological events, and large impacts on natural resources, agriculture, and forestry may be seen. This course explores past climate, predictions of future climate, impacts of climate change on biological systems, and potentials for adaptation. Mitigation of climate change impacts on biological systems will also be discussed.University of Toronto Mississaugaagricultur, natural resource, climate, species, ecosystem, forestSDG2,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
BIO414H5Advanced Integrative PhysiologyThe integration of cardiovascular, renal, respiratory and muscle physiology will be examined with a problem-based approach. The response of these systems to challenges such as altitude, depth under water, and exercise will be examined. Laboratory activities will give students hands on experience measuring physiological variables of these systems with primarily human subjects, while other examples will be used to examine the diversity of response to environmental challenges throughout the animal kingdom. [24L, 15T, 15P]University of Toronto Mississaugawater, labor, environmental, animalSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
BIO416H5Field Course in EcologyStudents may choose from a variety of field courses offered through a cooperative arrangement among ecologists at ten Ontario universities. Courses involve a two-week period at a field site in early May or late August, and require a major paper or project report be submitted within six weeks of course completion. A fee for room and board is usually charged over and above tuition. Lists of courses available are posted at Please check this link in January for application dates. Information can also be found on the UTM Biology website.University of Toronto MississaugaecologSDG15
BIO417H5Molecular and Structural GenomicsGenetic information shapes almost all aspects of life. How is this information organized and inherited? How does it influence individuals and how does help to understand disease? The course explores the structure and function of chromatin i.e. the management of biological information. We will explore how the genome is packaged, expressed, replicated and repaired. We will look into chromosome sets and inheritance, accessibility of the genome to the molecular machinery, DNA repair, and modern techniques in research and diagnostics.University of Toronto MississaugaaccessibSDG3
BIO445H5Evolutionary EcologyThis course focuses on the interface between ecology and evolution. Research has shown that biotic and abiotic ecological factors drive evolution, and in turn, evolution feeds back to influence the ecological processes and patterns of populations and communities. Throughout this course we will focus on this dynamic interplay over short and long time spans in animals, plants, fungi, and other microbes. While covering the concepts and questions of this field we will also consider the theory, methods, and statistics used to bring new insights to evolutionary ecology. Students will be expected to participate in discussions, present methods and concepts to the class, and complete written assignments.University of Toronto Mississaugaanimal, ecologSDG14,SDG15
BIO475H5VirologyVirology examines the biology of viruses infecting all forms of life including humans and other animals, plants, eukaryotic microorganisms, and bacteria. The scope ranges from the molecular biology of virus replication to virus evolution and ecology. Current issues surrounding virology and society are incorporated into the course including vaccines, emerging viruses, and even consideration of practical applications of viruses.University of Toronto Mississaugavaccine, animal, ecologSDG3
BIO476H5Molecular Basis of DiseaseThis advanced course explores the primary concepts of pathogenesis and investigates current research in the field of molecular pathology. Specific disease topics include inflammation, injury and repair, neoplasia, immune disorders, infectious disease, cardiovascular disease, and toxicology. Analysis of the primary literature is a key component of this course. University of Toronto MississaugainvestSDG3
BIOA01H3Life on Earth: Unifying PrinciplesA lecture and laboratory course providing an overview of the origins and cellular basis of life, genetics and molecular biology, evolution and the diversity of microorganisms. Note: that both BIOA01H3 and BIOA02H3 be completed prior to taking any other Biology course.University of Toronto ScarboroughlaborSDG14
BIOA02H3Life on Earth: Form, Function and InteractionsA lecture and laboratory course providing an overview of the anatomy and physiology of plants and animals, population biology, ecology and biodiversity. Note: that both BIOA01H3 and BIOA02H3 must be completed prior to taking any other Biology course.University of Toronto Scarboroughlabor, animal, biodivers, ecologSDG14,SDG15
BIOB20H3Introduction to Computational BiologyThis course explains the fundamental methods of quantitative reasoning, with applications in medicine, natural sciences, ecology and evolutionary biology. It covers the major aspects of statistics by working through concrete biological problems. The course will help students develop an understanding of key concepts through computer simulations, problem solving and interactive data visualisation using the R programming language (no prior skills with R or specialized math concepts are required).University of Toronto ScarboroughecologSDG3,SDG14,SDG15
BIOB34H3Animal PhysiologyAn introduction to the principles of animal physiology rooted in energy usage and cellular physiology. A comparative approach is taken, which identifies both the universal and unique mechanisms present across the animal kingdom. Metabolism, thermoregulation, digestion, respiration, water regulation, nitrogen excretion, and neural circuits are the areas of principal focus.University of Toronto Scarboroughwater, energy, animalSDG14,SDG15
BIOB38H3Plants and SocietyHow do plants feed the world and which plants have the highest impact on human lives? What is the origin of agriculture and how did it change over time? The human population will climb to 10 billion in 2050 and this will tax our planet's ability to sustain life. Environmentally sustainable food production will become even more integral.University of Toronto Scarboroughagricultur, production, environmental, planetSDG2,SDG12,SDG15
BIOB50H3EcologyAn introduction to the main principles of ecology; the science of the interactions of organisms with each other and with their environment. Topics include physiological, behavioural, population, community, and applied aspects of ecology (e.g. disease ecology, climate change impacts, and approaches to conservation). Emphasis is given to understanding the connections between ecology and other biological subdisciplines.University of Toronto Scarboroughclimate, conserv, ecologSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
BIOB51H3Evolutionary BiologyThis course is an introduction to the main principles of evolution; the study of the diversity, relationships, and change over time in organisms at all scales of organization (from individuals to populations to higher taxonomic groups). The theory and principles of evolutionary biology give critical insight into a wide range of fields, including conservation, genetics, medicine, pathogenesis, community ecology, and development.University of Toronto Scarboroughconserv, ecologSDG3,SDG14,SDG15
BIOB52H3Ecology and Evolutionary Biology LaboratoryAn introduction to field, lab and computational approaches to ecology and evolution. Laboratories will explore a variety of topics, ranging from population genetics to community ecology and biodiversity. Some lab exercises will involve outdoor field work.University of Toronto Scarboroughlabor, biodivers, ecologSDG14,SDG15
BIOC14H3Genes, Environment and BehaviourThis class will provide a survey of the role of genes in behaviour, either indirectly as structural elements or as direct participants in behaviour. Topics to be covered are methods to investigate complex behaviours in humans and animal models of human disease, specific examples of genetic effects on behaviour in animals and humans, and studies of gene-environment interactions.University of Toronto Scarboroughinvest, animalSDG3
BIOC15H3GeneticsTopics for this lecture and laboratory (or project) course include: inheritance and its chromosomal basis; gene interactions; sources and types of mutations and the relationship of mutation to genetic disease and evolution; genetic dissection of biological processes; genetic technologies and genomic approaches.University of Toronto ScarboroughlaborSDG2,SDG3
BIOC17H3MicrobiologyThis course presents an overview of the microbial world and introduces the students, in more detail, to the physiological, cellular and molecular aspects of bacteria. The laboratories illustrate principles and provide training in basic microbiological techniques essential to microbiology and to any field where recombinant DNA technology is used.University of Toronto ScarboroughlaborSDG3
BIOC20H3Principles of VirologyThis course introduces viruses as infectious agents. Topics include: virus structure and classification among all kingdoms, viral replication strategies, the interactions of viruses with host cells, and how viruses cause disease. Particular emphasis will be on human host-pathogen interactions, with select lectures on antiviral agents, resistance mechanisms, and vaccines.University of Toronto ScarboroughvaccineSDG3
BIOC29H3Introductory MycologyThis course will lead students through an exploration of the Kingdom of Fungi, covering topics in biodiversity, ecology, and evolution. Lectures will also discuss the broad application of fungi in agriculture, industry, medicine, and visual arts. In the laboratory sessions, students will learn to observe, isolate, and identify fungi using microscopy and modern biological techniques. Field trips will be opportunities to observe fungi in their native habitats and to discuss the real-world applications of diverse fungal organisms.University of Toronto Scarboroughagricultur, labor, biodivers, ecologSDG2,SDG3,SDG14,SDG15
BIOC34H3Human Physiology IIThis course will cover the physiology of the human respiratory, cardiovascular, renal and digestive systems. Topics include cardiac function, ECG, blood flow/pressure regulation, pulmonary mechanics, gas transfer and transport, the control of breathing, sleep-related breathing disorders, kidney function, ion regulation, water balance, acid-base balance and digestive function/regulation. Students will complete a series of computer-simulated laboratory exercises on their own time.University of Toronto Scarboroughwater, laborSDG3
BIOC35H3Principles in ParasitologyThis course introduces principles in parasitic lifestyles. Topics that will be covered include common parasite life strategies, host-parasite interactions and co-evolution, parasite immune evasion strategies, impacts on public health, and treatment and prevention strategies.University of Toronto Scarboroughpublic healthSDG3
BIOC37H3Plants: Life on the EdgePlants have evolved adaptations to maximize growth, survival and reproduction under various taxing environmental conditions. This course covers the great diversity of plant structures and function in relation to ecology, focusing mainly on flowering plants.University of Toronto Scarboroughproduction, environmental, ecologSDG15
BIOC40H3Plant PhysiologyAn introduction to plant biology. Topics include plant and cell structure, water balance, nutrition, transport processes at the cell and whole plant level, physiological and biochemical aspects of photosynthesis, and growth and development in response to hormonal and environmental cues.University of Toronto Scarboroughnutrition, water, environmentalSDG2,SDG15
BIOC50H3MacroevolutionAn overview of recent developments in evolutionary biology that focus on large-scale patterns and processes of evolution. Areas of emphasis may include the evolutionary history of life on earth, phylogenetic reconstruction, patterns of diversification and extinction in the fossil record, the geography of evolution, the evolution of biodiversity, and the process of speciation.University of Toronto ScarboroughbiodiversSDG14,SDG15
BIOC52H3Ecology Field CourseThis course provides students with the opportunity to experience hands-on learning through informal natural history walks, and group and individual research projects, in a small-class setting. The course covers basic principles and selected techniques of field ecology and ecological questions related to organisms in their natural settings. Most of the field work takes place in the Highland Creek ravine.University of Toronto Scarboroughlearning, ecolog, landSDG14,SDG15
BIOC58H3Biological Consequences of Global ChangeA lecture and tutorial course that addresses the key environmental factor that will dominate the 21st Century and life on the planet: Global Climate Change. The course will examine the factors that influence climate, from the formation of the earth to the present time, how human activities are driving current and future change, and how organisms, populations, and ecosystems are and will respond to this change. Finally, it will cover human responses and policies that can permit an adaptive response to this change.University of Toronto Scarboroughclimate, environmental, planet, ecosystemSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
BIOC60H3Winter EcologyCanada is characterized by its long and harsh winters. Any Canadian plant or animal has evolved one of three basic survival strategies: (1) migration (avoidance), (2) hibernation, and (3) resistance. These evolutionary adaptations are investigated by the example of common organisms from mainly southern Ontario.University of Toronto Scarboroughinvest, animal, ecologSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
BIOC61H3Community Ecology and Environmental BiologyAn examination of the theory and methodology of community analysis, with an emphasis on the factors regulating the development of communities and ecosystems. The application of ecological theory to environmental problems is emphasized. We will examine the impacts of various factors, such as primary productivity, species interactions, disturbance, variable environments, on community and metacommunity structure, and on ecosystem function. We will also examine the impacts of climate change on the world's ecosystems.University of Toronto Scarboroughurban, climate, environmental, species, ecosystem, ecologSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
BIOC63H3Conservation BiologyA lecture and tutorial course offering an introduction to the scientific foundation and practice of conservation biology. It reviews ecological and genetic concepts constituting the basis for conservation including patterns and causes of global biodiversity, the intrinsic and extrinsic value of biodiversity, the main causes of the worldwide decline of biodiversity and the approaches to save it, as well as the impacts of global climate change.University of Toronto Scarboroughclimate, conserv, biodivers, ecologSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
BIOC70H3An Introduction to Bias in the SciencesResearch and practice in the sciences often rests on the unquestioned assertion of impartial analyses of facts. This course will take a data-informed approach to understanding how human biases can, and have, affected progress in the sciences in general, and in biology in particular. Case studies may include reviews of how science has been used to justify or sustain racism, colonialism, slavery, and the exploitation of marginalized groups. Links will be drawn to contemporary societal challenges and practices. Topics will include how biases can shape science in terms of those doing the research, the questions under study, and the types of knowledge that inform practice and teaching. Data on bias and societal costs of bias will be reviewed, as well as evidence-informed practices, structures, and individual actions which could ensure that science disrupts, rather than enables, social inequities.University of Toronto Scarboroughknowledge, racism, equit, marginalized, exploitationSDG10
BIOD13H3Herbology : The Science Behind Medicinal PlantsThe use of plants in medicine has been documented for over 2,000 years. Their use is immersed in major ancient civilizations from around the World. This lecture/seminar/lab course will take the knowledge from indigenous medicine as a starting point and expand it with more recent advances in plant biochemistry, genetics and biotechnology.University of Toronto Scarboroughknowledge, indigenousSDG3,SDG15
BIOD19H3Epigenetics in Health and DiseaseA lecture/seminar/discussion class on the emerging field of environmental epigenetics. Course will cover basic epigenetic mechanisms, methods in epigenetic research, epigenetic control of gene function, and the role of epigenetics in normal development and human disease.University of Toronto ScarboroughenvironmentalSDG3,SDG13
BIOD21H3Advanced Molecular Biology LaboratoryApplications of molecular technology continue to revolutionize our understanding of all areas of life sciences from biotechnology to human disease. This intensive laboratory, lecture / tutorial course provides students with essential information and practical experience in recombinant DNA technology, molecular biology and bio-informatics.University of Toronto ScarboroughlaborSDG2,SDG3
BIOD26H3Fungal Biology and PathogenesisA lecture and tutorial based course designed to provide an overview of the fungal kingdom and the properties of major fungal pathogens that contribute to disease in animals (including humans) and plants. This course will address the mechanisms and clinical implications of fungal infections and host defence mechanisms. Topics include virulence factors and the treatment and diagnosis of infection.University of Toronto ScarboroughanimalSDG2,SDG3,SDG14,SDG15
BIOD29H3Pathobiology of Human DiseaseThis lecture/seminar format course will critically examine selected topics in human disease pathogenesis. Infectious and inherited diseases including those caused by human retroviruses, genetic defects and bioterrorism agents will be explored. Discussions of primary literature will encompass pathogen characteristics, genetic mutations, disease progression and therapeutic strategies.University of Toronto ScarboroughterrorisSDG3
BIOD30H3Plant Research and Biotechnology: Addressing Global ProblemsPlant scientists working to address pressing global challenges will give presentations. In advance students will identify terminologies and methodologies needed to engage with the speaker and think critically about the research. Student teams will identify and develop background knowledge and go beyond speaker's presentations with new questions and/or applications.University of Toronto ScarboroughknowledgeSDG2,SDG3,SDG14,SDG15
BIOD33H3Comparative Animal PhysiologyThis course will examine how various physiological systems and anatomical features are specialised to meet the environmental challenges encountered by terrestrial and aquatic animals. Topics include respiratory systems and breathing, hearts and cardiovascular systems, cardiorespiratory control, animal energetics, metabolic rate, thermoregulation, defenses against extreme temperatures, hibernation and osmotic/ionic/volume regulation.University of Toronto Scarboroughenvironmental, animalSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
BIOD34H3Conservation PhysiologyThis is a combined lecture and seminar course that will discuss topics such as climate change and plastics/microplastics effects on the physiology of animals, and physiological tools and techniques used in conservation efforts. The course will focus on how physiological approaches have led to beneficial changes in human behaviour, management or policy.University of Toronto Scarboroughclimate, conserv, animalSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
BIOD43H3Animal Movement and ExerciseA lecture and seminar/discussion course covering integrative, comparative animal locomotion and exercise physiology. Topics will include muscle physiology, neurophysiology, metabolism, energetics, thermoregulation and biomechanics. These topics will be considered within evolutionary and ecological contexts.University of Toronto Scarboroughanimal, ecologSDG14,SDG15
BIOD48H3OrnithologyAn overview of the evolution, ecology, behaviour, and conservation of birds. Field projects and laboratories will emphasize identification of species in Ontario.University of Toronto Scarboroughlabor, conserv, species, ecologSDG14,SDG15
BIOD52H3Biodiversity and ConservationA seminar exploration of current topics in biodiversity and conservation, including genetic, organismal, and community levels. Examples include DNA barcoding, adaptive radiations, phylogenetic trees, and biodiversity hotspots. Skills development in critical thinking and interpretation of the primary literature is emphasized, with coursework involving group presentations, discussions, and written analyses.University of Toronto Scarboroughconserv, biodiversSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
BIOD59H3Models in Ecology, Epidemiology and ConservationModelling is a critical tool for describing the complex dynamics of ecosystems and for addressing urgent management questions in ecology, epidemiology and conservation. In this practical introduction, students learn how to formulate ecological and epidemiological models, link them to data, and implement/analyze them using computer simulations. The course includes approaches for modelling individuals, populations, and communities, with applications in population viability assessments, natural resource management and food security, invasive species and pest control, disease eradication, and climate change mitigation. While not a requirement, some experience with computer programming will be beneficial for this course.University of Toronto Scarboroughfood security, climate change mitigation, natural resource, climate, conserv, species, ecosystem, ecologSDG2,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
BIOD60H3Spatial EcologyThe study of how space and scale influence ecological patterns and species coexistence. The course will cover three main topics: 1) spatial dynamics, such as spatial spread and dispersal models; 2) species coexistence with metapopulation/metacommunity, neutral and lottery models; and 3) spatial analysis of ecological communities. Basic concepts will be applied to ecological problems such as: species invasions, reserve design and understanding threats to island biodiversity. Priority will be given to students enrolled in the specialist program in Biodiversity, Ecology and Evolution.University of Toronto Scarboroughspecies, biodivers, ecolog, landSDG14,SDG15
BIOD66H3Causes and Consequences of BiodiversityThis course will combine lecture and student paper projects and presentations to explore the evolutionary and ecological processes that generate patterns of biological diversity as well as how species interactions and ecosystem function are affected by diversity. Of key interest will be how invasions, climate change, and habitat destruction affects diversity and function.University of Toronto Scarboroughclimate, species, biodivers, ecosystem, ecologSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
BME205H1Fundamentals of Biomedical EngineeringIntroduction to connecting engineering and biological approaches to solve problems in medicine, science, and technology. Emphasis is placed on demonstrating the connection between organ level function with cellular mechanisms. Topics may include, but are not limited to: design principles of biological systems, medical devices, overviews of anatomy and physiology, and cellular mechanisms as they relate to biotechnological and medical technology applications. Laboratories will provide hands-on experiences with selected concepts and encourage students to understand how to connect their own vital and physiologic signs to current medical technologies.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty oflaborSDG2,SDG3,SDG9
BME440H1Biomedical Engineering Technology and InvestigationFundamental biomedical research technologies with specific focus on cellular and molecular methodologies. Examples include DNA and protein analysis and isolation, microscopy, cell culture and cellular assays. Combines both theoretical concepts and hand-on practical experience via lectures and wet labs, respectively. Specific applications as applied to biotechnology and medicine will also be outlined and discussed.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofABS, investSDG3
BMS200Y1Book & Media HistoriesTraces the long history of media in culture and society, including books and other communication technologies. Covers historical developments including orality and writing, printing and the book, image and sound reproduction, wired and wireless communication, electronic and broadcast media, and contemporary digital media. Examples and case studies will be drawn from a variety of different sociocultural contexts, media industries, and creative practices.Arts and Science, Faculty ofproductionSDG4,SDG9
BMS319H1Media EthicsProvides students with a theoretical foundation that enables them to identify and analyze ethical issues in mainstream and non-mainstream media. Traditional principles of journalistic truth-seeking, objectivity, and minimizing harm are revisited in the light of global, interactive media, produced by both citizens and professionals.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcitizenSDG4,SDG16,SDG17
BMS387H1Advertising and MediaThis course presents a critical media studies approach to advertising and consumer culture, past and present. Advertising, marketing, branding, and promotion play a central role in capitalist societies and media industries, reflecting and refracting dominant cultural attitudes and ideologies. How does advertising shape what and how we consume? What are its social, cultural, economic, and environmental impacts? Students will learn to analyze the form, content, and ideology of advertisements, and think critically about the advertising they are subjected to in everyday life.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcapital, consum, environmentalSDG9,SDG12,SDG13
BMS391H1The Media FranchiseReflective of the broader logics of media convergence, media franchises spread their commercial interests and imaginary worlds across many multiple media. For media industries, franchises maximize profits by linking together movies, TV series, books, comics, games, toys, merchandise, and promotional paratexts to encourage consumption. At the same time, they are a platform for new forms of serial narrative, world-building, and transmedia storytelling, and generate vibrant, diverse fan cultures that are sometimes at odds with franchise producers. Drawing on a wide range of scholarly and critical work, this course examines popular media franchises from historical, economic/industrial, formal/aesthetic, and sociocultural perspectives.Arts and Science, Faculty ofconsumSDG10,SDG12
BMS392H1Media IdentitiesAn exploration of media's influence on the constructions and representation of identity and power relations across race, gender and class in individual and collective spheres. Applies a social justice and intersectional framework to media technologies and industries in order to expose socio-political influence on identity and to position media consumption and production as potential vehicles for restorative mediations of marginalized identities.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, marginalized, consum, production, social justiceSDG5,SDG10,SDG12
BMS393H1Media EcologyThis course presents an advanced introduction to Media Ecology, an interdisciplinary field of inquiry which examines how media environments affect human affairs, understanding, feelings, and values. Building on the assigned readings, students will examine the various theories of Media Ecology, honing their skills of assessment, analysis, criticism, and reflection. An interdisciplinary approach informed by literature, philosophy, anthropology, semiotics, aesthetics, and history will provide students with the opportunity to critically evaluate some crucial and controversial issues facing contemporary society.Arts and Science, Faculty ofecologSDG10,SDG11
BPM214H1Socially Engaged BuddhismExplores how Socially Engaged Buddhism has developed in response to global conversations on systemic oppression, climate justice, equity, decolonization, and trauma. We examine the roots of Engaged Buddhism in countries such as Vietnam, China, Taiwan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and India, and its transformation into a global movement. Themes include Buddhist environmental activism, and Buddhist protest movements, along with research on the application of Buddhist teachings in healthcare, education, business, and the criminal justice system.Arts and Science, Faculty ofhealthcare, equity, equit, decolonization, climate, environmental, climate justice, land, criminal justiceSDG3,SDG4,SDG10,SDG13,SDG15,SDG16
BPM335H1Meditation and the BodyAn overview of scientific research on the psychological and neurophysiological effects of meditation. We explore the effects of different meditation styles on brain structure, brain activity, neurochemistry and other biological processes. Effects of meditation on mental health, pain, social behavior, aging, memory, and cardiovascular function are also a major focus. The use of meditation in the treatment and prevention of illness is critically reviewed.Arts and Science, Faculty ofmental health, illnessSDG3
BPM381H1Buddhist Perspectives on Current Social IssuesExplores teachings and principles in Buddhist canonical sources and considers their application to a wide range of social, political, and environmental crises we are facing today, including climate justice, systemic racism, burnout and mental health. We explore how Buddhist teachings are applied and adapted across different sectors of society including healthcare, education and business.Arts and Science, Faculty ofmental health, healthcare, racism, climate, environmental, climate justiceSDG3,SDG4,SDG11,SDG12,SDG13
BPM438H1Mindfulness Meditation: Science and ResearchAn exponential increase of scientific research on aspects of Buddhist theories of mind and mindfulness meditation has contributed to the growing popularity of mindfulness across the sectors of healthcare, education and business. Examines the theoretical and empirical basis of mindfulness-based interventions and applications in healthcare settings and beyond. Critically addresses the roots of mindfulness, current models and adaptations, relevant applications, interventions and outcomes. Quantitative and qualitative research methodology will be reviewed, and conceptual, methodological, statistical, and interpretive limitations of the scientific literature will be discussed. The course aims to build scientific literacy skills through the assessment, critique, and discussion of peer reviewed journal articles.Arts and Science, Faculty ofhealthcare, mindfulnessSDG3
CAR120Y1Introduction to Caribbean StudiesExplores the complex and diverse languages, geographies, regional and national histories, cultural practices, intellectual traditions and political and economic landscapes of the Caribbean region, its people and its diasporas. Students will be introduced to the main questions, themes, and debates in Caribbean Studies. Lectures and readings develop the skills to take an interdisciplinary approach to Caribbean Studies.Arts and Science, Faculty oflandSDG10
CAR225H1Caribbean SocietiesOffers an interdisciplinary introduction to Caribbean sociology, focusing on the writings of thinkers and scholars from the era of decolonization to the more contemporary period. Themes may include: colonial encounters in the making of Caribbean societies; the role of religion; popular consciousness; histories of capitalism and exploitation; the relationship between political institutions and the wider society; "development", dependency and "underdevelopment".Arts and Science, Faculty ofcapital, decolonization, institut, exploitationSDG10,SDG12,SDG16
CAR324H1Capitalism and Crisis in the CaribbeanThis upper level course examines the interplay between wider global processes and intra-regional responses that together help shape contemporary Caribbean realities. Topics include: economic crisis and structural adjustment; tourism; the agricultural sector; the Caribbean Single Market and Economy; migration and diaspora.Arts and Science, Faculty ofagricultur, capitalSDG2,SDG8,SDG9,SDG12
CAS200H1Introduction to Contemporary Asian StudiesThis course is an introduction to Contemporary Asian Studies. It covers detailed case study material from South Asia, Southeast Asia, and East Asia. It introduces students to the interdisciplinary study of political, sociocultural and economic interactions among these regions, as well as the transnational forces shaping internal dynamics throughout Asia. In addition, it examines the ways that forces stemming from Asia are affecting global processes, pushing scholarship to engage questions about colonialism, nationalism, "race," religion, markets, urbanization, migration, and mass mediated culture. This course provides preparation for more advanced courses on Asia and globalization and provides an introductory gateway for the Contemporary Asian Studies major and minor. May be taken in the first year of studies.Arts and Science, Faculty ofglobaliz, urban, nationalismSDG9,SDG11,SDG16
CAS202H1Asian Sites, Global Questions, Part 2This interdisciplinary course explores a variety of sites and topics in South, Southeast, and East Asia. It explores themes including contemporary and historical articulations of socio-economic development, (post)colonial political formations, urbanization processes, climate change, labour struggles, gender studies, migration, citizenship, and social justice. The course examines the diversity of Asian modernities, cross-regional linkages, and changing approaches to area studies over time. It provides a foundation for the Contemporary Asian Studies major and minor, preparing students for taking more advanced courses on Asia in the global context.Arts and Science, Faculty ofsocio-economic, citizen, gender, labour, urban, climate, social justiceSDG1,SDG4,SDG5,SDG8,SDG11,SDG13,SDG16
CAS310H1Comparative Colonialisms in AsiaThis course analyzes the impact of colonialism in South, East, and Southeast Asia and the various ways in which pre-colonial traditions intersect with and reshape colonial and postcolonial process across the various regions of Asia. The course will examine the conjunctures of economy, politics, religion, education, ethnicity, gender, and caste, as these have played out over time in the making and re-making of Asia as both idea and place. Attention will be paid to postcolonial and indigenous theories, questions of "the colonial" from the perspective of Asian Studies, and debates about the meaning of postcolonialism for the study of Asia now and in the future.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, indigenousSDG4,SDG5,SDG10,SDG16
CAS320H1Comparative Modernities in AsiaSince at least the late 1700s, the effects of capitalism across the globe have profoundly transformed the landscapes of human livelihood, consumption, production and governance in Asia. While colonial empires have declined, new empires have emerged, and a growing number of countries have witnessed the rise of nationalism and independent states, social, political and technological revolutions, and most recently neoliberal globalization. This course theorizes and explores these dramatic changes in a comparative framework. It is aimed at students wishing to better understand the great transformations of modern Asia in a global context.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcapital, globaliz, consum, production, land, governance, nationalismSDG9,SDG12,SDG15,SDG16
CAS350H1Asian Youth CulturesIn focusing on youth in Asia, this course brings together two disputed cultural formations of substantial contemporary importance. Both youth and Asia are increasingly invoked on the global stage in support of a wide range of interests. Examining practices of young people and the idea of youth in the context of Asia requires critical attention to the promises and fears that attach to the rise of Asian economies, international demographic transitions, the growth of a global middle-class, increasing consumption disparities, changing immigration patterns, expanding technological skills, global/local environmental concerns, and young people’s shifting political priorities and loyalties. The course may feature a significant amount of social theory, with authors such as Michel Foucault, Roland Barthes, Louis Althusser, and Stuart Hall.Arts and Science, Faculty oftransit, consum, environmental, landSDG10,SDG11,SDG12,SDG13,SDG15
CAS360H1Asian GendersThis course will explore ways that gender is mobilized and produced in parts of Asia. It seeks to understand gender and sexuality in their diversity and in attempts to "fix" or locate it in various bodies and places. Attempts will be made to see how gender is made knowable in terms of sexuality, medicine, nation, class, ethnicity, religion, and other discourses. The course assumes a willingness to read challenging theory such as the writings of Judith Butler, Michel Foucault, and Eve Sedgwick and asks that students commit to regular attendance.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgenderSDG5,SDG10
CAS370H1Asian CitiesThis course offers a multidisciplinary perspective of urban life in Asia. The thematic focus will be on how the urban intersects with modernities and postcolonial formations. Drawing on recent scholarship in the social sciences and the humanities, we will examine the realignment of cultural, political, and economic forces associated with Asia's diverse processes of urbanization.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcities, urbanSDG8,SDG9,SDG11
CAS400H1Interdisciplinary Research in Methods in Contemporary Asian StudiesThis seminar addresses Asian worlds. In Asia, transnationally, and locally, to cultivate new approaches to global processes and problems. The course explores key Asian sites that open new configurations for studying interactions between economic/environmental development, political change, and migration and cultural politics. It provides an advanced and systematic overview of the research methodologies that students have been exposed to throughout the CAS program. These include historical-archival, ethnographic, visual/media, and statistical/quantitative methods that allow us to map Asian political, economic, and cultural formations, and through them, global challenges. The seminar builds interdisciplinary conversations attentive to both critical problematizing and problem-solving, to qualitative and applied projects. It is the required capstone to the Contemporary Asian Studies major.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenvironmentalSDG11,SDG12,SDG13
CAS414H1The Public Event in AsiaThis upper-level seminar will introduce students to the interdisciplinary study of popular culture in Asia through a focus on public events. Readings about all kinds of performances, including ritual, popular protest, festivals, sports, cinema, television, digital media events, and the performing arts will help students learn methodological tools to interpret the politics and meanings of public culture as it articulates with class, ethnicity, religious community, gender and caste. The course will furthermore familiarize students with a range of theoretical lenses for conceptualizing the different meanings of the “event” and the “public” from a perspective grounded in the histories of South Asia, Southeast Asia, East Asia, and their diasporas.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgenderSDG5
CCT200H5Race, Media and CultureThis course provides an introduction to the intersecting fields of critical race, media, and cultural studies. We will pay particular attention to dynamics of social difference and power and the communication strategies and technologies through which these are navigated, reproduced and interrupted. Students will be introduced to critical and analytical tools for understanding the cultural and media circulation, regulation and reimagination of things like race, sexuality, time, gender, class, indigeneity, space, ethnicity, ability and nationality. These critical tools equip students with the skills to write, design and build ethical innovations in new media and culture.University of Toronto MississaugagenderSDG5
CCT205H5Digital Innovation and Cultural TransformationThis course examines a range of theoretical perspectives and worldviews that assess the cultural and social changes brought about by modern technology. These perspectives will be used to analyze the potential problems initiated by the introduction of digital and computing technologies to various contexts. Possible topics include: cybernetics; media convergence; artificial intelligence/life; smart technology; digital environmentalism and digital warfare.University of Toronto Mississaugaworldview, environmental, social changeSDG4,SDG13,SDG16
CCT224H5Organizational Studies I (DEM)This course provides a comprehensive overview of the activities and processes that take place in organizations. Major emphasis is placed on the investigation of the varied measures that can be developed to assess and subsequently improve the performance of the organization. The interpretation of measures in managerial decision-making will also be investigated in detail.University of Toronto MississaugainvestSDG9,SDG16
CCT285H5Immersive Environment DesignStudents will develop skills in the areas of bitmap/vector graphics, audio/visual production and editing, 2D/3D modeling and animation, and video game design. Students will produce immersive environments while addressing and engaging issues of remix culture and intellectual property.University of Toronto MississaugaproductionSDG12,SDG13
CCT304H5Visual Rhetoric and Digital EnvironmentsThis is a project-based course that focuses on analyzing and evaluating the persuasive impact of the images we use every day to make decisions about our social networks, what we buy, how we live, what we care about, and who we are. Students will learn about rhetorical devices used in visual communications and then work in teams to create a persuasive awareness campaign for an NGO, Government Agency, Healthcare organization or other social interest group as the final project.University of Toronto MississaugahealthcareSDG3,SDG12
CCT307H5Critical Infrastructure StudiesThis course explores how infrastructures shape society, culture, and understanding of the human condition. We examine different infrastructures from electric networks to communication networks, data farms, environmental sensing systems, smart cities, and satellite technologies and our reliance on them. We will also examine how these infrastructures are sustained and maintained. By building on critical theories and approaches to infrastructures and their impact, the course investigates the power of infrastructure to establish the conditions of our daily lives.University of Toronto Mississaugainfrastructure, invest, cities, environmentalSDG9,SDG11,SDG13
CCT310H5Popular Culture and SocietyHow does consumerism affect symbolic production, circulation and transactions? Major modern theories of mass communication will be presented (Fiske, Bourdieu, Benjamin, Jenkins, Frankfurt school, and Marxist approaches). Students will explore new structures of mass communication in relation to popular culture systems, and their economic, technological and institutional dimensions. Topics include Disney, Hollywood, celebrity culture, social media, and user generated content in digital environments. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugaconsum, production, institutSDG12,SDG16
CCT314H5Mind, Media and RepresentationThis course applies a variety of theoretical and practical approaches to consider the multiple and often conflicting ways representations in media are produced and consumed. The study of representations is approached from the perspective that they are best understood as both discursive and ideological. Questions to be examined include: What does it mean for historical and contemporary representations to carry economic, ideological and discursive power? To what extent do audiences hold power to resist or negotiate with representations? How might we interrogate the notion that we live in a post-feminist, post-racialized society in which older ideas about gender, race and power no longer apply or need re-thinking?University of Toronto Mississaugagender, feminis, consumSDG5,SDG12
CCT318H5Sustainability and the Digital EnterpriseThis course focuses on investigating the impacts of the digital enterprise on sustainability. The course presents an overview of the sustainability challenges and the concrete approaches to solving those challenges with the use of technology. The course uses an active learning approach allowing students the opportunity to learn while working on different sustainability projects linked to digital enterprises.University of Toronto Mississaugalearning, investSDG4,SDG9,SDG11
CCT320H5Communication, Technology, and Social ChangeThis course explores how media and media technology have shifted the nature of existing political and social orders. We will focus on how social movements and political change engage media and technology to disrupt social norms and practices that perpetuate inequality. This will bring us in contact with theories of social movement mobilization, political communication, and digital media. We may also explore the ways that legacy and digital media have changed to be in service of misinformation and state repression.University of Toronto Mississaugainequality, equality, social changeSDG4,SDG5,SDG10,SDG16
CCT328H5Project ManagementApproaches to the management of complex technical projects will be investigated. Topics include project estimating, costing and evaluation, organizing and managing project teams, quantitative methods for project planning and scheduling, introduction to computer-based project management tools. The course may involve an applied field project.University of Toronto MississaugainvestSDG9,SDG16
CCT335H5Technology and the CityTechnology continues to reshape the physical contours of our built environments as much as it redefines our conceptualization of how we inhabit and interact within them. This course investigates how urban form, space, infrastructure and communication are mediated by new and evolving technologies. [24L,11T]University of Toronto Mississaugainfrastructure, invest, urbanSDG9,SDG11
CCT340H5Gender, Media and TechnologyThis course brings a gendered lens to the study of media and technology. The course explores the (re)production and (re)presentation of gender through communicative practices in a variety of mediums, including print media, TV, activist media, video games and online platforms. The course develops an understanding of gender ideologies and how media, technologies, and communication help produce gender. The course examines the way gender identities are constructed by mainstream and alternative media; gendered divisions of media and digital labour; the relationship between ICTs and the performance of gender and sexuality; masculinities, gender politics; feminist theory; and the construction and negotiation of gender in relation to mediated environments. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugagender, feminis, labour, productionSDG5,SDG8,SDG12
CCT341H5Introduction to IT ConsultingInformation Technology (IT) Consulting is a growing profession that embodies the use of computer-supported collaborative tools in the execution of business functions. In this course students engage with the principles of Computer Supported Co-operative Work (CSCW) through an experiential opportunity to work with a real client. Students create an IT Consulting company and take on the role of consultants, learning core skills (soft and hard) necessary for this profession, including client management, communication, ideation, analysis and solution development, project management, presentation skills, and web design. Using case studies we discuss consulting lessons learned and problems to avoid within the context of industry best practices. [24P]University of Toronto Mississaugalearning, laborSDG4,SDG8
CCT355H5Critical Approaches to Innovation (DEM)This course provides students with a survey of critical theories appropriate to the study of technological innovation. Students will: 1) explore theories of the social, cultural, and ecological impacts of technological innovation; 2) apply these theoretical lenses to the study of trends in innovation; and 3) propose a product or approach to innovation using social, cultural, or ecological criteria.University of Toronto MississaugaecologSDG4,SDG10
CCT373H5Career Planning and DevelopmentThe transition from university studies to professional settings necessitates the articulation of how acquired skill sets, education, professional contacts, supporting resources, and related experiences connect to and influence career trajectories. To facilitate agility in navigating the ever-shifting global economy, within and outside of the classroom students are provided with a mixture of structured, self-directed, independent, and team activities that aid in the development and refinement of professional identities, community networks, communication approaches, and problem solving skills.University of Toronto MississaugatransitSDG10,SDG11
CCT374H5Critical Histories of Information TechnologiesThe course approaches current information and communication technologies from critical and historical perspectives. It investigates the interests, motives and tactics of news media, pop culture producers, amateurs, universities, corporations, and governments in promoting, sustaining, and interpreting information and communication systems. It also asks how the focus will be on media and information technologies, more theoretical or methodological readings will necessarily cover other systems. Case studies may include investigations of orality, writing, the printing press, industrialized printing, and electronic media from the telegraph and the telephone to broadcasting and the internet.University of Toronto Mississaugainvest, internetSDG9,SDG11,SDG16
CCT380H5Human-Computer Interaction and CommunicationThe emphasis in this course will be on theoretical, methodological, and empirical issues in the study of Human-Computer Interaction. Intelligent interface designs, usability assessment, user modeling and the accessibility of the technology for the disabled are among the topics to be examined. Related behavioural investigations concerning the ease and efficiency of users' interactions with computerized environments will also be discussed. [36P]University of Toronto Mississaugainvest, accessibSDG9,SDG10,SDG11
CCT386H5Information Practice in Virtual Worlds: Exploration of Information EnvironmentsVirtual environments, immersive 3D environments accessed via computers or virtual reality headsets, comprise a unique and futuristic communication environment. Virtual environments have the potential to support a wide variety of activities related to information creation, distribution, and reception and can support social, economic, and cultural causes. Compared to everyday information practices, however, those enacted in virtual worlds are uniquely characterized by multimodality, synchronicity, digital embodiment and geographic distribution of users. In this course, students engage in participatory learning in virtual environments, using avatars to assess how the world's technological and social affordances support and constrain information practices. Using theories of gaming, virtuality, and information lifecycles, students critically analyse how information is produced and used in these environments.University of Toronto MississaugalearningSDG4,SDG11
CCT403H5Finance, Innovation and the Digital FirmStudents will learn about financial aspects of digital industries. They will gain knowledge about how financial and other incentives shape the decisions of agents in the digital marketplace. Such a knowledge helps to identify industry trends aiding their own decisions when participating in Internet related industries. Topics covered include online and traditional media industries, aspects of e-commerce and marketing, open source software and crowd-sourcing. A highly effective way to gain such knowledge is by covering a relevant topic in an academic essay. This way the students will also improve their writing skills, and learn better how to cover financial aspects of their chosen topic in a scholarly manner.University of Toronto Mississaugaknowledge, internetSDG4,SDG9
CCT404H5Remote Work , Technology and CollaborationThis project-based course aims to demonstrate how collaboration is a critical capability often overlooked. During the course students will integrate their learning and experience and first hand see how, in combination with collaboration it can lead to creatively solving problems in areas as varied as business, health care delivery, urban planning and development. In addition to lectures, students will have the benefit of a series of guest lecturers. A large, group based project will serve to integrate learning and allow students the benefit of experiential learning.University of Toronto Mississaugahealth care, learning, labor, urbanSDG3,SDG4,SDG8,SDG11
CCT418H5Work, Media and TechnologyThe course analyses the political, historical, and technical relationships between media, technology, and work in contemporary capitalism. The course will examine the power and social relationships that structure work in contexts such as media, creative industries, and the platform or "gig" economy. The course will focus on critical theories of work and will engage with case studies of the intersection of work, media and technology. The aim of the course is to build a tool kit for encountering an increasingly casualized and digitally-mediated labour market. [24S]University of Toronto Mississaugalabour, capitalSDG4,SDG8,SDG9
CCT420H5Information Technology and GlobalizationThe variety of ways in which various information technologies influence and are influenced by globalization will be critically examined. The class will explore metaphors or ways of thinking about society and technology to critically examine the complex process and the diverse consequences of globalization. Topics may shift focus yearly but will include the economy, culture, politics, social movements, migration, social identity, war and global conflict, etc.University of Toronto MississaugaglobalizSDG9,SDG11
CCT431H5Drones, Robots, Artificial IntelligenceDrones, robots, and artificial intelligence are three interrelated technologies that are changing the most fundamental considerations of how society and sociality should operate. Work, war, consumption, and even love are being reconfigured. This course will address debates concerning the cultural, political, economic, military, and economic considerations surrounding the growing use of these technologies.University of Toronto MississaugaconsumSDG4,SDG12
CCT433H5Sustainable Design (SH)(Offered at Sheridan College) This course immerses students in sustainable design methodologies based upon whole systems analysis, applying the quadruple bottom line of people, profit, planet, and culture to understand and design for environmental issues and social change. During this course, students will apply the process and rhetoric of sustainable systems thinking to the re-design of an object or service applying such methodologies as cradle-to-cradle, 'design-for-environment', pricing based on full cost accounting, greening of the supply chain, and corporate responsibility. Throughout the course, students will examine the need for sustainable design through case studies, best practice analyses, and relevant readingsUniversity of Toronto Mississaugasustainable design, supply chain, environmental, planet, social changeSDG12,SDG13,SDG16
CCT476H5Foundations of Operations ManagementOperations Management deals with the functions of an enterprise that create value for the customers. The scope of study covers all processes involved in the design, production and physical distribution of goods and services. With global competition continuously increasing, a firm's survival depends upon how well it integrates the operations function into the enterprise's general planning and strategy. It is thus essential for business managers to acquire an understanding and appreciation of operations.University of Toronto MississaugaproductionSDG12
CCT478H5UX Design - Prototyping and EvaluationThe course investigates how people interact with interactive digital systems from an evaluation and formal testing perspective, and introduces students to the methods of User Experience Assessment and User Experience Analysis (UXA). This studio-based experiential course examines how interactive systems are implemented and deployed to meet users' needs, with a focus on formal Human Computer Interaction (HCI) evaluation methods. Students will acquire the capacity to evaluate systems and to critically assess different HCI and UX validation methods which are based on industry approaches carried out by User Research Analysis.University of Toronto MississaugainvestSDG9
CCT482H5Interactive Electronic Design (SH)(Offered at Sheridan College) This course investigates the emerging field of critical making, which encourages students to approach social, communication and cultural issues through material engagement versus the literal and oral media more traditionally used in social science research. Students will not only explore core tensions and challenges regarding technology's role and influence in society, but engage these challenges directly through the design and physical creation of alternative technological prototypes. Basic mechanics, electronics and programming will be taught, with an understanding that thinking materially is rare for many most social science students. No previous knowledge is assumed.University of Toronto Mississaugaknowledge, investSDG4,SDG9
CCT483H5Play, Performance and Community in Digital GamesStudents will explore the complex relationship between games and play. Starting with an overview of the major play theories, students will learn how cognitive, philosophical and social theories of play are used to guide and inform game design. The increasingly prominent role of the player in the co-creation and performance of digital games will be examined. Students will also explore the emergence of player communities and consider the various issues that this introduces into design and management process, including important new questions about governance, player and creative freedoms, and immaterial labour.University of Toronto Mississaugalabour, governanceSDG8,SDG16
CDN197H1Inventing CanadaThis course explores the ways that Canadian history and identity have been commemorated, interpreted and experienced, now and in the past. The course focuses in particular on who has been included or excluded in commemorative efforts over time. Key topics include representations of women, Indigenous peoples, and political figures on screen and through public installations like museum exhibits, plaques and statues. Case studies highlighting a range of interpretive media will encourage students to work with and discuss a range of primary and secondary sources, build critical thinking and academic writing skills. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofwomen, indigenousSDG5,SDG10,SDG16
CDN198H1Canada, Colonialism and Settler RelationsA First Year Foundations seminar focused on exploring Canada's colonial history and recent efforts to enact appropriate settler relations through an interdisciplinary lens. Topics will include contemporary land claims and treaty-making processes, the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, governmental apologies for the mistreatment of Indigenous peoples, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, land acknowledgements, practices of allyship through social movement such as Idle No More, and efforts to influence Canada's overseas mining practices. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, settler, indigenous, reconciliation, truth and reconciliation, landSDG4,SDG10,SDG11,SDG15,SDG16
CDN199H1Canada- Hong Kong MigrationThis course surveys the effects of migrations and cultural connections between Hong Kong and Canada from the 1960s. Students will discuss and analyze the impact of migrations, and study the connection between the two locations from the perspectives of history, culture and literature, politics and democracy, economic and financial development and the network of people and community. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofdemocraSDG11,SDG16
CDN202H1Aspects of Quebec CultureAn exploration of modern Québec culture as expressed in literature and the performing arts. Through a selection of internationally-known entertainers, we examine form, artistic innovation, communication of information and knowledge, and spectatorship. Novels and plays provide key elements such as tradition and historical context.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledgeSDG4,SDG11
CDN221H1Culture and the Media in CanadaAn exploration of the encounter between culture and mass communication in Canadian society. The course considers the role of major cultural institutions such as the CBC, the NFB, and their granting bodies. The emergence of digital media and its relationship to mass media is also addressed.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinstitutSDG4,SDG16
CDN267H1Canadian NationalismsA critical examination of contemporary forms of Canadian nationalism. This interdisciplinary course will interrogate national formations across theoretical works, policy documents, and cultural representations. Students will address the ways that nationalist discourses constitute difference, especially with respect to race, ethnicity, gender, and sexuality.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, nationalismSDG5,SDG16
CDN268H1Canada and GlobalizationStudents examine the impact of contemporary globalization on Canada, and for Canada’s place in the world. The course is interdisciplinary in its approach and addresses globalization from a wide range of perspectives, including mobility, trade, urbanization, health, religion, environmental change, technology, communications, and the arts.Arts and Science, Faculty ofglobaliz, trade, urban, environmentalSDG3,SDG4,SDG9,SDG10,SDG11,SDG13
CDN280H1Canadian Jewish HistoryThis course focuses on initial settlement patterns of Jews in Toronto and elsewhere, community growth including suburbanization, and contemporary challenges such as anti-Semitism and assimilation.Arts and Science, Faculty ofurbanSDG10,SDG11
CDN307H1Asian Cultures in CanadaAn exploration of the cultural histories and creative productions of a wide range of Asian communities in Canada. Experts in specific areas - literature, dance, drama, film - will be invited to present their work.Arts and Science, Faculty ofproductionSDG4,SDG16
CDN325H1Asian Canadian Space & PlaceA comprehensive examination of how Asian Canadian communities shape urban and suburban environments. Explore how urban planning and peoples’ local decisions interact to create space, place, and culture. The course applies a multidisciplinary lens, with an emphasis on culture and heritage, place and identity formation, diasporas, multiculturalism, and nationalism.Arts and Science, Faculty ofurban, nationalismSDG11,SDG13,SDG16
CDN335H1Black Canadian StudiesAn interdisciplinary course that interrogates the constitution of Blackness in Canada. Students will study race and ethnic relations, alongside other identity formations such as class, gender and sexuality. Topics to be addressed include media, education, law, immigration and mobility, urbanism, work, political representation and the arts.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, urbanSDG5,SDG8,SDG11
CDN340H1The History of Canadian-U.S. RelationsOver time, Canadians and Americans have developed distinct identities and cultures, but their histories have always been closely linked. This course examines the complex interrelationship between Canada and the United States. from the colonial period through the present day, especially its political, cultural, and indigenous dimensions.Arts and Science, Faculty ofindigenousSDG10,SDG16
CDN367H1Canadian PluralismStudents will examine the complexities of social and cultural interaction in the context of changing Canadian demographics. This course compares and contrasts policies regarding Indigenous rights, migration, multiculturalism, and citizenship with contemporary cultural narratives in literature, painting and film.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcitizen, indigenous, indigenous rightsSDG4,SDG10,SDG16
CDN368H1Canada's BordersThe Canadian border is being reshaped by the increasing transnational movement of people, goods and ideas. Students will examine border issues relating to mobility, trade, and security from a wide range of interdisciplinary perspectives, from public policy to contemporary media, such as TV, films, and novels.Arts and Science, Faculty oftradeSDG10,SDG11
CDN380H1Socio-Cultural Perspective of the Canadian Jewish CommunityThis course examines: the relationship between prominent Canadians who happen to be Jews and those whose works are founded in Jewish identity; the diversity of the community on the basis of religion, language, class, ideology, etc.; contributions to the arts and scholarship; and the role and contribution of Jewish women.Arts and Science, Faculty ofwomenSDG5,SDG11
CDN385H1Re-Imagining Canada: Creative Visions of Our Past, Present, and FuturesArtists and writers are re-imagining Canada, exploring alternate pasts, presents, and futures, often critiquing systemic inequities by positing “what ifs” of resistance and renewal, while reclaiming agency, voice, and power for those who are disadvantaged in society. This course will examine these re-imaginings across various media such as fiction, poetry, graphic novels, films, multimedia installations, performance art, paintings, virtual reality works, and video games. Examples will be drawn from a wide variety of genres such as speculative fiction, Afrofuturism, Indigenous arctic horror, trans, queer, Indigenous and Indigiqueer perspectives.Arts and Science, Faculty ofqueer, equit, indigenous, giniSDG5,SDG10,SDG16
CHC322H1Women and ChristianityAn exploration of what Pope John Paul II, among others, called the "feminine tradition" in Christian life and thought. Possible topics include women's roles in the early church, Marian dogmas and devotions, women mystics and Doctors of the Church, and Christian feminisms and New Feminisms in the contemporary period.Arts and Science, Faculty ofwomen, feminisSDG5
CHE112H1Physical ChemistryA course in physical chemistry. Topics discussed include systems and their states, stoichiometry, the properties of gases, the laws of chemical thermodynamics (calculations involving internal energy, enthalpy, free energy, and entropy), phase equilibrium, chemical equilibrium, ionic equilibrium, acids and bases, solutions, colligative properties, electrochemistry, and corrosion.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofenergySDG7,SDG11
CHE113H1Concepts in Chemical EngineeringThis course provides first year students with an overview of the chemical industry, the chemical engineering profession, and introduces key concepts for the upcoming years of study. The chemical industry is the interface between natural resources (minerals, oil, gas, agricultural products, etc.) and the consumers of the higher value products derived therefrom. This diverse industry has both high volume-low unit value and low volume-high unit value products, and the manufacture of each type of product has its own challenges. The chemical engineering profession applies the scientific fundamentals through two key concepts: Unit Operations as well as Flux. The fundamental elements of stoichiometry and reaction kinetics are further extended to cover the concepts of yield, conversion and their specific applications to continuous and batch reactor systems. Analysis of electrical circuits is introduced, leading to nodal analysis of circuits. The application of resistance in series and capacitance is extended into chemical engineering problems involved, heat transfer, mass transfer and momentum transfer, as well as reaction engineering. The laboratory will reinforce these key chemical engineering principles.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofagricultur, labor, consum, natural resourceSDG2,SDG8,SDG12
CHE204H1Chem Eng & Applied Chem IThis laboratory course surveys aspects of inorganic and analytical chemistry from a practical point of view in a comprehensive laboratory experience. In this course, students learn how to analyze known and unknown samples using qualitative and quantitative analysis. Emphasis is placed on primary standards, instrumental techniques (e.g., spectroscopy), classical volumetric techniques (e.g., titration), statistical treatment of data, and reliability and repeatability (i.e., accuracy and precision). The course includes elements of process and industrial chemistry and practice. Theory, where applicable, is interwoven within the laboratories or given as self-taught modules.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty oflaborSDG7,SDG8
CHE205H1Chem Eng & Applied Chem IIThis laboratory course surveys aspects of organic chemistry from a practical point of view in a comprehensive laboratory experience. In this course, students explore the syntheses of different chemical reactions (substitution, elimination, condensation and hydrolysis), analyzing and characterizing the intermediates and major products formed using established processes and laboratory techniques (e.g., IR, RI, GC, TLC). The course includes elements of process and industrial chemistry and practice (including Green Chemistry).Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty oflaborSDG7,SDG8
CHE208H1Process EngineeringAn introduction to mass and energy (heat) balances in open systems. A quantitative treatment of selected processes of fundamental industrial and environmental significance involving phase equilibria, reaction and transport phenomena under both steady state and unsteady state conditions. Examples will be drawn from the chemical and materials processing industries, the energy and resource industries and environmental remediation and waste management.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofremediation, energy, waste, environmentalSDG6,SDG7,SDG12,SDG13
CHE211H1Fluid MechanicsFundamentals of fluid mechanics including hydrostatics, manometry, Bernoulli's equation, integral mass, linear momentum and energy balances, engineering energy equation, Moody chart, pipe flow calculations, flow measurement instruments and pumps, dimensional analysis, differential analysis of laminar viscous flow, and brief introductions to particle systems, turbulent 1low, non-Newtonian fluids and flow in porous systems.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofenergySDG7,SDG11
CHE220H1Applied Chemistry I - Inorganic ChemistryThe Chemistry and physical properties of inorganic compounds are discussed in terms of atomic structure and molecular orbital treatment of bonding. Topics include acid-base and donor-acceptor chemistry, crystalline solid state, chemistry of main group elements and an introduction to coordination chemistry. Emphasis is placed on second row and transition metal elements.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty oftransitSDG11
CHE230H1Environmental ChemistryThe chemical phenomena occurring in environmental systems are examined based on fundamental principles of organic, inorganic and physical chemistry. The course is divided into sections describing the chemistry of the atmosphere, natural waters and soils. The principles applied in the course include reaction kinetics and mechanisms, complex formation, pH and solubility equilibria and adsorption phenomena. Molecules of biochemical importance and instrumental methods of analysis relevant to environmental systems are also addressed. (formerly EDC230H1S)Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofwater, environmental, soilSDG6,SDG13,SDG15
CHE249H1Engineering Economic AnalysisEngineering analysis and design are not ends in themselves, but they are a means for satisfying human wants. Thus, engineering concerns itself with the materials used and forces and laws of nature, and the needs of people. Because of scarcity of resources and constraints at all levels, engineering must be closely associated with economics. It is essential that engineering proposals be evaluated in terms of worth and cost before they are undertaken. In this course we emphasize that an essential prerequisite of a successful engineering application is economic feasibility. Hence, investment proposals are evaluated in terms of economic cost concepts, including break even analysis, cost estimation and time value of money. Effective interest rates, inflation and deflation, depreciation and income tax all affect the viability of an investment. Successful engineering projects are chosen from valid alternatives considering such issues as buy or lease, make or buy, cost and benefits and financing alternatives. Both public sector and for-profit examples are used to illustrate the applicability of these rules and approaches.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofinvest, incomeSDG8,SDG9,SDG10
CHE260H1Thermodynamics and Heat TransferClassical thermodynamics and its applications to engineering processes. Concepts of energy, heat, work and entropy. First and second laws of thermodynamics. Properties of pure substances and mixtures. Phase equilibrium. Ideal heat engines and refrigerators. Mechanisms of heat transfer: conduction, convection and radiation. Steady state heat transfer. Solution of conduction equation. Convective heat transfer coefficients. Momentum and heat transfer analogies. Basics of radiative heat transfer..Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofenergySDG7
CHE304H1Chem Eng & Applied Chem IIIThis laboratory course involves experiments investigating thermodynamics and kinetics, complimenting two courses this term. Thermodynamic experiments include phase equilibrium and calorimetry, and kinetics experiment include investigations of rate constants and Arrhenius behvaiour. Experimental applications of physical and chemical principles using pilot scale equipment. Experiments illustrating major unit operations: distillation; absorption; reactors; extraction; humidification; heat exchange.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofABS, labor, investSDG8,SDG9
CHE305H1Chem Eng & Applied Chem IVThis laboratory course involves experiments investigating thermodynamics and kinetics, complimenting two courses this term. Thermodynamic experiments include phase equilibrium and calorimetry, and kinetics experiment include investigations of rate constants and Arrhenius behvaiour. Experimental applications of physical and chemical principles using pilot scale equipment. Experiments illustrating major unit operations: distillation; absorption; reactors; extraction; humidification; heat exchange.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofABS, labor, investSDG8,SDG9
CHE311H1Separation ProcessesStaged equilibrium and rate governed separation processes for gases and liquids. Topics include equilibrium stage calculations, cascade separation, binary distillation, gas absorption and stripping, liquid-liquid extraction, membrane processes, adsorption and ion exchange. Experiments in fluid mechanics, heat transfer and related unit operations.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofABSSDG7
CHE322H1Process ControlThe major goal of this course is to teach students how to design control strategies for chemical processes. The first part of the course focuses on the types of interconnections encountered in chemical engineering, namely feedback, parallel and series connections, and their effect on the process dynamics. The second part of the course looks at the design of feedback, feedforward, cascade and multivariable control strategies for these processes and interprets these types of engineered interconnections in terms of the effect they have on the performance of the overall system. This course makes extensive use of active learning through computer simulation based on MATLAB/Simulink and Aspen Plus Dynamics software.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty oflearningSDG4,SDG9
CHE323H1Engineering ThermodynamicsClassical thermodynamics and its applications to engineering processes are introduced. Topics include: the concepts of energy, work and entropy; the first and second laws of thermodynamics; properties of pure substances and mixtures; the concepts of thermal equilibrium, phase equilibrium and chemical equilibrium; and heat engines and refrigeration cycles.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofenergySDG7
CHE324H1Process DesignThis course presents the philosophy and typical procedures of chemical engineering design projects. The course begins at the design concept phase. Material and energy balances are reviewed along with the design of single unit operations and equipment specification sheets. The impact of recycles on equipment sizing is covered. Safety, health and environmental regulations are presented. These lead to the development of safe operating procedures. The systems for developing Piping and Instrumentation diagrams are presented. Process safety studies such as HAZOPS are introduced. Typical utility systems such as steam, air and vacuum are discussed. Project economics calculations are reviewed.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofenergy, recycl, environmentalSDG7,SDG12,SDG13
CHE334H1Team Strategies for Engineering DesignIn this course, team strategies including how teams work, how to lead and manage teams, and decision making methodologies for successful teams will be taught in the context of engineering design. The development of problem solving and design steps will be undertaken. This course will be taught with an emphasis on team development and problem solving as it relates to the practice of process safety management in engineering and engineering design. The teams will develop a PFD and P&ID's, as well as an operating procedure for a portion of the process. Thus, environmental and occupational health and safety becomes the vehicle through which the teamwork is performed.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofenvironmentalSDG9,SDG13
CHE353H1Engineering BiologyUsing a quantitative, problem solving approach, this course will introduce basic concepts in cell biology and physiology. Various engineering modelling tools will be used to investigate aspects of cell growth and metabolism, transport across cell membranes, protein structure, homeostasis, nerve conduction and mechanical forces in biology.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofinvestSDG3,SDG9
CHE354H1Cellular and Molecular BiologyThis course will cover the principles of molecular and cellular biology as they apply to both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Topics will include: metabolic conversion of carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids; nucleic acids; enzymology; structure and function relationships within cells; and motility and growth. Genetic analysis, immunohistochemistry, hybridomis, cloning, recombinant DNA and biotechnology will also be covered. This course will appeal to students interested in environmental microbiology, biomaterials and tissue engineering, and bioprocesses.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofenvironmentalSDG3,SDG13
CHE374H1Economic Analysis and Decision MakingEconomic evaluation and justification of engineering projects and investment proposals. Cost estimation; financial and cost accounting; depreciation; inflation; equity, bond and loan financing; after tax cash flow; measures of economic merit in the private and public sectors; sensitivity and risk analysis; single and multi-attribute decisions. Introduction to micro-economic. Applications: retirement and replacement analysis; make-buy and buy-lease decisions; economic life of assets; capital budgeting; selection from alternative engineering proposals; production planning; investment selection.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofequity, capital, invest, equit, productionSDG4,SDG9,SDG10,SDG12
CHE375H1Engineering Finance and EconomicsThis course consists of three modules: 1) managerial accounting, 2) corporate finance and 3) macro economics. The first module, managerial accounting, will consist of an introduction to financial statements and double entry recordkeeping, then delve deeper into aspects of revenue, expenses, assets, debt and equity.The second module, corporate finance, will introduce the concept of risk and return, and the Capital Asset Pricing Model, and then delve deeper into capital budgeting, corporate financing, financial statement analysis and financial valuation. The third model, macro economics, will introduce global aspects of business, including economic, political, societal and technological, then discuss factors such as GDP, inflation, unemployment, interest rates, foreign exchange rates, fiscal debt/surplus and balance of payments, and their impact on the financials of a given country.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofequity, employment, capital, equitSDG4,SDG8,SDG9,SDG10
CHE399H1Professional Engineering ConsultancyStudents are provided with an open-ended and iterative learning experience through a consulting engineering project. Students tackle an authentic design challenge with limited background knowledge, while being guided by instructors who simulate the client-consultant relationship. The project brings together technical and professonal competencies from across eight graduate attributes to enable holistic learning: problem analysis; investigation; design; individual and team work; communication skills; professionalism; economics and project management; lifelong learning.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofknowledge, learning, investSDG4,SDG9
CHE403H1Professional PracticeIn this course, lectures and seminars will be given by practicing engineers who will cover the legal and ethical responsibility an engineer owes to an employer, a client and the public with particular emphasis on environmental issues.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofenvironmentalSDG13
CHE416H1Chemical Eng in Human HealthLife expectancy has consistently increased over the past 70 years due to advances in healthcare and sanitation. Engineers have played key roles in developing technologies and processes that enabled these critical advances in healthcare to occur. This course will provide an overview of areas in which chemical engineers directly impacted human health. We will study established processes that had transformative effects in the past as well as new emerging areas that chemical engineers are developing today to impact human health. Emphasis will be placed on quantitative approaches. Engineering tools, especially derived from transport phenomena and chemical kinetics will be used. Required readings, including scientific papers, will be assigned. Industrial visit and/or a hands-on project will be included.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofhealthcare, sanitaSDG3,SDG6
CHE450H1Bioprocess Technology and DesignBuilding upon CHE353 and CHE354, the aim of this course is to learn and apply engineering principles relevant to bioprocess engineering, including energetics and stoichiometry of cell growth, cell and enzyme kinetics, metabolic modeling, bioreactor design, and bioseparation processes. In addition to course lectures, students will complete two laboratory exercises that will provide hands-on learning in bioreactor set-up and use.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty oflearning, laborSDG3,SDG4,SDG8
CHE451H1Petroleum ProcessingThis course is aimed at surveying the oil industry practices from the perspective of a block flow diagram. Oil refineries today involve the large scale processing of fluids through primary separation techniques, secondary treating plus the introduction of catalyst for molecular reforming in order to meet the product demands of industry and the public. Crude oil is being shipped in increasing quantities from many parts of the world and refiners must be aware of the properties and specifications of both the crude and product slates to ensure that the crude is a viable source and that the product slate meets quality and quantity demands thus assuring a profitable operation. The course content will examine refinery oil and gas operations from feed, through to products, touching on processing steps necessary to meet consumer demands. In both course readings and written assignments, students will be asked to consider refinery operations from a broad perspective and not through detailed analysis and problem solving.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofconsumSDG12
CHE460H1Environmental Pathways and Impact AssessmentReview of the nature, properties and elementary toxicology of metallic and organic contaminants. Partitioning between environmental media (air, aerosols, water, particulate matter, soils, sediments and biota) including bioaccumulation. Degradation processes, multimedia transport and mass balance models. Regulatory approaches for assessing possible effects on human health and ecosystems.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofwater, environmental, ecosystem, soilSDG6,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
CHE462H1Food EngineeringThe quantitative application of chemical engineering principles to the large-scale production of food. Food processing at the molecular and unit operation levels. The chemistry and kinetics of specific food processes. The application of chemical engineering unit operations (distillation, extraction, drying) and food specific unit operations such as extrusion, thermal processing refrigeration/freezing.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofproductionSDG12
CHE467H1Environmental EngineeringCore Course in the Environmental Engineering Minor A course which treats environmental engineering from a broad based but quantitative perspective and covers the driving forces for engineering activities as well as engineering principles. Models which are used for environmental impact, risk analysis, health impact, pollutant dispersion, and energy system analysis are covered.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofenergy, environmental, pollutSDG7,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
CHE471H1Modelling in Biological and Chemical SystemsThis course outlines the methodology for the modelling of biological systems and its applications. Topics will include a review of physical laws, selection of balance space, compartmental versus distributed models, and applications of the conservation laws for both discrete and continuous systems at the level of algebraic and ordinary differential equations. The course covers a wide range of applications including environmental issues, chemical and biochemical processes and biomedical systems.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofenvironmental, conservSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
CHE475H1Biocomposites: Mechanics and BioinspirationAn overview on structure, processing and application of natural and biological materials, biomaterials for biomedical applications, and fibre-reinforced eco-composites based on renewable resources will be provided. Fundamental principles related to linear elasticity, linear viscoelasticity, dynamic mechanical response, composite reinforcement mechanics, and time-temperature correspondence will be introduced. Novel concepts in comparative biomechanics, biomimetic and bio-inspired material design, and materials' ecological and environmental impact will be discussed. In addition, key material processing methods and testing and characterization techniques will be presented. Structure-property relationships for materials broadly ranging from natural materials, including wood, bone, cell, and soft tissue, to synthetic composite materials for industrial and biomedical applications will be covered.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofrenewabl, environmental, ecologSDG7,SDG13,SDG15
CHE488H1Entrepreneurship and Business for EngineersA complete introduction to small business formation, management and wealth creation. Topics include: the nature of the Entrepreneur and the Canadian business environment; business idea search and Business Plan construction; Buying a business, franchising, taking over a family business; Market research and sources of data; Marketing strategies promotion, pricing, advertising, electronic channels and costing; The sales process and management, distribution channels and global marketing; Accounting, financing and analysis, sources of funding, and financial controls; The people dimension: management styles, recruiting and hiring, legal issues in employment and Human Resources; Legal forms of organization and business formation, taxation, intellectual property protection; the e-Business world and how businesses participate; Managing the business: location and equipping the business, suppliers and purchasing, credit, ethical dealing; Exiting the business and succession, selling out. A full Business Plan will be developed by each student and the top submissions will be entered into a Business Plan competition with significant cash prices for the winners. Examples will be drawn from real business situations including practicing entrepreneurs making presentations and class visits during the term. (Identical courses are offered: ECE488H1, MIE488H1, MSE488H1 and CIV488H1.) *Complementary Studies ElectiveApplied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofemployment, entrepreneur, taxationSDG8,SDG10
CHE507H1Data-based Modelling for Prediction and ControlThis course will teach students how to build mathematical models of dynamic systems and how to use these models for prediction and control purposes. The course will deal primarily with a system identification approach to modelling (using observations from the system to build a model). Both continuous time and discrete time representations will be treated along with deterministic and stochastic models. This course will make extensive use of interactive learning by having students use computer based tools available in the Matlab software package (e.g. the System Identification Toolbox and the Model Predictive Control Toolbox).Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty oflearningSDG4
CHE565H1Aqueous Process EngineeringApplication of aqueous chemical processing to mineral, environmental and industrial engineering. The course involves an introduction to the theory of electrolyte solutions, mineral-water interfaces, dissolution and crystallization processes, metal ion separations, and electrochemical processes in aqueous reactive systems. Applications and practice of (1) metal recovery from primary (i.e. ores) and secondary (i.e. recycled) sources by hydrometallurgical means, (2) treatment of aqueous waste streams for environmental protection, and (3) production of high-value-added inorganic materials.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofwater, production, waste, recycl, environmentalSDG6,SDG12,SDG13
CHI104H5Introductory Chinese IIAs the second half of Introductory Chinese, this course continues to expand students’ knowledge and develop their language skills of Mandarin. More topics of functional Chinese are covered in this course. Students who have not completed the listed prerequisite of CHI103H5 are REQUIRED to complete the Chinese Language Assessment Questionnaire ( of Toronto MississaugaknowledgeSDG4
CHI211H5Chinese for Academic Purposes IThis course, designed for native or near-native speakers of Mandarin Chinese, develops rhetorical knowledge and critical thinking skills for effective academic reading and writing. Students will also receive training in conducting effective formal presentations with supporting media and public speaking skills.University of Toronto MississaugaknowledgeSDG4
CHI212H5Chinese for Academic Purposes IIThis course, designed for native or near-native speakers of Mandarin Chinese, continues the study of rhetorical knowledge and critical thinking skills for effective academic reading and writing. It also prepares students for upper level courses which demand in-depth reading, writing, as well as professional presentation skills.University of Toronto MississaugaknowledgeSDG4
CHI303H5Intermediate High Chinese IThis course, designed for second-language learners of Mandarin Chinese, aims to: 1) develop listening and speaking skills in handling daily routines and social situations related to personal lives; 2) improve reading and writing skills in narration and description on everyday topics; and 3) cultivate cultural knowledge that facilitates effective intercultural communication. Students who have not completed the listed prerequisite are REQUIRED to complete the Chinese Language Assessment Questionnaire ( by August 29th. Late assessment submissions will not be accepted.University of Toronto MississaugaknowledgeSDG4
CHI304H5Intermediate High Chinese IIThis course, designed for second-language learners of Mandarin Chinese, is the second half of Intermediate High Chinese. It continues to: 1) develop listening and speaking skills in handling daily routines and social situations related to personal lives; 2) improve reading and writing skills in narration and description on everyday topics; and 3) cultivate cultural knowledge that facilitates effective intercultural communication. Students who have not completed the listed prerequisite are REQUIRED to complete the Chinese Language Assessment Questionnaire ( by August 29th. Late assessment submissions will not be accepted.

University of Toronto MississaugaknowledgeSDG4
CHI310H5Chinese for Career DevelopmentThis course is designed for near-native or native speakers of Mandarin Chinese who are interested in advancing their careers in Chinese-speaking regions and in North America. Students will develop knowledge in career planning from cross-cultural perspectives, from job search, to applications and interview processes in Chinese-speaking regions of Asia and in North America. They will build a solid foundation for reading, writing, and speaking Chinese in a business setting.University of Toronto MississaugaknowledgeSDG4
CHI312H5Chinese Diaspora Literature and CultureThis course examines literary and cinematic works as well as visual art by authors of the Chinese diaspora. The course covers topics such as multiculturalism, racism, cultural preservation, invented traditions, and agency through the lens of overseas Chinese writers and creators.University of Toronto MississaugaracismSDG4
CHM101H5The Science of Human HealthThis course is intended for humanities and social science students who wish to gain knowledge of the science behind our well-being that may help them to make personal, social and political decisions in their future. Chemistry will be taught on a need-to-know basis in order to consider some contemporary applications. The course will focus on three themes in the realm of human health: nutrition for the prevention of disease, diagnostic tests for the detection of disease and drug discovery for the treatment of disease. Among the questions that may be addressed are "What is the nutritional difference between vitamins from foods and those from supplements?", "Should ketchup be considered a vegetable?", "How do diagnostic strips work?", "What advances in microfluidics have provided inexpensive diagnostics for use in remote areas?", "How are drug targets identified?", and "What is the path from drug discovery to bringing a drug to market?". The roles of nutritional, analytical and medicinal chemistry in these processes will be studied. (Please note the course exclusion: Students are ineligible to register for this course if they have taken any previous or current CHM/JCP course).University of Toronto Mississauganutrition, well-being, knowledgeSDG2,SDG3
CHM151Y1Chemistry: The Molecular ScienceAn introduction to the major areas of modern chemistry, including organic and biological chemistry; inorganic/materials chemistry and spectroscopy; and physical chemistry/chemical physics. The course is highly recommended for students who plan to enrol in one of the chemistry specialist programs, or who will be including a substantial amount of chemistry in their degree (such as those following a chemistry major or minor program). The combination of CHM151Y1 and CHM249H1 serves as a full year introductory course in organic chemistry with laboratory. (Lab Materials Fee: $35). Note: CHM151Y1 has a unique Course Community where the undergraduate experience in chemistry is greatly enhanced through a series of workshops, research seminars, tours, outreach opportunities and social activities. 90-minute biweekly Course Community meetings are held during laboratory class hours during alternate weeks to the laboratory sessions. The lab time is reserved for CHM151Y1 activities every week of each semester.Arts and Science, Faculty oflaborSDG8
CHM197H1Environmental Chemistry in a Sustainable WorldRapid and widespread industrialization is changing the chemical nature of the planet. In order to have a sustainable future, we need to manage chemicals released by humankind and understand their effects on the environment and on us. Each year, this seminar course designed for non-science students will address the fundamental science behind a specific topic in this field, such as the interactions of our energy choices and the environment, changes in water and air quality, or exposure to biologically-active synthetic chemicals such as pharmaceuticals or personal care products. Emphasis is given to reading from both the popular media and scientific literature. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofwater, energy, industrialization, environmental, planetSDG6,SDG7,SDG9,SDG13
CHM210H1Chemistry of Environmental ChangeThis course examines the fundamental chemical processes of the Earth’s natural environment, and changes induced by human activity. Topics covered are related to the atmosphere and the hydrosphere: urban air pollution, stratospheric ozone depletion, acid rain, climate change, water resources and pollution, wastewater analysis, biogeochemistry, and inorganic metals in the environment. Skills in data analysis and visualization will be developed through an introduction to the R programming language and its use in several assignments.Arts and Science, Faculty ofpollution, water, urban, waste, climate, environmental, pollutSDG3,SDG6,SDG11,SDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
CHM211H5Fundamentals of Analytical ChemistryA rigorous introduction to the theory and practice of analytical chemistry. Development and applications of basic statistical concepts in treatment and interpretation of analytical data; direct and indirect precipitations; volumetric methods; acid-base, complexometric, redox and precipitation titrations; introduction to instrumental methods; potentiometry and absorption spectroscopy. Applications in biomedical, forensic and environmental areas will be considered.University of Toronto MississaugaABS, environmentalSDG13
CHM217H1Introduction to Analytical ChemistryIntroduction to the science of chemical measurement, from sampling through analysis to the interpretation of results, including how water, food products, pharmaceuticals, and dietary supplements are analysed for content, quality, and potential contaminants. Also how to interpret experimental measurements, compare results and procedures, and calibrate analytical instrumentation. Through closely integrated classes, laboratories, and tutorials, this highly practical course introduces a variety of analytical techniques including volumetric methods, potentiometry, uv/visible and infrared spectrophotometry, flame atomic absorption spectrometry, and chromatography. Additional information can be found at (Lab Materials Fee: $35).Arts and Science, Faculty ofABS, water, laborSDG2,SDG6
CHM236H1Introductory Inorganic Chemistry IInorganic chemistry is the chemistry of all the periodic table elements and includes the synthesis of the largest volume chemicals on Earth, the key energy-generating reactions and catalysts needed for a green planet, and compounds exploited in modern electronic and photonic devices. This is the first part (followed by CHM237H1 and then CHM338H1) of a two-year sequence illustrating the rich variety of structures, physical properties, and reactions of compounds of the elements across and down the periodic table. It includes fundamentals of bonding, symmetry, and acid-base/ redox reactions of molecular compounds and transition metal complexes and applications of this chemistry in the world. CHM236H1 is recommended for students interested in broadly learning about chemistry across the periodic table.Arts and Science, Faculty oflearning, energy, transit, planetSDG4,SDG11,SDG13
CHM237H1Introductory Inorganic Chemistry IIThis course is a continuation from CHM236H1 which further studies the chemistry of the elements across the periodic table. It will cover topics that include the periodic properties of the elements, the structures, bonding and properties of main group compounds and transition metal complexes, inorganic solid-state materials, and solid-state chemistry with applications in advanced technologies. A strong emphasis on developing laboratory techniques and communication skills is made through the practical component of the course. CHM236H1 is strongly recommended for students exploring experimental synthetic chemistry as part of their degree program. (Lab Materials Fee: $35)Arts and Science, Faculty oflabor, transitSDG11
CHM299Y5Research Opportunity ProgramThis courses provides a richly rewarding opportunity for students in their second year to work in the research project of a professor in return for 299Y course credit. Students enrolled have an opportunity to become involved in original research, learn research methods and share in the excitement and discovery of acquiring new knowledge. This course does not count as one of the requirements in the Chemistry Minor, Chemistry Major, Chemistry Specialist or Biological Chemistry Specialist programs. Participating faculty members post their project descriptions for the following summer and fall/winter sessions in early February and students are invited to apply in early March. See Experiential and International Opportunities for more details.University of Toronto MississaugaknowledgeSDG4
CHM310H1Environmental Fate and Toxicity of Organic ContaminantsOrganic chemical contaminants surround us in our everyday lives (e.g. in medications, personal care products, flame retardants, refrigerants) and because of this, they are present in the environment and in ourselves. In this course we will explore the fate of chemicals in the environment as a whole, as well as in the body, to understand how chemicals can be designed to mitigate the risks associated with their use and unintended release. Specific topics will include environmental partitioning; environmentally-relevant transformation processes; the chemistry and effects of redox-active species; and the toxicity/detoxification of electrophilic species in the body. Skills in big data analysis and environmental modeling will be developed through an introduction to the R programming language at the beginner level.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenvironmental, speciesSDG13,SDG14
CHM317H1Introduction to Instrumental Methods of AnalysisScope of instrumental analytical chemistry; Fourier transform IR absorption spectroscopy; molecular luminescence; emission spectroscopy; mass spectrometry; sensors; gas and high performance liquid chromatography; instrument design principles and applications in industry and the environment. (Lab Materials Fee: $35).Arts and Science, Faculty ofABS, emissionSDG7
CHM323H5Introduction to Computational ChemistryThis course covers the foundations of computational chemistry with a focus on practical applications and does not require a background in programming or quantum mechanics. An array of methods for predicting the structural, electronic, thermodynamic, and spectroscopic properties of chemical species will be addressed, as well as how the calculated results can complement experimental observations. Relevant fundamental theories to computational chemistry will be covered on a need-to-know basis. Students will follow an individualized study path and select the chemical systems to which each method will be applied.University of Toronto MississaugaspeciesSDG14,SDG15
CHM327H1Experimental Physical ChemistryStudents are introduced to physical chemistry laboratory work in a project-based approach in which they develop, design, and implement projects that address fundamental and applied questions in physical chemistry. The course also involves class material related to working as an experimental physical chemist. (Lab materials fee: $35).Arts and Science, Faculty oflaborSDG14,SDG15
CHM338H1Intermediate Inorganic ChemistryFurther study of the structures, physical properties, and reactions of transition metals. Introductions to spectroscopy, structural analysis, reaction mechanisms, d-block organometallic compounds, applications of metal, and main group compounds in catalysis. The weekly laboratory explores advanced synthetic and spectroscopic techniques including air- and moisture-sensitive chemistry and multinuclear NMR spectroscopy, with a strong emphasis on developing scientific communication skills. (Lab Materials Fee: $35).Arts and Science, Faculty oflabor, transitSDG11
CHM343H1Organic Synthesis TechniquesThis laboratory course showcases modern organic synthesis techniques and introduces chemical research principles. It provides excellent preparation for a CHM499Y1 project in organic chemistry. Associated classes teach theory and problem-solving approaches from a practical perspective and through industrial case studies. Green chemistry decision-making is a central theme of both the class and laboratory components. (Lab Materials Fee: $35).Arts and Science, Faculty oflaborSDG11
CHM379H1Biomolecular ChemistryThis course provides an opportunity to learn core techniques in biological chemistry in a small group laboratory setting. It provides excellent preparation for a CHM499Y1 project in biological chemistry or related areas. Classes will discuss the theory behind the techniques and highlight how they are used in modern biological chemistry research and practice. Note: CHM379H1 can be used as the biochemistry lab requirement for students completing double majors in chemistry and biochemistry. (Lab Materials Fee: $35).Arts and Science, Faculty oflaborSDG14,SDG15
CHM394H5Chemical Synthesis Laboratory IThe first in a sequence of two laboratory courses in synthetic chemistry. This laboratory course comprises the synthesis of inorganic and organic compounds supplemented by physical measurements (e.g., ir, uv, 1H NMR spectra, magnetic susceptibility, etc.) of the products where appropriate. Approximately six weeks each will be spent on two groups of foundational experiments, one in organic and one in inorganic synthesis to illustrate techniques of chemical synthesis. The central role of the carbonyl group in organic synthesis is elaborated, an organic unknown is identified both chemically and spectroscopically and the synthetic chemistry of the first row transition elements is explored. [48P]University of Toronto Mississaugalabor, transitSDG11
CHM395H5Chemical Synthesis Laboratory IIThe second in a sequence of two laboratory courses in synthetic chemistry that builds on the foundations established in CHM394H5. Students choose their own experiments in this course from offerings comprising the synthesis of organic, organometallic and inorganic compounds and in computational chemistry. Techniques such as working at low temperatures and in inert atmospheres (e.g., glove box) are introduced. Depending on the experiments actually chosen, a mixed organic unknown is separated and identified, organic rearrangements and the synthetic chemistry of elements from across the Periodic Table including main group, transition elements and lanthanides are explored. A highlight is an optional four week independent synthesis project in any area of synthetic chemistry adapting procedures from the published, including recent, research literature. [48P]University of Toronto Mississaugalabor, transitSDG11
CHM396H5Analytical and Physical Chemistry Instrumentation Laboratory IThis analytical and physical chemistry laboratory course represents an integration of the study of fundamental physical chemistry with wide-ranging applications to instrumental methods of analysis, such as separation science, electrochemistry and spectroscopy. The course will provide a solid hands-on grounding in many of the major topics covered in analytical and physical chemistry, and the optimization of instrumental analytical measurements by the application of physical principles. Students select from a variety of instruments to customize their program, and develop their own analytical methods to address analytical problems of interest to the student.University of Toronto MississaugalaborSDG11
CHM397H5Analytical and Physical Chemistry Instrumentation Laboratory IIThis analytical and physical chemistry laboratory course carries on from CHM396 to introduce more advanced topics in instrumental methods of analysis and physical chemistry concepts. The course will include experimental modules focused on instrument design and computer interfacing, molecular spectroscopy (e.g. fluorescence, infrared and Raman, and NMR), plasmon resonance methods for biomolecule determinations and kinetic analysis, microfluidics and lab-on-a-chip technologies. The course will provide practical experience in the optimization of instrumental analytical measurements, experiment design, and topics of relevance to research in analytical and physical chemistry.University of Toronto MississaugalaborSDG11
CHM399Y5Research Opportunity ProgramThis course provides third-year undergraduate students (after completion of 8.0 credits) who have developed some knowledge of Chemistry and its research methods, an opportunity to work in the research project of a professor in return for course credit. Students enrolled have the opportunity to become involved in original research, enhance their research skills and share in the excitement of acquiring new knowledge and in the discovery process of science. This course does not count as one of the requirements in the Chemistry Minor program. Participating faculty members post their project descriptions for the following summer and fall/winter sessions in early February and students are invited to apply in early March. See Experiential and International Opportunities for more details.University of Toronto MississaugaknowledgeSDG11,SDG12
CHM410H1Analytical Environmental ChemistryAn analytical theory, instrumental, and methodology course focused on the measurement of pollutants in soil, water, air, and biological tissues and the determination of physical/chemical properties including vapour pressure, degradation rates, partitioning. Lab experiments involve application of theory. (Lab Materials Fee: $35).Arts and Science, Faculty ofwater, environmental, pollut, soilSDG6,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
CHM415H1Topics in Atmospheric ChemistryBuilding upon the introductory understanding of atmospheric chemistry provided in CHM210H1, this course develops a quantitative description of chemical processes in the atmosphere. Modern research topics in the field are discussed, such as aerosol chemistry and formation mechanisms, tropospheric organic chemistry, the chemistry of climate including cloud formation and geoengineering, biosphere-atmosphere interactions, and the chemistry of remote environments. Mathematical models of atmospheric chemistry are developed; reading is from the scientific literature; class discussion is emphasized.Arts and Science, Faculty ofclimateSDG13
CHM416H5Separations, Chromatography and MicrofluidicsSeparation science will be explored by building on a survey of fundamental physical principles to understand processes of extraction, and technologies such as solid phase microextraction, supercritical fluid extraction, immunoaffinity extraction and molecularly imprinted polymers. Plate and rate theory will be developed to consider various forms of gas and liquid chromatographic methods, including hyphenated techniques that bridge to information detectors such as mass spectrometers. New opportunities for chromatography and separations by movement to small scale size will be considered by focusing on microfluidics, electro-osmotic flow and chip based microdevice applications. Applications examples will focus on problems in life sciences, forensics and environmental chemistry. Course work will include independent literature reviews and student presentations.University of Toronto MississaugaenvironmentalSDG13
CHM455H1Advanced Materials ChemistryA comprehensive investigation of synthetic methods for preparing diverse classes of inorganic materials with properties intentionally tailored for a particular use. Begins with a primer on solid-state materials and electronic band description of solids followed by a survey of archetypical solids that have had a dramatic influence on the materials world, some new developments in materials chemistry and a look at perceived future developments in materials research and technology. Strategies for synthesizing many different classes of materials with intentionally designed structures and compositions, textures and morphologies are then explored in detail emphasizing how to control the relations between structure and property of materials and ultimately function and utility. A number of contemporary issues in materials research are critically evaluated to appreciate recent highlights in the field of materials chemistry - an emerging sub-discipline of chemistry.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinvestSDG11
CHM485H5Dissertation Based on Literature ResearchA dissertation will be written based on literature research of a topic of current interest in the field of chemistry. The research will be conducted under the supervision of a chemistry faculty member other than the student's CPS489Y5 supervisor. The research topic must not overlap that of the student's CPS489Y5 project. The goals of this course are to achieve literature research expertise as well as in-depth knowledge of a particular chemistry topic, while perfecting scientific writing and oral presentation skills. Evaluation is based on a final written report describing the aims and results of the research, as well as an oral presentation of the work. The course is normally taken in the student's fourth year, in either the Fall or Winter terms, but may be taken in the Summer term. Enrolment in CHM485H5 requires submitting an application to the department before the end of the term prior to that in which it is intended to undertake the research. Independent Studies Application Forms may be found at Applications should be submitted to the CPS Undergraduate Assistant. Registration on ACORN is also required. Students are encouraged to consult with, and obtain the consent of, prospective supervisors before applying for enrolment.ÂUniversity of Toronto MississaugaknowledgeSDG4,SDG11
CHM499Y1Introduction to Chemistry ResearchAn experimental or theoretical research problem under the supervision of a teaching faculty or research faculty member in the Department of Chemistry. Five mandatory 90-minute professional development workshops cover aspects of academic writing, poster presentations, reading scientific literature, and job applications/interviews. Each student is required to attend a total of six one-hour research colloquia during the Fall and Winter Sessions. Applications for enrolment should be made to the Department in the preceding Winter Session: the application form is available on the Department of Chemistry website. Only students being admitted are required to contact chemistry faculty to discuss available research projects. Projects are in the areas of environmental, analytical, physical, inorganic, materials, polymer, organic and biological chemistry. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenvironmentalSDG13
CHMA10H3Introductory Chemistry I: Structure and BondingThis course will introduce the study of chemical properties and transformations of matter. The course starts with the quantum mechanical model of the atom and the principles of how the periodic table is organized. Key reaction types are explored including acid/base, redox, and precipitation as well as a quantitative description of gases. Bonding and structure in chemical compounds is examined followed by a close look at solutions, solids and intermolecular forces. The course concludes with nuclear chemistry. This course includes a three-hour laboratory every other week.University of Toronto ScarboroughlaborSDG7,SDG11
CHMA12H3Advanced General ChemistryThis course will build on the topics from CHMA10H3, including a close examination of solutions, dynamic chemical equilibrium, acid/base and solubility equilibria and thermochemistry, including calorimetry and thermodynamics, kinetics and electrochemistry as they relate to Gibbs Free Energy. In this course, students will explore these ideas in more detail both from a theoretical and practical point of view, in comparison to CHMA11H3. The lecture portion will focus on how chemical concepts are applied in cutting edge research. The weekly laboratory period will provide students with access to the most current equipment used in both industrial and research settings as well as workshops that will explore how to analyze and extract data from published, peer-reviewed journal articles.University of Toronto Scarboroughenergy, laborSDG11
CHMB16H3Techniques in Analytical ChemistryAn introduction to the principles and methods of classical analysis and the provision of practical experience in analytical laboratory techniques. The course deals primarily with quantitative chemical analysis. Classical methods of volumetric analysis, sampling techniques, statistical handling of data are studied, as well as a brief introduction to spectro-chemical methods. This course includes a four hour laboratory every week.University of Toronto ScarboroughlaborSDG11
CHMB55H3Environmental ChemistryAn investigation of aspects of chemical substances and processes as they occur in the environment, including both naturally occurring and synthetic chemicals.
This course will include an introduction to atmospheric chemistry, aqueous chemistry, some agricultural and industrial chemistry, and chemical analysis of contaminants and pollutants.
University of Toronto Scarboroughagricultur, invest, environmental, pollutSDG9,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
CHMC16H3Analytical InstrumentationA laboratory course to complement CHMC11H3, Principles of Analytical Instrumentation.
This course provides a practical introduction and experience in the use of modern analytical instrumentation with a focus on the sampling, sample preparation (extraction, clean-up, concentration, derivatization), instrumental trace analysis and data interpretation of various pharmaceutical, biological and environmental samples.
This course includes a four hour laboratory every week.
University of Toronto Scarboroughlabor, environmentalSDG11
CHMD16H3Environmental and Analytical ChemistryStudents will learn about analytical techniques used in environmental chemistry, including: gas and liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry, atomic absorption, and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. Environmental sampling and ecotoxicology will also be covered. Students will carry out laboratory analyses and receive hands-on training with analytical instrumentation commonly used in environmental chemistry.University of Toronto ScarboroughABS, labor, environmentalSDG11,SDG13
CHMD47H3Advanced Bio-Organic ChemistryThis course will teach biochemical reactions in the context of Organic Chemistry. This course will build on topics from CHMC47H3. Application of enzymes in organic synthesis, chemical synthesis of complex carbohydrates and proteins, enzyme catalyzed proton transfer reactions and co-enzymes will be discussed in depth with recent literature examples. Experiential learning is an integral part of this course. Students will explore the applications of Bio-Organic Chemistry in healthcare and industrial settings as part of an experiential learning projectUniversity of Toronto Scarboroughhealthcare, learningSDG3
CHMD89H3Introduction to Green ChemistryThe 'twelve principles' of green chemistry will be discussed in the context of developing new processes and reactions (or modifying old ones) to benefit society while minimizing their environmental impact. Examples will be taken from the recent literature as well as from industrial case studies.University of Toronto ScarboroughenvironmentalSDG11,SDG13
CIN210H1Horror FilmHorror film as a genre, focusing on three types of international horror: the un-dead, body horror, and the supernatural. The genre's popular appeal, affective power, unique means of producing pleasure, and current global resurgence will be emphasized. Topics include: the aesthetics of gore and violence, technologies of fear, J-Horror, new French extremity, cult fandom and paracinema, and media convergence.Arts and Science, Faculty ofviolenceSDG16
CIN210H5Contemporary Southeast Asian CinemasThis course is an introduction to contemporary Southeast Asian cinemas from the 2000s to the present. Since the turn of the millennium, the cinematic innovation of Southeast Asia has been aided by an increase in productive interaction and transnational modes of collaborations and co-productions. These waves of cinema augur new possibilities for considering cross-cultural, cross-boundary ways of being, seeing and knowing that can challenge formulaic and essentialist understandings of the region. Through formal aesthetic analysis of short and feature-length films, and the study of Asia-based and international institutions of cinema, we will examine the multifarious potential of contemporary Southeast Asian in spurring the rethinking of the histories, concepts, and borders of the region.University of Toronto Mississaugalabor, production, institutSDG5
CIN317H5Production: Independent CinemaWhat can the title cards and credits of a film tell us about its journey to the screen? Outside of the studio system model adopted in various countries, there are established pathways and structures for the development, financing, production, sales, distribution and exhibition of independent cinema. This class asks how, from idea to completion, an independent film is able to find funding and reach an international audience. Focusing on the transnational ecosystems that sustain the passage of independent cinema around the world, we will examine case studies of films from Asia, Europe and North America.University of Toronto Mississaugaproduction, ecosystemSDG14,SDG15
CIN322H1Cult CinemaThis course examines "cult" and "exploitation" cinema. It examines the growing popularity of cult/exploitation films as an emerging cinematic subculture that valorizes disreputable or "trash" cinema. A number of sub-genres within exploitation film, including teen films, educational/instructional films, sexploitation, and Blaxploitation, will be explored. The social politics of appropriating texts through ironic reading strategies will also be considered.Arts and Science, Faculty ofexploitationSDG16
CIN330Y1Feminist Approaches to CinemaGender politics of feminist film culture since the 1970s. Topics include: apparatus theory and its legacy, models of spectatorship, feminist historiography, the cinematic (re)production of identity, the relationship between social movements and cinema, "postfeminism."Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, feminis, productionSDG5
CIN337H1Black CinemaThis course explores the cultural, aesthetic, technological, and political category of “Black cinema.” Across the diaspora, Black cinema is an artistic praxis that utilizes techniques like improvisation and collaboration in order to make and remake the cinematic archive. The films and filmmakers in this category intervene in cinematic histories by responding to exclusionary narratives, technologies, and critical discourse by imagining alternative stories, spaces, and temporalities. Thus, these films help articulate both the pervasiveness of anti-blackness in our visual culture and help us understand the difference (film) aesthetics can make (Chun, 2019). Our goal is to 1) develop a critical language to discuss Black cinema (its techniques, its aims, and its political contexts) and 2) articulate research questions, methods, and arguments that consider what is happening inside and outside the frame in these films.Arts and Science, Faculty oflabor, giniSDG10
CIN403H5Queerscapes, Screenscapes, Escapes: Gender and Sexuality Across East and Southeast Asian Cinemas"Queerness is not yet here." José Esteban Muñoz begins Cruising Utopia with the provocation that queerness is a mode of desire that allows for an escape from the conditions of the present. How does queer studies contribute to the building of and the continued hope for a more just world? Through cinema, theory, and philosophy, this course makes the claim that investigating queerness in the world marks a critical move away from restrictive modes of identification and holds open life's horizons of possibility. Course texts emphasize queer cinemas of Asia and their transnational connections. 24S, 24PUniversity of Toronto Mississaugagender, queer, investSDG5,SDG10
CITA01H3Foundations of City StudiesA review of the major characteristics and interpretations of cities, urban processes and urban change as a foundation for the Program in City Studies. Ideas from disciplines including Anthropology, Economics, Geography, Planning, Political Science and Sociology, are examined as ways of understanding cities.University of Toronto Scarboroughcities, urbanSDG11
CITB01H3Canadian Cities and PlanningAfter reviewing the history of urban and regional planning in Canada, this course considers alternative ideologies, models of public choice, the role of the planner, the instruments of planning, tools for the analysis of planning, and planning in the context of the space economy.University of Toronto Scarboroughcities, urbanSDG11
CITB03H3Social Planning and Community DevelopmentThis course provides an overview of the history, theory, and politics of community development and social planning as an important dimension of contemporary urban development and change.University of Toronto ScarboroughurbanSDG11
CITB04H3City PoliticsThis course is the foundations course for the city governance concentration in the City Studies program, and provides an introduction to the study of urban politics with particular emphasis on different theoretical and methodological approaches to understanding urban decision-making, power, and conflict.University of Toronto Scarboroughurban, governanceSDG11,SDG16
CITB08H3Economy of CitiesAn introduction to economic analysis of cities, topics include: theories of urban economic growth; the economics of land use, urban structure, and zoning; the economics of environments, transportation, and sustainability; public finance, cost-benefit analysis, the provision of municipal goods and services, and the new institutional economics.University of Toronto Scarborougheconomic growth, cities, urban, land use, land, institutSDG8,SDG11,SDG15,SDG16
CITC01H3Urban Communities and Neighbourhoods Case Study: East ScarboroughThis course engages students in a case study of some of the issues facing urban communities and neighbourhoods today. Students will develop both community-based and academic research skills by conducting research projects in co-operation with local residents and businesses, non-profit organizations, and government actors and agencies.University of Toronto ScarboroughurbanSDG11
CITC03H3Housing Policy and PlanningThis course examines how planning and housing policies help shape the housing affordability landscape in North American cities. The course will introduce students to housing concepts, housing issues, and the role planning has played in (re)producing racialized geographies and housing inequality (e.g., historical and contemporary forms of racial and exclusionary zoning). We will also explore planning’s potential to address housing affordability issues.University of Toronto Scarboroughaffordab, inequality, equalit, cities, housing, landSDG1,SDG10,SDG11,SDG15
CITC04H3Current Municipal and Planning Policy and Practice in TorontoConstitutional authority, municipal corporations, official plans, zoning bylaws, land subdivision and consents, development control, deed restrictions and common interest developments, Ontario Municipal Board.University of Toronto ScarboroughlandSDG15
CITC07H3Urban Social PolicyIn recent years social policy has been rediscovered as a key component of urban governance. This course examines the last half-century of evolving approaches to social policy and urban inequality, with particular emphasis on the Canadian urban experience. Major issues examined are poverty, social exclusion, labour market changes, housing, immigration and settlement.University of Toronto Scarboroughpoverty, labour, inequality, equalit, urban, housing, governanceSDG1,SDG8,SDG10,SDG11,SDG16
CITC09H3Introduction to Planning History: Toronto and Its RegionAn introduction to the study of the history of urban planning with particular emphasis on the investigation of the planning ideas, and the plans, that have shaped Toronto and its surrounding region through the twentieth century. The course will consider international developments in planning thought together with their application to Toronto and region.University of Toronto Scarboroughinvest, urbanSDG9,SDG11
CITC12H3City Structures and City Choices: Local Government, Management, and PolicymakingThis course examines the structure of local government, how local Government is managed, how policy decisions are made. Viewing Canadian cities in comparative perspective, topics include the organization and authority of the mayor, council, civic bureaucracy, and special-purpose bodies, and their roles in the making and implementation of public policies; ethical and conflict-of-interest dilemmas; collective bargaining; and provincial oversight of municipal affairs.University of Toronto ScarboroughcitiesSDG11
CITC14H3Environmental PlanningThis course introduces students to questions of urban ecology and environmental planning, and examines how sustainability and environmental concerns can be integrated into urban planning processes and practices.University of Toronto Scarboroughurban, environmental, ecologSDG11,SDG13,SDG15
CITC15H3Money Matters: How Municipal Finance Shapes the CityThis course examines the role of municipal finance in shaping all aspects of urban life. Putting Canada into a comparative perspective, we look at how local governments provide for their citizens within a modern market economy and across different societies and time periods. The course also explores the relationship between municipal finance and various social problems, including movements for racial justice and the ongoing housing crisis.University of Toronto Scarboroughcitizen, urban, housingSDG4,SDG10,SDG11
CITC16H3Planning and Governing the MetropolisMost of the world's population now lives in large urban regions. How such metropolitan areas should be planned and governed has been debated for over a century. Using examples, this course surveys and critically evaluates leading historical and contemporary perspectives on metropolitan planning and governance, and highlights the institutional and political challenges to regional coordination and policy development.University of Toronto Scarboroughurban, metro, institut, governanceSDG11,SDG16
CITC17H3Civic Engagement in Urban PoliticsThis course examines the engagement of citizen groups, neighbourhood associations, urban social movements, and other non-state actors in urban politics, planning, and governance. The course will discuss the contested and selective insertion of certain groups into city-regional decision-making processes and structures.University of Toronto Scarboroughcitizen, urban, governanceSDG4,SDG11,SDG16
CITC18H3Urban Transportation Policy AnalysisDemand forecasting; methodology of policy analysis; impacts on land values, urban form and commuting; congestion; transit management; regulation and deregulation; environmental impacts and safety.University of Toronto Scarboroughurban, transit, environmental, landSDG11,SDG13,SDG15
CITD12H3Planning and Building Public Spaces in TorontoThis course is designed to develop career-related skills such as policy-oriented research analysis, report writing, and presentation and networking skills through experiential learning approaches. The policy focus each year will be on a major current Toronto planning policy issue, from ‘Complete Streets’ to improvements to parks and public space infrastructure, to public transit-related investments. Students work closely in the course with planners and policymakers from the City of Toronto, policy advocates, and community organizers.University of Toronto Scarboroughlearning, infrastructure, invest, transitSDG4,SDG9,SDG11
CIV185H1Earth Systems ScienceThis course introduces students to the basic earth sciences with an emphasis on understanding the impact of humans on the natural earth systems. Beginning with a study of the lithosphere, principles of physical geology will be examined including the evolution and internal structure of the earth, dynamic processes that affect the earth, formation of minerals and rocks and soil, ore bodies and fossil- energy sources. Next, the biosphere will be studied, including the basic concepts of ecology including systems ecology and biogeochemical cycles. The influence of humans and the built environment on these natural systems will also be examined with a view to identifying more sustainable engineering practices. Finally, students will study the oceans and the atmosphere and the physical, chemical and thermodynamic processes involved in climate change.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofenergy, climate, ocean, ecolog, soilSDG7,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
CIV201H1Introduction to Civil EngineeringA field-based course introducing students to current and historical civil engineering works in the urban and natural environments, highlighting the role of the Civil Engineer in developing sustainable solutions. It will run the Tuesday through Thursday immediately following Labour Day, with follow-up assignments coordinated with the course CIV282 Engineering Communications I. Students must have their own personal protective equipment (PPE). One night will be spent at the University of Toronto Survey Camp near Minden, Ontario.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty oflabour, urbanSDG8,SDG11,SDG13
CIV220H1Urban Engineering EcologyCore Course in the Environmental Engineering Minor Basic concepts of ecology within the context of urban environments. Response of organisms, populations, dynamic predator-prey and competition processes, and ecosystems to human activities. Thermodynamic basis for food chains, energy flow, biodiversity and ecosystem stability. Biogeochemical cycles, habitat fragmentation and bioaccumulation. Introduction to industrial ecology and life cycle assessment principles. Urban metabolism and material flow analysis of cities. Response of receiving waters to pollution and introduction to waste water treatment. Emphasis is on identifying the environment/engineering interface and minimizing environmental impacts.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofpollution, water, energy, cities, urban, waste, industrial ecology, environmental, pollut, biodivers, ecosystem, ecologSDG3,SDG6,SDG7,SDG11,SDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
CIV250H1Hydraulics and HydrologyThe hydrologic processes of precipitation and snowmelt, evapotranspiration, ground water movement, and surface and subsurface runoff are examined. Water resources sustainability issues are discussed, including water usage and water shortages, climate change impacts, land use impacts, and source water protection. Conceptual models of the hydrologic cycle and basics of hydrologic modelling are developed, including precipitation estimation, infiltration and abstraction models, runoff hydrographs, the unit hydrograph method and the Rational method. Methods for statistical analysis of hydrologic data, concepts of risk and design, and hydrological consequences of climate change for design are introduced. Principles of open channel hydraulics are introduced. Energy and momentum principles are studied with application to channel transitions, critical flow, choked flow, and hydraulic jumps.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofABS, water, energy, transit, climate, land use, landSDG2,SDG6,SDG7,SDG11,SDG13,SDG15
CIV300H1Terrestrial Energy SystemsCore Course in the Sustainable Energy Minor Various earth systems for energy transformation, storage and transport are explored. Geological, hydrological, biological, cosmological and oceanographic energy systems are considered in the context of the Earth as a dynamic system, including the variation of solar energy received by the planet and the redistribution of this energy through various radiative, latent and sensible heat transfer mechanisms. It considers the energy redistribution role of large scale atmospheric systems, of warm and cold ocean currents, the role of the polar regions, and the functioning of various hydrological systems. The contribution and influence of tectonic systems on the surface systems is briefly introduced, as well the important role of energy storage processes in physical and biological systems, including the accumulation of fossil fuel reserves.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofenergy, solar, planet, fossil fuel, oceanSDG7,SDG13,SDG14
CIV324H1Geotechnical Engineering IIBuilding on CME321, more complex aspects of geotechnical analysis and design are considered. Topics include: mineralogy; soil identification and classification; laboratory- and field-based soil index tests; correlations of index test results to engineering properties; vertical stress distribution; soil-foundation interaction; volume change and consolidation of clay and settlement. Shear strength of soil and slope stability analysis are also discussed. Laboratories are held for soil identification and classification, and confined triaxial compression tests of clay and sand.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty oflabor, soilSDG8,SDG15
CIV331H1Transport I - Introduction to Urban Transportation SystemsThis course introduces the fundamentals of transportation systems and the application of engineering, mathematical and economic concepts and principles to address a variety of transportation issues in Canada. Several major aspects of transportation engineering will be addressed, including transportation planning, public transit, traffic engineering, geometric design, pavement design and the economic, social and environmental impacts of transportation. The course focuses on urban transportation engineering problems.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofurban, transit, environmentalSDG11,SDG13
CIV340H1Municipal EngineeringMunicipal service systems for water supply and wastewater disposal, land development, population forecasting, and demand analysis. Water supply: source development, transmission, storage, pumping, and distribution networks. Sewerage and drainage, sewer and culvert hydraulics, collection networks, and storm water management. Maintenance and rehabilitation of water and wastewater systems, and optimization of network design. Design projects.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofwater, waste, landSDG6,SDG12,SDG15
CIV342H1Water and Wastewater Treatment ProcessesPrinciples involved in the design and operation of water and wastewater treatment facilities are covered, including physical, chemical and biological unit operations, advanced treatment and sludge processing.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofwater, wasteSDG6,SDG12
CIV375H1Building ScienceThe fundamentals of the science of heat transfer, moisture diffusion, and air movement are presented. Using these fundamentals, the principles of more sustainable building enclosure design, including the design of walls and roofs are examined. Selected case studies together with laboratory investigations are used to illustrate how the required indoor temperature and moisture conditions can be maintained using more durable and more sustainable designs.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty oflabor, invest, sustainable designSDG8,SDG9,SDG12
CIV380H1Sustainable Energy SystemsThis course will provide students with knowledge of energy demand and supply from local to national scales. Topics include energy demands throughout the economy, major energy technologies, how these technologies work, how they are evaluated quantitatively, their economics and their impacts on the environment. In addition, the ever changing context in which these technologies (and emerging technologies) are being implemented will be outlined. Systems approaches including life cycle assessment, will be refined and applied to evaluate energy systems. A particular focus will be placed on analysis of energy alternatives within a carbon constrained economy.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofknowledge, energySDG4,SDG7
CIV401H1DESIGN & OPTIMIZATION OF HYDROThe application of turbo-machinery including the design and operation of typical wind and hydroelectric plants from first principles to the various types of turbo-machines choices. Fundamental fluid mechanics equations, efficiency coefficients, momentum exchanges, characteristic curves, similarity laws, specific speed, vibration, cavitation of hydraulic turbines, pump/turbines; variable speed machines including transients and hydraulic stability. An introduction to overall system configuration and both component and system optimization. Case studies.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofwind, hydroelectricSDG7
CIV440H1Environmental Impact and Risk AssessmentCore Course in the Environmental Engineering Minor. The process and techniques for assessing and managing the impacts on and risks to humans and the ecosystem associated with engineered facilities, processes and products. Both biophysical and social impacts are addressed. Topics include: environmental assessment processes; environmental legislation; techniques for assessing impacts; engineering risk analysis; health risk assessment; risk management and communication; social impact assessment; cumulative impacts; environmental management systems; the process of considering alternative methods for preventing and controlling impacts; and stakeholder involvement and public participation. Examples are drawn from various engineering activities and facilities such as energy production, chemical production, treatment plants, highways and landfills.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofenergy, production, environmental, ecosystem, landSDG7,SDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
CIV501H1Building Energy Performance SimulationBuilding performance simulation (BPS) is the process of imitating/predicting aspects of building performance with computational building models. The models draw heavily upon the disciplines of heat and mass transfer, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, light transmission, and occupant behaviour. BPS allows improving the design and operation of buildings through quantitative analyses. This course will provide students with theoretical knowledge and practical skills to effectively apply BPS tools in design and analysis contexts focusing on building heating and cooling loads, building HVAC systems, and whole-building HVAC energy consumption. In addition, various building science research methodologies and examples based on BPS will be presented. As the course project, students will be required to either perform building thermal/energy analysis of real buildings with BPS or conduct research on building science topics with BPS.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofknowledge, energy, buildings, consumSDG4,SDG7,SDG9,SDG12
CIV514H1Concrete TechnologyMaterial aspects of concrete production will be dealt with in the context of various performance criteria with emphasis on durability. The process of material selection, proportioning, mixing, transporting, placing and curing concrete will be the framework within which topics such as: the use of admixtures, choice of cements, environmental influences, methods of consolidation and testing techniques will be studied.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofproduction, environmentalSDG12,SDG13
CIV516H1Public Transit Operations and PlanningThis course covers a broad range of topics in urban transit operations and planning, with special emphasis on best-practice strategies of modern transit systems. The course will help students: Learn the history of transit and its relationship to urban development, emerging challenges, transit role in society, and new trends and issues; Understand and analyze the factors that affect transit performance and demand; Identify and analyze transit operational and planning problems; Identify possible solutions at the operational level (mostly short-term and line-based) and the strategic level (mostly long-term and network-based), and assess alternative solutions; Understand the relative performance of various transit modes (both conventional and new modes) and their domains of application; and gain knowledge of best-practice transit systems planning and emerging innovations.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofknowledge, urban, transitSDG4,SDG11
CIV523H1Geotechnical DesignThis course is built around a transportation project that contains all the essential geotechnical investigation and design elements and illustrates how they all come together on a project. The students will be taken through the entire design process from project initiation to construction. In essence, the project will include a bridge over a river with some property constraints requiring the use of a retaining wall as well as deep and shallow foundations and some groundwater control. The highway will require a soil cut. One section crosses a low-lying swampy area that will require embankment construction over deep soft soils. A short tunnel section is planned beneath a railway that cannot be taken out of service. A pavement design will be required along the entire route as well as materials testing and construction monitoring.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofwater, invest, soilSDG6,SDG9,SDG15
CIV531H1Transport PlanningThis course is intended to provide the student with the following: the ability to design and execute an urban transportation planning study; a working knowledge of transportation planning analysis skills including introductions to travel demand modelling, analysis of environmental impacts, modelling transportation - land use interactions and transportation project evaluation; an understanding of current transportation planning issues and policies; and an understanding of the overall process of transportation planning and its role within the wider context of transportation decision-making and the planning and design of urban areas. Person-based travel in urban regions is the focus of this course, but a brief introduction to freight and intercity passenger transportation is also provided. A "systems" approach to transportation planning and analysis is introduced and maintained throughout the course. Emphasis is placed throughout on designing transportation systems for long-run environmental, social, and economic sustainability.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofknowledge, urban, environmental, land use, landSDG4,SDG11,SDG13,SDG15
CIV541H1Environmental BiotechnologyPrinciples involved in the design and operation of biologically-based treatment facilities are covered with considerations for energy efficiency and sustainability. The course includes water / wastewater biological unit operations, advanced treatment, sludge processing and composting, natural treatment systems and specialized bioengineered systems such as groundwater remediation and biological air treatment.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofwater, remediation, energy, waste, environmentalSDG6,SDG7,SDG12,SDG13
CIV550H1Water Resources EngineeringGlobal and national water problems, law and legislation. Hydraulic structures. Reservoir analysis. Urban drainage and runoff control: meteorologic data analysis, deterministic and stochastic modelling techniques. Flood control: structural and nonstructural alternatives. Power generation: hydro and thermal power generation. Low flow augmentation. Economics and decision making.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofwater, urbanSDG6,SDG11
CIV575H1Studies in Building ScienceThis course examines the basic principles governing the control of heat, moisture and air movement in buildings and presents the fundamentals of building enclosure design. With this background, students are required to research advanced topics related to emerging areas of Building Science, and to write and present to the class an individual comprehensive paper related to their research. Lectures for this course will be jointly offered with those of CIV375H1.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofbuildingsSDG9
CIV576H1Sustainable BuildingsBuilding systems including the thermal envelope, heating and cooling systems, as well as water and lighting systems are examined with a view to reducing the net energy consumed within the building. Life-cycle economic and assessment methods are applied to the evaluation of various design options including considerations of embodied energy and carbon sequestration. Green building strategies including natural ventilation, passive solar, photovoltaics, solar water heaters, green roofs and geothermal energy piles are introduced. Following the application of these methods, students are introduced to efficient designs including LEED designs that lessen the impact of buildings on the environment. Exemplary building designs will be presented and analyzed.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofwater, energy, solar, geothermal, buildings, consum, carbon sequestrationSDG6,SDG7,SDG9,SDG12,SDG13,SDG15
CIV577H1Infrastructure for Sustainable CitiesDeveloping infrastructure for sustainable cities entails understanding the connection between urban morphology and physiology. This course uses a systems approach to analyzing anthropogenic material flow and other components of urban metabolism, linking them to the design of urban infrastructure. Elements of sustainable transportation, green buildings, urban climatology, urban vegetation, water systems and local energy supply are integrated in the design of sustainable urban neighbourhoods.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofwater, energy, infrastructure, buildings, cities, urban, green buildings, anthropogenicSDG6,SDG7,SDG9,SDG11,SDG13
CIV578H1DESIGN OF BUILDING ENCLOSURESA brief summary of the science involved in controlling heat, moisture and air movement in buildings is presented at the outset of the course. With this background, methods of designing enclosures for cold, mixed, and hot climates are examined. Design principles related to the design of walls, windows and roofs are presented and applied. In particular, topics related to the control of rain penetration, air movement, and interstitial condensation are studied in detail. Emphasis is placed on developing designs based on fundamentals which can be verified with computer modelling solutions.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofwind, buildings, climateSDG7,SDG9,SDG13
CIV580H1Eng & Mgmt of Large ProjectsThis technical elective course will investigate the role of stakeholders in major civil engineering projects; the complexities of managing project stages, multiple stakeholders, and technical challenges, and, social and environmental factors. Each week includes a different speaker who can address issues related to technical, social, and environmental challenges in the project and how they were overcome.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofinvest, environmentalSDG9,SDG13
CJS383H1Jews and PowerThis course will explore the relationship of Jews to political power. Among the themes to be covered are: How has the relationship of the Jewish community to political authority changed over time? What is the Jewish conception of political authority? How did Jews protect their communal and individual rights in the absence of sovereignty? How did the dynamics of antisemitism, philosemitism, and anti-Jewish violence change over time? How did Zionism and the revival of Jewish sovereignty change the position of Jews in the political order? What are the political and moral dilemmas posed by statehood? And what are the implications of Jewish sovereignty for Jews in the Diaspora?Arts and Science, Faculty ofABS, sovereignty, violenceSDG2,SDG16
CLA199H1The 'Decline and Fall' of the Roman EmpireAfter a high water mark of territorial reach and economic success in the middle of the 2nd century CE, the Roman Empire eventually disintegrated. How? Why? When? In this course, we will consider some of the historical features that may have contributed to its political collapse, and we will consider some modern scholarly analyses from Edward Gibbon (late 18th century) to the present. But we will also investigate “decline and fall” as a narrative trope. Why is this story arc always with us? Who decides what qualifies as “decline”? Is the “fall” of some systems necessarily a bad thing? Among the topics to be considered in the context of the Later Roman Empire are several of relevance in the modern world, not least: climate change, disease, human migration, religious difference, and economic inequality. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofwater, invest, inequality, equalit, climateSDG9,SDG10,SDG13
CLA219H1Women in AntiquityA survey of the position of women in ancient Greece and Rome, with focus on women's sexuality and socialization; their economic, religious, and political roles; and their creative production in the arts.Arts and Science, Faculty ofwomen, productionSDG5,SDG12
CLA319H5Women and Gender in AntiquityA study of gender in the ancient Mediterranean, with a focus on female and male sexuality and socialization; their economic, religious, and political roles; and aspects of daily life. University of Toronto Mississaugagender, women, femaleSDG5
CLAA04H3The Ancient Mediterranean WorldAn introduction to the main features of the ancient civilizations of the Mediterranean world from the development of agriculture to the spread of Islam. Long term socio-economic and cultural continuities and ruptures will be underlined, while a certain attention will be dedicated to evidences and disciplinary issues. Same as HISA07H3University of Toronto Scarboroughsocio-economic, agriculturSDG1,SDG2,SDG9
CLAC26H3Indigeneity and the ClassicsThis course will explore the representations and realities of Indigeneity in the ancient Mediterranean world, as well as the entanglements between modern settler-colonialism, historiography, and reception of the 'Classical' past. Throughout the term, we will be drawn to (un)learn, think, write, and talk about a series of topics, each of which pertains in different ways to a set of overarching questions: What can Classicists learn from ancient and modern indigenous ways of knowing? What does it mean to be a Classicist in Tkaronto, on the land many Indigenous Peoples call Turtle Island? What does it mean to be a Classicist in Toronto, Ontario, Canada? What does it mean to be a Classicist in a settler colony? How did the Classics inform settler colonialism? How does modern settler colonialism inform our reconstruction of ancient indigeneities? How does our relationship to the land we come from and are currently on play a role in the way we think about the ancient Mediterranean world? Why is that so? How did societies of the ancient Mediterranean conceive of indigeneity? How did those relationships manifest themselves at a local, communal, and State levels? Same as HISC16H3University of Toronto Scarboroughsettler, indigenous, landSDG4,SDG10,SDG16,SDG15
CLAD69H3Sufis and Desert Fathers: Mysticism in Late Antiquity and Early IslamThis course is an introduction to mystical/ascetic beliefs and practices in late antiquity and early Islam. Often taken as an offshoot of or alternative to “orthodox” representations of Christianity and Islam, mysticism provides a unique look into the ways in which these religions were experienced by its adherents on a more popular, often non-scholarly, “unorthodox” basis throughout centuries. In this class we will examine mysticism in late antiquity and early Islam through the literature, arts, music, and dance that it inspired. The first half of the term will be devoted to the historical study of mysticism, its origins, its most well-known early practitioners, and the phases of its institutionalization in early Christianity and early Islam; the second part will look into the beliefs and practices of mystics, the literature they produced, the popular expressions of religion they generated, and their effects in the modern world. This study of mysticism will also provide a window for contemporary students of religion to examine the devotional practices of unprivileged members of the late antiquity religious communities, women and slaves in particular. Same as HISD69H3.University of Toronto Scarboroughwomen, wind, privileged, institutSDG5,SDG7,SDG10,SDG16,SDG9
CLT348H1Early Modern IrelandThis course focuses on Irish history from the early seventeenth century to the Great Famine of the mid nineteenth century. Topics include the Ulster plantation, Catholic resistance, the Penal Laws, the United Irishmen, the Act of Union, Catholic Emancipation and the Famine.Arts and Science, Faculty oflandSDG2,SDG15
CLT420H1Ireland, Race and EmpiresThis course examines the extent to which the Irish can be understood as a colonized and racialized people, and the degree to which they participated in the colonization and racialization of Blacks and Indigenous peoples in the British and American empires. It encompasses debates about whether the Irish were victims of genocidal policies during the Famine, and their role in what one historian calls the “casual genocide” of imperial expansion. It also discusses the character and limitations of anti-colonialism in Irish nationalist discourse, and attitudes of racialized minorities and Indigenous peoples towards the Irish. This course is jointly offered with the graduate course, HIS1441H.Arts and Science, Faculty ofminorit, indigenous, landSDG10,SDG16,SDG15
CME259H1TECH IN SOCIETY & BIOSPHEREHumanities and Social Science Elective. This course teaches future engineers to look beyond their specialized domains of expertise in order to understand how technology functions within human life, society and the biosphere. By providing this context for design and decision-making, students will be enabled to do more than achieve the desired results by also preventing or significantly reducing undesired consequences. A more preventively-oriented mode of practicing engineering will be developed in four areas of application: materials and production, energy, work and cities. The emphasis within these topics will reflect the interests of the class.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofenergy, cities, productionSDG7,SDG11,SDG12
CME321H1Geotechnical Engineering IAn introduction to elements of geotechnical analysis and design. Basic site investigation techniques and quantitative descriptions of soil properties and behaviour. Permeability, seepage analysis, and internal stability of granular soil; granular filter design for internal hydraulic stability. Compaction of granular soil; engineered fills for earth dams, road bases, and backfills. Soil shear strength at constant volume; ultimate limit state design of retaining walls, shallow footings, natural slopes and constructed embankments. Groundwater flow analysis and slope stability analysis using commercial software. Physical laboratories for basic soil identification, model groundwater flow analysis, direct shear strength tests, and reinforced earth models.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofwater, labor, invest, soilSDG6,SDG8,SDG9,SDG15
CME358H1Survey CAMP (Civil and Mineral Practicals)This two-week August field camp provides students with the opportunity to further their understanding of the vital interactions between the natural and the built environments. Through fieldwork, students gain hands-on experience in the use of various field instruments used by Civil and Mineral Engineers. The essentials of land surveying and the use of surveying instruments including Global Positioning Systems are taught as students carry out a series of field exercises that include route surveys, topographic surveys and construction surveys. Survey calculations, sources of error, corrections and adjustments are also introduced. In order to better understand our impact on the natural environment, students also perform several additional exercises. These may include the measurement of river flows, remote sensing of soil and rock, remediation of a borrow pit, and the evaluation of the renewable energy potential of the wind and solar radiation. Note: This course requires payment of an extra fee for room and board.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofremediation, energy, renewabl, wind, solar, land, soilSDG6,SDG7,SDG15
CME368H1Engineering Economics and Decision MakingThe incorporation of economic and non-monetary considerations for making decision about public and private sector engineering systems in urban and other contexts. Topics include rational decision making; cost concepts; time value of money and engineering economics; microeconomic concepts; treatment of risk and uncertainty; and public project evaluation techniques incorporating social and environmental impacts including benefit cost analysis and multi-objective analysis.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofurban, environmentalSDG11,SDG13
CME500H1FUND. OF ACID ROCK DRAINAGEGeochemistry of acid rock / acid mine drainage (ARD/AMD) which covers the role of bacteria in generating this global mining pollution issue and how mines currently treat and attempt to prevent it. An introduction to the underlying chemical reactions involved, the role of microbes in these processes and the mitigation and treatment strategies currently available.* Course offering pending Faculty Council approval for 2018-19 academic year.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofpollution, pollutSDG3,SDG14,SDG15
CRE201H1Introduction to Creativity and SocietyA course that explores the relationship between creativity and the social, political, and economic worlds in which it functions. Students acquire theoretical and methodological frameworks in Creativity Studies, historicize the conditions of creative possibility across disciplines, and explore case studies. Topics include the advent of creativity as a concept, a comparative understanding of creativity across non-western and historically marginalized cultures, analyses of how the business of innovation and professionalization of “creatives” affect the way arts and ideas develop, and a self-examination of how students’ own creative goals are shaped by the standards, structures, and practices that precede them.Arts and Science, Faculty ofmarginalizedSDG10
CRE235H1Innovation in SocietyThis course investigates innovation as it relates to emerging social, scientific, and environmental trends. Students will acquire key frameworks for understanding the evolution of innovation, the place of creativity, and the social impacts of disruption. Through case studies of innovation (such as the sharing economy and cryptocurrencies) and considering related issues (such as ethics and inclusion) students will develop approaches to understanding the societal impacts of creative disruption.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinvest, environmentalSDG9,SDG13
CRE271H1Reading the WildIn light of the environmental crisis, this seminar surveys a wide range of oral and written literature in order to discover how our approach to nature has changed over the centuries, what gains and losses have attended modernity, and what older cultures can teach us as we seek to preserve threatened ecosystems.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenvironmental, ecosystemSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
CRE335H1Creativity and Collaboration in Social EnterpriseThe course reflects critically on the role of a wide range of new enterprises and entrepreneurs in driving innovation and dynamism. Whether social enterprises, start-ups, community-based organizations, or for-profits, a variety of organizational forms are approaching thorny societal challenges such as driving economic inclusion or combating climate change. Students will explore how the public, private and community sectors can work together to develop creative, ethical and effective approaches to tackling ‘wicked’ problems.Arts and Science, Faculty oflabor, entrepreneur, climateSDG8,SDG13
CRE374H1Cultural Encounters: Identity and Transformation in the ArtsThis course focuses on specific scenes of cultural cross-pollination and on how these encounters are reflected in the arts. Areas of investigation might include the Harlem Renaissance, French Surrealism in the Caribbean, Bollywood / Hollywood, Indigenous Hip-Hop, or contemporary Toronto as a convergence of creative energy. How have artists from marginalized communities taken up and adapted modes of expression for their own creative purposes? How can new forms of artistic representation contest and undermine systemic social and political inequalities? This course focuses on liberating aesthetic innovations that respond to historically embedded cultural encounters.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenergy, invest, equalit, indigenous, marginalizedSDG7,SDG9,SDG10,SDG16
CRI210H1Criminal JusticeAn introduction to the Canadian criminal justice system. The institutions established by government to respond to crime and control it; how they operate, and the larger function they serve; including the role of the police, the trial process, courts and juries, sentencing, imprisonment and community corrections.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinstitut, criminal justiceSDG16
CRI322H1Inequality and Criminal JusticeThis course examines the intersections between social inequality and the criminal justice system in Canada and internationally. The course explores how factors such as race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation and religion influence perceptions of and experiences with crime and criminal justice.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, inequality, equalit, criminal justiceSDG5,SDG10,SDG16
CRI343H1Comparative Criminal JusticeCriminal justice issues outside Canada, based on a variety of international and historical studies. The evolution of criminal justice systems in Western Europe, including the English adversarial and continental European inquisitorial approaches. A comparison of policing, criminal procedure, forms of punishment, and crime rates in the contemporary world.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcriminal justiceSDG16
CRI345H1History of Criminal JusticeThe course offers a historical perspective on the development of the legal doctrines, professions and institutions that define criminal justice in Canada and the broader common law world today. Topics include the shift from medieval trial by ordeal and torture to the modern reliance on expert witnesses and forensic science; the emergence of the adversarial trial; the growth of the legal profession; the birth of policing; the rise of the penitentiary; and the changing fortunes of the death penalty. The course focuses primarily on the period from the eighteenth century to the present. Students will be introduced to historical debates and ways of thinking and writing about law and crime. We will explore how culture, politics, economics and social life are essential to how we understand the foundational elements of criminal justice, including concepts of truth, guilt, legitimacy, fairness and violence.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinstitut, criminal justice, violence, tortureSDG16
CRI365H1Crime and MindLegal, psychological and sociological understandings of issues in the criminal justice system, through a consideration of topics including: criminal intent, the Not Criminally Responsible on Account of Mental Disorder defence, the use of battered woman syndrome as part of a self-defence, infanticide, issues of transcultural psychiatry, and jury screening for bias.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcriminal justiceSDG16
CRI380H1Crime, Gender and SexTheory, research and policy related to the ways in which gender shapes criminal behaviour, the administration of criminal justice, and the criminal law. How notions of different types of masculinity and femininity are embedded in and influence both the operation of the criminal justice system as well as criminal behaviours. The regulation of gender and sexuality through the criminal law and through crime.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, criminal justiceSDG5,SDG16
CRI383H1Immigration, Ethnicity and CrimeThe connection between immigration and crime, the effect of immigration on crime rates, discrimination against immigrants, the representation of immigrants in crime statistics, public perception of risk and security, and criminal justice policy changes which affect immigration. We consider research conducted in North America and Europe.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcriminal justiceSDG10,SDG16
CRI385H1Representing Crime and AuthorityCultural constructions of crime, disorder, dangerousness and risk are integral parts of the criminal justice system. A critical analysis of how criminal justice personnel, the media, and academic criminologists construct their authority through symbols and images, in order to “explain” and manage crime, and how these representations are regarded in public discourse.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcriminal justiceSDG16
CRI386H1Origins of Criminal JusticeCriminal justice practice, as well as political debate concerning crime and criminal justice, are often influenced by ideas that are initially developed outside the criminal justice arena. This course examines the history, current influence and efficacy of a range of such ideas, such as: the role of religious practice in rehabilitating offenders; military service and participation in sports as preventive of delinquency; the influence of environmental pollution on crime rates; the concept of the "problem family"; intelligence based policing and the use of management theories in criminal justice organizations. Note: The course may include an optional Service Learning component. If offered, additional information will be provided in the Faculty of Arts and Science's timetable.Arts and Science, Faculty ofpollution, learning, environmental, pollut, criminal justiceSDG3,SDG13,SDG16
CRI425H1The Prosecution ProcessA critical examination of the process by which certain conduct is identified, prosecuted and punished as "crime", and the process by which individuals become "criminals". The evolution of the modern prosecution system, including the exercise of prosecutorial discretion, rules of evidence, socially constructed defences, disparity in sentencing, and wrongful convictions.Arts and Science, Faculty ofdisparitySDG1,SDG10,SDG16
CRI431H1Mental Health, Morality & Legal ControlsA critical exploration of contemporary debates in criminology, and legal and moral philosophy concerning the diagnostic and criminal justice labeling of mental disorders such as psychopathy and paedophilia, and their representation in popular culture.Arts and Science, Faculty ofmental health, criminal justiceSDG3,SDG16
CRI480H1Interpersonal ViolenceThe meaning, purposes and sources of interpersonal violence, including an examination of debates over defining and documenting violence, and a review of the research on the relationships between illegitimate, interpersonal violence and state-approved or state-initiated violence. Cultural, social and individual correlates of interpersonal violence; the violence of the law; and how violence is justified and denied.Arts and Science, Faculty ofviolenceSDG16
CRI487H1Law, Space, and the CityAn introduction to interdisciplinary studies of law and space, this course covers a broad range of topics, from work on empire and colonialism by legal historians and indigenous scholars to studies of national spaces, urban spaces, and bodily spaces. Some background in either legal studies or cultural geography is desirable. Open to students in law, geography, anthropology, women/gender studies, and sociology, though permission of the instructor is required.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, women, indigenous, urbanSDG5,SDG10,SDG16,SDG11
CSB195H1Computational Biology FoundationsOur understanding of life is built from observation, abstraction, modeling, and comparison. In this First Year Foundations course we explore how these activities are based on concepts of chance and choice, of organization and dispersion, of cooperation and conflict, and how these ideas inform domains such as statistics, computer science, bioinformatics, molecular biology, physiology and ecology. Through this, we build a broad framework of relationships and connections that will make students' engagement with specialized courses throughout the sciences all the more meaningful. This course's focus on best practices of structuring project work, using tools and resources, and documentation, will be valuable preparation for all subsequent courses. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofABS, ecologSDG15
CSB196H1Genes, Genomes and UsWith the completion of the human genome sequence, we now have access to more information than ever before about our genetic make-up. This course addresses topics such as what are genes, how are they identified and how does knowledge about genes impact society. Students will learn basic concepts in genetics. Using this conceptual foundation, the significance of genomic research for understanding human biology, and the social consequences that may result from it, will be discussed. Evaluation is based on class discussions, homework, oral presentation and written assignments. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledgeSDG3
CSB199H1Biotechnology and SocietyFrom the manipulation of genes of plants for improved food production through to human tissue engineering and stem cell research, biotechnology is increasingly playing a major role in our world. Society, however, is often challenged by the rapid advances in our knowledge in these areas, and how to best apply these technologies in a manner that is socially responsible and economically viable. In this seminar course, students will research and describe various applications of biotechnology using information obtained from reputable sources, and lead discussions on the benefits and concerns that arise from this research. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, productionSDG2,SDG12,SDG15
CSB201H1Molecular Biology, Biotechnology and YouAn online course intended to provide non-science students with an understanding of basic concepts in molecular biology and genetics, with particular emphasis on humans. Students will work online in groups on problem sets. The course will end with an introduction to biotechnology, including an opportunity for students to use their new knowledge to explore a real, multi-dimensional problem (e.g., cancer). Lectures will be delivered via the web and mandatory tutorials will require live webinar participation. The final exam will require attendance on the St. George campus. This course does not count towards CSB programs.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledgeSDG3
CSB202H1Further Exploration in BiotechnologyProvides non-science students with an additional opportunity to explore biotechnology and its applications in agriculture, the environment, and human health including: genetically modified organisms, drug discovery and aging. Most lectures are viewed online before class and students work in groups during class on problem sets and case studies designed to stimulate further learning, enhance evidence-based reasoning, and promote reflection on the role of biotechnology in society. This course does not count towards CSB programs. CSB201H1 is not a prerequisite for this course.Arts and Science, Faculty ofagricultur, learningSDG2,SDG3,SDG15
CSB328H1Animal Developmental BiologyBasic concepts in developmental biology. Early development of invertebrates and vertebrates will be discussed with emphasis on experimental and molecular analysis of developmental mechanisms. Tutorials focus on the experimental analysis of embryonic development and regeneration, and discuss primary literature of selected topics in developmental biology. (Lab Materials Fee: approximately $26). A lab coat and safety glasses are required for use in laboratories; students are responsible for purchasing these (approximate cost is $26).Arts and Science, Faculty oflabor, animal, regenerationSDG14,SDG15
CSB348H1Laboratory in Comparative Animal PhysiologyLaboratory exercises will include traditional and guided inquiry approaches to investigate and gain an understanding of the regulation of physiological systems in vertebrates and invertebrates. Students will experience the nature of physiological investigation while being exposed to a range of the current experimental approaches animal physiologists use to design, test and evaluate hypotheses, and communicate their findings. This course will emphasize the fundamental characteristics humans share with all animal life and the physiological adaptations that have permitted species to exploit alternative environmental niches. This course requires participation and includes group work, written assignments, and oral presentations. (Lab Materials Fee: $51). Lab coat and safety glasses are required for use in laboratories; students are responsible for purchasing these items (approximate cost is $26).Arts and Science, Faculty oflabor, invest, environmental, species, animalSDG14,SDG15
CSB451H1Seminar in Plant Cell BiologyPlants represent roughly 80% of the biomass on our planet and are essential primary producers in our ecosystems. At the cellular level, plants display some fascinating differences from other eukaryotic cells, including fragmentation of the secretory pathway, dramatic changes to cytoskeleton organization, and other adaptations to life as a pressurized cell. This course will examine and discuss examples from the primary scientific literature that highlight these distinct features of plant cells by contrasting them to animal cells. We will also discuss how these discoveries can contribute to addressing global challenges, such as developing innovative biomaterials, enhancing food security and cultivating renewable biofuels.Arts and Science, Faculty offood security, renewabl, biofuel, planet, animal, ecosystemSDG2,SDG7,SDG13,SDG15
CSB452H1Molecular Interactions Between Plants, Microorganisms and Parasitic PlantsThis course explores the strategies that plants have evolved to defend themselves against microbes and parasitic plants. The course consists of two sections: 1. Plant - pathogenic microbe interactions and 2. Plant - plant parasite interactions. The first section focuses on an in-depth discussion about on-going research of plant immunity against pathogenic microbes. The second section introduces plant - parasitic plant relationships with an emphasis on signalling pathways that underlie these interactions and discusses how basic knowledge of the lifestyle of parasitic plants could contribute to agricultural solutions in the developing world.Arts and Science, Faculty ofagricultur, knowledgeSDG2
CSB460H1Plant Signal TransductionPlant development, ecological adaptation and crop plant productivity depend on the sophisticated potential of plants to sense and compute signals to regulate their responses. An arsenal of genetic and genomic tools is employed to elucidate these plant signal transduction pathways. Examples from the original literature will be used to introduce general concepts of plant signal transduction, molecular biology and genomics and their application in understanding and influencing plant growth and development.Arts and Science, Faculty ofecologSDG2,SDG15
CSC199H1Intelligence, Artificial and HumanWhat is human intelligence? How close are we to replicating it? How productive/reductive is the brain-computer analogy? What ethical challenges are posed by AI on workers, society, and the environment? Can we put a hold on "progress"? Is Silicon Valley the seat of a new techno-religion? What can they teach us about today's research priorities? What insight (or inspiration) can we get from works of science fiction about the future of human-AI interaction? Through reading discussion, written assignment, and workshops, this seminar will present students with the opportunity to integrate their computer science interests with philosophy, history, and literature. There is an equivalent course offered by St. Michael's College. Students may take one or the other but not both. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofworkerSDG8,SDG12
CSC300H1Computers and SocietyThis course offers a concise introduction to ethics in computing, distilled from the ethical and social discussions carried on by today's academic and popular commentators. This course covers a wide range of topics within this area including the philosophical framework for analyzing computer ethics; the impact of computer technology on security, privacy and intellectual property, digital divide, and gender and racial discrimination; the ethical tensions with Artificial Intelligence around future of work and humanity, the emerging role of online social media over voice, inclusion, and democracy; and the environmental consequences of computing.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, environmental, democraSDG5,SDG13,SDG16
CSC301H1Introduction to Software EngineeringAn introduction to agile development methods appropriate for medium-sized teams and rapidly-moving projects. Basic software development infrastructure; requirements elicitation and tracking; estimation and prioritization; teamwork skills; basic modeling; design patterns and refactoring; discussion of ethical issues, and professional responsibility.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinfrastructureSDG9
CSC301H5Introduction to Software EngineeringAn introduction to agile development methods appropriate for medium-sized teams and rapidly-moving projects. Basic software development infrastructure; requirements elicitation and tracking; estimation and prioritization; teamwork skills; basic UML; design patterns and refactoring; security.University of Toronto MississaugainfrastructureSDG9
CSC309H1Programming on the WebAn introduction to software development on the web. Concepts underlying the development of programs that operate on the web; survey of technological alternatives; greater depth on some technologies. Operational concepts of the internet and the web, static client content, dynamic client content, dynamically served content, n-tiered architectures, web development processes, and security on the web. Assignments involve increasingly more complex web-based programs. Guest lecturers from leading e-commerce firms will describe the architecture and operation of their web sites.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinternetSDG9
CSC309H5Programming on the WebAn introduction to software development on the web. Concepts underlying the development of programs that operate on the web; survey of technological alternatives; greater depth on some technologies. Operational concepts of the internet and the web, static client content, dynamic client content, dynamically served content, n-tiered architectures, web development processes, and security on the web. Assignments involve increasingly more complex web-based programs.University of Toronto MississaugainternetSDG9
CSC347H5Introduction to Information SecurityAn investigation of many aspects of modern information security. Major topics cover: Techniques to identify and avoid common software development flaws which leave software vulnerable to hackers. Utilizing modern operating systems security features to deploy software in a protected environment. Common threats to networks and networked computers and tools to deal with them. Cryptography and the role it plays in software development, systems security and network security.University of Toronto MississaugainvestSDG9,SDG16
CSC385H1Microprocessor SystemsAn examination of the issues unique to embedded computing and the Internet of Things (IoT). Software techniques for programming with sensors on lightweight, low-power processors. Topics include embedded processor architectures, interrupts, scheduling for real-time systems, power consumption, and connected device characteristics. Laboratory experiments provide hands-on experience with embedded systems. A refundable deposit of $90 will be charged for the use of discovery board in lab activities.Arts and Science, Faculty oflabor, internet, consumSDG9,SDG12
CSC409H5Scalable ComputingWe investigate computation in the large -- utilizing many CPUs with large amounts of memory, large storage and massive connectivity -- to solve computationally complex problems involving big data, serving large collections of users, in high availability, global settings. Our investigation covers both theoretical techniques and current, applied tools used to scale applications on the desktop and in the cloud. Topics include caching, load balancing, parallel computing and models of computation, redundancy, failover strategies, use of GPUs, and noSQL databases. [24L, 12P]University of Toronto MississaugainvestSDG9,SDG16
CSC454H1The Business of SoftwareDesigned and delivered by industry experts in successful commercialization of tech startups, this course focuses on the development of a viable business and startup in partnership and mentorship from industry businesses and entrepreneurs. The course is designed to be taken by students from any faculty or discipline. It focuses on helping them understand and develop business sense, introduce modern customer development, and teach skills in product development, financial management, marketing, and leadership. Alongside the software engineering abilities of CSC491H1 teammates, skills learned in CSC454H1 will aid the development of a viable startup. For more details visit our website at Not eligible for CR/NCR option. Students must submit an application to the course describing relevant interests, experience, and skills and general academic history. On this application, you will indicate whether you wish to be considered for CSC454H1 only, or CSC454H1 and CSC491H1. Application questions are set and assessed by the instructor. Applications are due in summer for the Fall term, and late fall for the Winter term. Please visit for application deadlines and details. A decision on your application will be confirmed approximately 2-3 weeks after the application deadline, so students should enrol in an alternate course until the results of their application are confirmed.Arts and Science, Faculty ofentrepreneurSDG8
CSCC10H3Human-Computer InteractionThe course will provide an introduction to the field of Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) with emphasis on guidelines, principles, methodologies, and tools and techniques for analyzing, designing and evaluating user interfaces. Subsequent topics include usability assessment of interactive systems, prototyping tools, information search and visualization, mobile devices, social media and social networking, and accessibility factors.University of Toronto ScarboroughaccessibSDG10
CSCD03H3Social Impact of Information TechnologyThe trade-offs between benefits and risks to society of information systems, and related issues in ethics and public policy. Topics will include safety-critical software; invasion of privacy; computer-based crime; the social effects of an always-online life; and professional ethics in the software industry. There will be an emphasis on current events relating to these topics.University of Toronto ScarboroughtradeSDG16
CSCD25H3Advanced Data AnalysisThis course teaches the basic techniques, methodologies, and ways of thinking underlying the application of data science and machine learning to real-world problems. Students will go through the entire process going from raw data to meaningful conclusions, including data wrangling and cleaning, data analysis and interpretation, data visualization, and the proper reporting of results. Special emphasis will be placed on ethical questions and implications in the use of AI and data. Topics include data pre-processing, web scraping, applying supervised and unsupervised machine learning methods, treating text as data, A/B testing and experimentation, and data visualization.University of Toronto ScarboroughlearningSDG16
CSCD54H3Technology Innovation and EntrepreneurshipThis course examines high-Tech innovation and entrepreneurship, principles of operation of successful high-tech enterprises, customer identification and validation, product development, business models, lean startup techniques, and financing of high-technology ventures. Students will work in teams to develop their own innovative product idea, and will produce a sound business plan to support their product.University of Toronto ScarboroughentrepreneurSDG8
CSCD90H3The Startup SandboxIn this capstone course, students will work in teams to develop a viable product prototype following the methodologies and techniques covered in CSCD54H3. Students will produce written reports, short videos pitching their idea, and a final presentation showcasing their proposed innovation, as it would be pitched to potential investors. The course instructor and TAs will provide close supervision and mentorship throughout the project.University of Toronto ScarboroughinvestSDG9
CSE240H1Introduction to Critical Equity and Solidarity StudiesAn interdisciplinary intersectional interrogation and examination of systemic inequity and social justice in local and global contexts. Provides a foundation for the field of critical equity and solidarity studies through a concentrated focus on theory and practice as it relates to major concepts, historical perspectives, key debates and radical grassroots community resistance to inequity. Introduces and foregrounds the concept of critical equity as both a theoretical framework and as a lived contestation of the structural nature and effects of systemic inequity. The concept of self-defense articulated historically by the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense among others is a key component.Arts and Science, Faculty ofequity, equit, social justiceSDG10,SDG16
CSE241Y1Introduction to Critical Disability StudiesDraws on an intersectional history and politics of normativity and bodily difference to understand disability as a diverse and materially salient social category that can be used as a lens to better understand systems and experiences of colonization, race, class, gender, age, etc. Explores scenes of disability or 'crip' solidarity, resistance and cultural production, disability D/deaf and mad arts, coalitional movements for disability justice, collective approaches to access and other non-normative ways of knowing and being.Arts and Science, Faculty ofdisabilit, gender, productionSDG3,SDG5,SDG10,SDG12
CSE270H1Community Dis/Engagement and SolidarityAn introduction to issues and questions arising from the field of 'community engagement'. Explores the meaning, practices and implications of/for 'community' and 'community (dis)engagement' from multiple perspectives (e.g. the State and its agencies, institutional power, colonial discourse, communities of embodied difference, etc.) Takes a multi-media and arts-based approach to examining self-care from an anti-colonial perspective of central importance in the practice and pedagogy of critical equity and solidarity in the collective struggle for freedom and transformation.Arts and Science, Faculty ofpedagogy, equity, equit, institutSDG10,SDG16
CSE340H1Abolition in the Global Context: Theorizing Uprisings and Youth Activism against Policing and PrisonsConsiders the question: what does abolition mean in a global context? An analysis of how nation-states use prisons, (im)migrant detention centers, black sites, detention camps, military prisons, border checkpoints, refugee camps, walls, and concentration camps, to surveil, contain, and lock up disposable populations, and/or to suppress those that resist state violence. Explores these carceral spaces through a historical and political economic investigation of the processes that have produced these sites. Draws on anti-carceral perspectives on abolition and reform to examine uprisings and political activism, particularly youth activism, against prisons, policing, and forms of militarized, capitalist violence transnationally.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcapital, invest, refugee, violenceSDG10,SDG16
CSE341H1Theorizing Settler Colonialism, Capitalism and RaceProvides students with a theoretical background for understanding settler colonialism, capitalist social relations and difference (including race, class, gender, disability and sexuality) and solidarity. Provides an analysis of state violence and the formation of hegemonic power relations. Introduces students to the method of thinking dialectically to examine the social world as a set of relations between multiple phenomena occurring at the same time. Articulates an emancipatory politics of knowledge production and strategies of building solidarities to enable the imagination of a different future.Arts and Science, Faculty ofdisabilit, knowledge, settler, gender, capital, production, violenceSDG3,SDG5,SDG10,SDG16
CSE342H1Theory and Praxis in Food SecurityExplores the concept of food security in the context of equity issues related to global food systems. Students participate in food-related field work activities outside of regular classroom time.Arts and Science, Faculty offood security, food system, equity, equitSDG2,SDG10
CSE344Y1Body Matters: Oppression, Solidarity and JusticeThrough lectures, small-group discussions and experiential activities, explores how intersecting cultural stories impact our bodies and how stories inscribed upon us shape and constrain our relations, perceptions, experiences and vulnerabilities as embodied subjects. Draws on work in cultural studies, critical race and decolonial theory, gender studies, queer, trans and disability theory and fat studies to ask: Whose bodies matter? How do bodies come to matter? And, how are we - as embodied beings - engaged in acts of rewriting, resisting and otherwise transforming the body means and what it can do?Arts and Science, Faculty ofdisabilit, decolonial, gender, queerSDG3,SDG5
CSE345H1Equity and Activism in EducationExamines contemporary issues in education and schooling from a social justice and equity perspective. Engages with a variety of theoretical frameworks including anti-homophobia education, critical pedagogy, critical race theory, decolonizing knowledges, and intersectionality. Includes an overview of educational activist projects.Arts and Science, Faculty ofpedagogy, knowledge, knowledges, equity, equit, social justiceSDG4,SDG10,SDG16
CSE346H1Community Organizing and Global SolidarityConsiders, from an interdisciplinary perspective, the evolution of community organizations and non-profits in the context of neoliberalism, settler colonialism, and imperialism. Examines the inter-woven relations of political economy, local community development, marginalized communities in Canada, and emergent forms of global/local solidarity.Arts and Science, Faculty ofsettler, marginalizedSDG10,SDG16
CSE348H1Special Topics in Equity StudiesAn upper level course. Topics of study vary from year to year.Arts and Science, Faculty ofequity, equitSDG10
CSE349H1Disability Arts and CultureExplores the work of disabled, mad, sick and/or Deaf artists and considers how disability disrupts - or 'crips' - artistic spaces and cultural movements. Engages with contemporary debates emanating from within these spaces and movements to reveal disability as a dynamic range of bodily practices, aesthetics and relations.Arts and Science, Faculty ofdisabilitSDG3,SDG10
CSE442H1Food Systems and the Politics of ResistanceExamines the food we eat in the local and global context of food systems, food sovereignty and food movements. Explores the possibilities for food as a catalyst for learning, resistance and social change. Enrolment is by application. Application forms are available on the CSES webpage prior to the start of course enrolment, and are accepted up to the end of the enrolment period, space permitting. Note: This is a joint graduate/undergraduate course.Arts and Science, Faculty offood system, food sovereignty, learning, social change, sovereigntySDG2,SDG16
CSE444H1Anti-Colonization and the Politics of ViolenceThis advanced seminar interrogates how the theorizations, embodied lived experiences and lived resistance to structural violence can create social, epistemological, ontological and political decolonizing/anti-colonial transformation. The work of Frantz Fanon, John Akomfrah, The Black Panther Party for Self-Defense, Elaine Brown and Assata Shakur amongst others are utilized to search for alternative and oppositional ways to rethink and re-respond to violence. The seminar pursues a nuanced understanding of violence as it relates to de/anticolonization as a lived praxis of resistance and as a practice of self-defense that is grounded in the assertion that there can be no decolonization without anticolonization.Arts and Science, Faculty ofviolenceSDG10,SDG16
CSE445H1Rethinking Palestine: Colonialism, Revolution and Transnational SolidarityAims at decolonizing the study of Palestine by providing an overview of Palestine's modern history that is grounded in critical perspectives that challenge dominant scholarly paradigms about Palestine. Provides specific theoretical approaches in the study of Palestinian history, culture and politics through such concepts as settler colonialism, occupation, revolution, nationalism, indigeneity, racial capitalism, imperialism, sovereignty, collective memory, resistance, liberation and transnational solidarity. Engages with memoirs, oral histories, archival documents, films, poetry, music and literature to understand the historical, political-economic and juridical foundations that have produced a century of oppression, violence, resistance and solidarity within, across and beyond Palestine.Arts and Science, Faculty ofsettler, capital, nationalism, sovereignty, violenceSDG10,SDG16
CSE446H1Community Development and Social ChangeExplores the significance of community development as a social change strategy, through a critical social analysis of local and global case studies and policies.Arts and Science, Faculty ofsocial changeSDG16
CSE448H1Disability and the ChildExamines a range of historical and present-day meanings associated with the figure of the disabled child. Draws on work emanating from a variety of disciplines, including history, psychology, neuroscience, visual arts, film and literature, and engaging with critical theories of race, class, gender, sexuality and disability, to discuss ideas and issues relevant to the construction of 21st century disabled childhoods. Counters the near monolithic story of disability as threat to the presumed goodness of normative childhood by asking: what alternate depictions and narratives of disabled childhood exist and what can they teach us?Arts and Science, Faculty ofdisabilit, genderSDG3,SDG5,SDG10
CSE449H1Contemporary Theories in Critical Disability StudiesExplores competing conceptions, definitions and practices of disability through a range of critical disability theories, including crip-of-colour critique, decolonial theories of disability studies and black feminist disability frameworks. Enacts disability studies as a justice-oriented methodology or practice that has value for understanding and responding to colonial systems of race, class, gender and disability. Interrogates the shape and limits of disability and disability studies to ask the provocative question: what can disability studies do?Arts and Science, Faculty ofdisabilit, decolonial, gender, feminisSDG3,SDG4,SDG5,SDG10
CSE469Y1Decolonizing Research Methodologies for New ResearchersA feminist/anti-racist/anti-colonial/anti-imperialist exploration of research methods. Examines the work of researchers and scholar-activists who seek to humanize research with communities detrimentally impacted by colonial, imperialist, heteropatriarchal research agendas and processes. Supports students' independent research projects through guidance from the course instructor. Prepares students for graduate studies or research-oriented careers. Enrolment is by application. Application forms are available on the CSES webpage prior to the start of the enrolment period and are accepted up to the end of the enrolment period, space permitting. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofequity, feminis, equit, anti-racistSDG5,SDG10
CSE499H1Advanced Topics in Critical Studies in Equity and SolidarityA joint graduate/undergraduate upper-level seminar. Topics vary from year to year, depending on the instructor. Consult the Program Office for course enrolment procedures.Arts and Science, Faculty ofequity, equitSDG10
CTLA21H3Math4life: Developing Mathematical Thinking and Skills in Practical ContextsThis course will cover basic mathematics concepts such as Arithmetic, Elementary Algebra, Geometry and Trigonometry, Data collection and Interpretation, Sets, and Functions. Students will engage these concepts through a series of activities which require them to solve practical problems based on real life circumstances. The course will also draw on African and Indigenous cultural knowledges and perspectives to connect the study of mathematics to TYP students' interests and lived experiences.University of Toronto Scarboroughknowledge, knowledges, indigenousSDG4,SDG10,SDG16
CTLB03H3Introduction to Community Engaged LearningIn this experiential learning course, students apply their discipline-specific academic knowledge as they learn from and engage with communities. Students provide and gain unique perspectives and insights as they interact with community partners. Through class discussions, workshops and assignments, students also develop transferable life skills such as interpersonal communication, professionalism and self-reflection that support their learning experiences and help them connect theory and practice.University of Toronto Scarboroughknowledge, learningSDG4,SDG11
DHU337H1Historical Archives in the Digital AgeHow do digital surrogates of texts and objects change how we use them? This course examines texts and archives in the digital age: the aims of building them; the new scholarly approaches that they enable; the preservation, access, and equity questions that they raise and require us to answer responsibly.Arts and Science, Faculty ofequity, equitSDG10
DRE370H5Exploring Shakespeare in PerformanceIn this course, students will be introduced to contemporary theatrical approaches to the most canonical of dramatists. Through selected theoretical readings, interviews, practical exercises, and screenings of recent productions, we will explore tensions between reverential and radical treatments of the Shakespearean text, including topics such as the politics of casting, the role of the director, and the authority of the actor. The course will ask what it means to stage Shakespeare now and will equip students to develop their own and conceptual and theatrical responses to that question.University of Toronto MississaugaproductionSDG10
DRM101Y1Introduction to Drama, Theatre and Performance StudiesThe course introduces students to key concepts and issues in the three related disciplines at the core of our program: drama, theatre, and performance studies. We consider broader questions of performance and performativity in daily life. Engaging critically with theoretical and dramatic texts and live performances, students learn how to think about performance in its cultural, social, historical, aesthetic and political dimensions, and how to acknowledge and navigate their own responsibilities as culture workers situated in specific historical and contemporary contexts. This course combines weekly two-hour lectures with one-hour tutorials.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, workerSDG10
DRM220Y1Comparative Theatre HistoriesThis course will introduce students to major developments in world theatre history through the exploration of a wide range of plays, performances, and practices. In the Fall term our trajectory will go roughly from antiquity to the 16th Century; in the Winter term, from the 16th Century to the present. We will examine material from Africa, America, Asia, Europe, and Oceania, with close attention to the social, religious, historical, aesthetic, and political parameters in which theatre and performance take place. Nurturing ethnically sensitive approaches to world theatre history, this course considers the many ways theatre and performance interact with the globalized world. Students will have an opportunity to participate in collaborative projects and focus on writing for research in the performing arts.Arts and Science, Faculty oflabor, globaliz, oceanSDG10
DRM360H1Race, Gender and PerformanceThis course will enable students to look at performance in generative new ways by introducing them to theoretical frameworks and critical perspectives from postcolonial theory and queer theory, critical race studies and gender studies. As well as learning to apply these critical tools to works that they are already familiar with, students will be introduced to work in feminist, queer, and anti-racist performance from outside the mainstream.Arts and Science, Faculty oflearning, gender, queer, feminis, anti-racistSDG5,SDG10
DRM462H1Black Playwrights: Resistance, Resilience and TransformationAn exploration of dramatic literature by writers from the African Diaspora (Canada, USA, UK and the Caribbean) from 1959 to the present. The course will identify playwrights central to the development of Black theatre, their plays, and performance practices. Emphasis will be placed on dramaturgical analysis, sociohistorical context, the author’s influences, and relevant critical writing, in order to evaluate these works as sites of social resistance, cultural resilience, and aesthetic transformation. Selected authors include: Lorraine Hansberry, Wole Soyinka, August Wilson, Derek Walcott, Debbie Hunter Green, George Elliott Clarke, Tarell Alvin McCraney, Walter Borden, Suzan-Lori Parks, Kwame Kwei-Armah and Ntozake Shange.Arts and Science, Faculty ofresilien, resilienceSDG10
DTS199H1Superman and Other MigrantsFrom the 1938 debut of Superman until the spate of recent autobiographical graphic novels by immigrants and children of immigrants, the development of the comic and graphic novel form has been intricately bound up with the diaspora experience. In this course, we will explore the emergence of the superhero from the immigrant experience; trace the depiction of migrants, immigrants and refugees in recent graphic novels; and study visual strategies for representing migration and displacement. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofrefugeeSDG10
DTS200Y1Introduction to Diaspora and Transnational Studies I (formerly DTS201H1, 202H1)What is the relationship between place and belonging, between territory and memory? How have the experiences of migration and dislocation challenged the modern assumption that the nation-state should be the limit of identification? What effect has the emergence of new media of communication had upon the coherence of cultural and political boundaries? All of these questions and many more form part of the subject matter of Diaspora and Transnational Studies. This introductory course ex-amines the historical and contemporary movements of peoples and the complex issues of identity and experience to which these processes give rise as well as the creative possibilities that flow from movement and being moved. The area of study is comparative and interdisciplinary, drawing from the social sciences, history, the arts and humanities. Accordingly, this course provides the background to the subject area from diverse perspectives and introduces students to a range of key debates in the field, with particular attention to questions of history, globalization, cultural production and the creative imagination.Arts and Science, Faculty ofglobaliz, productionSDG10
DTS201H5Introduction to Diaspora and Transnational Studies IAn interdisciplinary introduction to the study of diaspora, with particular attention to questions of history, globalization, cultural production and the creative imagination. Material will be drawn from Toronto as well as from diasporic communities in other times and places.University of Toronto Mississaugaglobaliz, productionSDG10
DTS202H5Introduction to Diaspora and Transnational Studies IIA continuation of DTS201H5. An interdisciplinary introduction to the study of diaspora, with particular attention to questions of history, globalization, cultural production and the creative imagination. Material will be drawn from Toronto as well as from diasporic communities in other times and places.University of Toronto Mississaugaglobaliz, productionSDG10
DTS310H1Transnational TorontoToronto is a city increasingly configured through transnational connections and practices. It is a city defined by the scale at which its residents live their lives; a scale that is no longer (if it ever was) parochial, but extends across time and space to connect people and practice across a multitude of locales. Contemporary understandings of Toronto can only be reached through adopting a transnational lens. This course will examine the processes that have produced Toronto as a transnational city over time, including the dynamics of immigration and mobility, experiences of alienation, the global extension of capitalism, and the (re)formation of communities grounded in the complex dynamics of identities produced in a space that is both "home and away". We will also explore the specific practices, and connections that produce "Toronto" as a space that transcends its physical geographic boundaries and is continually reproduced in and through the flows of people, capital, objects, ideas, - and the many forces that reproduce and reconfigure these flows.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcapitalSDG10,SDG11
DTS314H1Citizenship and MulticulturalismThis course examines approaches to belonging and distinction that accompany different models of citizenship. What are some historical and recent trends in the intersections of place, custom, and rights? How have governments related social diversity to social justice in theory and in practice? Areas of emphasis will vary, but may include topics such as authenticity and assimilation; ethno-nationalism; immigration and naturalization policy; indigeneity; insurgency; legacies of colonialism; mass media and popular culture; policing and surveillance; racial stratification; transnational markets; and xenophobia.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcitizen, social justice, nationalismSDG4,SDG10,SDG11,SDG16
DTS410H1Diasporic FoodwaysFood links people across space and time. As it spirals outward from parochial sites of origin to articulate with new sites, actors and scales, it assumes new substance and meaning in new locales. This movement of food gives rise to new foodway to help us to understand the past in terms of temporally connected sites of intense interaction. Food also plays a strong role in shaping translocal identities. As peoples have moved in the world, food has played a central role in (re)defining who they are, reproducing myth and ritual, and bounding diasporic communities. This course seeks to address questions surrounding the dynamics of the food "we" eat, the ways in which "we" eat, the meaning "we" give to eating, and the effect of eating in a transnational world. Recognizing that culinary culture is central to diasporic identifications, the focus is on the place of food in the enduring habits, rituals, and everyday practices that are collectively used to produce and sustain a shared sense of diasporic cultural identity.Arts and Science, Faculty ofculinarySDG2
DTS413H1Global SexualitiesSexuality is a complex interplay of desires, attractions, interests, and modes of behavior and has diverse meanings in different societies and cultures. In this course, we will examine the notion of sexuality as well as gender identity and expression from an interdisciplinary perspective that is rooted in ethnography. A cross-cultural study of sexuality and gender identity within global and transnational contexts will provide students with an understanding of how the intersections of culture, community, as well as social and political factors affect individuals' sexual choices and understandings of gender. A particular focus in this course will be experiences of sexuality and gender within diasporic communities.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgenderSDG5,SDG10
EAS193H1What is "The Yellow Peril"?This course explores the old and new reincarnations of "Yellow Peril" complex. The 2020 naming of COVID-19 as "the Chinese virus" by the U.S. president Donald Trump has provoked much anger, criticism, and concerns for anti-Asian violence and the reagitation of "The Yellow Peril" panic. Yet the imaginaries of "the Yellow Peril" and their power effects have been engrained in our political modernity, the Enlightenment ideas, and its institutions in a much more complex, far-reaching, and intersecting ways in East Asia and beyond. The course will explore various types of cultural productions, including history, literature, film, news media, etc., to introduce the racial, colonial, capitalist, sexual, militarized, and other dimensions of the "Yellow Peril". Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcapital, production, institut, violenceSDG10
EAS196H1Consumption, Taste and Culture in East AsiaThis course explores the roles that consumption and taste play in personal and public lives in East Asia. Course focus may include the cultural histories of food, fashion, tourism, sports, or forms of audio and visual media. (No prior knowledge of East Asian languages or cultures is necessary.) Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, consumSDG12
EAS198H1Martial Arts in East Asian NarrativesWhat can we learn about East Asian history and culture through its rich tradition of narratives featuring the martial arts? This course introduces short stories and novels dealing with combat and warfare from nearly two thousand years of East Asian literature, exploring issues such as self and society, gender, power, the body, and identity. All texts will be provided in translation, and no prior knowledge of any East Asian language or culture is necessary. The texts explored will vary year to year, depending on the instructor. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, genderSDG5,SDG10
EAS231H1Tales of the Supernatural in Chinese LiteratureThis course explores the long tradition of writing about the fantastic, strange, and supernatural in Chinese literature, from the earliest records to medieval tales, late imperial opera, and contemporary science fiction. In addition to close reading and interpretation, we will situate these texts in their social and cultural contexts, examining critical moments of transformation in Chinese history and the enduring questions they raise in terms of philosophy, religion, gender, ethnicity, and politics.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgenderSDG5,SDG10
EAS247H1History of Capitalism in Modern JapanThis course provides a historical narrative of the development of the capitalist mode of production in Japan, from the mid-19th century to the present day. Readings include texts from various disciplines: economics, philosophy, social and labour history, and literature.Arts and Science, Faculty oflabour, capital, productionSDG8
EAS289H1Environment and East AsiaThis course introduces environmental issues that are important to East Asia. Or better put, it examines the role East Asia plays in the global environmental crisis. We engage both the factual and humanities' dimensions of Climate Change, biodiversity loss, and other urgent environmental crises.Arts and Science, Faculty ofclimate, environmental, biodiversSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
EAS330H1Narrative Strategies in Modern Japanese FictionDiscussion of narratives by modern Japanese authors with attention to issues in narratology and contemporary narrative studies such as: voice and perspective; gender and power relationships of the narrator-narratee-narrated; the act of narrating, writing, listening and reading; and metafictional paradox.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgenderSDG5
EAS388H1Asian/North American Feminist IssuesA transpacific examination of gender and sexuality issues that have directly and indirectly affected Asians and Asian North Americans. Considers, for example, the gender and sexual representations of Asia in North America, the psycho-history of the "Yellow Peril" and its ramifications beyond Asian North Americans, and the history of immigration, nationalism, colonialism, war, and the militarized empire.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, feminis, nationalismSDG5,SDG10
EAS433H1Chinese Cultural Studies Seminar: LandLand as part of the Earth is repeatedly reconfigured in China throughout the 20th century, first by the Reformists and pioneers of the New Culture, then by geoscientists and writers, as well as by economic planners and social thinkers of recent decades. This seminar provides a critical review of this multi-dimensional cultural and conceptual practice of land, as well as its possible role in the era of climate change.Arts and Science, Faculty ofclimate, landSDG13,SDG15
ECE472H1Engineering Economic Analysis & EntrepreneurshipThe economic evaluation and justification of engineering projects and investment proposals are discussed. Cost concepts; financial and cost accounting; depreciation; the time value of money and compound interest; inflation; capital budgeting; equity, bond and loan financing; income tax and after-tax cash flow in engineering project proposals; measures of economic merit in the public sector; sensitivity and risk analysis. Applications: evaluations of competing engineering project alternatives; replacement analysis; economic life of assets; lease versus buy decisions; break-even and sensitivity analysis. Entrepreneurship and the Canadian business environment will be discussed.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofequity, entrepreneur, capital, invest, equit, incomeSDG8,SDG9,SDG12
ECE520H1Power ElectronicsFocuses on power electronic converters utilized in applications ranging from low-power mobile devices to higher power applications such as electric vehicles, server farms, microgrids, and renewable energy systems. Concepts covered include the principles of efficient electrical energy processing (dc-dc, dc/ac, and ac/ac) through switch-mode energy conversion, converter loss analysis, large- and small-signal modeling of power electronic circuits and controller design.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofenergy, renewablSDG9
ECO105Y1Principles of Economics for Non-SpecialistsFundamentals for consumers, businesses, citizens. Microeconomics focuses on cost/benefit analysis: gains from trade, price coordination, competition/monopoly, efficiency/equity tradeoffs, government/market failures, environmental policies, income/wealth distributions. Macroeconomics focuses on: GDP growth, unemployment, inflation, monetary/fiscal policies, business cycles, exchange rates, government deficits/debt, globalization. Emphasizes economic literacy, fewer mathematical tools than ECO101H1, ECO102H1.Arts and Science, Faculty ofwealth distribution, equity, citizen, employment, globaliz, trade, equit, income, consum, environmentalSDG1,SDG8,SDG10
ECO199H1Economics and Sustainable, Green DevelopmentEconomic growth has been a powerful force through history in improving living standards throughout the world. At the same time, there is a growing recognition that environmental damages frequently accompany this growth, whether it be at the local level (soil degradation and deforestation), or the global level (climate change). Economics studies the allocation of scarce resources, but how can it incorporate "the environment" in a meaningful way that can help guide policy-makers in the 21st century? This course is a fast review of economic approaches and tools, and a review of a wide range of environmental policies, designed to manage the possible adverse impacts of economic expansions. The major emphasis in this course is on the market-based policies that guarantee incentive compatibility of these policies, thus, a higher chance of success. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofeconomic growth, climate, environmental, forest, soil, deforestationSDG8,SDG12,SDG13
ECO202Y5Macroeconomic Theory and PolicyMacroeconomics studies the economy as a whole. The issues it covers include: Why are some countries much richer than others? Why do most Canadians live much better than their ancestors? Why are there recessions in economic activity? What are the causes of inflation and unemployment? What are the consequences of opening up trade and investment with the rest of the world? This course develops a series of models to answer these and similar questions. *ECO202Y5 is not open to Commerce students in Fall/WinterUniversity of Toronto Mississaugaemployment, invest, trade, co2SDG1,SDG8,SDG10
ECO209Y1Macroeconomic Theory and Policy (for Commerce)Macroeconomic issues relevant for commerce students. Analytical tools are used to examine policy issues: Canadian government budgets, Bank of Canada monetary policy, exchange rate policy, foreign trade policy and government regulation of financial intermediaries. This course is restricted to students in the Commerce programs.Arts and Science, Faculty oftradeSDG8,SDG16
ECO209Y5Macroeconomic Theory and Policy (for Commerce)This course covers macroeconomic topics relevant for commerce students. Analytical tools are used to examine various policy questions, including fiscal policy, monetary policy, exchange rate policy, foreign trade policy, labour market policy, and government regulation of financial intermediaries.University of Toronto Mississaugalabour, tradeSDG8,SDG16
ECO225H1Big-Data Tools for EconomistsAn introduction to the big-data tools—including Machine-Learning techniques—economists increasingly use in applied research. The course explores unstructured data sources such as text files, webpages, social media posts, satellite imagery, and weather data. It offers a practical introduction to creating datasets from these sources (e.g., web scrapping), linking data, and managing and visualizing them (e.g., geospatial visualization).Arts and Science, Faculty oflearning, weatherSDG4,SDG13
ECO231H1Economics of Global TradeThis course is intended primarily for students in the International Relations program. This course offers an introduction to the economic causes and consequences of international trade in goods, services, labour, innovation and capital. Attention will be devoted to the economic impact of policies that affect these flows, such as protectionism and outsourcing.Arts and Science, Faculty oflabour, capital, trade, outsourcSDG8,SDG10
ECO302H5World Economic History Prior to 1870This course will focus on the economic success and failure of several key countries and regions from the start of the second millennium up to the early twentieth century. Topics include: pre-modern growth in China & India vs. Europe, the first industrial revolution, exploitation and international trade in the British Empire, the standards-of-living debate, the second industrial revolution. [24L, 12T] This course is part of the Certificate in Global Perspectives.University of Toronto Mississaugatrade, exploitationSDG8,SDG9,SDG10
ECO303H5World Economic History After 1870This course will focus on the economic success and failure of several key countries and regions during the twentieth century. Topics include: globalization, causes and consequences of interwar instability, a history of modern development (Japan, the Asian Tigers, India & China vs. Latin America), new institutional economics & new economic geography: African atrophy. [24L, 12T] This course is part of the Certificate in Global Perspectives.University of Toronto Mississaugaglobaliz, institutSDG8,SDG9,SDG10,SDG16
ECO306H1American Economic HistoryA survey of American economic history from the ante-bellum period to the present. Potential topics include: the rapid growth of the American economy in the late 19th and early 20th century; causes of the onset of the Great Depression; the economic impact of slavery and its aftermath; health and demographic trends; and 20th century trends in inequality.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinequality, equalitSDG10
ECO312H5Firms and MarketsThis course studies firms’ strategies and the role of government regulators in different markets. Specifically, it studies strategic decisions that firms make when they interact with other firms. These include how to price in the face of competition, how much to invest in R&D or advertising, and whether to buy a rival (by merging, integrating). The course also analyzes the conditions under which firm’s choices require intervention by market regulators due to a tension between firms’ profits and consumer welfare. The course draws on tools from microeconomics and game theory, and the analysis is supplemented by real world examples and case studies from the business world.University of Toronto Mississaugawelfare, invest, consumSDG1,SDG8,SDG9
ECO313H1Environmental Economics and PoliciesThis course demonstrates how a rigorous application of microeconomic techniques can inform our responses to various environmental problems. Topics may include: air and water pollution and renewable resource management.Arts and Science, Faculty ofpollution, water, renewabl, environmental, pollutSDG1,SDG3,SDG6,SDG7,SDG8,SDG9,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
ECO313H5Environmental EconomicsApplication of economics to the field of environmental and natural resource economics. This course uses economic theory and empirical evidence to address important environmental issues, such as management of renewable and non-renewable resources, and different forms of environmental regulation and pollution control. The course will focus on market based instruments, such as tradeable pollution rights, and climate change problems.University of Toronto Mississaugapollution, renewabl, trade, natural resource, climate, environmental, pollutSDG3,SDG6,SDG7,SDG8,SDG9,SDG10,SDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
ECO314H1Energy and the EnvironmentThis course surveys important features of energy markets and related environmental challenges. One of the central objectives is to provide an understanding of the key economic tools needed to analyse these markets. A related objective is the development of a framework for understanding the public discourse on energy and the environment. Topics include: the hydrocarbon economy (oil, natural gas and coal), electricity markets, global warming and other externalities, renewable energy, conservation, carbon taxes and ‘cap-and-trade’.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenergy, renewabl, trade, carbon tax, global warming, environmental, conservSDG4,SDG7,SDG10,SDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
ECO317H1Concepts of Fairness in EconomicsHow can we make collective decisions fairly? What does it mean to properly balance conflicting interests? How can we combine the well-being of individuals into a concept of societal well-being? We explore these and related ethical questions from the perspective of economic theory. A central tool is the axiomatic approach, which calls for decisions to be consistent, in precise senses, across related situations. Possible topics include: rationing problems, the Shapley value, fair division, discrimination, voting theory, foundations of utilitarianism and egalitarianism, measurement of inequality, population ethics, intergenerational equity, and concepts of equal opportunity.Arts and Science, Faculty ofwell-being, equity, inequality, equit, equalitSDG8,SDG10
ECO320H5Economic Analysis of Law: Part 1This course examines the economic basis for law and legal institutions. The topics covered include the microeconomic analysis of property rights, contract law, tort law, crime, and the limitations of economic analysis. The appropriate economic measures of damages in tort and contract cases will be discussed. No previous familiarity with the law is assumed. (This is an economic analysis of legal issues, not a course in law.)University of Toronto MississaugainstitutSDG1,SDG16
ECO321H5Economic Analysis of Law: Part 2This course is a continuation of ECO320H5 An Economic Analysis of Law: Part 1. The topics covered include the microeconomic analysis of corporate law, law and financial markets, bankruptcy law, intellectual property law, marriage and divorce law and the choice between regulation and the common law.University of Toronto Mississaugafinancial marketSDG10,SDG16
ECO324H1Economic DevelopmentThis course critically analyzes issues related to economic development and the associated policy responses. Tools from micro and macroeconomic theory are employed, as well as the critical assessment of empirical evidence. Topics may include: education, health, credit markets, inequality, and the role of foreign aid.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinequality, equalitSDG4,SDG10
ECO324H5Economic DevelopmentEconomic development and transformation of the low-income countries of Latin America, Africa and Asia. Theory and policy analysis relating to the following economic issues in these countries: higher rates of economic growth, the role of the government in resource allocation, the industrial-agricultural sector interface, inward versus outward looking trade strategies, and the international debt problem. The following problems will also be addressed: food supply, domestic savings, tax revenue, foreign exchange, foreign direct investment, high rates of inflation, benefit-cost analysis and economic planning. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugalow-income, agricultur, economic growth, invest, trade, incomeSDG1,SDG8,SDG9,SDG10,SDG16
ECO326H5Advanced Economic Theory - MicroThis course is an advanced analysis of microeconomic theory, including the behaviour of consumers under uncertainty; issues in poverty, inequality and social welfare; game theory and its applications to economics and political economy. This course is recommended for students contemplating graduate studies. This course is part of the Certificate in Advanced Economics.University of Toronto Mississaugapoverty, welfare, inequality, equalit, consumSDG1,SDG8,SDG9,SDG10
ECO333H1Urban EconomicsSpatial economic theory and urban public policy: firms and individuals in partial and general equilibrium, land development and land-use controls, urban transportation, efficiency and equity in spending and taxing.Arts and Science, Faculty ofequity, equit, urban, landSDG10,SDG11
ECO333H5Urban EconomicsThis is a course on the application of economic analysis to four major areas of urban activity. The areas are land markets, housing and buildings, transportation, and public finance. In each area, we will consider the role of the government and attempt to understand the source of many current urban economic problems. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugabuildings, urban, housing, landSDG9,SDG11,SDG12,SDG15
ECO334H1The Political Economy of MediaTools are developed to analyze voters and the role of information in democracies. Theories of voter information are evaluated using empirical literature on media and the political economy of media. The effects of innovations in information technology are explored and we will evaluate how the empirical results square with the theory. A study of newspapers, radio, television, cable, the Internet and social media, with a focus on empirical methods used to identify effects of media on voters.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinternet, democraSDG16
ECO335H5Public Economics I: Global Warming, Biodiversity Loss and InequalityPublic Economics I focuses on contemporary public policy questions. The goal of the course is to help students develop and apply analytical tools, such as cost-benefit analysis, to examine pressing policy issues of our time. Issues include responses to global warming, preserving biodiversity, combating growing inequality, and the regulation of addictive substances. Students will learn how to use empirical evidence to examine these issues. The course places a strong emphasis on discussion, debate, and effective writing about policy issues from an economics perspective. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugainequality, equalit, global warming, biodiversSDG10,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15,SDG16
ECO338H1Economics of CareersThe economic analysis of careers from the perspectives of both workers and employers. How do people decide what to study, what careers to pursue, and when to change jobs? How do these decisions interact with the structure of firms? The impact of specialization and the division of labour on the evolution of careers is considered, as are the role of cognitive and communication skills in the labour market.Arts and Science, Faculty oflabour, workerSDG8
ECO339H1Labour Economics: Employment, Wages and Public PolicyUsing tools from microeconomic theory and statistics, this course introduces students to the study of labour markets, focusing on employment and wage determination, and the application of labour economics to public policy. Topics may include: labour supply, labour demand, estimating the impact of welfare programs, minimum wages, and other labour market interventions.Arts and Science, Faculty ofwelfare, employment, labour, wageSDG1,SDG8
ECO340H1Labour Economics: The Distribution of EarningsUsing tools from microeconomic theory and statistics, this course studies the determinants of wages across labour markets. Topics include: the theory of compensating differentials, human capital, discrimination, immigration, unions, and alternative models of compensation. In addition, students are introduced to microeconomic models of unemployment. Throughout the course, there is an emphasis on the evaluation of empirical evidence.Arts and Science, Faculty ofemployment, labour, wage, capitalSDG1,SDG8,SDG9
ECO341H1The Eonomic History of the 20th Century: Trade, Migration, Money and Finance before 1945Tailored to advanced students in Economics, Commerce, International Relations and History. The focus is on growth and fluctuations in Europe and North America between roughly 1870 and 1939, with a particular emphasis on international trade and payments, migration, investment, and monetary arrangements.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinvest, tradeSDG8,SDG9
ECO342H1Twentieth Century Economic History: Institutions, Growth and InequalityTailored to advanced students in Economics, Commerce, International Relations and History. The focus is on institutions, growth and inequality in countries across the world.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinequality, equalit, institutSDG8,SDG10,SDG16
ECO343H5Labour Economics and Public PolicyThis course uses both applied microeconomic theory and empirical analysis to examine labour markets in Canada. The course is especially focused on the link between research and public policy. Topics to be covered include: labour supply and demand, minimum wages, immigration, human capital, education production, inter- and intra-generational equality, and peer effects. At the end of the course, students should have a firm grasp of key policy issues involving Canada's labour market and be able to critique the quality of other empirical studies. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugalabour, wage, capital, equalit, productionSDG4,SDG8,SDG9,SDG10,SDG12
ECO344H5Labour Economics and Market FrictionsThis course studies the economic behaviour of employers and employees as they interact in the labour market. The class extends beyond basics of labour supply and demand to consider cases when markets are not always perfectly competitive. The course will cover such topics as segmented labour markets, unionization and collective bargaining, unemployment, monopsony, and discrimination. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugaemployment, labourSDG8
ECO359H1Financial Economics II: Corporate FinanceAgency and incomplete information problems inherent in financial transactions; the role of contractual arrangements in overcoming them. Financial constraints on investment decisions of firms; the financial system in economic growth; the legal system in the functioning of financial markets. A look at theoretical and empirical literature covering these issues.Arts and Science, Faculty ofeconomic growth, invest, financial market, legal systemSDG8,SDG9,SDG16
ECO362H1Economic GrowthThe course considers a broad range of issues that underlie economic growth, including technical progress and the accumulation of human and physical capital. Beyond these factors, the course also investigates the efficiency with which capital is used, the role of foreign trade, and the possible roles of institutions and geography.Arts and Science, Faculty ofeconomic growth, capital, invest, trade, institutSDG1,SDG8,SDG9,SDG16
ECO362H5Economic Growth: Theory and EvidenceDifferences in income per capita levels and growth rates across countries are large. Understanding the causes behind these differences is a fundamental question in economics. The main objective of this course is to apply economic theory to understand and interpret empirical observations on economic development and growth. By the end of this course students will have a basic knowledge of the main facts characterizing economic development and growth over time and across countries, as well as the ability of theoretical models to account for these facts. The topics that will be covered in the course include the role of physical and human capital accumulation in growth and income differences, the reallocation of factors across sectors (structural transformation) and aggregate productivity, the importance of the misallocation of resources across heterogeneous firms in aggregate productivity. Key empirical applications include the growth performance of industrialized countries since World War II and the productivity slowdown observed in recent decades, the stagnation of living standards in many developing countries, and the role of automation and artificial intelligence in growth and development. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugaknowledge, economic growth, capital, incomeSDG4,SDG8,SDG9,SDG10
ECO367H1The Economics of InequalityThis course critically analyzes the causes and recent dynamics of economic inequality both between countries as well as within a particular country, with a particular emphasis on the role of public policy. Theoretical models and empirical approaches are employed, with a focus on the critical assessment of empirical evidence. Topics may include the role of traditional market forces (e.g., globalisation, technological change), the role of institutions (e.g., minimum wage, unions) as well as the role of race and gender.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, wage, globalis, inequality, equalit, institutSDG5,SDG8,SDG9,SDG10,SDG16
ECO369H1Health EconomicsThe provision of health care provides many special problems of informational asymmetry, regulation, insurance and redistribution. A consideration of the demand and supply side problems. Alternative reform proposals for health care are explored.Arts and Science, Faculty ofhealth careSDG3,SDG9
ECO402H1Topics in Health EconomicsThis course explores a variety of topics in health economics, providing students with an overview of current and historical institutional characteristics of the market for, and public policy towards, health care. Students will apply theoretical and empirical tools to current domestic and international issues in health policy. No previous background in health economics is required.Arts and Science, Faculty ofhealth care, institutSDG3,SDG16
ECO403H1Topics in Development Economics and PolicyThis course covers a variety of topics pertaining to economic development and associated policies. Depending on the course instructor, the focus may be on theories and policies related to poverty alleviation, human capital formation, financial markets, international trade, governance or economic growth.Arts and Science, Faculty ofpoverty, economic growth, capital, trade, financial market, governanceSDG1,SDG8,SDG9,SDG16
ECO411H5Human Capital and Education in the Economy(Formerly ECO412Y5) This course addresses empirical and theoretical issues in education economics. Topics will include the interaction of human capital with growth and inequality, teacher incentives and teacher quality, early childhood education, and the racial achievement gap. We will also discuss the tools economists use to measure the causal effects of policies, and consider how statistics often presented in policy debates may be biased. After this course, students should be comfortable reading research papers in economics. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugacapital, inequality, equalitSDG4,SDG9,SDG10
ECO414H1Energy and RegulationThis course provides a general treatment of the economics of energy markets and the use of regulation in addressing environmental and other issues arising in these markets. A central theme is the search for an appropriate balance between market forces and regulatory/government intervention. Familiarity with tools of microeconomics and statistics/econometrics is essential. Topics include: oil, natural gas, coal and electricity markets, global warming and other externalities, networks, feed-in-tariffs, carbon taxes, ‘cap-and-trade’ and incentive regulation.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenergy, trade, carbon tax, global warming, environmentalSDG6,SDG7,SDG10,SDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
ECO433H5Gender and Family EconomicsIn this course, students will examine gender and the family within modern economics. Topics include: gender wage differentials in labour markets; labour force participation; marriage markets; intimate partner violence; fertility and the demand for children; divorce; and the life cycle of the family. Concepts are applied to current topics within the development and labour literatures.ÂUniversity of Toronto Mississaugagender, labour, wage, violenceSDG5,SDG8,SDG16
ECO451H1Macroeconomic GrowthStudies current empirical evidence, and corresponding theoretical models to explain and understand macroeconomic growth, and its varied experience across countries. Coverage and depth of treatment go beyond ECO362H1. Students may benefit from, but need not have taken ECO362H1.Arts and Science, Faculty ofeconomic growthSDG8
ECTC63H3Translation and the EnvironmentThis course aims to foster in students a greater awareness and appreciation of how translation plays a vital role in our relationship to and with the environment. Through translation practice and by examining how the environment is translated in a selection of Chinese and English language texts and concepts in multiple mediums including cinema, television and the visual arts, the course will demonstrate that our perception of environmental issues is intimately connected to the translation of concepts, ideas and movements and how they have been transplanted into and out of English and Chinese.University of Toronto ScarboroughenvironmentalSDG4,SDG10,SDG16
EDS100H5Introduction to Education StudiesThis course explores broad social and cultural issues in education. It will address questions about how we advance knowledge, who controls how and what we learn and what role education has in how societies are shaped, changed and reproduced. Students will evaluate the influence education can have on who we are, how we wish to live and what we aspire to as citizens in a global and digital community. This investigation will also consider how language, race, gender, class and culture intersect with teaching and learning. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugaknowledge, learning, citizen, gender, investSDG4,SDG5
EDS101H5Health and EducationThis course serves as an introduction to theory and research in the related fields of health and education. Students will learn to identify, address, and manage health-related risk in school environments by deepening their knowledge of holistic and brain-based theory. The course will explore health and wellness as a fundamental human right by addressing proactive approaches through the Determinants of Health and Developmental Assets Framework. Active research will include investigation of school-based policies and practices (e.g, the critique of a new fitness technology, examination of a school food and nutrition program, assessment of a school health campaign).ÂUniversity of Toronto Mississauganutrition, knowledge, investSDG2,SDG3,SDG4
EDS200H5Learning Through the LifespanThis course focuses on the physical skills, cognitive abilities, and socioemotional experiences that shape an individual’s capacity to learn throughout the lifespan (i.e., infancy to late adulthood). It will address how learning is a lifelong process and how we are continually educating ourselves in different ways by incorporating strategies that best suit our lifespan stage. Critical research and theorists will be discussed to enhance the topics presented. Students are required to complete an 8-hour field experience, and obtain a valid vulnerable sector police check in advance of placement.University of Toronto MississaugalearningSDG4
EDS220H5Equity and Diversity in EducationThis course focuses on raising awareness and sensitivity to equity and diversity issues facing teachers and students in diverse schools and cultural communities. It includes a field experience which entails observation of, and participation in, equity and diversity efforts in a community organization.[36L]University of Toronto Mississaugaequity, equitSDG4,SDG10
EDS250H5Indigenous EducationThis course is open to all students from any discipline. Designed to increase opportunities to learn about education through a First Nation, Métis and Inuit perspective, the course will increase knowledge and awareness about pedagogies, learning approaches and educational experiences related to indigenous people living in Canada. In line with indigenous ways of knowing, this course will be structured with learning that involves reflecting on personal actions by looking at ways that indigenous models of education support social and community well-being. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugawell-being, knowledge, learning, indigenousSDG3,SDG4,SDG10,SDG16
EDS260H1Equity and Diversity in EducationThis course focuses on raising awareness and sensitivity to equity and diversity issues facing teachers and students in diverse schools and cultural communities. It builds knowledge of how oppression works and how cultural resources and educational practices may be brought to bear on reducing oppression and improving equity. Restricted to students enrolled in the Education and Society Minor.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, equity, equitSDG4,SDG10
EDS261H1Child and Adolescent Development in EducationThis course examines how children and adolescents develop and explores how best to facilitate their growth and learning in the area of education. Major topics include cognitive, emotional, social, moral, physical and language development. Themes addressed include interpersonal relationships such as pro-social and aggressive behaviour, as well as the influence of schooling, family life and culture. This course includes an experiential learning component whereby students will profile a child based on their cognitive, social-emotional, and physical development. Restricted to students enrolled in the Education and Society Minor.ÂArts and Science, Faculty oflearningSDG4
EDS285H5The Future of Ed Tech: Active Learning Classrooms and Artificial IntelligenceThis course will explore research on emerging digital models, learning pods, platforms, apps and policies that seek to further customize, enhance and bring greater equity to education through technology. From the initiation of open courseware, to the inception of virtual reality, artificial intelligence, ALC classrooms, makerspaces and the “shared economy”, this course will foster a culture of digital innovation to investigate, accelerate, test and study new possibilities and advancements in the field of educational technology.University of Toronto Mississaugalearning, equity, invest, equitSDG4,SDG9,SDG10
EDS291H5Black EducationThis course investigates first-hand experiences and contributions of black students and teachers in the Canadian education system. Historical, systemic barriers to access will be studied along with current policy, practice and teaching pedagogies that aim to produce systems of education without oppression. By looking specifically at research focused on black schooling in Ontario, students will engage in policy analysis and assess current Afrocentric schooling models to assess effectiveness in eliminating educational inequality. Drawing on principles of equity and diversity, Afrofuturist scholarship will be emphasized and provide the framework that seeks to understand and investigate the past to better inform education’s future.
University of Toronto Mississaugaequity, invest, inequality, equit, equalitSDG4,SDG9,SDG10,SDG17
EDS310H5Education in a Global ContextThis course invites students to explore, analyze and compare educational themes and topics within a global context. Using leading frameworks of transformative change, students develop knowledge, apply critical thinking, practice cultural proficiency and empathy as they conduct a comparative analysis of teaching and learning models in both an international and local setting. University of Toronto Mississaugaknowledge, learningSDG4,SDG16
EDS345H5Design Thinking Incubator: From Problem into PrototypeThis course is open to all students on campus and provides an intellectual toolset for finding innovative solutions to complex problems. Students will learn to apply education theory to design thinking models in order to identify and solve real-world challenges facing their chosen discipline, whether in business, education, healthcare, etc. An iterative approach for testing, refining, and improving their idea will be used to create a working prototype of their proposed solution. This will demonstrate the idea's sustainability, scalability and viability, while taking into account ethical and legal implications.University of Toronto MississaugahealthcareSDG4,SDG17
EDS356H1Multiliteracies in EducationThis course introduces students to a multiliteracies framework through the pedagogical lens of social justice and diversity. Class participants learn to integrate the multimodalities of literacy in their teaching practice and expand their understanding of 21st-century literacy. Themes include language development, print literacy, digital literacy, critical literacy, visual literacy and multicultural perspectives on literacy. This course requires students' enrolment in the Education and Society Minor or permission of the instructor.Arts and Science, Faculty ofsocial justiceSDG4,SDG10,SDG16
EDS357H1Education in a Global ContextThis course provides a historical overview and contemporary analysis of perspectives and practices of international education with a focus on international development and policy. Factors that shape the global architecture of education will be explored; these may include theories of globalization, education reform, comparative education, peace education, international schooling and global citizenship education. Students will have the opportunity to analyze education reforms and to address issues related to access and quality of learning.Arts and Science, Faculty oflearning, peace, citizen, globalizSDG4,SDG9,SDG16,SDG17
EDS358H1Residential Schools and Education in CanadaAn exploration of Residential Schools in Canada and their impacts on education and lives of First Nations, Métis and Inuit peoples. This course investigates the historical educational ideology of residential schools and their relationship to colonization, the role of government and organized religion in the residential school system, and contemporary strategies that encourage stable and trusting relationships with Indigenous communities. This course will also explore aspects of the Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission Calls to Action.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinvest, indigenous, reconciliation, truth and reconciliationSDG4,SDG10,SDG16
EEB196H1Using Ecology and Evolution to Understand our WorldUnderstand the living world by learning principles of ecology and evolution. Through discussion, scientific literature research, seminal readings, written reports and presentations, you will discover how scientists ask and answer questions in ecology and evolution. Specific topics will vary to emphasize the expertise of the instructor, with examples including: Are humans still evolving? What is causing the sixth extinction crisis and how can we protect endangered species? Are species shifting their ranges to mitigate the impacts of climate change, and should we be helping them? How do diseases evolve and can we use evolutionary tools to control diseases of concern? Why are there so many species, and do introduced species increase or lower this diversity? Can and should we use evolution to create improved species? For non-science students in all disciplines. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty oflearning, climate, species, ecolog, endangered speciesSDG4,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
EEB199H1Humans, Evolution and EcologyLearn about the evolution and ecology of humans and other species. Through discussion, scientific literature research, seminal readings, written reports and presentations you will discover scientific answers to questions such as (topics vary among years): How did life originate? Why are there so many species? Where did humans come from? Will humans become extinct? How can we explain human DNA and human brain size? Need we worry about climate change? What is causing the sixth extinction crisis? Are there ecological limits to human population size? What will life be like in the Anthropocene? Are humans still evolving? For non-science students in all disciplines. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofclimate, anthropocene, species, ecologSDG13
EEB240H1Environmental Biology: From Organisms to EcosystemsBiological processes depend on, and impact, environmental conditions that change across space and time, from local scales to biomes, and from seconds to millennia. This course examines the relationships among organisms, populations, and communities, and ecosystems, including the increasing impacts of human activity on environmental conditions. It draws links between global change, biological diversity, and the functions of ecosystems from local to global scales. We use examples from both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems and emphasize the connectivity across ecosystems and ecosystem-types. Field trips and labs. Mandatory day-long field trip on a weekend (students choose which day; a fee of $17 may be charged for transportation).Arts and Science, Faculty ofABS, environmental, ecosystemSDG14,SDG15
EEB255H1Essentials of Biodiversity Science and Conservation Biology“Classical” and “new” concepts in biodiversity and conservation. Topics may include: evolution and ecology in the past (Holocene) and future (Anthropocene); levels and kinds of biodiversity; valuing biodiversity through ecological economics; causes of endangerment; predicting extinction; genetic and demographic theory; habitat protection and captive breeding; conservation policies and endangered species acts; designing future biodiversity.Arts and Science, Faculty ofanthropocene, conserv, species, biodivers, ecolog, endangered speciesSDG14,SDG15
EEB266H1Animal Diversity: InvertebratesThe diversity of invertebrates (e.g. sponges, jellyfish, flatworms, molluscs, segmented worms, round worms, arthropods, echinoderms and several smaller phyla) is explored, focusing on taxonomic characters that define each group and their placement in the evolutionary tree of life, ecological function, biological requirements, and geographical distribution. Labs emphasize identification and recognition of major groups, including dissection when appropriate. (Lab Materials Fee: $26)Arts and Science, Faculty ofABS, fish, animal, ecologSDG14,SDG15
EEB267H1Animal Diversity: VertebratesIntroduction to the diversity of chordate animals (vertebrates, tunicates, and lancelets), focusing on morphological, physiological, ecological and behavioural traits that make each group special and how those traits increase vulnerability to human-based exploitation. Labs involve living organisms whenever possible, but only for display purposes.Arts and Science, Faculty ofvulnerability, ABS, animal, ecolog, exploitationSDG14,SDG15
EEB268H1Plant and Microbial DiversityIntroduction to the biology of algae, fungi, and land plants. Lectures and labs emphasize the diversity of organisms with a focus on life cycles, ecology, and evolution. (Lab Materials Fee: $26)Arts and Science, Faculty ofABS, ecolog, landSDG14,SDG15
EEB319H1Population EcologyAbundance and distribution of populations; population growth and regulation; fluctuations, stochasticity and chaos; meta-population persistence and extinction; age and stage-structured populations; interactions within and between species; optimal harvesting; spread of infectious diseases. Labs include experiments and computer simulations. (Lab Materials Fee: $26)Arts and Science, Faculty ofABS, species, ecologSDG2,SDG14,SDG15
EEB328H1Physiological EcologyAn advanced treatment of the physiological mechanisms controlling plant and animal distribution and ecological success. Topics of focus include photosynthesis and resource balance, water and nutrient relations, temperature effects, and adaptations to abiotic stress. A fee of approximately $17 may be charged for field trip transportation.Arts and Science, Faculty ofwater, animal, ecologSDG14,SDG15
EEB365H1Topics in Applied Conservation BiologyApplied conservation biology including management (at the level of species/populations, environments/landscapes, and ecosystems) and how to conserve and maintain biodiversity and ecosystem function (including species and ecosystem distribution modelling).Arts and Science, Faculty ofconserv, species, biodivers, ecosystem, landSDG14,SDG15
EEB382H1Diversity of FishesSystematics, morphology, ecology, behaviour, biogeography, and conservation of fishes. Identification of major groups of fish; what makes each group biologically special and how those unique traits might contribute to conservation concerns. Labs focus on exercises designed to highlight how ichthyologists actually do research. (Lab Materials Fee: $26)Arts and Science, Faculty ofABS, conserv, fish, ecologSDG14,SDG15
EEB386H1Diversity of BirdsDiversity of Birds provides a general overview of bird biology and diversity, including bird origins and evolution, modern classification and diversity, flight evolution and mechanics, reproduction, ecology, and conservation. Labs focus on anatomy, functional morphology and field techniques that will be put into practice in a final field trip.Arts and Science, Faculty ofABS, production, conserv, ecologSDG14,SDG15
EEB397Y1Research Project in Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyAn intermediate research project requiring the prior consent of a member of the Department to supervise the project. The topic is to be one mutually agreed on by the student and supervisor. They must arrange the time, place, and provision of any materials and submit to the Undergraduate Office a signed form of agreement outlining details prior to being enrolled. This course is open to highly self-motivated students who are in their Third Year and have a strong interest in ecology and/or evolutionary biology. Students are required to write up the results of their research in a formal paper, often in the format of a research article, and may be required to present the results at a poster session and/or participate in an oral presentation. Students should contact their potential supervisors over the summer before classes begin in September. Information regarding how to apply and register for the course is available on the EEB website. Not eligible for CR/NCR option. Note: cannot enrol if already taken the fourth year research project course EEB498Y1/EEB499Y1.Arts and Science, Faculty ofecologSDG15
EEB428H1Global Change EcologyAn examination of organism, population, and ecosystem responses to long-term environmental change occurring at the global scale, with emphasis on human caused perturbation to climate and the carbon, nitrogen, and hydrolic cycles and their ecological effects.Arts and Science, Faculty ofclimate, environmental, ecosystem, ecologSDG12,SDG14,SDG15
EEB491H1Seminar in Biodiversity and Conservation BiologySeminar course in biodiversity and conservation biology, emphasizing critical thinking and the synthesis of ideas crossing disciplinary boundaries. Group discussions among peers, facilitated by faculty, and student presentations. Discussions include critical analysis of research and review articles in the primary literature, with a focus on recent developments in biodiversity science and conservation biology. Evaluation based on presentations, participation in class discussions, and written assignments. (Note: students may take this course only once)Arts and Science, Faculty ofconserv, biodiversSDG12,SDG14,SDG15
EEB497H1Research Studies in Ecology & Evolutionary BiologyAn independent studies half-credit course allowing students to produce a literature review, which is supervised by a faculty member in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. Highly motivated fourth-year students will work closely with a supervisor and be required to write up the results of their research in a final research paper. Students should contact a potential supervisor well before classes begin in the fall, winter, or summer session. Students cannot take more than two independent research courses of EEB 497H1, 498Y1, and 499Y1, and the second project must be with a different supervisor. Information on how to apply for the course is available on the EEB website. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofecologSDG15
EEB498Y1Advanced Research Project in Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyAn advanced research project (a literature review alone is not sufficient) requiring the prior consent of a member of the Department to supervise the project. The topic is to be one mutually agreed on by the student and supervisor. They must arrange the time, place, and provision of any materials and submit to the Undergraduate Office a signed form of agreement outlining details prior to being enrolled. This course is open only to highly self-motivated students who are in their Fourth-Year and have adequate background in ecology and/or evolutionary biology. Students are required to write up the results of their research in a formal paper, often in the format of a research article, and are also required to present the results at a poster session and/or oral presentation. The time commitment is approximately 8 hours per week. Students should contact their potential supervisors over the summer before classes begin in September. Information regarding how to apply and register for the course is available on the EEB website. Students in this course are also concurrently enrolled in EEB488H1Y Research Issues in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofecologSDG15
EEB499Y1Advanced Research Project in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology IIAn advanced research project (a literature review alone is not sufficient) that allows students to do another independent project, supervision of which must be different from EEB497H1/EEB498Y1. It requires the prior consent of a member of the Department to supervise the project. The topic is to be one mutually agreed on by the student and supervisor. They must arrange the time, place, and provision of any materials and submit to the Undergraduate Office a signed form of agreement outlining details prior to being enrolled. This course is open only to highly self-motivated students who are in their Fourth Year and have adequate background in ecology and/or evolutionary biology. Students are required to write up the results of their research in a formal paper, often in the format of a research article, and are also required to present the results at a poster session and/or oral presentation. The time commitment is approximately 8 hours per week. Students should contact their potential supervisors over the summer before classes begin in September. Information regarding how to apply and register for the course is available on the EEB website. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofecologSDG15
EESA01H3Introduction to Environmental ScienceThe scientific method and its application to natural systems. The physical and biological processes which drive ecosystem functions. Anthropogenic changes in ecosystem functions at local and global scales. Emphasis on the degradation of the atmosphere, soil, water and biological resources caused by human activity. Renewable and non-renewable resource sustainability. Laboratories will include hands-on field and lab related practical experience.University of Toronto Scarboroughwater, renewabl, labor, environmental, anthropogenic, ecosystem, soilSDG6,SDG7,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
EESA06H3Introduction to Planet EarthThis general interest course explores the composition, structure and origin of the Earth and the tectonic, chemical and biological processes that have evolved over the last 4.5 billion years. It explains how planet "works" as a complex system. It provides a fundamental basis for understanding many of the environmental challenges faced by human societies especially natural hazards, water shortages, and climate change, and the importance of natural resources to our economy.University of Toronto Scarboroughwater, natural resource, climate, environmental, planetSDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
EESA07H3WaterThis course consists of a survey of the planet's water resources and the major issues facing the use of water. Topics include: Earth, the watery planet; water, the last great resource; Canada's waters; Ontario's waters; water and man; water contamination; and protecting our waters. Case studies such as the Walkerton tragedy will be studied. No prior knowledge of environmental science is required.University of Toronto Scarboroughknowledge, water, contamination, environmental, planetSDG6,SDG7,SDG10,SDG11,SDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
EESA09H3WindA survey of the science, history and applications of wind. Topics include storms including hurricanes, tornadoes and mid-latitude cyclones, global circulation, local circulations, measurement of winds, impact of winds on land surfaces, wind power, winds and pollution, historical and literary winds, and contemporary wind research. No prior knowledge of environmental science is required.University of Toronto Scarboroughpollution, knowledge, wind, environmental, pollut, landSDG7,SDG11,SDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
EESA10H3Human Health and the EnvironmentBecause of pollution, our surroundings are becoming increasingly hazardous to our health. The past century has seen intense industrialization characterized by the widespread production and use of chemicals and the intentional and unintentional disposal of a wide range of waste materials. This course explores the relationship between the incidence of disease in human populations and the environmental pollution. Emphasis will be placed on understanding where and what pollutants are produced, how they are taken up by humans and their long term effects on health; the role of naturally-occurring carcinogens will also be examined. The course will include a view of risk assessment and toxicology using case studies. No prior knowledge of environmental or medical science is required.University of Toronto Scarboroughpollution, knowledge, industrialization, production, waste, environmental, pollutSDG3,SDG6,SDG9,SDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
EESA11H3Environmental PollutionThis course illustrates the environmental effects of urban expansion, changing methods of agriculture, industrialization, recreation, resource extraction, energy needs and the devastation of war. Drawing on information from a wide spectrum of topics - such as waste disposal, tourism, the arctic, tropical forests and fisheries - it demonstrates what we know about how pollutants are produced, the pathways they take through the global environment and how we can measure them. The course will conclude with an examination of the state of health of Canada's environments highlighting areas where environmental contamination is the subject of public discussion and concern. No prior knowledge of environmental science is required.University of Toronto Scarboroughagricultur, pollution, knowledge, contamination, energy, industrialization, urban, waste, environmental, pollut, fish, forestSDG3,SDG6,SDG7,SDG9,SDG11,SDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
EESB03H3Principles of ClimatologyThis is an overview of the physical and dynamic nature of meteorology, climatology and related aspects of oceanography. Major topics include: atmospheric composition, nature of atmospheric radiation, atmospheric moisture and cloud development, atmospheric motion including air masses, front formation and upper air circulation, weather forecasting, ocean circulation, climate classification, climate change theory and global warming.University of Toronto Scarboroughclimate, global warming, weather, oceanSDG13
EESB04H3Principles of HydrologyThe water and energy balances; fluxes through natural systems. Process at the drainage basin scale: precipitation, evaporation, evapotranspiration and streamflow generation. The measurement of water fluxes, forecasting of rainfall and streamflow events. Human activity and change in hydrologic processes.University of Toronto Scarboroughwater, energySDG6,SDG7
EESB05H3Principles of Soil ScienceA study of the processes of pedogenesis and the development of diverse soil profiles, their field relationships and their response to changing environmental conditions.
An examination of the fundamental soil properties of importance in soil management. An introduction to the techniques of soil examination in the field, soil analysis in the laboratory and the basic principles of soil classification.
University of Toronto Scarboroughlabor, environmental, soilSDG1,SDG15
EESB16H3Feeding Humans - The Cost to the PlanetExamines the origins and systems of production of the major plants and animals on which we depend for food. Interactions between those species and systems and the local ecology will be examined, looking at issues of over harvesting, genetic erosion, soil erosion, pesticide use, and impacts of genetically modified strains.University of Toronto Scarboroughproduction, planet, species, animal, ecolog, soil, erosionSDG1,SDG2,SDG12,SDG14,SDG15
EESB18H3Natural HazardsThis course is an investigation of the geological background and possible solutions to major hazards in the environment.
Environmental hazards to be studied include: landslides, erosion, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, asteroid impacts, flooding, glaciation, future climate change, subsidence, and the disposal of toxic wastes. This may be of interest to a wide range of students in the life, social, and physical sciences; an opportunity for the non-specialist to understand headline-making geological events of topical interest. No prior knowledge of the Earth Sciences is required.
University of Toronto Scarboroughknowledge, invest, waste, climate, environmental, toxic waste, land, erosionSDG3,SDG9,SDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
EESB22H3Environmental GeophysicsThis course instructs students on the application of geophysical techniques (including gravity and magnetic surveys, electromagnetics, resistivity and seismology) to important environmental issues, such as monitoring climate change and natural hazards, clean energy assessments, and how to build sustainable cities. This lecture-based course teaches students the societal importance of environmental geophysics as well as how to effectively communicate uncertainty when interpreting data.University of Toronto Scarboroughenergy, cities, climate, environmentalSDG7,SDG11,SDG13
EESC04H3Biodiversity and BiogeographyTheoretical and practical aspect of the evolution of organismal diversity in a functional context; examination of species distributions and how these are organized for scientific study. Emphasis will be on the highly diverse invertebrate animals. Topics include biomes, dispersal, adaptation, speciation, extinction and the influence of climate history and humans.University of Toronto Scarboroughclimate, species, animal, biodiversSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
EESC07H3GroundwaterGroundwater represents the world's largest and most important fresh water resource. This basic course in hydrogeology introduces the principles of groundwater flow and aquifer storage and shows how a knowledge of these fundamental tools is essential for effective groundwater resource management and protection. Special emphasis is placed on the practical methods of resource exploration and assessment; examples of the approach are given for aquifers under environmental stress in southern Ontario, the US and Africa.University of Toronto Scarboroughknowledge, water, environmentalSDG3,SDG6,SDG10,SDG12,SDG13
EESC13H3Environmental Impact Assessment and AuditingTo familiarize students with the relevant legislation, qualitative and quantitative approaches and applications for environmental impact assessments and environmental auditing. The focus will be on the assessment of impacts to the natural environment, however, socio-economic impacts will also be discussed. Environmental auditing and environmental certification systems will be discussed in detail. Examples and case studies from forestry, wildlife biology and land use will be used to illustrate the principles and techniques presented in the course. Students will acquire "hands-on" experience in impact assessment and environmental auditing through case studies.University of Toronto Scarboroughsocio-economic, environmental, forest, land use, land, wildlifeSDG3,SDG13,SDG15,SDG16
EESC16H3Field Camp IMany environmental problems can only be assessed by collecting geological and other environmental data in the field. This course will provide students with the necessary skills for fieldwork investigations in a range of environments. The camp is held annually either in May or late August. Locations for the camp include Costa Rica, Rockies, Arizona, and Appalachians.University of Toronto Scarboroughinvest, environmentalSDG9,SDG13
EESC18H3LimnologyNorth America is endowed with eight of the twelve largest lakes in the world. The origin and geological history, cycles of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus, and structures of ecosystems of the North American Great Lakes will be used as examples of large lacustrine systems. Fundamental concepts of limnology will be related to features found in the Great Lakes.  Topics include: lake origins, lake classification, lake temperature structure and heat budgets, seasonal water circulations, productivity, plankton ecology, food-web dynamics, exotic species invasions, eutrophication-related phenomena and water quality/fisheries management. Specific anthropogenic influences will be illustrated using case studies from the local environment, and students will be allowed to pursue their own interests through a series of short seminars.University of Toronto Scarboroughwater, anthropogenic, fish, species, ecosystem, ecologSDG6,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15,SDG16
EESC19H3OceanographyThe world's oceans constitute more than 70% of the earth's surface environments. This course will introduce students to the dynamics of ocean environments, ranging from the deep ocean basins to marginal seas to the coastal ocean. The large-scale water circulation is examined from an observationally based water mass analysis and from a theoretical hydro-dynamical framework. The circulation of marginal seas, the role of tides, waves and other currents are studied in terms of their effects upon the coastal boundary.University of Toronto Scarboroughwater, oceanSDG6,SDG12,SDG14,SDG16
EESC24H3Advanced Readings in Environmental ScienceAn advanced supervised readings course that can be taken in any session. Students will follow structured independent readings in any area of Environmental Science. A description of the objectives and scope of the individual offering must be approved by the Supervisor of Studies. Two papers are required in the course; the supervisor and one other faculty member will grade them. The course may not be used as a substitute for EES Program requirements.University of Toronto ScarboroughenvironmentalSDG13
EESC25H3Urban ClimatologyThis course will focus on how urban areas modify the local environment, particularly the climates of cities. The physical basis of urban climatology will be examined considering the energy balance of urban surfaces. The urban heat island phenomenon and its modelling will be studied based on conceptual and applied urban-climate research. The impact of climate change on urban sectors such as urban energy systems, water and wastewater systems, and urban transportation and health systems will be examined through case studies. Students will have the opportunity to choose their own areas of interest to apply the knowledge they learn throughout the course and demonstrate their understanding in tutorial-based discussions. The students will be required to work with community or industry partners on a project to assess the impacts or urban climate change.University of Toronto Scarboroughknowledge, water, energy, cities, urban, waste, climate, landSDG6,SDG7,SDG11,SDG12,SDG13,SDG15,SDG16
EESC30H3Environmental MicrobiologyThis course examines the diversity of microorganisms, their adaptations to special habitats, and their critical role in the ecosystems and biogeochemical cycles. The course covers microbial phylogeny, physiological diversity, species interactions and state of the art methods of detection and enumeration.University of Toronto Scarboroughenvironmental, species, ecosystemSDG6,SDG14,SDG15
EESC33H3Environmental Science Field CourseA field course on selected topics in aquatic environments. Aquatic environmental issues require careful field work to collect related hydrological, meteorological, biological and other environmental data. This hands-on course will teach students the necessary skills for fieldwork investigations on the interactions between air, water, and biota.University of Toronto Scarboroughwater, invest, environmentalSDG6,SDG9,SDG13
EESC34H3Sustainability in PracticeThis course is intended for students who would like to apply theoretical principles of environmental sustainability learned in other courses to real-world problems. Students will identify a problem of interest related either to campus sustainability, a local NGO, or municipal, provincial, or federal government. Class meetings will consist of group discussions investigating key issues, potential solutions, and logistical matters to be considered for the implementation of proposed solutions. Students who choose campus issues will also have the potential to actually implement their solutions. Grades will be based on participation in class discussions, as well as a final report and presentation.

Same as ESTC34H3
University of Toronto Scarboroughinvest, environmentalSDG9,SDG13,SDG17
EESD02H3Contaminant HydrogeologyNatural hydrochemical processes; the use of major ions, minor ions, trace metals and environmental isotopes in studying the occurrence and nature of ground water flow. Point and non-point sources of ground water contamination and the mechanisms of contaminant transport.University of Toronto Scarboroughwater, contamination, environmentalSDG6,SDG13
EESD06H3Climate Change Impact AssessmentClimate change over the last 150 years is reviewed by examining the climate record using both direct measurements and proxy data. Projection of future climate is reviewed using the results of sophisticated climate modeling. The climate change impact assessment formalism is introduced and applied to several examples. Students will acquire practical experience in climate change impact assessment through case studies.University of Toronto ScarboroughclimateSDG13
EESD09H3Research Project in Environmental ScienceThis course entails the design, implementation, and reporting of an independent and substantial research project, under the direct supervision of a faculty member. Research may involve laboratory, fieldwork, and/or computer-based analyses, with the final products being presented primarily as a written thesis, although other course work, such as oral presentations of student research, may also be required. All areas of environmental science research that are supported by existing faculty members are permissible. The course should be undertaken after the end of the 3rd Year, and is subject to faculty availability. Faculty permission and supervision is required.University of Toronto Scarboroughlabor, environmentalSDG8,SDG13
EESD10Y3Research Project in Environmental ScienceThis course entails the design, implementation, and reporting of an independent and substantial research project, under the direct supervision of a faculty member. Research may involve laboratory, fieldwork, and/or computer-based analyses, with the final products being presented primarily as a written thesis, though other course work, such as oral presentations of student research, may also be required. All areas of environmental science research that are supported by existing faculty members are permissible. The course should be undertaken after the end of the 3rd Year, and is subject to faculty availability. Faculty permission and supervision is required.University of Toronto Scarboroughlabor, environmentalSDG8,SDG13
EESD13H3Environmental Law, Policy and EthicsThis course reviews the laws and policies governing the management of natural resources in Canada. It examines the role of law and how it can it can work most effectively with science, economics and politics to tackle environmental problems such as climate change, conservation, and urban sprawl at domestic and international scales.University of Toronto Scarboroughurban, natural resource, climate, environmental, conservSDG11,SDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15,SDG17
EESD15H3Fundamentals of Site RemediationThis course consists of a study of the ways in which hazardous organic and inorganic materials can be removed or attenuated in natural systems. The theory behind various technologies, with an emphasis on bioremediation techniques and their success in practice. An introduction to the unique challenges associated with the remediation of surface and ground water environments, soils, marine systems, and contaminated sediments.University of Toronto Scarboroughwater, remediation, marine, soilSDG6,SDG12,SDG14,SDG15
EESD17Y3Cohort Capstone Course in Environmental StudiesThis course is designed to provide a strong interdisciplinary focus on specific environmental problems including the socioeconomic context in which environmental issues are resolved. The cohort capstone course is in 2 consecutive semesters, providing final year students the opportunity to work in a team, as environmental researchers and consultants, combining knowledge and skill-sets acquired in earlier courses. Group research to local environmental problems and exposure to critical environmental policy issues will be the focal point of the course. Students will attend preliminary meetings schedules in the Fall semester.
Same as ESTD17Y3
University of Toronto Scarboroughsocioeconomic, knowledge, environmentalSDG1,SDG4,SDG6,SDG9,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
EESD18H3Environmental Studies Seminar SeriesThis course will be organized around the DPES seminar series, presenting guest lecturers around interdisciplinary environmental themes. Students will analyze major environmental themes and prepare presentations for in-class debate.
Same as ESTD18H3
University of Toronto ScarboroughenvironmentalSDG13
EESD19H3Professional Development Seminars in GeoscienceThis course consists of 12 lectures given by senior industry professionals to prepare students for a post-graduate career in environmental consulting. Lectures will convey the full range of consulting activities, including visits to environmental investigation sites in the Toronto area. Technical writing and oral communication skills will be stressed in assignments.University of Toronto Scarboroughinvest, environmentalSDG9,SDG13,SDG17
EESD20H3Geological Evolution and Environmental History of North AmericaThis course reviews the geological and environmental evolution of the North American continent over the past 4 billion years by exploring the range of plate tectonics involved in continental growth and how those processes continue today. It will explore major changes in terrestrial and marine environments through geologic time and associated organisms and natural resources of economic importance, and will conclude with an examination of recent human anthropogenic influences on our environment especially in regard to urban areas and associated problems of waste management, resource extraction, geological hazards, and the impacts of urbanization on watersheds and water resources. The course will include a weekend field trip to examine the geology and urban environmental problems of The Greater Toronto Area. It provides students in environmental science with a fundamental knowledge of the importance of environmental change on various timescales and the various field methods used to assess such changes.University of Toronto Scarboroughknowledge, water, urban, waste, natural resource, environmental, anthropogenic, marineSDG6,SDG11,SDG12,SDG14,SDG15
EESD21H3Geophysical and Climate Data AnalysisThis course offers an advanced introduction to geophysical data analysis. It is intended for upper-level undergraduate students and graduate students interested in data analysis and statistics in the geophysical sciences and is mainly laboratory (computer) based. The goal is to provide an understanding of the theory underlying the statistical analysis of geophysical data, in space, time and spectral domains and to provide the tools to undertake this statistical analysis. Important statistical techniques such as regression, correlation and spectral analysis of time series will be explored with a focus on hypothesis formulation and interpretation of the analysis. Multivariate approaches will also be introduced. Although some previous knowledge of probability and statistics will be helpful, a review will be provided at the beginning of the course. Concepts and notation will be introduced, as needed.

Jointly offered with EES1132H.
University of Toronto Scarboroughknowledge, labor, climateSDG4,SDG8,SDG13
EESD31H3Applied ClimatologyThis course will introduce and discuss the basic topics and tools of applied climatology, and how its concepts can be used in everyday planning and operations (e.g. in transportation, agriculture, resource management, health and energy). The course involves the study of the application of climatic processes and the reciprocal interaction between climate and human activities. Students will also learn the methods of analyzing and interpreting meteorological and climatological data in a variety of applied contexts. Topics include: Solar Energy; Synoptic Climatology and Meteorology; Climate and Agriculture; Climate and Energy; Climate and Human Comfort; Urban Effects on Climate and Air Pollution.
Jointly offered with EES1131H
University of Toronto Scarboroughagricultur, pollution, energy, solar, urban, climate, pollutSDG2,SDG3,SDG6,SDG7,SDG11,SDG12,SDG14,SDG15
EMU401H1Calls to Action through Mus EdThis course takes the Calls to Action from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission as the Foundation for Curriculum and Pedagogy in Music Education. Students will lead seminars on topics related to their research interest and examine current issues facing Indigenous Peoples through the lens of Reconciliation.Music, Faculty ofpedagogy, indigenous, reconciliation, truth and reconciliationSDG4,SDG10,SDG16
EMU425H1Mus & Urban Engagement with Youth in DetentionThis course provides a reflective practicum experience in unique urban settings. Under the mentorship of professional community music teachers, students assist and lead music-making sessions with youth from the Regent Park School of Music and/or youth residing in detention centers. Students have the opportunity to investigate how music is an important tool for social justice.Music, Faculty ofinvest, urban, social justiceSDG10,SDG11,SDG16
EMU437H1Internship: Anti-Racism and Anti-Oppressive Mus EducationStudents will undertake a unique internship opportunity in partnership with the Toronto District School Board and the Marigold Team (a Black-led organization with a mission to change the visual landscape of music education). Students will lead a series of music education workshops, in schools identified as high needs, that explore culturally relevant and culturally responsive music education through an anti-oppression and anti-racism lens. The focus will be on prioritizing the socio-emotional awareness and well-being of students, while facilitating conversations about historical practices in music education that value one form of musicking over another. Students will be mentored by leaders in Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion. Placements must be approved by the instructor during the first week of classes.Music, Faculty ofwell-being, equity, anti-racism, racism, anti-oppression, equit, anti-oppressive, landSDG3,SDG4,SDG10
EMU461H1Mus In Cultural PersA seminar exploring music's social nature, with special attention to the ways culture influences music perception, cognition, and value, and the way musical practices in turn influence culture and social relations. Issues addressed include: music education as intercultural education; music, gender, and power; the educational implications of cultural relativity; music education as an agent of social reproduction and/or transformation; social relations implicit in various musical and instructional practices; and music education's moral significance. Emphasis is placed on practical pedagogical applications of world music.Music, Faculty ofgender, productionSDG10,SDG16,SDG17
EMU485H1Advanced Topics in Music & ChildhoodThe focus will be on developing music teaching and learning strategies for welcoming young children across the developmental periods of early childhood, middle childhood, and adolesence into the diverse human practice of musicking. This course offers an alternative to traditional methodologies by encouraging students to develop their own orientation based on a critical examination of bell hooks’s philosophy of education as the practice of freedom as well as antiracist and anti-oppressive approaches to music education. Students will build teaching expertise through peer teaching and reflective examination of current practices. Lectures and assignments will include exploring diverse repertoire for students in the elementary grades and an examination of the current research in the field of elementary music education. As part of this course, students are expected to submit a research paper, present a seminar discussion on a chosen topic relating to music in childhood as well as submit and present an individual “teaching project.” The welcoming project will be the preparation of a collection of repertoire and teaching materials.ÂMusic, Faculty oflearning, anti-oppressiveSDG4,SDG10
ENG103H5Literature and MedicineIt has never been more essential to learn from the history of disease: how we have perceived it and how we have written it. This course introduces students to the important narratives about health, epidemics, and medicine from both non-Western and Western traditions and provides conceptual foundations for ethical thinking about justice, health, and disability in both science and the arts. The survey will cover prose narrative, film, media, non-fiction, and poetry, and will encourage students to think between the past and the present in their analyses and creative projects. Lectures and discussions will emphasize the interlocking relationships between medicine, language, race, empire, and power.University of Toronto Mississaugadisabilit, epidemicsSDG1,SDG3,SDG10
ENG196H1Cook the BooksIf, as Brillat-Savarin so famously said, “you are what you eat”, then what are we? What do our eating choices reveal about us and what we value? In this class, we will examine stories about farming, cooking, and eating in order to understand how culture shapes culinary traditions and vice versa. But we don’t stop there: through cooking and eating together, we will create new stories about our food and our relationship to the earth that sustains us. Co-taught with a professional chef, this course combines literary and historical analysis with hands-on cooking classes, shared meals, and food-oriented field trips. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option. An additional fee to cover food and field trip costs is required.Arts and Science, Faculty ofculinarySDG2
ENG203H5British Literature in the World II: Romantic to ContemporaryAn introduction to influential texts that have shaped British literary history from the Romantic period to the present, covering developments in poetry, drama, and prose, from William Wordsworth to Zadie Smith and beyond. The course will address topics such as revolution and war; the increasing diversity of poetic forms; the cultural dominance of the novel; romanticism, Victorianism, modernism, and postmodernism; feminism; colonialism and decolonization; the ethnic and cultural diversity of Anglophone literature in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries; literature and sexual identity; the AIDS epidemic; and technology and the digital age. The course will encourage students to think about the study of English literatures in relationship to history, including the history of world literatures. [24L, 12T]University of Toronto Mississaugafeminis, decolonizationSDG5,SDG10,SDG16
ENG254H1Introduction to Indigenous LiteraturesAn introduction to Indigenous writings in English, with significant attention to Indigenous literatures in Canada. The writings are placed within the context of Indigenous cultural and political continuity, linguistic and territorial diversity, and living oral traditions. The primary focus may be on contemporary Indigenous writing.Arts and Science, Faculty ofindigenousSDG4,SDG10,SDG16
ENG255H5Introduction to Canadian LiteratureThis course introduces students to Canadian literatures, from the oral narratives of Canada's early Indigenous communities to new writing in a digital age. [36L]University of Toronto MississaugaindigenousSDG4,SDG10,SDG16
ENG269H5Queer WritingIntroducing a lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, and queer tradition in literature and theory, this course may explore texts from a variety of historical periods, from the classical to the contemporary. It will focus on a variety of genres, potentially including poetry, drama, fiction, criticism, and popular culture. [36L]University of Toronto MississaugaqueerSDG5,SDG10
ENG270H1Introduction to Colonial and postcolonial WritingIn this course, we examine the colonial archive for its representations of race, indigeneity, sexuality, and capital accumulation. We familiarize ourselves with the aesthetic and political modes of resisting colonial power around the world. Besides literary texts, our objects of study may include photographs, film, and digital media.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcapitalSDG10,SDG16
ENG273H5Literatures of Immigration and ExileIn this course we will study literary and non-literary texts in English from the nineteenth century to the present day that come from colonial and postcolonial contexts and that speak to the experience of those affected by colonization, immigration, exile, war, and globalization. Students will be introduced to postcolonial theory and questions about race, ethnicity, religious difference, and diasporas in Anglophone literary studies. They may study texts by Conrad, James, Beckett, Joyce, Rhys, Pound, Ionesco, Nabokov, Koestler, Brodsky, Naipaul, Achebe, Kundera, Skvorecky, Rushdie, Gallant, Sebald, Ondaatje, Danticat, Ali, and Nafisi. [36L]University of Toronto MississaugaglobalizSDG10,SDG16
ENG273Y1Queer WritingIntroducing a lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, and queer tradition in literature and theory, this course explores classical, modern, postmodern, and contemporary literature, criticism, art, film, music, and popular culture.Arts and Science, Faculty ofqueerSDG5,SDG10
ENG274H5Indigenous Literature and StorytellingAn introduction to Indigenous literature and storytelling with emphasis on First Nations, Métis, and Inuit authors in Canada and Native American authors in the United States of America. In this course, students will review academic citation practices, apply Indigenous theory to storytelling, and engage with audio recordings, poetry, drama, novels, short stories, and non-fiction by writers such as Jeannette Armstrong, Billy-Ray Belcourt, Natalie Diaz, Michael Dorris, Tomson Highway, Basil Johnston, Daniel Heath Justice, Lee Maracle, Eden Robinson, Leslie Marmon Silko, and Tommy Orange.University of Toronto MississaugaindigenousSDG4,SDG10,SDG16
ENG275H5Feminist Approaches to LiteratureThis course will consider the implications, for literary studies and for literary writing, of modern traditions of feminist and gender theory. Students will encounter the work of major feminist thinkers - e.g., Mary Wollstonecraft, Simone de Beauvoir, Alice Walker, Julie Kristeva, and Judith Butler - and texts by major women writers. The course will explore feminist approaches to literature, including those that borrow from post-structural, psychoanalytic, and contemporary gender, race, and queer theories. [36L]University of Toronto Mississaugagender, women, queer, feminisSDG4,SDG5
ENG319H5Sexuality, Race, and Gender in Video Games and Gaming CultureThis course investigates representation and identity in and through digital games. Students will primarily consider gender, race, sexuality, and the non-human world in relation to the complex circuits of desire, projection, and disguise that exist among players, avatars, non-player characters, and other gamers. Students will interpret and critique both blockbuster AAA games with large development budgets and production teams as well as small-scale indie and experimental games and will learn about expressive, critical, and avant-garde design and play practices. The class will also discuss games as instruments of persuasion, protest, social change, and community formation.University of Toronto Mississaugagender, invest, production, social changeSDG5
ENG325H5The Victorian NovelThis course surveys several major novels in order to understand the genre that came to dominate literary culture in the Victorian era. Topics may include realism, the marriage plot, the social-problem novel, feminism and sexual identity, novels of growing up, the city, and seriality. Authors may include Dickens, Thackeray, E. Bronte, C. Bronte, Gaskell, Trollope, Eliot, Collins, Hardy, Gissing, and Wilde, among others. [36L]University of Toronto MississaugafeminisSDG4,SDG5
ENG339H5Early Modern Women WritersA study of poems, plays, prose fiction, and polemical works by medieval and early modern writers such as Anne Askew, Mary Wroth, Queen Elizabeth I, Mary Sidney, Amelia Lanyer, Lucy Hutchinson, Hester Pulter, and Margaret Cavendish. Topics may include race, women and science, love poetry from a female perspective, gender and trans studies, renarrations of the story of Eve, sexuality, and editorial history and practice.University of Toronto Mississaugagender, women, femaleSDG4,SDG5
ENG356Y1African Canadian LiteratureBlack Canadian Literature (poetry, drama, fiction, non-fiction) from its origin in the African Slave Trade in the eighteenth century to its current flowering as the expression of immigrants, exiles, refugees, ex-slave-descended, and colonial-settler-established communities. Pertinent theoretical works, films, and recorded music are also considered.Arts and Science, Faculty ofsettler, trade, refugeeSDG4,SDG10
ENG371H1Topics in Indigenous, Postcolonial, Transnational LiteraturesSustained study in a topic pertaining to Indigenous, postcolonial, or transnational literatures. Content varies with instructors. See Department website for current offerings. Course may not be repeated under the same subtitle.Arts and Science, Faculty ofindigenousSDG4,SDG10,SDG16
ENG372H1Topics in Indigenous, Postcolonial, Transnational LiteraturesSustained study in a topic pertaining to Indigenous, postcolonial, or transnational literatures. Content varies with instructors. See Department website for current offerings. Course may not be repeated under the same subtitle.Arts and Science, Faculty ofindigenousSDG4,SDG10,SDG16
ENG382Y1Literary TheoryThis course explores contemporary literary theory, but may include related readings from earlier periods. Schools or movements studied may include structuralism, formalism, phenomenology, Marxism, post-structuralism, reader-response theory, feminism, queer theory, new historicism, psychoanalysis, postcolonial theory, critical race studies, and ecocriticism.Arts and Science, Faculty ofqueer, feminisSDG4,SDG5
ENG396H5Literary Theory NowThis course will explore some of the most recent, provocative, and significant developments in literary theory, including work in such areas as eco-criticism, literary activism, critical race studies, Indigenous studies, queer and trans studies, and cognitive literary studies. [36L]University of Toronto Mississaugaqueer, indigenousSDG4,SDG5,SDG10,SDG16
ENG497H1Advanced Creative Writing Seminar: Literary CitizenshipA course examining efforts to build and sustain literary culture and literary communities through individual initiatives and collective efforts. Topics may include book reviewing, youth engagement, small presses, writers' organizations, and the state's role in the publishing industry. Priority enrolment will be given to students enrolled in the Creative Writing Minor.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcitizenSDG4,SDG16
ENGB06H3Canadian Literature to 1900A study of Canadian literature from pre-contact to 1900. This course explores the literatures of the contact zone, from Indigenous oral and orature, to European journals of exploration and discovery, to the works of pioneer settlers, to the writing of the post-Confederation period. Pre-1900 courseUniversity of Toronto Scarboroughsettler, indigenousSDG4,SDG10,SDG16
ENGB07H3Canadian Literature 1900 to PresentA continuation of ENGB06H3 introducing students to texts written from 1900 to the present. Focusing on the development of Canada as an imagined national community, this course explores the challenges of imagining an ethical national community in the context of Canada's ongoing colonial legacy: its multiculturalism; Indigenous and Quebec nationalisms; and recent diasporic and transnational reimaginings of the nation and national belonging.University of Toronto Scarboroughindigenous, gini, nationalismSDG4,SDG10,SDG16
ENGB32H3Shakespeare in Context IAn introduction to the poetry and plays of William Shakespeare, this course situates his works in the literary, social and political contexts of early modern England. The main emphasis will be on close readings of Shakespeare's sonnets and plays, to be supplemented by classical, medieval, and renaissance prose and poetry upon which Shakespeare drew.
Pre-1900 course.
University of Toronto ScarboroughlandSDG4
ENGB33H3Shakespeare in Context IIA continuation of ENGB32H3, this course introduces students to selected dramatic comedies, tragedies and romances and situates Shakespeare's works in the literary, social and political contexts of early modern England. Our readings will be supplemented by studies of Shakespeare's sources and influences, short theoretical writings, and film excerpts.
Pre-1900 course.
University of Toronto ScarboroughlandSDG4
ENGB77H3Cinema and ColonialismAn introduction to cinema’s relationship to colonialism, decolonization, and postcolonialism. How has film constructed, perpetuated, and challenged colonial logic? We will explore this question by examining colonial cinema, ethnography, Hollywood genres, anti-colonial film, and postcolonial film practices.University of Toronto ScarboroughdecolonizationSDG4,SDG10
ENGB78H3The Digital Text: From Digitized Literature to Born-Digital WorksThis course explores the creative, interpretive, social, and political effects of our interactions and experiments with digital forms of literature: novels, short stories, plays, and poems, but also video games, online fan fiction, social media posts, and other texts typically excluded from the category of the "literary." The course attends both to texts written before the digital turn and later digitized, as well as to "born-digital" texts. It surveys the history of shifts within the media landscape - from oral to written, from manuscript to print, from print to digital. Over the course of the semesters, we will explore a variety of questions about digital literary culture, including: How does a text's medium - oral, manuscript, print and/or digital - affect its production, transmission, and reception? How do writers harness, narrate, and depict the use of digital technologies? How does digital textuality challenge earlier conceptions of "literature"? How does digitization shape our work as readers and critics? By reading "traditional" literary forms alongside newer ones, we will investigate how the digital age impacts literature, and how literature helps us grapple with the implications of our digitized world.University of Toronto Scarboroughinvest, production, landSDG9,SDG12,SDG15
ENGC01H3Indigenous Literature of Turtle Island (Canada)This course introduces students to a diverse selection of recent writing by Indigenous authors in Canada/Turtle Island, including novels, poetry, drama, essays, oratory and autobiography. Discussion of literature is grounded in Indigenous literary criticism, which addresses such issues as appropriation of voice, language, land, spirituality, orality, colonialism, gender, hybridity, authenticity, resistance, sovereignty and anti-racism.University of Toronto Scarboroughanti-racism, racism, gender, indigenous, land, sovereigntySDG4,SDG10,SDG16,SDG15
ENGC03H3Topics in Canadian FictionAn analysis of Canadian fiction with regard to the problems of representation. Topics considered may include how Canadian fiction writers have responded to and documented the local; social rupture and historical trauma; and the problematics of representation for marginalized societies, groups, and identities.University of Toronto ScarboroughmarginalizedSDG4,SDG10
ENGC05H3Creative Writing: Poetry, Experimentation, and ActivismThis course is a creative investigation into how, through experimentation, we can change poetry, and how, through poetry, we can change the world. Our explorations are undertaken through writing assignments, discussions, readings, and workshop sessions.University of Toronto ScarboroughinvestSDG4,SDG13
ENGC07H3Canadian DramaA study of major Canadian playwrights with an emphasis on the creation of a national theatre, distinctive themes that emerge, and their relation to regional and national concerns. This course explores the perspectives of Québécois, feminist, Native, queer, ethnic, and Black playwrights who have shaped Canadian theatre.University of Toronto Scarboroughqueer, feminisSDG4,SDG5,SDG10
ENGC13H3Ethnic Traditions in American LiteratureA survey of the literature of Native Peoples, Africans, Irish, Jews, Italians, Latinos, and South and East Asians in the U.S, focusing on one or two groups each term. We will look at how writers of each group register the affective costs of the transition from "old-world" communalism to "new-world" individualism.University of Toronto ScarboroughtransitSDG10
ENGC59H3Literature and the EnvironmentThis course introduces students to ecocriticism (the study of the relationship between literature and environment). The course is loosely structured around several focused topics: Land, Sustainability, Resilience, Natural and Unnatural Disasters, Diversity and Discomfort, Public and Private Spaces, Nostalgia, Activism. Students will be introduced to environmental pedagogies and alternative ways of knowing, including embodied learning. We will spend quite a bit of time outdoors especially during the first six weeks of the course.University of Toronto Scarboroughlearning, resilien, environmental, resilience, landSDG4,SDG11,SDG13
ENGC74H3Persuasive Writing and Community-Engaged LearningThis course is an introduction to the theory and practice of rhetoric, the art of persuasive writing and speech. Students will study several concepts at the core of rhetorical studies and sample thought-provoking work currently being done on disability rhetorics, feminist rhetorics, ethnic rhetorics, and visual rhetorics. A guiding principle of this course is that studying rhetoric helps one to develop or refine one’s effectiveness in speaking and writing. Toward those ends and through a 20-hour community-engaged learning opportunity in an organization of their choice, students will reflect on how this community-based writing project shapes or was shaped by their understanding of some key rhetorical concept. Students should leave the course, then, with a “rhetorical toolbox” from which they can draw key theories and concepts as they pursue future work in academic, civic, or professional contexts.University of Toronto Scarboroughdisabilit, learning, feminisSDG4,SDG5,SDG10,SDG17
ENGC84H3Cinema and MigrationThis course introduces students to cinema by, and about, immigrants, refugees, migrants, and exiles. Using a comparative world cinema approach, the course explores how the aesthetics and politics of the cinema of migration challenge theories of regional, transnational, diasporic, and global cinemas.University of Toronto ScarboroughrefugeeSDG10,SDG16
ENGC94H3Women DirectorsA study of select women filmmakers and the question of women's film authorship. Emphasis may be placed on the filmography of a specific director, or on film movements in which women filmmakers have made major contributions. Aspects of feminist film theory, critical theory, and world cinema will be considered, as well as the historical context of women in film more generally.University of Toronto Scarboroughwomen, feminisSDG5
ENT200H1Innovation and EntrepreneurshipHow do innovations become useful in society? What is needed for a company to use such innovations successfully? Why and how do individuals and companies commercialize new ideas or technologies? This course provides a broad introduction to entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial skills and the methodology used by entrepreneurs to start a new venture.Arts and Science, Faculty ofentrepreneurSDG8,SDG9
ENV100H1Introduction to Environmental StudiesAn investigation of the relationship between human beings and their natural and built environments. This interdisciplinary course will draw from the sciences, social sciences and the humanities to explore major social, cultural, economic, regulatory, ethical, ecological and technological aspects of environmental issues.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinvest, environmental, ecologSDG9,SDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
ENV100Y5The EnvironmentThis introductory environmental science course examines large-scale features of Earth, natural hazards, Earth's climate and weather systems, energy and mineral resources, human population growth, extinction and biodiversity, environmental toxins, vanishing soils and expanding deserts, forests, urban environmental management, and food resources. Interdisciplinary interaction among Science, Social Science, and Humanities is a major theme.University of Toronto Mississaugaenergy, urban, climate, weather, environmental, biodivers, forest, soilSDG6,SDG7,SDG11,SDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15,SDG17
ENV194H1Topics in Climate ChangeIn this class we will discuss the underlying science of the climate system and also explore how this information is communicated effectively. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofclimateSDG13,SDG16,SDG17
ENV196H1Environment, Culture and FilmThis first-year foundation course will introduce students to the scope and seriousness of some of current ecological concerns, as well as some core principles and concepts in the field of the intersection of environment and culture, through the lens of feature films. Through journal reflections, class discussions and guided critical thinking exercises, and a paper, students will be able to build confidence and enthusiasm for further study in environmental studies, within a small seminar setting. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenvironmental, ecologSDG4,SDG13
ENV198H1Environment & Mental WellnessThis foundations course is an introduction to Environmental Psychology and related disciplines. We will examine the mutual relationship between the human psyche and the environment, with a focus on mental wellness. Topics will include: psycho-evolutionary environments, place attachment and identity, neurological toxins and environmental health, the modern period, cultural perceptions on nature-psyche, climate anxiety and ecological grief, nature connectedness and restorative environments. As a foundations course, students will develop key academic skills such as academic literacy, communication and application, interdisciplinary critical thinking, as well as creative problem solving. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofmental health, mental wellness, climate, environmental, ecologSDG3,SDG13
ENV199H1Debating & Understanding Current Environmental IssuesThe course examines current environmental issues for which there is no easy answer or consensus position. For instance, to help solve climate change should we generate more electricity from nuclear power-plants, which have no greenhouse gas emissions? Or instead, should we phase out nuclear plants because of possible accidents, costs and radioactive wastes? The seminar examines the scientific and political aspects of such issues and debates the pros and cons of each. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofemission, greenhouse, waste, climate, greenhouse gas, environmental, emissionsSDG4,SDG13,SDG16,SDG17
ENV200H1Assessing Global Change: Science and the EnvironmentThe perspective which scientists bring to the understanding and resolution of environmental concerns having global implications: atmospheric systems and climate change, the biosphere and conservation of biodiversity. This living things and their environment breadth course is intended to fulfill the environmental literacy requirement for students in the BA programs of the School of the Environment or the living things and their environment breadth course requirement for Commerce, Humanities and Social Science studentsArts and Science, Faculty ofclimate, environmental, conserv, biodiversSDG13,SDG14,SDG15,SDG16
ENV201H5Environmental Management(Formerly GGR234H5) Environmental management builds on topics discussed in ENV100 and GGR111/112, by focusing on conceptual frameworks and specific tools that can be used to formulate environmental management goals and support decision-making. Case studies will be used throughout to highlight different approaches, focusing primarily on Canadian examples. Topics include ecosystem and adaptive management, environment impact assessments, and the role of stakeholders. [24L, 9T]University of Toronto Mississaugaenvironmental, ecosystemSDG13,SDG14,SDG15,SDG16
ENV210H5SustainabilityThe United Nations Commission on Environment and Development popularized the term sustainable development in its 1987 report, Our Common Future. How far have we come since then, as a global community, in implementing sustainability as a model for development? In this course we will examine the history, measurement, and present-day models and applications of sustainability and sustainable development in both the public and private spheres. Sustainability is an integrative concept that addresses social, cultural, political, and economic factors within the constraints of the biophysical environment.University of Toronto Mississaugasustainable developmentSDG7,SDG8,SDG11,SDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
ENV222H1Pathways to Sustainability: An Interdisciplinary ApproachENV222H1 explores the concept and practice of sustainability by integrating scientific, technological, economic, political, psychological, historical, and ethical perspectives. The course begins by analyzing the challenges posed by the ecological crisis, including its historical roots. It then goes on to explore and evaluate a variety of approaches, strategies, and actions—at a personal, local, national, and global scale—that could move us towards authentic sustainability.Arts and Science, Faculty ofecologSDG7,SDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15,SDG17
ENV223H1Fundamental Environmental SkillsThe practical, interdisciplinary and controversial nature of environmental issues, as well as the uncertainty that surrounds measures to address them demand mastery of a particular range of skills by environmental students. This course teaches the fundamental research, analysis and presentation skills required for effective environmental work. This course is for students enrolled in the Environmental Studies Major program, or permission of the Undergraduate Associate Director.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenvironmentalSDG13
ENV237H1Physics of the Changing Environment AThe course will cover basic physics of environmental processes and of measurement techniques in the atmosphere, the ocean, lake-land-forest systems, and other biological systems. It will place its work in the context of climate change and other aspects of environmental change. This course is solely intended for students who have NOT completed a previous first year physics core course, who are in one of the following programs: Environmental Science Major or Minor, Environmental Geosciences Specialist or Earth and Environmental Systems Major.Arts and Science, Faculty ofclimate, environmental, ocean, forest, landSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
ENV238H1Physics of the Changing Environment BThe course will cover basic physics of environmental processes and of measurement techniques in the atmosphere, the ocean, lake-land-forest systems, and other biological systems. It will place its work in the context of climate change and other aspects of environmental change. This course is solely intended for students who have completed a previous first year physics core course, who are in one of the following programs: Environmental Science Major or Minor, Environmental Geosciences Specialist or Earth and Environmental Systems Major.Arts and Science, Faculty ofclimate, environmental, ocean, forest, landSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
ENV305H5Sustainable TourismTourism has long been an important industry around the world, but increasingly questions are being raised regarding the social and environmental sustainability of tourism. This course will look at the impacts (both negative and positive) that tourism has on the natural environment, society, and local economies. It will explore how tourism relates to mobility, globalization, recreation and outdoor activity, planning, the environment, cultural identities, protected areas, and wildlife conservation. This course begins with an introduction to tourism more generally and then focuses in on critical perspectives and the development of eco-tourism, cultural tourism, and volunteer tourism. As part of this course, students may have the option of participating in an international learning experience that will have an additional cost and application process.University of Toronto Mississaugalearning, sustainable tourism, globaliz, environmental, conserv, wildlifeSDG9,SDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15,SDG16,SDG17
ENV307H1Urban SustainabilityThis course critically examines the concept of urban sustainability in theory and application. Case studies of ongoing urban sustainability programs in the developed and developing world help students assess the successes and failures of these programs. The course also examines the current state of research and implementation efforts toward urban sustainability. Toronto's urban sustainability and sustainable needs will be investigated through the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) during the course (previous experience with GIS is not required).Arts and Science, Faculty ofinvest, urbanSDG7,SDG9,SDG11,SDG12,SDG14,SDG15
ENV311H5Environmental Issues in the Developing WorldThe Earth is one, but the world is not. We all depend on one biosphere for sustaining our lives. Yet each community, each country, strives for survival and prosperity with little regard for its impact on others. These are the opening words from the report of the UN World Commission on Environment and Development, which first popularized the concept of sustainable development. In this course we examine 'environment' and 'development' and 'human well-being' as inseparable challenges. We consider global, regional, and local environmental problems from the perspectives of developing nations, and investigate the economic, social, and political roots of these problems.University of Toronto Mississaugawell-being, sustainable development, invest, environmentalSDG1,SDG3,SDG8,SDG9,SDG11,SDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15,SDG17
ENV316H1Laboratory and Field Methods in Environmental ScienceThis course focuses on methods of sampling and analyzing natural air, water and solid Earth materials for physical, chemical and biological properties that are relevant to current environmental issues. It will integrate approaches from chemistry, physics, geology and biology, and cover techniques in field sampling, laboratory analyses and analyses of large environmental data sets. Basic concepts related to quality control will be emphasized throughout the course: sample collection and storage methods, calibration of field and lab instruments, analyses in complex matrices, errors (accuracy, precision), and detection limits. This course is for students enrolled in the Environmental Science Major program, or permission of the Undergraduate Associate Director. A fee of $25 will be charged for lab supplies, lab instrument charges and technical services.Arts and Science, Faculty ofwater, labor, environmentalSDG13
ENV320H1National Environmental PolicyExamines ways in which governments develop and implement policy to protect the environment within their borders. Primarily Canada, plus comparisons with other countries. The focus is upon the politics of environmental policy making, which is understood by examining the interests and powers of the relevant state and non-state actors.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenvironmentalSDG12,SDG13,SDG16,SDG17
ENV320H5Managing Our WasteGarbage archaeologist William Rathje once said, "Garbage isn't generic junk. It's elements of our behavior all thrown together." The history of human civilization is reflected in what societies have thrown away over the ages. But in recent decades both the quantity and types of waste generated by human activities have changed radically. In this course we will address the philosophical, social, and management challenges associated with waste in Canadian and international contexts, as well as examining some of the technological and scientific aspects of specific waste management problems.University of Toronto MississaugawasteSDG12,SDG16
ENV322H1International Environmental PolicyExamines the ways in which states negotiate and implement international agreements addressing global environmental issues, such as the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Focus is upon factors which determine the efficacy of multilateral environmental agreements and the prospects for stronger global environmental governance.Arts and Science, Faculty ofclimate, environmental, governanceSDG12,SDG13,SDG16,SDG17
ENV323H1Ontario Environmental PolicyIntroduces students to public policy and institutional foundations of public policy in Canada, with an emphasis on environmental policy in Ontario. Provides an insiders perspective on how environmental policy has been developed in Ontario.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenvironmental, institutSDG13,SDG16,SDG17
ENV330H5Experimental Design in Environmental ScienceThis hands-on course introduces students to field methods and integrative problem solving in environmental sciences. Topics will include sampling methods and protocols employed in terrestrial, aquatic and atmospheric assessment and monitoring, as well as experimental design, data analysis and presentation. Practical sessions will involve outdoor field experiences on campus and neighboring areas.University of Toronto MississaugaenvironmentalSDG13
ENV332H5Practicum in Environmental Project ManagementSolutions to environmental issues depend on interdisciplinary teamwork. This course mimics the practical, multidisciplinary, collaborative work that is highly valued in the environment sector. Students work in teams on semester-long projects addressing a specific environmental issue on campus or in the local community (e.g., conducting a waste audit; developing an educational module for a local NGO, etc.). Specific skills that are developed include; project management and workflow, data collection, report writing and formal presentations.  This course is strongly recommended for Specialist and Major students in any of the Environment Programs.University of Toronto Mississaugalabor, waste, environmentalSDG8,SDG13,SDG16
ENV333H1Ecological WorldviewsApproaches to environmental concerns are often marked by assumptions that reflect distinct worldviews positing particular understandings of the role of the human with respect to nature. This course explores sundry economic, political, scientific, religious, and moral worldviews pertaining to the environment, including environmental ethics, Gaia, ecofeminism, scientific cosmology, and indigenous perspectives.Arts and Science, Faculty ofworldview, feminis, indigenous, environmental, ecologSDG10,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15,SDG16,SDG17
ENV335H1Environmental DesignEnvironmental design, in the context of this course, refers to design strategies that account for the ability of supporting ecosystems to continue to meet human needs and those of other lifeforms without diminishing biological diversity or environmental quality. This course takes a hands-on approach to investigating several environmental design issues: climate-responsive design, energy consumption, health and comfort, natural lighting and ventilation, and water management. Students will build up a design of a net-zero carbon residential building through several instructive design exercises during the semester, including hands-on measurement and calculation activities.Arts and Science, Faculty ofwater, energy, invest, consum, climate, environmental, net-zero, ecosystemSDG13
ENV337H1Human Interactions with the EnvironmentThe impact of 7 billion people on the planet is enormous and challenges future generations. What are these impacts today and in future? What solutions and tools can avert societal collapse? Using an integrated and interdisciplinary systems approach, we explore problems and solutions to the earth’s limits to growth.Arts and Science, Faculty ofplanetSDG11,SDG13,SDG16
ENV338H1Environmental Research Data and Decision-makingUnderstanding the natural world and human perturbations to it requires data. All data has inherent biases and constraints. In this class we will explore the world of environmental data from the perspective of those interested in affecting positive change. The class will use case studies and current research to explore topics such as: How do environmental scientists design studies or experiments to answer specific questions? How do we characterize the limitations of the data we have and work within these constraints to answer scientific questions and make informed and meaningful decisions?Arts and Science, Faculty ofenvironmentalSDG13,SDG16,SDG17
ENV341H1Environment and HealthExamination of the linkages between human health and environment using an interdisciplinary, planetary health lens. Addresses basic public health and toxicological principles. Case studies are examined to highlight the multifaceted ways health and environment are interconnected and to understand key factors modulating environmental exposures and health outcomes in various populations.Arts and Science, Faculty ofpublic health, environmental, planetSDG3,SDG6,SDG13
ENV346H1Terrestrial Energy SystemsVarious earth systems for energy transformation, storage and transport are explored. Geological, hydrological, biological, cosmological and oceanographic energy systems are considered in the context of the Earth as a dynamic system, including the variation of solar energy received by the planet and the redistribution of this energy through various radiative, latent and sensible heat transfer mechanisms. It considers the energy redistribution role of large-scale atmospheric systems, of warm and cold ocean currents, the role of the polar regions, and the functioning of various hydrological systems. The contribution and influence of tectonic systems on the surface systems is briefly introduced, as well the important role of energy storage processes in physical and biological systems, including the accumulation of fossil fuel reserves.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenergy, solar, planet, fossil fuel, oceanSDG7,SDG9,SDG13
ENV350H1Energy Policy and EnvironmentThe course addresses: (1) physical, technological and economic aspects of energy and electricity systems and their associated environmental impacts; (2) current international, Canadian and Ontario energy policy; (3) technological, economic and political factors influencing policy which could significantly reduce environmental impacts of energy use.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenergy, environmentalSDG7,SDG13,SDG16,SDG17
ENV360H1Is the Internet Green?The Internet has deeply penetrated most aspects of society and yet we are remarkably unreflective about its impacts and sustainability. This course challenges students to critically evaluate evidence regarding the environmental and social impacts of the Internet and how the Internet contributes (or not) to goals of environmental sustainability.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinternet, environmentalSDG9,SDG13
ENV361H1Social Media and EnvironmentalismThis course examines the impacts of the internet on environmental thinking and policy-making. Topics include the use of social media as a tool for community-building and collaborative design, the sharing economy, online protest movements, mass surveillance and its implications, and the impact of misinformation on climate denialism.Arts and Science, Faculty oflabor, internet, climate, environmentalSDG9,SDG13
ENV362H1Energy and Environment: Transitions in HistoryAn exploration of the interactions between humans and their environments in the Holocene, focusing on the contexts and consequences of changes in energy technologies. Includes consideration of changes in food production and processing, transport and power generation technologies from the adoption of agriculture to the twentieth century.Arts and Science, Faculty ofagricultur, energy, transit, productionSDG7,SDG12,SDG16
ENV393H5Environmental AssessmentThe course focuses on the methodologies for measuring and predicting the impact of development on the bio-physical and socio-economic environments. Topics include environmental assessment, law and institutions, environmental mediation; Phase I, II, III environmental site assessment; monitoring; mitigation; evaluation; and risk assessment. The types of impact assessment (IA) methods examined vary from year to year (e.g. economic IA, ecological IA, social IA). [24L, 6P]University of Toronto Mississaugasocio-economic, environmental, ecolog, institutSDG4,SDG10,SDG14,SDG15,SDG16
ENV411H1Sustainability ThinkingThis capstone course for the Certificate in Sustainability will build on the guiding sustainability principles and journal reflections that began in in the foundational course, ENV222H1, and require students to reflect on the entirety of their sustainability education and experience.Arts and Science, Faculty ofsustainability educationSDG4
ENV421Y1Community Research for Social & Environmental ChangeThis research course will provide students with an opportunity to engage in an action-focused, community-based group research project. This course is restricted to students enrolled in a program or certificate at the School of the Environment, or special permission of the Undergraduate Associate Director.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenvironmentalSDG13
ENV422H1Environmental LawAn introduction to environmental law for students in Environmental Studies; legal methods available to resolve environmental problems and the scope and limits of those methods; common law and statutory tools as well as environmental assessment legislation; the problem of standing to sue and the limits of litigation.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenvironmentalSDG10,SDG13,SDG16,SDG17
ENV425H5Managing Urban EcosystemsThis course examines the ways people interact with and manage urban ecosystems. Socio-ecological systems, green infrastructure, environmental justice, ecosystems services, climate change mitigation and adaptation, and sustainability will be discussed in the context of urban ecosystems. Throughout the course, issues associated with bridging the gaps between the social and natural sciences, unique characteristics of urban ecosystems, and the role of individual decision-makers will be considered. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugagreen infrastructure, infrastructure, urban, climate change mitigation, climate, environmental, environmental justice, ecosystem, ecologSDG6,SDG11,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
ENV440H1Professional Experience CourseRegular academic seminars complement off-campus work on an environmental project. The course enables students to gain practical experience of the needs and demands of professional environmental agencies. Students are given a choice of placements in a variety of sectors (such as government, NGOs, industry). Eligible students who wish to do a work placement in the upcoming summer or fall session are must submit an application form to the Placement Coordinator by mid-January of each year. Please contact the School of the Environment's Placement Coordinator, David Powell, at, or consult the School's undergraduate courses webpage for access to the application form, instructions and application deadline.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenvironmentalSDG13
ENV451H1Current Environmental TopicsThis capstone course for the School's core programs will explore current environmental topics, with the goal of integrating the multi- and interdisciplinary strands of each student's learning to date. This course is for students enrolled in one of the School's BA programs, or permission of the Undergraduate Associate Director.Arts and Science, Faculty oflearning, environmentalSDG13
ENV452H1Environmental Science SeminarScientists from within and external to the university share and discuss challenges, findings and opportunities. Specific topics (and speakers) vary from year to year but may draw from rehabilitation techniques, contaminants in our environment, environmental health, impacts on landscapes and communities, biodiversity, water, and modelling of environmental processes. This course is for students enrolled in the School of the Environment, Environmental Science Major BSc program, or permission of the Undergraduate Associate Director.Arts and Science, Faculty ofmental health, water, environmental, biodivers, landSDG3,SDG6,SDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
ENV461H1The U of T Campus as a Living Lab of SustainabilitySustainability is a growing priority for universities all over the world. Many are developing strong operational sustainability goals and targets, and are giving increasing emphasis to teaching and research on sustainability issues. Yet few have committed at the executive level to integrating academic and operational sustainability in the context of treating their campus as a living laboratory of sustainable practice, research and teaching. Arguably, it is such living lab approaches that offer the largest potential for universities to play a significant role in the sustainability transition. This course will explore and apply the living lab concept, in the context of operational sustainability at the University of Toronto. We will begin by looking at the literature on university sustainability and the living lab concept. The bulk of the course will involve undertaking an applied research project on some aspect of campus sustainability, working in close partnership with operational staff at the University of Toronto. Students will develop the skills needed to work across disciplines and fields of study, and with non-academic partners. This course will put students to work on operational sustainability projects identified by the staff working in or with the Sustainability Office at the University of Toronto. Students will be organized into groups, each of which will be assigned one project, to be overseen by one or more U of T staff members. The bulk of the course will consist of regular meetings with the staff "clients", with instructors, and in small groups to undertake a group project. Each group will produce a mid-term and final report, and give a mid-term and final presentation. Each student will also submit two 360 reviews of the group process. A crucial aspect of this course is the ability of students to work collaboratively together in a group environment, and to work effectively with a university staff person acting as a "client" for their work. Students will be provided with a Handbook outlining information on working in groups and the focus of the class in the second week will be on this issue. The first 360 peer review will serve to provide information on how well each group is working. Students are encouraged to discuss and resolve group process issues in the weekly group meetings, and in their regular meetings with the instructor and TA. The second 360 review will occur at the end of the term. The results of the two 360 reviews will be used, where appropriate, to adjust individual marks from the group averages.Arts and Science, Faculty oflabor, transitSDG4,SDG8,SDG11
ENV462H1Energy and Environment: Economics, Politics, and SustainabilityThis interdisciplinary course examines key ideas in economics, domestic politics and geopolitics that are essential to understanding energy and environmental issues. The course will cover energy markets, how these have fundamentally shaped geopolitical relations and conflicts, and the increasing role that renewable energy and sustainability plays in setting policies.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenergy, renewabl, environmentalSDG7,SDG13
ENV463H1Edible CampusThis course situates students and campuses within the context of broader movements for more ecologically rational and socially-just food systems. Topics include critical food systems pedagogy; the political economy of campus food systems; student food (in)security and health; campus food systems alternatives; campus food growing spaces; student/campus-based food movements; campus-community partnerships. The course is praxis-driven and will provide students with opportunities to engage in change-making on their campus, and beyond, through an action-focused project with a campus and/or community partner.Arts and Science, Faculty offood system, pedagogy, ecologSDG2,SDG3,SDG4,SDG15
ENV481H1Special Topics in the EnvironmentSpecial topics course designed for advanced Specialist and Major students in School of the Environment programs. This course is for students enrolled in a School Environmental program, or permission of the Undergraduate Associate Director.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenvironmentalSDG13
ENV482H1Special Topics in the EnvironmentSpecial topics course designed for advanced Specialist and Major students in School of the Environment programs. This course is restricted to students enrolled in a School Environmental program.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenvironmentalSDG13
ENV495H5Restoration Ecology IRestoration ecology is an emerging cross-disciplinary field of study that concerns human activities undertaken to promote the recovery, health, integrity and sustainability of degraded ecosystems. This course introduces the fundamental concepts of ecological restoration, addressing topics such as assessing ecosystem health, resilience, resistance and stability; community structure and biodiversity; invasive species; ecosystem processes and functions; societal aspects of ecological restoration (e.g., the relationship between social, economic and environmental sustainability).University of Toronto Mississaugaresilien, environmental, resilience, species, biodivers, ecosystem, ecolog, ecological restorationSDG15,SDG14
ENV496H5Restoration Ecology IIThe follow-up course to Restoration Ecology I, ENV496H5 will build on its theoretical foundations to focus on student involvement in a variety of restoration projects planned or underway by Credit Valley Conservation and other groups in Mississauga and the greater Credit Valley watershed. The emphasis here is on planning and implementation of restoration projects; good scientific design; understanding policies and procedures; identifying and working with stakeholders, etc. Occasional field exercises may be scheduled during regular class meeting times.University of Toronto Mississaugawater, conserv, ecologSDG14,SDG15
ERS101H5Planet EarthWe discuss the age and origin of the Earth, the nature of its deep interior, the origin of mountains, oceans, earthquakes and volcanoes, and show how these features are related in a unifying theory known as Plate Tectonics, that explains how the evolution of the Earth's surface is driven by internal processes. Practicals will include laboratory exercises devoted to the understanding and recognition of minerals, rocks and geological structures.University of Toronto Mississaugalabor, planet, oceanSDG13,SDG14
ERS111H5Earth, Climate & LifeLife as we know it is completely dependent on our planet. The Earth is an integrated system, where the ocean, atmosphere, life and planet interact with and affect one another. The evolution of the smallest organisms has drastically changed Earth's climate, and small changes in Earth's climate have a profound effect on the distribution of life. Understanding how organisms feed, breath, grow, and reproduce are integral to mitigating large-scale climate changes and organic cycles, and how this will affect the Earth as a system. Processes such as plate tectonics produces an ever changing surface, and has been a major control on how and when life evolved and flourished. After introducing how the Earth works, topics discussed will include how life on Earth has evolved, how large-scale geological processes affect climate and life and how ecosystems have changed in response to weather and climate change. We will also discuss the effect that our species has had on this planet; from the sudden shifts in stability of Earth's systems, to feedback cycles, to use of resources and sustainability.University of Toronto Mississaugaclimate, weather, planet, ocean, species, ecosystemSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
ERS225H5Field MethodsFieldwork is at the heart of being a geologist. Skills gained during fieldwork are key as part of a Geologist's toolbox, and are highly regarded in a career. This course introduces fieldwork to students during a week-long fieldtrip in late August looking at outcrops of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks around Ontario. Skills taught will include basic geological observation, description and interpretation, the collection of field notes, geological measurements and presentation of the data. Enrolment approval into the course is by application only; Registration in ACORN is required; priority will be given to Earth Science Specialists, or Environmental Geoscience Specialists. Please see the UTM CPS Earth Science Fieldtrip page for more information.University of Toronto MississaugaenvironmentalSDG4,SDG15
ERS299Y5Research Opportunity ProgramThis courses provides a richly rewarding opportunity for students in their second year to work in the research project of a professor in return for 299Y course credit. Students enrolled have an opportunity to become involved in original research, learn research methods and share in the excitement and discovery of acquiring new knowledge. Participating faculty members post their project descriptions for the following summer and fall/winter sessions in early February and students are invited to apply in early March.University of Toronto MississaugaknowledgeSDG4
ERS311H5Sedimentology and Basin AnalysisThis course will focus on principles of correlation, facies concepts, dynamic processes, and their geologic records in modern and ancient sedimentary environments, with focus on basins. Factors that influence sedimentary formation and evolution will be investigated, including sea level and sediment supply. Emphasis will be placed on sequence stratigraphic approaches to the evaluation of sedimentary systems. Sustainable management of oil, water, and gas resources within sedimentary basins will be covered.University of Toronto Mississaugawater, invest, sea levelSDG6,SDG7,SDG9,SDG13,SDG14
ERS312H5OceanographyThe world's oceans cover approximately 70% of the Earth Surface and Canada has extensive coastlines along three major ocean basins. This course will provide an understanding of chemical, biological, physical and geologic aspects of the oceans. Emphasis will be placed on the geological and geophysical processes that form and shape the ocean basins and continental margins. In addition, this course will offer an insight into the paleoceanographic evolution of our planet and present day environmental threats such as pollution, habitat destruction, acidification and ocean warming. Even though this course does not include specific lab or tutorial sessions, three relevant exercises will be included.University of Toronto Mississaugapollution, environmental, planet, ocean, pollutSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
ERS315H5Environmental GeologyThis course will focus on Earth processes as they relate to human activities. Topics include sustainability global climate change on short and long timescales; groundwater flow and contamination/human engineering of Earth processes; geological aspects of pollution and waste disposal; and environmental impact of extracting/using minerals, energy, soil, and other Earth resources. A field trip will give students a first-hand experience in aspects of human/planet interaction. University of Toronto Mississaugapollution, water, contamination, energy, waste, climate, environmental, planet, pollut, soilSDG3,SDG6,SDG7,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
ESC101H1Praxis IPraxis I is the cornerstone course of the Engineering Science Foundation Design sequence and introduces the foundational models and tools of engineering design, communication, teamwork, and professionalism that underlie design education within Engineering Science. In Praxis I students work both individually and in small teams to develop their knowledge and skills in through a combination of active lectures, structured interactive studios, and hands-on practical sessions. The design projects in Praxis I are scoped to the individual student and the broader University community. Each student and team is responsible for both defining and resolving their own opportunities. Praxis I also supports students as they transition into their engineering studies and into the Engineering Science learning community. This support integrates conceptual models, concrete techniques, and University resources, and addresses both academic and non-academic concerns. All courses within the Foundation Design sequence use engineering design to provide a context in which students integrate their knowledge, develop their emerging engineering identity, and codify their individual approach to engineering practice.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofknowledge, learning, transitSDG4,SDG11
ESC102H1Praxis IIPraxis II develops the models and tools of design, communication, teamwork, and professionalism introduced in Praxis I. The course also introduces additional complementary considerations including ethics and equity. In Praxis II students work primarily in small teams to develop and refine their knowledge and skills in through a combination of active lectures, structured interactive studios, and hands-on practical sessions. The design projects in Praxis II are scoped to communities within the broader City of Toronto. Student teams are responsible for identifying and engaging with these communities, and for first framing and then resolving a collaboratively identified opportunity.Praxis II culminates in a public showcase where teams present and demonstrate their designs to their stakeholders and to the general public. Praxis II also continues to support students as they integrate more fully into the Engineering Science learning community. All courses within the Foundation Design sequence use engineering design to provide a context in which students integrate their knowledge, develop their emerging engineering identity, and codify their individual approach to engineering practice.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofknowledge, learning, equity, labor, equitSDG4,SDG11
ESC203H1Engineering and SocietyThrough this course, students will examine the relationship between engineering and society, emphasizing a humanities and social sciences perspective. Building on the Praxis courses, students will develop and apply an understanding of ethics and equity to broader sociotechnical systems and challenges. Using models of critical thinking, active learning activities and discussion seminars, students will develop an understanding of the social and environmental impacts of technology. Students will further develop their communication, teamwork and professional skills through persuasive writing, facilitation and formal debate. Upon completion of the course, students will have an appreciation for the complex interaction between human society and technology, and will be able to analyze and evaluate the social, technological, political, and ethical dimensions of technology. Humanities and Social Science elective.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty oflearning, equity, equit, environmentalSDG4,SDG9,SDG10
ESC470H1Energy Systems Capstone DesignA half-year capstone design course in which students work in teams to apply the engineering design, technical, and communication skills learned previously, while refining their skills in teamwork and project management. The course focus is on context-appropriate energy systems design and simulation, incorporating generation, transmission and storage of energy from across a range of traditional and alternative energy sources. Students identify, frame, and design solutions to problems that align with that focus, and the resulting designs are assessed on their engineering quality and design credibility. In addition, each student engages in individual critical reflection on their course activities, team performance, and on their growth as an engineering designer across their undergraduate program. Students are supported by a teaching team comprising both design and domain experts.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofenergySDG7
ESC472H1Electrical and Computer Capstone DesignA half-year capstone design course in which students work in small teams to apply the engineering design, technical, and communication skills learned previously, while refining their skills in teamwork and project management. Each team is expected to design a complex engineered system, implemented (a) fully in software, (b) fully in hardware or (c) in a mixture of hardware and software, using concepts drawn from the ECE Major curriculum and resulting in a functional prototype. Teams are expected to integrate their design, technical, and complementary knowledge, to design for safety, and to consider relevant interdisciplinary factors such as economic, health, environmental, social, and similar concerns.In addition, each student will complete an individual critical reflection on their course activities, team performance, and on their growth as an engineering designer across their undergraduate program. This reflection is intended to prepare the student for the next stage of their engineering careerApplied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofknowledge, environmentalSDG3,SDG4,SDG8,SDG10,SDG13
ESS103H1Geology in Public IssuesGeologic hazards: earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, tsunamis. The distribution and politics of natural resources, including petroleum and ore deposits. Nuclear power and nuclear waste disposal. Global change: the geologic record of hot and cold climates, and how the earth survives. ESS103H1 is primarily intended as a science Distribution Requirement course for Humanities and Social Science.Arts and Science, Faculty ofwaste, natural resource, climate, landSDG7,SDG13,SDG15
ESS105H1Our home planetThe nature and evolution of the Earth; plate tectonics; rocks and minerals; volcanism; geological time; fossils; geology of Ontario; environmental issues; and human interactions with the planet. ESS105H1 is primarily intended as a science Distribution Requirement course for Humanities and Social Science studentsArts and Science, Faculty ofenvironmental, planetSDG13
ESS197H1Earth and Life through TimeThis seminar will look through the lens of earth history to explore drivers of change in the biosphere and the impacts of these changes. We will focus on episodes of mass extinction, and the spectacular landscape changes and speciation events which often followed. Abrupt or gradual climatic changes, massive volcanism, asteroid impacts, catastrophic carbon releases, and human activity will be evaluated as the causes of major extinction events in Earth history. The course will involve reading of scientific literature, student-led discussions, oral presentations and research projects, as well as potential field trips to sites in Southern Ontario. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty oflandSDG13,SDG15
ESS198H1Resources and SustainabilityThe rise of humanity is intricately linked to the exploitation of natural resources. From its earliest attempts to use fire and extract metals from rocks, to coal-fired steam that brought the industrial revolution, hydrocarbons that fuel international travel and trade, nuclear energy to produce electricity, and the reliance on smartphones in our daily lives, the planet's resources have brought innovation and problems and require us to ask questions regarding sustainability. This course will explore the gamut from resource extraction and trading, to its societal consequences including global politics, environmental pollution, and remediation. The course will involve reading of scientific literature, student-led discussions, oral presentations and research projects, and potentially field trips to sites in Southern Ontario. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofpollution, remediation, energy, trade, natural resource, environmental, planet, pollut, exploitationSDG6,SDG7,SDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15,SDG16
ESS199H1Earth, Portrait of a PlanetModern Earth Sciences touches on virtually all aspects of modern life, from the atmosphere to large scale natural disasters. This course will explore how earth sciences has shaped our society and our understanding of the earth as a system. Potential course topics will vary depending on the instructor, and include (but are not limited to) the great climate change crisis and what we know about climate change in the past to the literally earth moving ideas of plate tectonics (and the associated natural disasters). The course will involve reading of scientific literature, student-led discussions, oral presentations and research projects. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.For further information, please contact the Student Affairs Coordinator (Scott Moore, Department of Earth Sciences, 22 Russell St. Earth Sciences Center, Room 1062 email: ugrad@es.utoronto.caArts and Science, Faculty ofclimate, planetSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
ESS205H1Confronting Global ChangeThe emergence of society as a major geological force is considered in terms of the evolving debate about the consequences of human activity for the habitability of our planet. Major issues such as climate change, environmental pollution, and depletion of natural resources are examined.Arts and Science, Faculty ofpollution, natural resource, climate, environmental, planet, pollutSDG3,SDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
ESS262H1Earth System ProcessesAn introduction to how our planet works, focusing on physical processes that govern the nature and composition of Earth with an emphasis on the dynamic nature of the planet. Topics include surface processes (e.g., weathering and erosion, ocean and atmospheric circulation, weather and climate), crustal processes (e.g., plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanoes, biogeochemical cycles), and earth-environment interactions (e.g., natural hazards, resource development, and sustainability).Arts and Science, Faculty ofclimate, weather, planet, ocean, erosionSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
ESS312H1HydrogeologyGroundwater flow, the role of groundwater in geologic processes, and physical, chemical and biological constraints on contaminant source transport and attenuation.Arts and Science, Faculty ofwaterSDG6
ESS361H1Atmosphere-Biosphere InteractTheory on the exchange of energy and matter (carbon, water) between the land surface and atmosphere, with a focus on the implications of ecosystem-level processes for regional micrometeorology. Examples will be taken from research on contemporary as well as palaeoclimate systems. Case studies to include how changes in vegetation type alter surface radiation balance, hydrological cycling and heat transfer in soils. There is no formal textbook for this course. Lecture material will be augmented with assigned readings from the scientific literature.Arts and Science, Faculty ofwater, energy, climate, ecosystem, land, soilSDG6,SDG7,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
ESS362H1OceanographyAn introduction to the physical, geological, chemical, and biological processes governing the world's oceans. The course emphasizes critical thinking, environmental issues, and interrelationships among scientific disciplines.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenvironmental, oceanSDG13,SDG14
ESS461H1Palaeoenvironmental StudiesThe use of proxy data (terrestrial and aquatic microfossils) to infer past environmental conditions. The nature and extent of Quaternary environmental change is considered in the context of assessing current issues such as acidification, metal pollution, eutrophication and global climate change. Paleoenvironmental techniques are applied in the laboratory.Arts and Science, Faculty ofpollution, labor, climate, environmental, pollutSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
ESS462H1Global Biogeochemical CyclesA seminar course focusing on the exchange of matter (i.e. elements, minerals) between the Earth's atmosphere, ocean, and biosphere. Course-related topics include global biogeochemical cycling of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous, silicon, iron, and zinc (amongst other elements) and will include both terrestrial and marine ecosystems. Examples and case studies will be viewed from the paleo-, contemporary and potential future global change perspectives. The overall content of course readings will be determined by student interest, as students have the freedom to choose topics (readings) of personal interest. Offered in alternate years.Arts and Science, Faculty ofocean, marine, ecosystemSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
ESTB01H3Introduction to Environmental StudiesThis course introduces the Environmental Studies major and the interdisciplinary study of the environment through a team-teaching format. Students will explore both physical and social science perspectives on the environment, sustainability, environmental problems and their solutions. Emphasis will be on critical thinking, problem solving, and experiential learning.University of Toronto Scarboroughlearning, environmentalSDG4,SDG13
ESTB02H3Whose Land Indigenous-Canada- Land RelationsIntroduces students to the geography of Indigenous-Crown-Land relations in Canada. Beginning with pre-European contact and the historic Nation-to-Nation relationship, the course will survey major research inquiries from the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples to Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls. Students will learn how ongoing land and treaty violations impact Indigenous peoples, settler society, and the land in Canada. Same as GGRB18H3University of Toronto Scarboroughsettler, women, girl, indigenous, landSDG4,SDG5,SDG10,SDG16,SDG15
ESTB03H3LandIn this course students will learn about sustainability thinking, its key concepts, historical development and applications to current environmental challenges. More specifically, students will gain a better understanding of the complexity of values, knowledge, and problem framings that sustainability practice engages with through a focused interdisciplinary study of land.University of Toronto Scarboroughknowledge, environmental, landSDG4,SDG10,SDG13,SDG15
ESTB04H3Addressing the Climate CrisisAddressing the climate crisis is a profound challenge for society. This course explores climate change and what people are doing about it. This course emphasizes the human dimensions of the climate crisis. It introduces students to potential solutions, ethical and justice considerations, climate change policies and politics, and barriers standing in the way of effective action. With an emphasis on potential solutions, students will learn how society can eliminate greenhouse gas emissions through potential climate change mitigation actions and about adaptation actions that can help reduce the impacts of climate change on humans. This course is intended for students from all backgrounds interested in understanding the human dimensions of the climate crisis and developing their ability to explain potential solutions.University of Toronto Scarboroughemission, greenhouse, climate change mitigation, climate, greenhouse gas, emissionsSDG7,SDG11,SDG13
ESTC34H3Sustainability in PracticeThis course is intended for students who would like to apply theoretical principles of environmental sustainability learned in other courses to real world problems. Students will identify a problem of interest related either to campus sustainability, a local NGO, or municipal, provincial, or federal government. Class meetings will consist of group discussions investigating key issues, potential solutions, and logistical matters to be considered for the implementation of proposed solutions. Students who choose campus issues will also have the potential to actually implement their solutions. Grades will be based on participation in class discussions, as well as a final report and presentation. Same as EESC34H3University of Toronto Scarboroughinvest, environmentalSDG9,SDG13
ESTC35H3Environmental Science and Technology in SocietyIn this course students will engage critically, practically and creatively with environmental controversies and urgent environmental issues from the standpoint of the sociology of science and technology (STS). This course will contribute to a better understanding of the social and political construction of environmental science and technology.University of Toronto ScarboroughenvironmentalSDG9,SDG13
ESTC36H3Knowledge, Ethics and Environmental Decision-MakingMost environmental issues have many sides including scientific, social, cultural, ethical, political, and economic. Current national, regional and local problems will be discussed in class to help students critically analyze the roots of the problems and possible approaches to decision-making in a context of pluralism and complexity.University of Toronto Scarboroughknowledge, environmentalSDG4,SDG8,SDG13
ESTC37H3Energy and SustainabilityThis course will address energy systems and policy, focusing on opportunities and constraints for sustainable energy transitions. The course introduces energy systems, including how energy is used in society, decarbonization pathways for energy, and the social and political challenges of transitioning to zero carbon and resilient energy systems. Drawing on real-world case studies, students will learn about energy sources, end uses, technologies, institutions, politics, policy tools and the social and ecological impacts of energy. Students will learn integrated and interdisciplinary approaches to energy systems analysis and gain skills in imagining and planning sustainable energy futures.University of Toronto Scarboroughenergy, gini, resilien, transit, decarboniz, ecolog, institutSDG7,SDG11,SDG12,SDG13,SDG15,SDG16
ESTC40H3Technical Methods for Climate Change MitigationAddressing the climate crisis requires designing and implementing effective climate change mitigation targets, strategies, policies and actions to eliminate human-caused greenhouse gas emissions. In this course, students will learn the various technical methods required in climate change mitigation. Students will explore the opportunities, barriers, and tools that exist to implement effective climate change mitigation in the energy, industry, waste, and agriculture, forestry and land-use sectors. The emphasis of the course is on the technical methods that climate change mitigation experts require.University of Toronto Scarboroughagricultur, energy, emission, greenhouse, climate change mitigation, waste, climate, greenhouse gas, emissions, forest, landSDG2,SDG7,SDG11,SDG13,SDG12,SDG15
ESTD17Y3Cohort Capstone Course in Environmental StudiesThis course is designed to provide a strong interdisciplinary focus on specific environmental problems including the socioeconomic context in which environmental issues are resolved. The cohort capstone course is in 2 consecutive semesters, providing final year students the opportunity to work in a team, as environmental researchers and consultants, combining knowledge and skill-sets acquired in earlier courses. Group research to local environmental problems and exposure to critical environmental policy issues will be the focal point of the course. Students will attend preliminary meetings schedules in the Fall semester. Same as EESD17Y3University of Toronto Scarboroughsocioeconomic, knowledge, environmentalSDG1,SDG4,SDG13
ESTD18H3Environmental Studies Seminar SeriesThis course will be organized around the DPES seminar series, presenting guest lecturers around interdisciplinary environmental themes. Students will analyze major environmental themes and prepare presentations for in-class debate. Same as EESD18H3University of Toronto ScarboroughenvironmentalSDG13
ESTD19H3RiskA practical introduction to the concept of 'risk' as utilized in environmental decision-making. Students are introduced to risk analysis and assessment procedures as applied in business, government, and civil society. Three modules take students from relatively simple determinations of risk (e.g., infrastructure flooding) towards more complex, real-world, inclusive considerations (e.g., ecosystem impacts of climate change).University of Toronto Scarboroughinfrastructure, climate, environmental, ecosystemSDG9,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
ETH401H1Seminar in EthicsThe seminar will expose advanced undergraduates to cutting edge research in ethics. It meets bi-weekly over the entire academic year. Participants will attend research presentations at the Centre for Ethics (topics have included bioethics, indigenous rights, equality and education, free speech, and workplace democracy). They will also meet individually with the instructor to plan an independent research project related to the theme of the course. In the winter term, students will present their research and discuss it with the other students in the seminar. (Note that this is an H1Y course -- a half-credit course taught throughout both Fall and Winter terms.)Arts and Science, Faculty ofequalit, indigenous, democra, indigenous rightsSDG4,SDG10,SDG16
EUR200Y1Europe: Nation-State to Supranational UnionAn analysis of the development of European political regimes from 1789 until the 2004 and 2007 enlargements of the European Union to include the countries of the former Soviet bloc. This course identifies the decisive forces and factors affecting the operation of constitutions and institutions within the countries which came to form the European Union: nationalism, multi-nationalism, internationalism and supranationalism.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinstitut, nationalismSDG16
EUR498H1Special Topics in European Affairs: European UnionWhat is the European Union? Which are its core institutions and how do they work? What is the scope of its directives and programs, and how do they fit in with the member-states policies? What is the role of the EU as an international actor? This course on Special Topics in European Affairs aims at answering all these questions. The course will start with an introduction to integration in Europe, the development of the EU, and some theories and approaches to its study. It will then review the main political, economic, and judiciary institutions in the EU. Last, it will examine some important policy areas and challenges at the European level, including migration and asylum, social cohesion, counterterrorist initiatives, scenarios after Brexit, relations between the EU and its neighbours, and foreign policy. Special care will be given to explaining the political interaction between the EU institutions and the member-states, on the one hand, and the EU's Directives and policy frameworks and the members policies, on the other hand.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinstitut, judic, terrorisSDG16
FAH198H1Shocking Artists, Shocking ArtArt causes scandals for many reasons, provoking a range of consequences, including censorship, cuts to government funding of the arts or even destruction of the work in question. In this course we will consider a number of kinds of art scandal arising from exhibition in public galleries and urban spaces, including those that have to do with legal issues such as plagiarism and vandalism; aesthetic objections on the part of the public, ranging from perceived obscenity to simple resentment of abstract art; racism; sacrilege; and political subversion, amongst others. We will consider the work of artists including Chris Ofili, Joep van Lieshout, Paul McCarthy, Damien Hirst, Michael Snow, Sally Mann, Banksy, Rachel Whiteread, Richard Prince, Andres Serrano, Robert Mapplethorpe, Carl Andre, Maya Lin, and Jeff Koons, amongst others. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofABS, racism, urbanSDG10
FAH199H1Architecture of TorontoThe architecture of Toronto is characterized by artful and influential monuments as well as stylistically incoherent neighbourhoods, vibrant civic spaces alongside dysfunctional infrastructure. This course investigates how Canada's national metropolis came to embody such extremes of architectural richness and urban contradictions. The seminar focuses on how to "read" the buildings of Toronto and think critically about the forces that have shaped city planning, monuments, public space, and concepts of heritage. Readings and discussions will be combined with field trips, research on site or in the archives, and direct engagement with local communities and preservation initiatives. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinfrastructure, buildings, invest, urban, metro, civic spacesSDG9,SDG10,SDG11
FAH255H1Art of Indigenous North AmericaA broad survey of Indigenous arts in North America from Mexico to the Arctic, and from ancient to modern. Students will gain a basic literacy in key artforms including painting, architecture, basketry and more, grounded in an awareness of Indigenous realities and historical currents.Arts and Science, Faculty ofbasic literacy, indigenousSDG10
FAH275H5Introduction to Indigenous Art in CanadaThis survey course will introduce students to the advanced technological and innovative material contributions of Indigenous cultural knowledge towards the reshaping of Canadian Culture, Identity and Art today; beginning with the Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nations. Specificity of place, nation, geographical territory, the intervention of colonial government policy, and social movements will be reviewed as they relate to the creation and collection of Indigenous art and established art markets. Object and image making, new technologies, performance art, ceremony, land, hunting, activism, social engagement, and community arts will be covered, as will fashion, dance, song, and storytelling.University of Toronto Mississaugaknowledge, indigenous, landSDG4,SDG10,SDG11,SDG15
FAH310H5Curating Matters: Contexts and Issues in Contemporary Curatorial PracticeThis course will introduce students to the major critical texts, theories, and debates circulating in the burgeoning international field of contemporary curatorial studies. The course will include lectures, case studies, practice-related assignments, encounters with artists and art professionals, and student presentations that are intended to raise issues and engage debate about contemporary exhibition practices and account for theoretical perspectives and historical context. One objective of this course is to trouble preconceptions of the role of the curator in order to observe the complexity of curatorial models across and beyond art institutions. The class will address the implications of shifting cultural, social, and political contexts for artistic and curatorial practice and their sites.University of Toronto MississaugainstitutSDG10
FAH314H1Eroticism in Ancient ArtErotic imagery in sculptures, reliefs, paintings is ubiquitous in ancient art, to a degree that modern viewers have often found disturbing. This course faces the challenge posed by the ancient predilection for such imagery and explores it from a critical and scholarly perspective. At its most basic level, it reassigns a seemingly universal segment of human "nature" and experience to the realm of culture, by examining the imagery against the background of ancient constructions of sexuality, gender and the body. But it also explores the libidinal and hedonic structure of the works of art themselves and asks for the functions of erotic imagery in its respective contexts. The course will avail itself of the excellent research on gender, sexuality and eroticism in antiquity that has been produced over the past few decades, and it will also explore the topic's lateral connections with the thematic fields of ancient humour, the grotesque, apotropaism, myth and magic.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgenderSDG5
FAH351H1Black Art in North AmericaThis introductory course will survey the interrelated history of Blackness and artistic production in the United States, Mexico, the Caribbean, and Canada. Starting in the eighteenth century with the advent of the transatlantic slave trade and covering up to Black Lives Matter movement, the course proceeds chronologically and considers the Black Art within its larger social context. By discussing the aesthetic qualities of artworks and the careers of Black artists alongside of the history of anti-Black racism in North America, we will explore both how the visual has been used as a tool of domination and how art can challenge or subvert racist ideologies. At the end of the course, students will be familiar with the primary figures, debates, and works of art that constitute the field. They will also be comfortable discussing the history anti-Black racism and its current manifestations. Topics include: the visual culture of slavery and abolition, hemispheric and transatlantic modernisms, the racial politics of outsider and folk art, the Black Arts Movement, and art and mass incarceration.Arts and Science, Faculty ofracism, trade, productionSDG4,SDG10
FAH356H5Colonial Latin American Art and ArchitectureThis lecture course will examine processes of cultural transfer and transformation in the planning of cities, churches, and viceregal palaces from the early days of contact through the Baroque in the Viceroyalties of Mexico and Peru and in Brasil. The persistence of indigenous beliefs and forms will be tracked in painting, sculpture, and architecture alongside the emergence of unique genres (i.e., castas, feather paintings), building types, and forms based on the particular makeup of a colonial society. University of Toronto Mississaugaindigenous, citiesSDG10
FAH371H1Architecture and Urbanism in Baroque Europe (formerly FAH355H1)Architecture studied through its various building types and in its urban context. Themes include architecture and power under Absolutism, and the rise of the modern city.Arts and Science, Faculty ofABS, urbanSDG11
FAH452H1Contemporary Indigenous Art in Canada & the United StatesThis course focuses on Indigenous artists working both within and outside of contemporary art spaces in Canada and the United States, through a study of key exhibitions and movements in the Indigenous arts community from 1984 to the present. From the Columbus Quincentennial in 1992 and its echoes in the "Canada 150"; celebrations, to artists working from the front lines of land protection movements, we will explore ideas of nationalism, inclusion, intervention, and 'decolonization' of the gallery.Arts and Science, Faculty ofindigenous, decolonization, land, nationalismSDG10,SDG15
FAH488H1Considering Sustainable Textiles and Fashions in the Age of Climate CrisisThis seminar looks at historic and contemporary global thinking about the production and consumption of textiles and fashions within the current climate change crisis, and over-production due to fast fashion. We question the notion of Western seasonal style and look at historic models to understand new economies of scale and value, issues of labour and natural resources. Through lectures, workshops, and seminars, the class will consider how to harness past models to attain the future of textiles and fashion and the context surrounding the 3 R's, reduce, reuse and recycle.Arts and Science, Faculty oflabour, consum, production, natural resource, recycl, reuse, climateSDG8,SDG12
FAS453H5Art Education Practice(Offered at Sheridan College) Students investigate the principles of educational theory and practice for teaching the visual arts to learners including children, adolescents and adults, within a variety of educational settings.University of Toronto MississaugainvestSDG4
FIN230H1Finnish Culture 1800 to PresentFIN230H1 offers an introduction to Finnish society, history and culture from 1800 to present. The course examines the rise of Finnish nationalism in the 1800s, its main manifestations, and concentrates on the developments of its cultural, educational and social institutions, its economic structures, demographics, cultural traditions as well as the national bilingual status. The focus is on contemporary themes placed in a wider societal context.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinstitut, nationalismSDG11
FOR200H1Conservation of Canada's ForestsForest conservation issues in Canada; fundamentals of forest biology and ecology; forest biodiversity; development of forest management philosophy in Canadian forested regions; concepts of sustainability. Sustainable forest management strategies; forest policy and economics in a Canadian context; forest certification; protected areas.Arts and Science, Faculty ofconserv, biodivers, forest, ecolog, forest conservationSDG15
FOR201H1Conservation of Tropical and Subtropical ForestsThe world's major tropical and subtropical forest biomes; prospects for conservation and sustainable management; consequences of different forest development strategies; tropical deforestation and selective logging; agroforestry; biodiversity and non-timber forest products; the fuelwood crisis; large carnivore conservation; ecological, economic and social perspectives.Arts and Science, Faculty ofagro, conserv, biodivers, forest, ecolog, deforestationSDG2,SDG15
FOR300H1Forest Products in Sustainable ForestryTraditional and non-traditional forest products; wood structure; properties and material attributes; functional characteristics and logistics of wood product industry. Contribution of innovative product development to conservation; adding value; residue use; biorefinery; under-utilized species; wood protection. Forest product certification; eco-labelling; life cycle analysis.Arts and Science, Faculty ofconserv, species, forestSDG15
FOR301H1Field Methods in Forest ConservationA practical introduction to the field methods used by forest conservationists in Ontario. This field course will last 10-days from August 30 September 8 approximately. Field exercises will provide students with practical training in tree identification, forest ecosystem classification, forest inventory, stand management prescriptions, tree marking, and silvicultural systems. Each student is required to pay an ancillary fee of approximately $650 to cover the costs of their transportation and accommodation. Students must contact the Faculty to register; we strongly recommend that you do so by the end of May, but later registrations will be considered if class size permits. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofconserv, ecosystem, forest, forest conservationSDG15
FOR302H1Societal Values and Forest ManagementThe course will provide diverse perspectives about societal values and forests, such as Indigenous perspective, ecosystem services and human well-being, climate change and carbon sequestration, and forest management systems, such as community-based forest management and adaptive management systems; and will develop an understanding of the need of integrative approach to address the social, cultural, economic, and scientific issues associated with forest management.Arts and Science, Faculty ofwell-being, indigenous, climate, carbon sequestration, ecosystem, forestSDG3,SDG10,SDG13,SDG15
FOR303H1Human Dimensions of Global ForestsGlobal forest resources; relationships between societies and forests, consumption, trade and valuation of timber and non-timber products; ecosystem services, climate change and forestry, tropical deforestation and softwood lumber dispute.Arts and Science, Faculty oftrade, consum, climate, ecosystem, forest, deforestationSDG8,SDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
FOR305H1Biology of Trees and ForestsAn overview of the biology of trees and the ecological principles that govern the structure and function of forests. Topics in tree biology will include tree identification, wood anatomy, tree architecture, resource acquisition and allocation, tree growth and mortality. Topics in forest ecology will include resource competition, stand development, species succession, and the cycling of nutrients and energy. This course will include a substantial field and lab component.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenergy, species, forest, ecologSDG15
FOR307H1Forest Insect Ecology & ManagementInsect identification and ecology, biodiversity and conservation, invasive species, insect-tree interaction, biological control, pesticide use, and integrated pest management.Arts and Science, Faculty ofconserv, species, biodivers, forest, ecologSDG15
FOR308H1Discovering Wood and its Role in Societal DevelopmentHumanities and Social Science elective: Trees and their components have been used through the centuries for shelter, heat, entertainment, weapons, sport, furnishings, communication, food and medicines. This course explores the co-evolution of nature and culture by examining the social and economic impacts that the forest and its exploitation had in the development of societies throughout the ages. Focus will be on the cultural history of wood and products derived from it and its influence on developing societies from biblical times to modern day. The course will examine how wood's versatility and usefulness in varied applications has been discovered by society as needs for survival to austerity develop. The unique properties of woody materials will be examined to expose its ability to meet the varied demands of societies throughout the ages. This course will allow students to explore the place and role of wood derived products in sustainable society.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty offorest, exploitationSDG8,SDG9,SDG15
FOR310H1Bioenergy from Sustainable Forest ManagementSocio-economic, technical, political and environmental issues associated with the utilization of forest biomass (e.g., harvesting residues, thinnings, salvage, short rotation woody crops) for a source of renewable energy.Arts and Science, Faculty ofsocio-economic, energy, renewabl, environmental, forestSDG7,SDG15
FOR400Y1Advanced Seminar in Forest ConservationExamination of current and emerging critical issues affecting sustainable management and conservation of global forests. Seminars led by students, faculty and visiting speakers.Arts and Science, Faculty ofconserv, forest, forest conservationSDG15
FOR401H1Research Paper/Thesis in Forest ConservationIndividual in-depth student research projects on significant forest conservation and forest biomaterial issues, based on field and/or laboratory research, or literature survey. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty oflabor, conserv, forest, forest conservationSDG15
FOR403H1Directed ReadingsProvides opportunities for students to carry out individual in-depth study of current forest conservation and forest biomaterials issues, under the direction of a faculty member. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofconserv, forest, forest conservationSDG15
FOR410H1Bioenergy and Biorefinery TechnologyTechnological advances and approaches in deriving biofuels and chemical feedstocks from forest and other biomass. Fundamental chemical attributes of biomass, as they affect the fuel value and potential for deriving liquid, solid and gaseous fuels and valuable chemicals for other applications will be discussed.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenergy, biofuel, forestSDG7,SDG15
FOR413H1Wildlife Ecology & ConservationTemperate and tropical wildlife ecology and conservation; roles of wildlife in forest conservation; impacts of forestry practices and landscape modification on wildlife; ecology and viability of wildlife populations; human uses and abuses of game and non-game species.Arts and Science, Faculty ofconserv, species, forest, ecolog, land, forest conservation, wildlifeSDG15
FOR416H1Green Urban InfrastructureTrees in and around the city are key to providing multiple engineered and ecological services that only recently have been brought into the responsible fiscal planning of every municipality around the globe. Reviews the role of trees and woodlands in providing environmental, social and economic benefits to urban and peri-urban residents and to the broader environment. Examines approaches to the characterization of urban forest ecosystems, and their planning and management.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinfrastructure, urban, environmental, ecosystem, forest, ecolog, landSDG2,SDG9,SDG11,SDG13,SDG15
FOR417H1Ecological Principles of AgroforestryThe roles of trees and forests in agricultural land-use systems primarily in the third world. An examination of the biological and management aspects of agroforestry, within the socio-economic constraints of the developing world. The sustainability of particular agroforestry systems is a theme throughout.Arts and Science, Faculty ofsocio-economic, agricultur, agro, forest, ecolog, landSDG1,SDG2,SDG15
FOR419H1Forest Fire Behaviour and ManagementUnderstanding forest fire activity is important for predicting fire's impact on forests and the wildland-urban interface, as well as understanding the impacts of climate change. Basic principles of forest fuel moisture exchange, fire occurrence and fire behaviour are explored. Emphasis is placed on application of these models to real fire management problems.Arts and Science, Faculty ofurban, climate, forest, landSDG13,SDG15
FOR421H1Green Urban Infrastructure: Sustainable City ForestsComplementary Studies elective: With over 80% of the world's population now living in cities, tomorrow's forests will be urban. Increasing global recognition of nature deficit disorder and the values of green infrastructure to mitigate broader human impacts gives a new meaning to the term 'urban forestry', coined here at UofT and now recognized widely. Trees in and around the city are key to providing multiple engineered and ecological services that only recently have been brought into the responsible fiscal planning of every municipality around the globe. If managed properly (a key concept), urban forests mitigate climate change and urban heat island effects, act as carbon sinks, air filters, water purifiers, air conditioners, noise dampeners, wildlife and/or biodiversity refuges, and green spaces for the human spirit. Here, we explore the challenges and opportunities of this exciting new applied field at the cross-roads of ecology, engineering and planning to ensure future global sustainability.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofwater, green infrastructure, infrastructure, cities, urban, climate, biodivers, forest, ecolog, land, wildlifeSDG6,SDG11,SDG9,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
FOR423H1Sustainable Materials Design and ManufacturingThis course focuses on the manufacturing processes, properties and uses of wood and agricultural fibre based products including wood based composites, ligno-cellulosic/thermoplastic composites and structural or engineered composites, and the practical use of these products in design.Arts and Science, Faculty ofagriculturSDG2,SDG12,SDG15
FOR424H1Innovation and Manufacturing of Sustainable MaterialsSustainable materials are a mandate for sustainable societies. This course will explore the manufacturing, engineering principles and design fundamentals for creating sustainable materials from renewable resources. Special emphasis will be on bioplastics, biofibre, nanobiofibre, biocomposites and nanobiocomposites. Written communication and design skills will be developed through tutorials and assignments.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofrenewablSDG7,SDG12,SDG15
FOR425H1Bioenergy and Biorefinery TechnologyTechnological advances and approaches in deriving biofuels, chemical feedstocks from forest and other biomass resources. Fundamental chemical attributes of biomass, as they affect the fuel value and potential for deriving liquid, solid and gaseous fuels and valuable chemicals for other applications will be explored.Applied Science & Engineering, Faculty ofenergy, biofuel, forestSDG7,SDG15
FRE227H5Teaching and Learning a Second/Foreign LanguageThis course provides an introduction to second language pedagogy with a particular focus on French. Students will learn key concepts in pedagogy and compare the teaching and learning processes and experiences of first and second language learners as well as the roles of classroom teachers and learners via the creation of linguistic portraits and pedagogical materials.University of Toronto Mississaugapedagogy, learningSDG4
FRE304H1Contemporary French Women's Prose FictionAn analysis of selected prose texts of the last hundred years written by major French women authors, emphasizing themes and textual strategies used to represent the female subject, her relationship to language, and the role of ethnicity, class, and gender in the construction of identity.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, women, femaleSDG5,SDG10
FRE314H1Quebec and French-Canadian LiteratureThis course aims to explore the literature from Quebec and other French-speaking parts of Canada. Literary texts by French Canadian authors will be analyzed, and various themes such as identity (self, others, multiculturalism, nationalism), heritage (family, tradition, culture), and representations of place and linguistic values will be studied.Arts and Science, Faculty ofnationalismSDG16
FRE332H1Francophone LiteraturesA comprehensive introduction to Francophone literatures and cultures, examining the linguistic, aesthetic, and discursive specificities as represented by authors of the Francophone world. Focus on the concepts of colonialism, representation, alienation, emigration, and nationalism.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcities, nationalismSDG10,SDG16
FRE354H5Teaching French in a Plurilingual ContextThis course allows students to explore innovative pedagogical approaches such as the Action Oriented and Plurilingual; Pluricultural Approaches, building on knowledge and skills acquired in FRE227H5 Teaching and Learning a Second/Foreign Language. This is accomplished through the examination of the linguistic and cultural diversity observed in French Language classes today, and the discovery of innovative and current teaching approaches followed by the creation of pedagogical materials. Particular emphasis is placed on students' abilities to transfer knowledge into practice.University of Toronto Mississaugaknowledge, learningSDG4
FRE379H1Sociolinguistics of FrenchThe relationship between language use and social factors such as socio-economic status, social context and gender of speaker. Theoretical notions are derived through the analysis of specific data, focusing on Canadian French and other varieties spoken in the Americas.Arts and Science, Faculty ofsocio-economic, genderSDG1,SDG5,SDG10
FRE384H1Teaching French as a Second LanguageThis course is designed for students who aim for a career in teaching French as a second language. It introduces recent methods and approaches and increases student understanding of pedagogical issues and curriculum expectations with a consideration of learning styles, lesson design and methods of evaluation. The course includes an experiential learning component in partnership with local school boards and private schools.Arts and Science, Faculty oflearningSDG4
FRE389H5Individual Differences in Second Language AcquisitionThis course examines the effects of cognitive (e.g., aptitude, working memory) and affective differences (e.g., motivation, L2 anxiety) on second language acquisition. Students will come to understand the nature of these differences via empirical studies on learners of French and the use of assessment instruments including questionnaires and on-line tests. Particular emphasis is placed on students' ability to discuss between-learner differences in comprehension and production, identify relevant individual differences capable of explaining such variability, and conduct their own individual differences research.University of Toronto MississaugaproductionSDG4
FRE453H5Teaching French CultureThis advanced research course deepens students' theoretical and practical background in language pedagogy, exploring research questions related to issues surrounding the integration of culture in the language curriculum including the relationship between authentic language and culture, and the role of linguistic and cultural diversity in education. Students will learn to critique and create teaching materials and undertake an independent research project.University of Toronto MississaugapedagogySDG4
FRE483H1Experimental Methods in French LinguisticsThis course is designed to provide students with the skills and knowledge required to carry out language-related research with human subjects. The course introduces students to research design and ethics, common experimental methodologies in linguistics research, and data analysis. The course includes a practical component that will provide students with the opportunity to design and carry out a corpus study or web-based linguistics experiment. Throughout the course, students will also be encouraged to reflect on how language research can contribute to broader domains in society, including education and health.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledgeSDG3,SDG4
FREC10H3Community-Engaged Learning in the Francophone CommunityIn this Community-Engaged course, students will have opportunities to strengthen their French skills (such as communication, interpersonal, intercultural skills) in the classroom in order to effectively complete a placement in the GTA's Francophone community. By connecting the course content and their practical professional experience, students will gain a deeper understanding of the principles of experiential education: respect, reciprocity, relevance and reflection; they will enhance and apply their knowledge and problem-solving skills; they will develop their critical thinking skills to create new knowledge and products beneficial to the Francophone community partners.University of Toronto Scarboroughknowledge, learningSDG4,SDG11,SDG16
FSC220H5Introduction to Forensic PsychologyThis course provides an introductory overview of the many ways psychological research and theories (i.e. behavioural science) can deliver useful information in collecting and assessing evidence for criminal investigation, trial, and prevention. Topics may include: eyewitness testimony, deception, criminal profiling, false confession, mental illness, victim trauma, criminal responsibility, risk assessment, serial killing, hate crimes, sexual offending, prejudiced policing, and jury decision-making. The aim of this course is to give students general insight into the various applied specializations of forensic psychologists.University of Toronto Mississaugaillness, invest, judicSDG3
FSC320H5Forensic PsychopathologyPathology is the study of disease and psychopathology is the study of mental illness. In Forensic Psychopathology, then, we make inquiries about mental illness in the context of forensic practices. In this course, we will explore multiple topics in the field providing the student with a general insight into its history, scientific merits, and practical relevance. We will survey prevailing theories on mental health, illness, and treatment. Investigate psychiatric diagnoses such as (juvenile) Conduct Disorder, Antisocial Personality Disorder, and Psychopathy, hereunder their application and relevance in risk assessment, behavior prediction, and offender rehabilitation. We will also discuss methodological, ethical, and legal issues in the field, for example, the scientific validity of psychiatric diagnostics, the ethical implications of using psychiatric assessments in forensic institutions, and the legal responsibility of mentally ill offenders.University of Toronto Mississaugamental health, illness, invest, institutSDG3
FSC360H5Evidence, Law and Forensic Science in CanadaThis course will explore the position of forensic science within the law in Canada. The focus will be on the evolution of the acceptance of forensic science in Canadian criminal law and its current position within the legal system. Topics include: Evidence law, expert evidence law, defining the expert, differing standards of legal acceptance for police sciences and others. Important historical documents and legal advancements will be surveyed. [24L, 12S]University of Toronto Mississaugalegal systemSDG16
FSC361H5Mental Illness and the Criminal Justice SystemThis course will develop students' knowledge of forensic mental health issues throughout the criminal justice system, including the nature and extent of mental illness in our society and the various legal, social and ethical issues that arise when a mentally disordered individual comes into contact with the criminal justice system. Topics to be explored include: the medical and legal definitions of mental disorder and their relationship to each other; the criteria for state-compelled treatment and how it impinges upon individual autonomy; the changing views of the justice system's duty to accommodate victims and witnesses with mental health issues; fitness to stand trial and the defense of not criminally responsible; and the Review Board process.University of Toronto Mississaugamental health, health issues, illness, knowledge, criminal justiceSDG3,SDG16
FSC370H5Forensic PsychopharmacologyThis course introduces students to the area of psychopharmacology (drug induced changes in mood, thinking and behaviour). The mechanisms of action of drugs in the nervous system and their effects on the brain and on behaviour will be explored and the significance of psychopharmacology in criminal investigations and trials will be discussed. [24L, 12S]University of Toronto MississaugainvestSDG3
FSTA01H3Foods That Changed the WorldThis course introduces students to university-level skills through an exploration of the connections between food, environment, culture, religion, and society. Using a food biography perspective, it critically examines ecological, material, and political foundations of the global food system and how food practices affect raced, classed, gendered, and national identities.University of Toronto Scarboroughfood system, gender, ecologSDG2,SDG3
FSTB01H3Methodologies in Food StudiesThis course, which is a requirement in the Minor program in Food Studies, provides students with the basic content and methodological training they need to understand the connections between food, culture, and society. The course examines fundamental debates around food politics, health, culture, sustainability, and justice. Students will gain an appreciation of the material, ecological, and political foundations of the global food system as well as the ways that food shapes personal and collective identities of race, class, gender, and nation. Tutorials will meet in the Culinaria Kitchen Laboratory.University of Toronto Scarboroughfood system, gender, labor, ecologSDG2
FSTC05H3Feeding the City: Food Systems in Historical PerspectiveThis course puts urban food systems in world historical perspective using case studies from around the world and throughout time. Topics include provisioning, food preparation and sale, and cultures of consumption in courts, restaurants, street vendors, and domestic settings. Students will practice historical and geographical methodologies to map and interpret foodways. Same as HISC05H3University of Toronto Scarboroughfood system, urban, consumSDG2,SDG11,SDG12
FSTC24H3Gender in the KitchenAcross cultures, women are the main preparers and servers of food in domestic settings; in commercial food production and in restaurants, and especially in elite dining establishments, males dominate. Using agricultural histories, recipes, cookbooks, memoirs, and restaurant reviews and through the exploration of students’ own domestic culinary knowledge, students will analyze the origins, practices, and consequences of such deeply gendered patterns of food labour and consumption. Same as WSTC24H3University of Toronto Scarboroughagricultur, culinary, knowledge, gender, women, labour, consum, productionSDG2,SDG5
FSTC43H3Social Geographies of Street FoodThis course uses street food to comparatively assess the production of ‘the street’, the legitimation of bodies and substances on the street, and contests over the boundaries of, and appropriate use of public and private space. It also considers questions of labour and the culinary infrastructure of contemporary cities around the world. Same as GGRC34H3 University of Toronto Scarboroughculinary, labour, infrastructure, cities, productionSDG2,SDG11
GASB57H3Sub-Continental Histories: South Asia in the WorldA survey of South Asian history. The course explores diverse and exciting elements of this long history, such as politics, religion, trade, literature, and the arts, keeping in mind South Asia's global and diasporic connections.
Same as HISB57H3
University of Toronto ScarboroughtradeSDG10
GASB58H3Modern Chinese HistoryThis course provides an overview of the historical changes and continuities of the major cultural, economic, political, and social institutions and practices in modern Chinese history.
Same as HISB58H3
University of Toronto ScarboroughinstitutSDG16
GASB74H3Asian Foods and Global CitiesThis course explores the social circulation of Asian-identified foods and beverages using research from geographers, anthropologists, sociologists, and historians to understand their changing roles in ethnic entrepreneur-dominated cityscapes of London, Toronto, Singapore, Hong Kong, and New York. Foods under study include biryani, curry, coffee, dumplings, hoppers, roti, and tea.
Same as HISB74H3
University of Toronto Scarboroughentrepreneur, citiesSDG11,SDG16
GASD54H3Aqueous History: Water-Stories for a FutureThis upper-level seminar will explore how water has shaped human experience. It will explore water landscapes, the representation of water in legal and political thought, slave narratives, and water management in urban development from the 16th century. Using case studies from South Asia and North America we will understand how affective, political and social relations to water bodies are made and remade over time. Same as HISD54H3University of Toronto Scarboroughwater, urban, landSDG6
GER195H1Cities, Real and Imagined (E)Cities have been described as places of desire and places of fear. They pulse with life, bringing together people from different class, gender, and ethnic backgrounds, simultaneously giving rise to a sense of freedom and oppression, a sense of belonging and alienation. This course will explore the city as a physical reality that shapes our lives, but is also a projection of our deepest imaginings. Through readings of philosophical and sociological texts by influential theorists of the city, we will consider various ancient and modern conceptions of urban space and subjectivity. Alongside these theoretical readings, we will also examine literary and filmic representations of the city as a space of desire, memory and power. All readings and class discussions are in English. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, gini, cities, urbanSDG11
GER290H1Global Issues - German Contexts (E)The movement of cultural products, material goods, capital, people, ideas, and information across national borders has resulted in a new quality of global interdependency. The course explores the contemporary character of globalization patterns and problems as they bear on German-speaking contexts. Readings in globalization history and theory.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcapital, globalizSDG9,SDG16
GER321H1Literary Realism in the Industrial AgeThis course focuses on German authors of the nineteenth century. Literary, political and philosophical texts are analyzed as a discussion of political uprisings, the industrial revolution and the emergence of German nationalism.Arts and Science, Faculty ofnationalismSDG16
GER391H1iPRAKTIKUM Experiential Learning and Internationalization InternshipThe course provides curricular support for a variety of work and community-engaged, experiential learning placements in the GTA and in German-speaking countries. The placements are designed to deepen linguistic, cultural, and analytical skills acquired in the classroom in work-related environments, create an awareness of the translatability of academic knowledge to other contexts, promote global competency, and foster links to the community. The number of weekly hours spent in the field, the scope of learning objectives, and the nature of reflective activities are determined on an individual basis in consultation with the host institution, the German Department, and other units in which the student is pursuing a program degree (as required). In addition to successfully achieving the formulated learning goals, students must complete assignments such as eJournals and research papers as well as participate in peer-to-peer reporting and post-placement interviews.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, learning, institutSDG4,SDG16
GGR101H1Histories of Environmental ChangeThis course will investigate geological, biological and archaeological evidence of environmental change. We will examine the processes that have driven and will drive environmental change and how past societies have shaped and responded to these changes. The emphasis is on the current interglacial period, or Holocene, and how shifts in population and technologies have affected human-environment interactions. As language of the Holocene gives way, for many, to that the Anthropocene, the implications of environmental change for present and future human societies will be our concluding concern.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinvest, environmental, anthropoceneSDG9,SDG14,SDG15
GGR107H1Environment, Food and PeopleExamines the relations between food, nature, and society. Food is fundamental to human existence, and central to most cultures; it also has significant and widespread effects on the physical and social environments. Food is used as a lens to explore human-environment interactions locally and globally. Serves as an introduction to environmental and human geography.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenvironmentalSDG2,SDG12,SDG13
GGR112H1Geographies of Globalization, Development and InequalityEconomic growth, social change and environmental transformation are taking shape in an increasingly interconnected global context. This course introduces and examines critical geographic approaches to international development, economic globalization, poverty, and inequality. It pays particular attention to the roles of rural-urban and international migration in shaping specific landscapes.Arts and Science, Faculty ofpoverty, economic growth, globaliz, inequality, equalit, urban, rural, environmental, land, social changeSDG1,SDG8,SDG9,SDG10,SDG11,SDG13,SDG15,SDG16
GGR112H5Physical GeographyThis physical geography course provides a broad introduction to the Earth System, involving the atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere and their interactions, at local to planetary spatial scales. It examines natural and anthropogenic origins of environmental change. Key methods and techniques used by physical geographers to study the Earth System are covered in lectures, readings, practical sessions and field work. Fieldwork is integral to all sub-disciplines of geography, and a major component of this course. There is no substitute for direct, hands-on exploration of the natural world. This course fulfills 1 field day. [24L, 12P]University of Toronto Mississaugaenvironmental, planet, anthropogenicSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
GGR124H1Cities and Urban LifeOffers an introduction to North American cities and urbanization in a global context. It explores social, cultural, political and economic forces, processes, and events that shape contemporary urbanism. The course adopts the lens of 'fixity' and 'flow' to examine how the movement of people, ideas, goods, and capital, as well as their containment in the infrastructure and space of the city, give rise to particular urban forms.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinfrastructure, capital, cities, urbanSDG9,SDG11
GGR196H1The Yard: Micro-Geographies of Household Outdoor SpacesA yard is the area of land immediately adjacent to a building, often a residence. By examining micro-geographies (that is, detailed empirical studies of a small, specific locale) of these ubiquitous, everyday spaces, the course explores how yards are intimately connected with broader ecologies, cultures, and social relations, all of which can be explored using geographic theories and techniques. The course also serves as an introduction to other subjects that are relevant to navigating post-secondary life, such as: critical reading; conducting university-level research; presenting and communicating ideas in the classroom; teamwork, and how to benefit from it; and developing social networks. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofecolog, landSDG11,SDG15
GGR198H1Mobility and BordersThis course examines the political geographies of transnational migration. It asks how spaces of migration and mobility are political, and how migration politics are tied to inequalities wrought through intersecting histories of race, class, and gender. It seeks to extend our understandings of migrants, borders, and mobility, and it explores the processes through which mobility is produced, delimited and structured. We will consider the transnational politics of migration, the militarization of border zones, and the political spaces of migrant displacement, dispossession, and dislocation. The seminar readings focus on classical paradigms as well as emerging approaches in immigration studies. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, equalitSDG5,SDG10,SDG15,SDG16
GGR199H1Global Racial Capitalism in the 21st CenturyThis course uses the tools of political economy, decolonial and anti-colonial theory, and critical approaches to the study of racism to explore how the construction of racial categories continues to be integral to the working of capitalist systems. We will explore the reasons why capitalism was never meant to work for everyone by examining how and why racial categories have continued to matter since capitalism's earliest formations. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofdecolonial, racism, capitalSDG9,SDG17
GGR201H1GeomorphologyThis course introduces the principles of geomorphology, including the landforms and processes associated with water, wind, waves, and ice, as well as the human impacts on earth surface processes. Laboratory sessions occur irregularly during the semester to introduce assignments and provide support. A local field trip may be offered (transportation and entrance cost: approximately $26).Arts and Science, Faculty ofwater, wind, labor, landSDG6,SDG7,SDG8,SDG14,SDG15
GGR201H5Introduction to GeomorphologyThis course provides an introduction to the principles and concepts of geomorphology, the study of the processes that shape the surface of the earth. The course adopts a process-oriented approach to the study of the variety of landforms found in the natural environment. Topics are mainly taken from a Canadian perspective and include energy flows through the land, weathering and erosion (fluvial, coastal, chemical, aeolian, and glacial), hillslope materials, drainage basin morphology, periglacial environments, and human modification of the landscape. [24L, 12P]University of Toronto Mississaugaenergy, weather, land, erosionSDG6,SDG7,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
GGR202H5Geography of CanadaThis course will spotlight how Canada, as a nation, is constructed through historical and contemporary systems of inclusions and exclusions. Taking a geographic approach to Canada means taking a look at the social construction of Canada through the politics and production of spaces. We will explore how landscape, borders, regions, territory, land, and environment are imagined, organized, contested and fought for by individuals and communities.University of Toronto Mississaugaproduction, landSDG12,SDG14,SDG15
GGR203H1Introduction to ClimatologyIntroduction to the large scale processes responsible for determining global and regional climate and atmospheric circulation patterns, as well as the small scale processes responsible for determining the microclimates of specific environments.Arts and Science, Faculty ofclimateSDG13
GGR205H1Introduction to Soil ScienceThis course introduces soil science, including the chemical, physical, and biological properties of soils; soil formation and development; the classification of soils; and the application of soil science to environmental and agricultural issues. A field trip may be offered (transportation cost: approximately $21).Arts and Science, Faculty ofagricultur, environmental, soilSDG2,SDG15
GGR206H1Introduction to HydrologyIntroduction to the hydrologic cycle with emphasis on the physical processes, including precipitation, interception, evaporation, runoff, ground water and soil water. Basic hydrological models will be practiced. Potential field trip, cost: approximately $21.Arts and Science, Faculty ofwater, soilSDG6,SDG15
GGR207H5Cities, Urbanization and DevelopmentThis course will introduce students to urban social processes, urban form and urban history. A particular emphasis will be placed on global urbanization, internal spatial and social structure of cities, as well as past and contemporary urban problems. [36L, 12T ]University of Toronto Mississaugacities, urbanSDG9,SDG11
GGR209H5Economic GeographyAn introduction to the interaction of the economic, social and political institutions that determine the quality of life in a particular place. Subjects covered range from economic efficiency and social equity to the location dynamics of value chains. The emphasis of the course is on Canadian examples. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugaequity, value chain, equit, institutSDG9,SDG10,SDG16
GGR210H5Social GeographiesSocial geography is concerned with the ways in which social relations, identities and inequalities are produced across space. This course examines social geography in the North American context with a specific focus on identity/difference and inequalities in cities. We will explore cities as sites of both cosmopolitan inclusion and exclusion. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugaequalit, citiesSDG10,SDG11,SDG16
GGR214H5Global Weather and ClimateThe climates of the globe are created from the kinds of weather systems which usually occur. This course surveys the weather systems of the globe and the geography which helps to transform them into regional climates. It uses just enough physics to show you how it all works and how we can make informed assessments about ideas on climatic change. [24L, 12P]University of Toronto Mississaugaclimate, weatherSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
GGR217H1Urban Landscapes and PlanningConsiders the role of planning in shaping the urban landscape through historical and contemporary examples that illustrate the interplay of modernist and post-modernist approaches to city building. Traces the origins, competing rationalities and lingering effects of planning in the production of urban space. Broaches possibilities for engaging planning critically to address challenges of social and environmental justice in cities today.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcities, urban, production, environmental, environmental justice, landSDG11,SDG12,SDG13,SDG15
GGR217H5Fundamentals of HydrologyHydrology is the study of the quantity, quality, storage, and transfer of the world's freshwater. The presence of water on and in the continents and atmosphere sustains the terrestrial biosphere, including human life. This course focuses on the central concepts of hydrology by taking a systems approach to the movement and storage of water on and in a watershed. Based on the framework of the water cycle, the course emphasizes the physical processes that control the stores and transfers of water and energy in the Earth system. This course serves as a gateway to the more advanced treatment of hydrology in upper levels, as well as providing a solid understanding of the fundamentals of the science of water for students in other streams of physical geography, environmental science, earth science, and biology. [24L, 12P]University of Toronto Mississaugawater, energy, environmentalSDG6,SDG7,SDG13
GGR221H1New Economic SpacesProvides an introduction to economic geography and economic geography theory from the 1970s on, illustrating the different ways that geographers have conceptualized the restructuring of resource industries, manufacturing and services. The crisis of Fordism and the rise of new production models will be given particular attention, along with the reorganization of finance, the rise of cultural industries and the globalization of commodity chains. New regimes of governance of the economy will also be considered.Arts and Science, Faculty ofglobaliz, production, governanceSDG9,SDG12,SDG16
GGR223H1Environment, Society and ResourcesFocuses on society-environment relations and different approaches to resource governance and management. This includes exploration of the spatial, social, and political economic origins and implications of humans' changing relations to nature. Drawing on debates from environmental governance and political ecology literatures, the course also investigates the ways that different actors and institutions have framed and sought solutions to environmental and resource challenges.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinvest, environmental, political ecology, ecolog, institut, governanceSDG7,SDG9,SDG13,SDG15,SDG16
GGR227H5Ecosystems and Environmental ChangeThis course introduces the rapidly advancing fields of ecosystem science through the exploration of how ecosystems respond to climate change, pollution, and intensive natural resource management. The impacts from anthropogenic stressors on ecosystem functioning are often complex, with interactions occurring among plants, microorganisms, and physical and chemical environments. Lecture topics and case studies focus primarily on important representative Canadian ecosystems that also play vital roles in the resource sector including forests, agricultural land, wetlands and aquatic ecosystems. [24L, 12P]University of Toronto Mississaugaagricultur, pollution, natural resource, climate, environmental, anthropogenic, pollut, ecosystem, forest, landSDG2,SDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
GGR240H1Geographies of Colonialism in North AmericaThis course considers the creation and consolidation of settler colonies in the region known to many as North America. With an eye to the colonial present, the course focuses on the period from the 15th century to the early 20th century. Cultural texts and place-specific cases are used to ground themes and processes that also bear on the wider field of historical geography, including narratives of discovery and possession; ecological imperialism and environmental transformation; the (re)settlement of land and colonial government; enslavement and industrialization; frontiers, borders, and resource extraction; and some of the Indigenous geographies that preceded, were transformed by and transformed, and exceeded the reach of colonial power. Potential field trip.Arts and Science, Faculty ofsettler, industrialization, indigenous, environmental, ecolog, landSDG9,SDG10,SDG16
GGR251H1Geography of InnovationExplores how new technologies and industries are generated and sustained, or failed to be. Focuses on the dynamics of leading technological sectors such as electronics, automobiles and biotechnology in their geographical and historical contexts. We critically scrutinise the iconic Silicon Valley along with other major innovative regions/nations, and investigate the key role of universities and finance in driving innovation and entrepreneurship.
Arts and Science, Faculty ofentrepreneur, investSDG8,SDG9
GGR254H1Geography USAAfter a short historical overview of the making of America, this course focuses on contemporary issues in American society, economy, politics, race, regional distinctions and disparities, urban development.Arts and Science, Faculty ofurbanSDG11,SDG14,SDG15
GGR259H1Urban Growth and DeclineThe growth and decline of cities have been and continue to be preoccupations of scholars and practitioners alike. This course is an introduction to the causes and consequences of urban growth and decline at the neighbourhood, municipal, and regional levels. Special attention will be paid to North American cities, but others outside of that sphere will be discussed as well. Concepts and topics will include a consideration of the following: rural to urban migration; industrialization and deindustrialization; urban renewal; suburbanization; austerity and neoliberalism; racial avoidance and discrimination; gentrification; and capital switching and uneven development.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcapital, industrialization, cities, urban, ruralSDG9,SDG11
GGR265H5(Under)development and HealthIn this course students will be introduced to contemporary development and health issues by examining historical experiences, social, political, economic and environmental processes. This approach will help highlight the vast diversity and address some of the many questions about the region including: What processes underlie famine and food insecurity? What are the underlying causes of the conflict and genocide in some regions? What processes explain spatial disparities in health, or regional and gender differences in HIV rates and the outbreak of rare diseases like Ebola? The course will rely on case studies from the Sub-Saharan (SSA), one of the most diverse and intriguing regions in the world, to provide an understanding of the complexity in each topic.University of Toronto Mississaugafood insecurity, health issues, gender, environmentalSDG2,SDG3,SDG5
GGR301H1Fluvial GeomorphologyElements of drainage basin morphology and hydrology, classification of rivers, stream patterns and hydraulic geometry. Elements of open channel flow, sediment transport and the paleohydrology of river systems. River channel adjustments to environmental change, human impact and the management/design of river habitats. Exercises include experimentation in a laboratory flume. A field trip may be offered (at no cost). Course usually offered every other year. Arts and Science, Faculty oflabor, environmentalSDG8,SDG13
GGR304H5DendrochronologyTree rings are a powerful natural archive for addressing research questions across a range of spatial and temporal scales, owing to the fact that they are annually resolved, long-lived (e.g., multi-century) and cover a large portion of the Earth's surface. Tree-rings reflect changes in their local environment, and they are sensitive to factors that limit biological processes such as light, soil moisture, temperature and disturbance. Environment changes are 'encoded' in the physical properties of tree-rings (e.g., ring-width, wood density or isotopes). This course will provide students with the theoretical background and technical skills needed to cross-date, measure, analyse and interpret tree-ring data, and use this information to address practical research questions.University of Toronto Mississaugaurban, soilSDG11,SDG15
GGR305H1BiogeographyBiogeography aims to identify and explain patterns of plant and animal distributions through space and time. This course considers topics including ecological and evolutionary dynamics, dispersal, migration, plate tectonics, speciation, extinction, paleoenvironments, and island biogeography. We will examine terrestrial and marine biomes, the meaning of biodiversity, conservation challenges, and recent biogeographic changes associated with human activities.Arts and Science, Faculty ofmarine, conserv, animal, biodivers, ecolog, landSDG14,SDG15
GGR305H5BiogeographyAnalysis of past and present plant and animal distributions, and of the environmental and biological constraints involved. The course emphasizes the impact of continental drift, Quaternary climatic changes and human interference on contemporary patterns. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugaenvironmental, animalSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
GGR308H1Canadian Arctic and Subarctic EnvironmentsThis course explores Arctic and Subarctic regions through topics including climate, the cryosphere, hydrology, geomorphology, and ecosystems. The current stresses of climate change are considered throughout the course, including the impacts on communities in Arctic Canada.Arts and Science, Faculty ofclimate, ecosystemSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
GGR313H5Gender and the CityIn this course students will be introduced to approaches in social geography that examine the links between gender and urban environments. Specific topics and issues to be covered include, for example, poverty, work, sex trade, human trafficking and safety. Topics will be explored across multiple scales including bodies, home, neighbourhood and community. This course fulfills 1 field day. [24L, 12T]University of Toronto Mississaugapoverty, gender, trafficking, trade, urbanSDG1,SDG5,SDG16,SDG10,SDG11
GGR314H1Global WarmingA comprehensive examination of the greenhouse warming problem, beginning with economic, carbon cycle, and climate model projections; impacts on and adaptive responses of agriculture, forests, fisheries, and water resources; options and policies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.Arts and Science, Faculty ofagricultur, water, emission, greenhouse, climate, greenhouse gas, global warming, emissions, fish, forestSDG2,SDG6,SDG7,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
GGR315H5Physical HydrologyThis course centres on the advanced treatment of the physical principles involved in the occurrence and movement of water on and beneath the Earth's surface. Watershed-scale hydrologic systems are investigated, along with basic principles of fluid mechanics. Open channel hydraulics, soil water, and groundwater processes are investigated. The importance of understanding water movement in the environment by exploring the relationship of hydrology to other environmental sciences is stressed. This course fulfills 2 field days. [24L, 36P]University of Toronto Mississaugawater, invest, environmental, soilSDG6,SDG9,SDG13,SDG15
GGR317H5The Cryosphere: Canada's Frozen EnvironmentsSnow and ice dominate the Canadian landscape. There is virtually no area in Canada that escapes the influence of snow and ice. We skate on frozen ponds, ski down snow covered mountains, drive through snow blizzards and watch how ice jams in rivers cause rivers to swell and floods to occur. The duration and the thickness of snow and ice increase rapidly northwards, and glaciers are found in mountainous areas and in large parts of the Arctic region. Given that snow and ice impact heavily on the Canadian way of life, this course seeks to understand the dynamics of snow and ice in a hydrological context. This course will examine snow properties, snow cover distribution, glacier hydrology, melt runoff, and ice in its many forms (lake ice, river ice, sea ice, and ground ice). This course will also examine some of the recent observed changes occurring in the cryosphere regions of Canada. This course includes an off campus field trip. This course fulfills 2 field days. [24L, 12P]University of Toronto MississaugalandSDG15
GGR318H5Political GeographyPolitical geography is concerned with the spatial expression of political entities and events. It involves analysis at a variety of scales ranging from the local to the global. The control and manipulation of territory and the imposition of political boundaries and political ideas are central to this analysis. The course provides discussion on nation building, the emergence of the state system, theories on the state, and the role of the state as provider of services and regulator of activities, and electoral geography and governance. This course fulfills 1 field day. [24L]University of Toronto MississaugagovernanceSDG16
GGR320H1Geographies of Transnationalism, Migration, and GenderThis course examines recent changes in global migration processes. Specifically, the course addresses the transnationalization and feminization of migrant populations and various segments of the global labor force. The coursework focuses on analyzing classical paradigms in migration studies, as well as emerging theoretical approaches to gender and migration. In addition, it traces the shifting empirical trends in gendered employment and mobility patterns. It uses in-depth case study material to query the frameworks employed in migration studies and to understand the grounded implications of gendered migration. It pays particular attention to the interventions made by feminist geographers in debates about work, migration, place, and space.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, feminis, employment, labor, nationalismSDG5,SDG8,SDG16
GGR322H5GIS and Population HealthThe purpose of this course will be to develop an appreciation for the conceptual and methodological intersections that exist between geographical information systems and population health. While population health can include incidence and prevalence of disease and ill-health, as well as concerns about service provision, this course will focus mainly on disease, injury, illness more broadly. The course will include both lectures, where foundational concepts will be introduced and related to practical lab sessions, where students will gain experience using GIS to map and study health information. Topics will include: spatial databases for population health, mapping health data, analyzing the spatial clustering of disease and/or injury, mapping and analyzing environmental and social risk factors.University of Toronto Mississaugaillness, environmentalSDG3,SDG13
GGR323H1Commons, Commoning and NatureThis course examines the role of commons and commoning practices in rethinking how we share natural resources, nurture life-in-common and build more meaningful worlds. Topics covered include: the political and economic history of the commons and their erasure; social and environmental movements; geographies of commons governance; urban commons; more-than-human commons; and post-capitalist alternatives to address ecosystem emergencies. The course draws from Institutional and complexity theory; feminist decolonial theory; Indigenous philosophy; Black feminist thought; new materialism and posthumanism to understand the challenges and possibilities of reviving commons and commoning practices.Arts and Science, Faculty ofdecolonial, feminis, capital, indigenous, urban, natural resource, environmental, ecosystem, institut, governanceSDG4,SDG5,SDG9,SDG10,SDG16,SDG11,SDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
GGR324H1Spatial Political EconomyThis course aims to explore how economic agents act and interact in space and how this creates subdivisions within the global, national and regional political economy. In a largely conceptual and interdisciplinary manner, the course investigates the role of institutions in the relational economy and the spatial construction of the political economy. Institutions are viewed as formal or informal stabilizations of economic interaction. Questions which guide the analysis are related to how institutions are established, how they evolve, how they impact economic action, and how they are changed through political and economic action at different spatial scales. Through this, the course introduces a relational and spatial perspective to the analysis of economic action and institutions. This perspective is based on the assumption that economic action is situated in socio-institutional contexts, evolves along particular paths and, at the same time, remains fundamentally contingent. Topics to be discussed include the social construction of economic space, industrial organization and location, the establishment and maintenance of economic networks, as well as processes of firm formation, learning and knowledge creation.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, learning, invest, institutSDG4,SDG9,SDG16
GGR326H1Remaking the Global EconomyExamines links between global economic integration and geographically uneven economic development. Focuses on debates and empirical studies on global production networks (GPNs), and associated issues such as offshoring, outsourcing, and upgrading. Blends analysis of both theory and practice of business firms and regional development. Seeks to develop an in-depth understanding of the key actors driving contemporary global economic transformation, within the 'transnational space' constituted and structured by transnational firms, state institutions, and ideologies.Arts and Science, Faculty ofproduction, outsourc, offshor, institutSDG12,SDG16
GGR327H1Geography and GenderIntroduction to the work of feminist geographers. The course will explore the relationship between gender and space, emphasizing spatial cognition, architecture, and layout of the city.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, feminisSDG5
GGR328H1Labour GeographiesExplores changes in the nature of work and the structure and geography of labour markets. Topics will include globalization, lean production, flexibility and risk, industrial relations, workfare, the body at work, and gender and work.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, labour, globaliz, productionSDG5,SDG8,SDG9,SDG12
GGR329H5Environment and the Roots of GlobalizationA critical discussion of how geographical factors, such as landscape, flora and fauna, might help explain why history unfolded differently on different continents. How geography might have impacted the development of agriculture, complex technologies, writing, centralized government and how, in the process, it has shaped the current world economic map. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugaagricultur, globaliz, land, flora and faunaSDG2,SDG9,SDG15
GGR332H1Social Geographies of Climate ChangeAnalyses the social and behavioural geographies of climate change, including: climate change communication (how we interpret and communicate climate science); climate change prevention strategies, from the macro to micro scale; and possibilities for climate change adaptation.Arts and Science, Faculty ofclimate change adaptation, climateSDG11,SDG13
GGR334H1Water Resource ManagementManaging demand and supply; linkages between water quality and human health. Case studies from the industrial world and from developing countries, rural and urban. Implications of population growth and climate change for water resource management.Arts and Science, Faculty ofwater, urban, rural, climateSDG6,SDG11,SDG13
GGR335H5Remote Sensing ApplicationsThe purpose of this course is to familiarize students with the various ways in which remote sensing images have been used for environmental applications among the sectors of government, industry, and academia. A part of the course will be devoted to application projects employing remote sensing and spatial data analysis in natural resources and environmental assessments.
University of Toronto Mississauganatural resource, environmentalSDG12,SDG13
GGR336H1Urban Historical Geography of North AmericaThis course explores the emergence and reproduction of class and racial social spaces, the development of new economic spaces, and the growing importance of the reform and planning movements. Emphasis is on metropolitan development between 1850 and 1950.Arts and Science, Faculty ofurban, metro, productionSDG11,SDG12
GGR337H5Environmental Remote SensingThis introductory course emphasizes mastering fundamental remote sensing concepts and utilizing remotely sensed data for monitoring land resources and environmental change. Topics include surface-energy interactions, sensor systems, image interpretation, and applications for examining soil, vegetation and water resources. Upon completion of this course, students should have the necessary knowledge and skills to pursue more advanced work in digital image processing and remote sensing applications.University of Toronto Mississaugaknowledge, water, energy, environmental, land, soilSDG4,SDG6,SDG7,SDG13,SDG15
GGR338H1Social Transformation and Environment in the Majority WorldThis course draws upon a number of geographical theories, debates and case studies to explore the geographical implications of an increasingly interconnected global capitalist economy for interactions among the people and environments in places in the ‘majority world’. Situated within the context of climate change this course examines the evolution of discourses of ‘development’ and their relationship to western (Anglo-American) racialized notions of progress and modernity.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcapital, climateSDG9,SDG13
GGR338H5Environmental ModelingAn application of environmental models to contemporary problems of decision-making. The course demonstrates the relevance of techniques of data management (statistics, computer systems) to issues facing Canada and the global community.ÂUniversity of Toronto MississaugaenvironmentalSDG13
GGR339H1Urban Geography, Planning and Political ProcessesInvestigates North American urban political geography, exploring conflicts over immigration, environment, gentrification, homelessness, labour market restructuring, ‘race’ and racism, urban sprawl, nature and environment, gender, sexuality, security, and segregation. Explores competing visions of city life and claims on urban space. The course investigates how these struggles connect to economic, social and environmental politics at larger spatial scales, and considers different theoretical frameworks that geographers have developed to make sense of both the persistence of old problems and the emergence of new ones. Potential field trip, cost: approximately $21.Arts and Science, Faculty ofhomeless, racism, gender, labour, invest, urban, environmentalSDG1,SDG5,SDG8,SDG9,SDG10,SDG11,SDG13
GGR341H1The Changing Geography of Latin AmericaSeeks to develop a general understanding of present-day Latin America by focusing on human-environment interactions, past and present. Case studies are used to understand the diversity of Latin American landscapes (physical and cultural), and how they are changing within the context of globalization.Arts and Science, Faculty ofglobaliz, landSDG9,SDG10,SDG11
GGR344H1Institutions and Governance: Germany in Comparative PerspectiveThe goal of this course is to explore the structure and geography of the German political economy in the context of economic globalization by systematically comparing institutional conditions with those in other countries. This perspective enables us to identify different capitalist systems and characterize Germany as a more socially balanced economic governance model compared with market-liberal systems in the US, UK and Canada. Drawing on the varieties-of-capitalism and other approaches, the main themes in the course address the institutional conditions for development. In a comparative perspective, the course explores topics, such as the role of collective agents and collective bargaining, corporate governance and finance, inter-firm co-operation and regional networks, social security systems, and population structure and immigration. To better understand the current challenges to the German governance model, the institutional opportunities and limitations are investigated under which different regional economies develop in unequal ways.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcapital, invest, globaliz, social security, institut, governanceSDG9,SDG10,SDG12,SDG16
GGR348H1Carbon-Free EnergyExamines the options available for providing energy from carbon-free energy sources: solar, wind, biomass, nuclear, and fossil fuels with capture and sequestration of CO2. The hydrogen economy is also discussed. Offered alternate years from GGR347H1.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenergy, wind, solar, fossil fuel, co2SDG7,SDG13
GGR349H5Cities in TransitionThe internal geography of contemporary cities is in the midst of a series of transitions related to new settlement patterns, immigration, workplace location, transportation and communication technologies, globalization, and shifts in urban governance. This course will examine these transitions and their effects on the social and political geography of the city. Themes include gentrification, spatial mismatch, concentrated poverty, political fragmentation, and the emergence of new urban forms and of the post-modern city. [36L, 12T]University of Toronto Mississaugapoverty, globaliz, cities, urban, transit, governanceSDG1,SDG9,SDG10,SDG11,SDG16
GGR353H5Disease and DeathThis course will provide a geographical perspective on patterns of mortality, morbidity and access to health care among populations. It will outline current theoretical and empirical underpinnings in health geography and emphasize the links between health and place. The course covers some traditional themes in health geography including spatial dissuasion of diseases and access to health care. Using illustrations from evolving fields such as Global Health, Aboriginal Health, and Immigrant Health the course delves into the important theme of health inequalities.University of Toronto Mississaugaglobal health, health care, equalitSDG3,SDG10,SDG11
GGR357H1Housing and Community DevelopmentFocuses on the importance of adequate housing and quality neighbourhoods. It roots theoretical explanations and policy debates in realities using Canada and Toronto as examples. Topics covered include the evolution of public policies relating to social housing, rental housing, homeownership, neighborhoods, and homelessness.Arts and Science, Faculty ofhomeless, housingSDG1,SDG11
GGR359H1Comparative Urban PolicyThis course considers urban public policy. Urban policy is not natural or inevitable response to urban problems. It is actively produced (and contested) by an array of voices, institutions, and social forces. Actualized urban policies are thus best understood and evaluated as products of these influences. The first half of the course will cover broad theoretical matters pertaining to the production of urban policy. The second half of the course will focus more intensively on one problem—urban decline—and explore the actualized approaches that have been brought to bear to manage it.Arts and Science, Faculty ofurban, production, institutSDG11,SDG16
GGR360H1Culture, History, and LandscapeThe history of approaches to the idea of landscape. A consideration of the origins and uses of the term in geographical inquiry will be followed by a series of case studies, global in scope, from the Early Modern period to the present. Emphasis will be placed on the representational and lived aspects of landscapes, as well as struggles over their definition, interpretation, and use.Arts and Science, Faculty oflandSDG15
GGR362H5Exploring Urban NeighbourhoodsWith a majority of the world's population living in urban areas, nearly all of the problems and possibilities of society and human-environment relations are becoming urban questions. The city is the setting in which broad social, cultural, political, and economic processes unfold, mediated and shaped by local context. Our focus in this course is the internal structure of the city. We examine the ways in which local experiences and conditions of urban life are shaped by social differentiation and processes of change. Our examination includes considerations of race, class, gender, and ethnicity in the context of urban life as a way of exploring how identity and place shape one another. We consider different theoretical frameworks that researchers utilize to make sense of both the persistence of old problems and the emergence of new ones. Instruction will adopt a blended approach in which students will connect the concepts covered in class discussion through field work based exploration of local urban neighbourhoods. This course fulfills 5 field days. [24P]University of Toronto Mississaugagender, urbanSDG5,SDG9,SDG10,SDG11
GGR363H1Critical Geographies: An Introduction to Radical Ideas on Space, Society and CultureIntroduces a diversity of critical perspectives for geographers and others, including anarchism, Marxism, feminism, sexual politics, postcolonialism, anti-imperialism and anti-racism. In so doing it illustrates how such radical ideas about space, society and culture have contributed to our political thought and action.Arts and Science, Faculty ofanti-racism, racism, feminisSDG5,SDG16
GGR363H5Global Migration and HealthInternational migration is an important global issue. Hundreds of millions of individuals currently live outside their country of origin. Most migrants leave their country of origin in search of better economic and social opportunities while others are forced to flee crises including political unrest, violence, and natural disasters. Migration poses numerous challenges for individuals, families, communities and governments including those related to health and access to health care services. This course examines contemporary international migration from a geographic perspective with a specific focus on the complex relationships among global (im)migration, health, and broader social determinants of health. Topics covered may include: migration theories, immigration trends and policies, integration and citizenship, social determinants of health, and health care policy.University of Toronto Mississaugahealth care, citizen, violenceSDG1,SDG3,SDG10,SDG16
GGR370H5The Geography of TransportationTransportation is an integral aspect of our daily lives and plays a key role in shaping the economy and the environment. Through this course, students will explore the geography of transportation. Topics will include, mobility and accessibility, transportation networks and flows, Geographic Information Systems in Transport (GIS-T), planning and policy, environmental and human health impacts, and other current issues.University of Toronto Mississaugaaccessib, environmentalSDG9,SDG11,SDG13
GGR372H1GIS for Public HealthThe goal of this course is to leave students with appreciation of the power of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to explore and analyze spatial health and medical data. The course will focus on organizing health data in a GIS, clustering detection methods, and basic spatial statistics. Other topics like agent-based models and visualization techniques will be touched upon. Lab work will provide hands on experience with example data, leaving students with a firm grasp of contemporary health and medical problems and a skill set of spatial analytical methods that can be used to solve them.Arts and Science, Faculty ofpublic healthSDG3
GGR377H1Introduction to Urban Data AnalyticsThis course draws on census and economic data collection, processing, and analysis to teach written and visual storytelling about cities with data and maps, while exploring the uses of real-time data and analytics to solve urban problems. It provides a socio-economic and political context for the use of big data and the smart cities movement, focusing on data ethics and governance.Arts and Science, Faculty ofsocio-economic, cities, urban, governanceSDG10,SDG11,SDG16
GGR377H5Global Climate ChangeThe main focus of this course is upon the climatic aspects of environmental change which affect Great Lakes water levels, disappearing glaciers, sea level rise, desertification and dwindling water resources in an ever more populous world. These changes to the earth surface environment are explored in the context of themes and issues which were introduced in first year, with a view to answering an important question: whether policy action on climate change must wait for more science, or whether action is merely delayed by failure to appreciate science. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugawater, desertification, wind, climate, environmental, sea levelSDG6,SDG11,SDG13
GGR379H5Field Methods in Physical GeographyThis course is structured around one major field trip that will occur before fall-term courses begin, preparatory work, and approximately bi-weekly course meetings during the regular academic term to complete complementary work in computer and/or wet laboratories. Field projects will involve analyses and mapping of vegetation, soils, aquatic systems, hydrology, and/or geomorphology, and subsequent data analysis. Students will be required to write one major research paper and present projects to the class. Each student is required to pay the costs of his/her transportation and accommodation. Students must register on ACORN, on a first-come first-serve and non-refundable deposit basis. The deposit must be received by the Department within one week from the first day of enrollment or the student will be dropped automatically from the course. Students should contact the Department to find out more details about the specific fieldtrip plans. This course fulfills 7 field days.University of Toronto Mississaugalabor, soilSDG8,SDG15
GGR383H5Contaminants in the EnvironmentThis course discusses various types of contaminants (metal, organic pollutants, pesticides, pharmaceuticals, flame-retardants, micro-plastics, nano-materials) and their impact on the environment. Lectures will cover sources, transport and fate of these contaminants in various environmental media (air, water), degradation mechanisms, uptake into biological systems, and toxicity. Case studies such as pollutants in Arctic ecosystems and the potential risks they pose to the health of indigenous people will be examined. Tutorial discussions of current scientific articles will complement lectures.University of Toronto Mississaugawater, indigenous, environmental, pollut, ecosystemSDG6,SDG10,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
GGR387H5Food and GlobalizationA broad overview of the historical development of the global food economy and a survey of recent trends and controversies. Topics discussed range from basic food staples, food markets and trade liberalization to food security, environmental sustainability and alternative agricultural systems.University of Toronto Mississaugaagricultur, food security, globaliz, trade, environmentalSDG2,SDG9,SDG10,SDG11,SDG12,SDG13
GGR390H1Field MethodsIntroduction to field methods in geomorphology, vegetation mapping/analysis, soils, hydrology, and climatology. The course includes exercises and a group project during a one-week field camp, a little preparation during the preceding summer, and complementary practical work and/or seminars during the Fall Term. Each student is required to pay the costs of their transportation and accommodation (field trip costs: approximately $485). This course meets the field requirement for Physical & Environmental Geography programs. The field camp normally runs for one week at the end of August. Students must submit an application directly to the Department in the spring (see the Geography website for details in March). Course may be limited by size. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty oflearning, environmental, soilSDG4,SDG13,SDG15
GGR399Y5Research Opportunity ProgramThis course provides senior undergraduate students who have developed knowledge of geography and have studied its research methods the chance to work as part of a research team, under the direction of a professor, in exchange for course credit. Students have the opportunity to be involved in original research, enhance their research skills and participate in the excitement and discovery of facilitating new knowledge. Based on the nature of the project, projects may satisfy the Sciences or Social Sciences distribution requirement. Participating faculty members post project descriptions for the following summer and fall/winter semesters on the ROP website ( in mid-February and students are invited to apply at that time. This course may fulfill field day components. Please consult with your supervisor.University of Toronto MississaugaknowledgeSDG4
GGR406H5Environmental BiogeochemistryEnvironmental biogeochemistry provides an introduction to the biological, chemical, and geological processes that regulate the flow of energy and matter in the environment. This seminar course explores the processes underlying biogeochemical cycles of major elements such as carbon and nutrients, and examines how these key cycles have been altered during the Anthropocene, an era of unprecedented human-induced environmental and climate change. Topics covered include biogeochemical processes in atmospheric, ocean, freshwater and terrestrial compartments; emerging techniques (eg., stable-isotopes and paleo-proxies) used in biogeochemistry; and how disruptions to biogeochemical processes are at the root of many environmental issues such as eutrophication, climate change, ozone depletion, ocean acidification and toxic metal contamination. [36L]University of Toronto Mississaugawater, contamination, energy, climate, environmental, anthropocene, oceanSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
GGR416H1Environmental Impact AssessmentEnvironmental impact assessment (EIA) has emerged as a key component of environmental planning and management. EIAs are planning tools to predict and assess the potential costs and benefits of proposed projects, policies, and plans and avoid or mitigate the adverse impacts of these proposals. This course focuses on the origins, principles, scope, and purpose of EIA from theoretical and practical perspectives, emphasizing the Canadian context. We will also explore the various components of EIAs and critically evaluate techniques to assess, predict, and mitigate impacts. Through course readings, in-class activities, and assignments, we will engage critiques of EIAs, particularly as they relate to considerations of climate change, sustainability, long-term monitoring, meaningful public engagement, indigenous people’s rights, dispossession and resettlement, and environmental justice. Case studies will allow students to learn about current practices in EIA and develop skills to examine and improve EIA processes.Arts and Science, Faculty ofindigenous, climate, environmental, environmental justiceSDG10,SDG11,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15,SDG16
GGR418H1Geographies of ExtractionExamines political aspects of the appropriation of natural resources, including policy and regulation, environmental impacts, and social justice. Emphasis is placed on reading contemporary literature on the politics of resource access and control from geography and other social science disciplines.Arts and Science, Faculty ofnatural resource, environmental, social justiceSDG12,SDG13,SDG15,SDG16
GGR418H5GeopoliticsThe course focus is classical and contemporary geopolitical theories. We examine different and competing ideas and consider how and if geographic logic of the international (or global) political order has changed. Discussion will initially focus on the historical progression of geopolitical reasoning and then will proceed to discuss imperial rivalries, concepts of hegemony and world order and the geopolitics of the Cold War and the post-Cold War eras. The final section of the course will consider theoretical struggles surrounding the geopolitics in the early 21st. century and the challenges posed by critical geopolitics, social movements, environmental changes and feminist theory. Throughout, the primary concern is how the effects of scale, space and power in global politics is understood and experienced. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugafeminis, environmentalSDG5,SDG10,SDG16,SDG17
GGR424H1Transportation Geography and PlanningIntroductory overview of major issues in interurban and intraurban transportation at the local, national and international scale. Topics include urban transportation, land use patterns and the environment, causes of and cures for congestion, public transit, infrastructure finance, and transport planning and policy setting.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinfrastructure, urban, transit, land use, landSDG9,SDG11,SDG13,SDG15
GGR426H5The Geographies of Human RightsThis course examines the promises, problems and paradoxes of human rights. We will study the local, national and global aspects of human rights enforcement and violation. By examining specific case studies, we shall examine how so-called 'universal' human rights are articulated and practiced differently in different places. Throughout this course, we shall explore human rights as means of empowerment as well as oppression. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugahuman rightsSDG10,SDG16
GGR429H1Innovation and GovernanceThe course focuses on a broad range of topics related to innovation and governance, such as (i) technological change and its social and economic consequences, (ii) the spatial effects which result from this, and (iii) the necessities for economic policies at different territorial levels. Since international competitiveness of industrialized economies cannot be based on cost advantages alone, future growth in the knowledge-based economy will be increasingly associated with capabilities related to creativity, knowledge generation and innovation. As a consequence, questions regarding the performance in innovation and effectiveness of policy support become decisive at the firm level, regional level and national level. The first part of the course deals with conceptual foundations of innovation processes, such as evolutionary and institutional views of innovation. In the second part, national configurations of innovation processes are investigated. The third part deals with innovation at the subnational level, focusing on regional clustering, institution building, multilevel governance, and regionalized innovation systems.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, invest, institut, governanceSDG9,SDG10,SDG16
GGR430H1Geographies of MarketsFocuses on actually-existing markets and their geographically-mediated formation and assemblage. Explores how markets are produced, stabilized, reshaped and fall apart at multiple geographic scales. We examine issues such as the debates on states versus markets, embeddedness of markets, neoliberalism and moral justification of markets, varieties of capitalism, regionally variegated capitalism, post-socialist market transitions, and the dynamic evolution of market institutions and economic landscapes.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcapital, transit, land, institutSDG9,SDG11,SDG12
GGR432H1China in the Global Political EconomySet against the backdrop of the rise of China, and following the perspective of geographic political economy, this seminar course examines the interactions between and mutual transformations of the Chinese economy and the global economy. We will focus on the evolving political and institutional foundations of China’s post-Mao, hybrid, hierarchical market-authoritarian system. Key sectors – telecoms, Internet, semiconductor, and automobile – will be examined to understand the nuances of China’s integration into the global production through state-directed uneven domestic development, and in turn the challenges raised by escalating international conflicts.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinternet, production, institut, authoritarianSDG8,SDG9,SDG12,SDG16
GGR433H1Built Environment and HealthLinking across fields that include public health, geography and planning, this course examines the growing evidence and ways in which human health is affected by the design and development of the built environment in which we live, work and play. The course considers how various planning and development decisions impact population and individual health, particularly in relation to chronic diseases, injuries, and mental health. Potential of several local field trips (transportation costs: approximately $21).Arts and Science, Faculty ofmental health, public healthSDG3,SDG11
GGR434H1Building Community ResilienceExamines concepts of resilience as a way of building the capacity of communities to (a) respond to predicted disruptions/shocks associated with climate change, global pandemics, anticipated disruptions in global food supply, energy insecurity, and environmental degradation; and (b) nurture the development of alternative spaces that support the emergence of more life-sustaining structures and practices. Includes explicit attention to equity and public health, and explores issues such as: participatory governance of social-ecological systems, the nature of social change, complexity science, the role of social movements, indigenous and political ecology perspectives.Arts and Science, Faculty ofpublic health, equity, energy, equit, indigenous, resilien, climate, environmental, resilience, political ecology, ecolog, governance, social changeSDG2,SDG3,SDG7,SDG10,SDG11,SDG13,SDG15,SDG16
GGR442H5GIS Capstone ProjectStudents apply prerequisite knowledge and techniques to real-world GIS projects requested by external clients. Through background research, proposal, data management, and implementation, students develop GIS professional competencies, which will be demonstrated through collaboration, presentations and reports.University of Toronto Mississaugaknowledge, laborSDG4,SDG8
GGR481H1Field Course in Environmental GeographyIntroduction to field studies in environmental geography. The course may include individual assignments and group work. Field trips are concentrated during a one-week period in late August or early September. Some preparation during the preceding summer may be required. Periodic course meetings and shorter field trips continue, along with course work, during the Fall Term. Each student is required to pay the costs of their transportation and accommodation (field trip costs: $102). Students must submit an application directly to the Department in the spring (see the Geography website for details in March). Course may be limited by size. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty oflearning, environmentalSDG13,SDG15
GGR484H5The Climate of the ArcticHigh latitude environments are becoming the focus of increasing scientific attention because of their role in global environmental change. The implications of changes occurring to the sea ice and snowcover are far reaching and can have impacts on physical, biological and human systems both within and beyond the region. This course will provide a comprehensive examination of climates of high latitudes. Topics that will be covered include the Arctic energy budget and atmospheric circulation, the hydrologic cycle in the Arctic, the ocean-sea ice-climate interactions and feedbacks, modeling the Arctic climate system as well as an evaluation of recent climate variability and trends. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugaenergy, climate, environmental, oceanSDG7,SDG13,SDG14
GGR493Y1Geography ProfessionalExperUndertake professional placement matching academic interests and career goals. Students meet regularly during the year in class to cover topics such as: reflective writing, project management, career planning, and the application of academic skills in professional contexts. Research project required that connects a topic related to placement with academic literatures. Normally, one day per week spent at placement site. For students in their final year of a Geography major or specialist program of study, or the GIS Minor. Satisfies program requirements based on placement. Students must submit an application directly to the Department in the spring (see the Geography website for details in March). Course may be limited by size. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty oflearningSDG4,SDG8
GGR497H1Independent ResearchIndependent research extension to one of the courses already completed in Environmental Geography. Enrolment requires written permission from a faculty supervisor and Associate Chair, Undergraduate. Only open to students who are in Year 3 or higher and who are enrolled in a Specialist or Major program sponsored by the Department of Geography. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenvironmentalSDG4,SDG13
GGRA02H3The Geography of Global ProcessesGlobalization from the perspective of human geography. The course examines how the economic, social, political, and environmental changes that flow from the increasingly global scale of human activities affect spatial patterns and relationships, the character of regions and places, and the quality of life of those who live in them.University of Toronto Scarboroughglobaliz, environmentalSDG9,SDG13
GGRA03H3Cities and EnvironmentsAn introduction to the characteristics of modern cities and environmental issues, and their interconnections. Linkages between local and global processes are emphasized. Major topics include urban forms and systems, population change, the complexity of environmental issues such as climate change and water scarcity, planning for sustainable cities.University of Toronto Scarboroughwater, water scarcity, cities, urban, climate, environmentalSDG6,SDG8,SDG10,SDG11,SDG13,SDG16
GGRB02H3The Logic of Geographical ThoughtMany of today's key debates - for instance, on globalization, the environment, and cities - draw heavily from geographical thinking and what some have called the "spatial turn" in the social sciences. This course introduces the most important methodological and theoretical aspects of contemporary geographical and spatial thought, and serves as a foundation for other upper level courses in Geography.University of Toronto Scarboroughglobaliz, citiesSDG9,SDG10,SDG11,SDG16
GGRB05H3Urban GeographyThis course will develop understanding of the geographic nature of urban systems and the internal spatial patterns and activities in cities. Emphasis is placed on the North American experience with some examples from other regions of the world. The course will explore the major issues and problems facing contemporary urban society and the ways they are analysed.
Area of Focus: Urban Geography
University of Toronto Scarboroughcities, urbanSDG10,SDG11
GGRB13H3Social GeographyThe reciprocal relations between spatial structures and social identities. The course examines the role of social divisions such as class, 'race'/ethnicity, gender and sexuality in shaping the social geographies of cities and regions. Particular emphasis is placed on space as an arena for the construction of social relations and divisions.
Area of Focus: Social/Cultural Geography
University of Toronto Scarboroughgender, citiesSDG5,SDG11
GGRB18H3Whose Land Indigenous-Canada- Land RelationsIntroduces students to the geography of Indigenous-Crown-Land relations in Canada. Beginning with pre-European contact and the historic Nation-to-Nation relationship, the course will survey major research inquiries from the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples to Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls. Students will learn how ongoing land and treaty violations impact Indigenous peoples, settler society, and the land in Canada.

Area of Focus: Environmental Geography
Same as ESTB02H3
University of Toronto Scarboroughsettler, women, girl, indigenous, environmental, landSDG1,SDG4,SDG5,SDG10,SDG11,SDG13,SDG15,SDG16
GGRB21H3Political Ecology: Nature, Society and Environmental ChangeThis foundational course explores different conceptions of 'the environment' as they have changed through space and time. It also analyzes the emergence of different variants of environmentalism and their contemporary role in shaping environmental policy and practice.
Area of Focus: Environmental Geography
University of Toronto Scarboroughenvironmental, political ecology, ecologSDG13,SDG15
GGRC10H3Urbanization and DevelopmentExamines global urbanization processes and the associated transformation of governance, social, economic, and environmental structures particularly in the global south. Themes include theories of development, migration, transnational flows, socio-spatial polarization, postcolonial geographies of urbanization.
Area of focus: Urban Geography
University of Toronto Scarboroughurban, environmental, governanceSDG10,SDG11,SDG13,SDG16
GGRC12H3Transportation GeographyTransportation systems play a fundamental role in shaping social, economic and environmental outcomes in a region. This course explores geographical perspectives on the development and functioning of transportation systems, interactions between transportation and land use, and costs and benefits associated with transportation systems including: mobility, accessibility, congestion, pollution, and livability.
Area of focus: Urban Geography
University of Toronto Scarboroughpollution, urban, accessib, environmental, pollut, land use, landSDG3,SDG11,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
GGRC13H3Urban Political GeographyGeographical approach to the politics of contemporary cities with emphasis on theories and structures of urban political processes and practices. Includes nature of local government, political powers of the property industry, big business and community organizations and how these shape the geography of cities.
Area of focus: Urban Geography
University of Toronto Scarboroughcities, urbanSDG9,SDG11
GGRC24H3Socio-Natures and the Cultural Politics of 'The Environment'Explores the processes through which segments of societies come to understand their natural surroundings, the social relations that produce those understandings, popular representations of nature, and how 'the environment' serves as a consistent basis of social struggle and contestation.
Areas of focus: Environmental Geography; Social/Cultural Geography
University of Toronto ScarboroughenvironmentalSDG13,SDG16
GGRC26H3Geographies of Environmental GovernanceThis course addresses the translation of environmentalisms into formalized processes of environmental governance; and examines the development of environmental institutions at different scales, the integration of different forms of environmental governance, and the ways in which processes of governance relate to forms of environmental practice and management.
Area of focus: Environmental Geography
University of Toronto Scarboroughenvironmental, institut, governanceSDG13,SDG16
GGRC28H3Indigenous Peoples, Environment and JusticeEngages Indigenous perspectives on the environment and environmental issues. Students will think with Indigenous concepts, practices, and theoretical frameworks to consider human-environment relations. Pressing challenges and opportunities with respect to Indigenous environmental knowledge, governance, law, and justice will be explored. With a focus primarily on Canada, the course will include case studies from the US, Australia, and Aotearoa New ZealandUniversity of Toronto Scarboroughknowledge, indigenous, environmental, land, governanceSDG10,SDG16,SDG13,SDG15
GGRC32H3Essential Spatial AnalysisThis course builds on introductory statistics and GIS courses by introducing students to the core concepts and methods of spatial analysis. With an emphasis on spatial thinking in an urban context, topics such as distance decay, distance metrics, spatial interaction, spatial distributions, and spatial autocorrelation will be used to quantify spatial patterns and identify spatial processes. These tools are the essential building blocks for the quantitative analysis of urban spatial data.
Area of focus: Urban Geography
University of Toronto ScarboroughurbanSDG11
GGRC34H3Crowd-sourced Urban GeographiesSignificant recent transformations of geographic knowledge are being generated by the ubiquitous use of smartphones and other distributed sensors, while web-based platforms such as Open Street Map and Public Participation GIS (PPGIS) have made crowd-sourcing of geographical data relatively easy. This course will introduce students to these new geographical spaces, approaches to creating them, and the implications for local democracy and issues of privacy they pose.
Area of focus: Urban Geography
University of Toronto Scarboroughknowledge, urban, democraSDG11,SDG16
GGRC43H3Social Geographies of Street FoodThis course uses street food to comparatively assess the production of ‘the street’, the legitimation of bodies and substances on the street, and contests over the boundaries of, and appropriate use of public and private space. It also considers questions of labour and the culinary infrastructure of contemporary cities around the world.
Area of Focus: Social/Cultural Geography
Same as FSTC43H3
University of Toronto Scarboroughculinary, labour, infrastructure, cities, productionSDG2,SDG8,SDG9,SDG11,SDG12
GGRC44H3Environmental Conservation and Sustainable DevelopmentDeals with two main topics: the origins of environmental problems in the global spread of industrial capitalism, and environmental conservation and policies. Themes include: changes in human-environment relations, trends in environmental problems, the rise of environmental awareness and activism, environmental policy, problems of sustainable development.
Area of focus: Environmental Geography
University of Toronto Scarboroughsustainable development, capital, environmental, conservSDG8,SDG9,SDG11,SDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
GGRC50H3Geographies of EducationExplores the social geography of education, especially in cities. Topics include geographical educational inequalities; education, class and race; education, the family, and intergenerational class immobility; the movement of children to attend schools; education and the ‘right to the city.’
Areas of focus: Urban or Social/Cultural Geography
University of Toronto Scarboroughequalit, cities, urbanSDG4,SDG10,SDG11
GGRD09H3Feminist GeographiesHow do gender relations shape different spaces? We will explore how feminist geographers have approached these questions from a variety of scales - from the home, to the body, to the classroom, to the city, to the nation, drawing on the work of feminist geographers.
Area of focus: Social/Cultural Geography
University of Toronto Scarboroughgender, feminisSDG5
GGRD10H3Health and SexualityExamines links between health and human sexuality. Particularly explores sexually transmitted infections. Attention will be given to the socially and therefore spatially constructed nature of sexuality. Other themes include sexual violence, masculinities and health, reproductive health, and transnational relationships and health. Examples will be taken from a variety of countries.
Area of focus: Social/Cultural Geography
University of Toronto Scarboroughreproductive health, violenceSDG3,SDG16
GGRD14H3Social Justice and the CityExamines links between politics of difference, social justice and cities. Covers theories of social justice and difference with a particular emphasis placed on understanding how contemporary capitalism exacerbates urban inequalities and how urban struggles such as Occupy Wall Street seek to address discontents of urban dispossession. Examples of urban social struggles will be drawn from global North and South.
Areas of focus: Urban or Social/Cultural Geography
University of Toronto Scarboroughcapital, equalit, cities, urban, social justiceSDG9,SDG10,SDG11,SDG16
GGRD15H3Queer GeographiesHow do sex and gender norms take and shape place? To examine this question, we will explore selected queer and trans scholarship, with a particular emphasis on queer scholars of colour and queer postcolonial literatures. Course topics include LGBTQ2S lives and movements, cities and sexualities, cross-border migration flows, reproductive justice, and policing and incarceration.University of Toronto Scarboroughgender, queer, lgbtq, of colour, citiesSDG5,SDG10,SDG11,SDG16
GGRD49H3Land and Land Conflicts in the AmericaThe politics of land and territorial struggles are central themes in national and international development policies, and social movements in the Western Hemisphere. Similarly, settler colonialism, as an active spatial formation, is constituted in both the past and present throughout the Americas. The course will take a hemispheric approach to understanding the historical and contemporary geographies of land and natural resource conflicts in the Americas. Students will become familiar with geographic debates and conceptualizations of land and land conflicts and will participate in field visits aimed to ground theoretical understandings in land practices and movements in Toronto.
Areas of focus: Environmental or Social/Cultural Geography
University of Toronto Scarboroughsettler, natural resource, environmental, landSDG4,SDG10,SDG11,SDG12,SDG13,SDG15,SDG16
GLB201H5Global Leadership: Past, Present, FuturesThe evolution and exercise of leadership is examined in the context of globalization. Terminology, case studies, and practical examples are used to consider questions such as: Why did globalization become a dominant frame? How have narratives of globalization changed over time? How does late 20th century globalization differ from earlier processes of colonization? What are expectations going forward? The assumed scale of globalization and how it manifests differently in various geographies, societies, and contexts is assessed. Students reflect on the uneven experiences of globalization in their own lives, communities, and worlds they observe and pass through. Students challenge ideas of how good leadership is conceived, the dynamics that are assumed (e.g., leaders and followers), and who/what might be left out (e.g., gender, race, class), today and in the future.University of Toronto Mississaugagender, globalizSDG4,SDG5,SDG8,SDG9,SDG10,SDG11,SDG13,SDG16
HIS101Y1Histories of ViolenceRanging widely chronologically and geographically, this course explores the phenomenon of violence in history. It examines the role and meanings of violence in particular societies (such as ancient Greece and samurai Japan), the ideological foundations and use of violence in the clash of cultures (as in slavery, holy wars, colonization, and genocide), and the effects and memorialization of violence.Arts and Science, Faculty ofviolenceSDG4,SDG16
HIS102Y1Empires, Encounters and ExchangesInteractions among peoples, empires, and cultures, with particular attention to the non-European world. Can we speak of “international relations” before the modern concept of nation-states was established? What forms did globalization take in the pre-modern era? Covering a broad chronological sweep from before the Silk Road to the present day, we will look at exchanges of goods and technologies; dissemination of ideas and religions; voyages of migration and exploration; and episodes of conquest and colonization.Arts and Science, Faculty ofglobalizSDG9,SDG12
HIS105H5A Brief History of CapitalismThis course offers a history of capitalism. In twelve weeks, we study nearly six hundred years of human history, examining how the profit motive has reshaped lives, landscapes, and values. We consider how the drive to accumulate capital has given rise to distinctive legal, racial, and religious regimes.University of Toronto Mississaugacapital, landSDG9,SDG12,SDG15
HIS112H1Ten Events that Changed the WorldEver wonder how and why the founding of Islam in 610, the Mongol conquests of Eurasia in the 13th century, the Trans-Atlantic Slave trade, the Haitian Revolution (1791-1804), or the detonation of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki changed the world? This course ten events changed the world and continue to have ramifications today. Experts will give guest lectures on the important “events,” while students will learn how historians work to understand the significance of these moments, human agency, and the idea of an “event,” itself.Arts and Science, Faculty oftradeSDG10,SDG16
HIS190H1Freedom SchoolsThis first-year seminar explores radical traditions of education beyond and in resistance to formal schooling. Transnational in scope—and journeying from the late nineteenth century to the present day—we will study the pedagogical innovations and grassroots struggles of anarchic youth, guerrilla intellectuals, and feminist revolutionaries who used education broadly, and historical inquiry in particular, as tools for empowerment and collective liberation. Focusing on primary sources from archives of anticapitalist, antiracist and anticolonial movements, we will investigate traditions of self-teaching and co-learning, genealogies of critical and transformative pedagogies, the construction of decolonial survival and supplementary schools, student mobilizations within and against the university, as well as abolitionist education in our contemporary moment. This course invites participants to interrogate the relationship of education to freedom and justice through collective criticism, self-reflection and creative expression. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty oflearning, decolonial, anticolonial, feminis, capital, investSDG4,SDG5,SDG9
HIS192H1A History of Queer AsiaA first-year seminar on the history of queerness, in all its complexity and diversity, in the no less complex and diverse settings of East, South, and Southeast Asia. Our journey will encompass empires and Indigenous peoples, rulers and rebels, and range from early recorded history down to the twentieth century. Focus will be placed on primary sources and introducing students to the evolving definitions of "queerness" itself. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofqueer, indigenousSDG5,SDG10,SDG16
HIS195H1Remembering and ForgettingThis course introduces students to the interdisciplinary study of history by exploring processes of remembering and forgetting intrinsic to every society. Topics include the ideas of history and memory, memory cultures and narratives and counternarratives and the study of legal trials, museums, monuments, novels and films as popular vehicles of historical knowledge. The course analyzes in particular how the experiences of war and violence have been both remembered and forgotten. The intersection, and dislocation, between trauma and remembrance is a main theme, as is the topic of collective memories in post-conflict societies. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, violenceSDG4,SDG16
HIS200H1Drunk HistoryHistories of wine or beer or vodka often focus either on the production of these alcoholic beverages and their role in national or local economies, or on the ways that drinking is part of celebration. But drunkenness enters the historical record in other ways, too—not just as a social lubricant but as a social ill, one associated with intimate violence or violence to the self and with mass protest. From worries about the Gin Craze to race-based restrictions on consumption, from tax policies to policing, this class will consider the many ways that drunkenness has been accepted, denounced, and legislated in societies around the world.Arts and Science, Faculty ofconsum, production, violenceSDG12,SDG16
HIS203H5The Making of the Atlantic World (1000-1800)An introduction to African, European, and American peoples around and across the Atlantic Ocean between 1000 and 1800. Themes include ideologies and practices of exploration, conquest, and colonization; perceptions and misunderstandings; forced and voluntary migration; effects of disease; resistance and revolt; and the "Atlantic World" as a field of study. [24L, 12T]University of Toronto MississaugaoceanSDG10,SDG16
HIS205H1From Women's History to Gender HistoryThis course critically examines gender in the context of politics, society, culture, and economics across a range of comparative times and spaces depending on instructor expertise. In what ways have gendered norms and transgressions been part of human societies and lived experiences? How have those norms shifted across historical and geographical contexts? How has the history of gender impacted gender as it is lived and made political today? Throughout the course, we will be querying the theoretical assumptions underlying and framing the historical texts we are studying, as well as assessing the different kinds of primary sources used to recover women’s and gender history.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, womenSDG5
HIS210H5Introduction to Digital HumanitiesWhat is Digital Humanities? We explore the field's debates, platforms, tools, projects, and critical perspectives, as well as its current core practices: digital exhibits, digital mapping, text analysis, information visualization, and network analysis. We discuss the relationship between technology and knowledge production in historical and critical perspective. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugaknowledge, productionSDG4,SDG12
HIS218H1Environmental HistoryA lecture-based course designed to introduce students to key moments and concepts in the field of environmental history since c. 1400. This course will track the reciprocal influence of humans and the non-human world since the so-called "Columbian Exchange," emphasizing the ways in which the non-human world-from plants, animals, and disease organisms to water, topography, and geography- have shaped human endeavours. At the same time, students will engage with many of the ways in which human beings have shaped the world around us, from empire and colonization, to industrial capitalism, nuclear power, and modern wildlife conservation.Arts and Science, Faculty ofwater, capital, environmental, conserv, animal, wildlifeSDG3,SDG6,SDG7,SDG9,SDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
HIS220Y1The Shape of Medieval SocietyPolitical, religious, and educational ideas and institutions of the Middle Ages, from the late Roman period to the fifteenth century, with a focus on primary sources, to listen to as many medieval voices as possible.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinstitutSDG16
HIS221H1African American History to 1865An introduction to the history of Africans and people of African descent in the Americas generally, and the United States in particular. Major themes include modernity and the transatlantic slave trade; capitalism and reparations; Atlantic crossings; African women, gender, and racial formations; representation, resistance, and rebellion; nation-building; abolitionism and civil war; historical method and the political uses of the past.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, women, capital, tradeSDG5,SDG9,SDG10,SDG12,SDG16
HIS222H1African American History from 1865 to the PresentThis course examines the history of black people in the United States after the abolition of slavery. Major themes include the promise and tragedy of Reconstruction; gender and Jim Crow; race and respectability; migration, transnationalism, and 20th century black diasporas; black radical traditions and freedom movements; intersectionality and black feminisms; the drug war and mass incarceration; sexuality and the boundaries of blackness.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, feminis, nationalismSDG5,SDG10,SDG16
HIS230H1Indigenous and Early Colonial Caribbean HistoryThis course introduces students to the study of Caribbean history from first human settlement to the late 18th century. Subject matter covered includes indigenous social structures, cosmology and politics; the process of European conquest; the economics, society and political order of colonial society; the Middle Passage; the everyday lives and struggles of enslaved peoples.Arts and Science, Faculty ofindigenousSDG10,SDG16
HIS241H1Europe in the Nineteenth Century, 1815-1914An introduction to modern European history from Napoleon to the outbreak of World War I. Important political, economic, social, and intellectual changes in France, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy, and other countries are discussed: revolution of 1848, Italian and German unification, racism and imperialism, the evolution of science, art, and culture, labour protest, and the coming of war.Arts and Science, Faculty ofracism, labourSDG8,SDG16
HIS244H1Early Modern Europe, 1648-1815The political, social, economic, and intellectual history of continental Europe. Development of royal absolutism, social change and the crisis of the ancient regime, the Enlightenment, the French Revolution, the Napoleonic era.Arts and Science, Faculty ofABS, social changeSDG2,SDG16
HIS245H1European Colonialism, 1700- 1965This course will introduce students to the history of European colonialism. It will analyze the nature of colonial rule, the impact of empire on both colonies and metropoles, and delve into questions of power, gender and culture. It considers slavery and abolition, imperial networks, colonial capital, colonial competition, colonial cultures, the twilight of colonial rule, and a variety of settings.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, capital, metroSDG5,SDG9,SDG11,SDG12
HIS265Y1Black Canadian HistoryThis course explores the historical experiences of persons of African descent in Canada. We begin by examining the presence of free and enslaved Africans in New France and British North America, moving into twentieth century themes exploring Black liberation, immigration and resistance in Canada. The course brings into sharp focus the historical production of racial categories and racist thought and practice in Canada and examines the experiences of Black Canadians within the context of ‘multiculturalism.’Arts and Science, Faculty ofproductionSDG10,SDG12,SDG16
HIS268H1Law and HistoryThe Federal Interpretation Act of Canada states that the ‘law is always speaking’. If the law is always speaking, then it must be speaking in present tense. But if it only speaks in present tense, does it have a past? How might we consider the field of law from different historical angles? This course will introduce students to different historical approaches to and uses of law. Using examples from a wide array of legal traditions (e.g. Common Law, Civil Law, Indigenous Law, Islamic Law), the course will help students gain a greater appreciation for the function, study, and development of law across different times and places.Arts and Science, Faculty ofindigenousSDG10,SDG16
HIS285H1History of Chinese Diasporas in the AmericasExplores histories of ethnic Chinese and Chinese diasporas in the Americas, especially in Canada and the United States. Investigates events from the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. Topics include migrations, diasporas, transnationalism, identities, families, communities, cultures, and racialization, as well as relations with their host societies and with China.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinvest, nationalismSDG9,SDG10,SDG16
HIS285H5War and Memory in Modern East AsiaThis course examines how Japan, China, Taiwan, Korea and the US try to remember the Asian Pacific War. It focuses particularly on the bitterly contested representations of war atrocities such as the Nanjing Massacre, the comfort women system, and the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. [24L, 12T]University of Toronto Mississaugawomen, citiesSDG5,SDG10,SDG11,SDG16
HIS290H5Introduction to Latin American HistoryAn introduction to the history of Latin America from pre-conquest indigenous empires to the end of the 20th century. Lectures, films, readings, and tutorials explore a set of themes in historical context: nationalism, authoritarianism, religion, racism, patriarchy, and Latin America's multiple interactions with the outside world.University of Toronto Mississaugaracism, patriarchy, indigenous, nationalism, authoritarianSDG4,SDG5,SDG10,SDG16
HIS295Y1History of AfricaAn introduction to African history and the methodology of history more broadly, this course sets out to question how historians do history, examine differences in theories of knowledge, and explore the relationship between academic and cultural representations of the past. The course also draws on anthropology and related disciplines.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledgeSDG4
HIS299Y5Research Opportunity ProgramThis courses provides a richly rewarding opportunity for students in their second year to work in the research project of a professor in return for 299Y course credit. Students enrolled have an opportunity to become involved in original research, learn research methods and share in the excitement and discovery of acquiring new knowledge. Participating faculty members post their project descriptions for the following summer and fall/winter sessions in early February and students are invited to apply in early March. See Experiential and International Opportunities for more details.University of Toronto MississaugaknowledgeSDG4
HIS300H1Energy and Environment in Canadian HistoryThis course examines the history of energy in Canada from the perspective of environment, business, state, daily life, and culture, with emphasis on the twentieth century. Topics include Big Oil, large dams, nuclear power, energy colonialism, pipeline disputes, climate change, daily life, and the relationship between energy and social power.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenergy, climateSDG7,SDG13,SDG15
HIS301H1World War II FranceThis third-year lecture course examines the experience of the Second World War in France. Special attention is paid to questions of collaboration, resistance and accommodation. Other topics include the role of the French overseas colonies in this era, the issue of internal vs. external resistance, and the fate of civilian populations. Students engage with a set of primary and secondary sources as well as visual material that includes films.Arts and Science, Faculty oflaborSDG8,SDG16
HIS302H1Material Culture in Victorian BritainAn examination of the products of the first and second industrial revolutions in Victorian England. This course focuses on the cultural history of commercialization and consumerism.Arts and Science, Faculty ofconsum, landSDG12,SDG15
HIS311H1Canada in the WorldRanging from the fifteenth through to the turn of the twenty-first century, students will learn about the treaties, trade agreements and alliances, as well as the informal traditions, working relationships and cultural ties that shape relations of people living within the boundaries of present-day Canada with the world. For this course, “international relations” is broadly defined, including military, political, economic, environmental and immigration policies, both official and informal.Arts and Science, Faculty oftrade, environmentalSDG10,SDG13,SDG16
HIS312H1Immigration to CanadaFrom the colonial settlement to 21st century, immigration has been a key experience and much debated in Canadian life. Drawing on primary sources, as well as historical and contemporary scholarship, this course will discuss migration, citizenship and belonging as central features in Canada’s experience of immigration. This course focuses on the individuals, groups, and collectives who built, defined, contested, and reimagined this country, to help make and remake Canada through immigration.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcitizenSDG4,SDG10,SDG16
HIS314H1Twentieth-Century QuebecThis course will explore the history of Quebec in the 20th century. In addition to looking at more traditional themes focused on nationalism and constitutional politics, we will also look at the history of encounter between groups of different backgrounds and origins. As such, we will place a large emphasis on colonialism and Indigenous history, and the politics of language, race, and immigration. Themes will include, among others, the history of Quebec in an era of British imperialism, jazz, the art world, literature, the Oka Crisis, and Quebec’s ties to Haiti and other parts of the non-Western world. Arts and Science, Faculty ofindigenous, nationalismSDG10,SDG16
HIS315H1Decolonial Vietnamese HistoriesThis course introduces students to the narratives that diverse actors have used to talk about Vietnamese histories. We will focus on the histories and perspectives of the indigenous peoples of the peninsula, ethnic minority groups, as well as that of the majority "Kinh people." We'll explore themes which have been central to shaping the geographic space, the socio-political regimes, and the cultural entity we now call "Viet Nam," while examining how varying types of historical method and archival strategies can influence the telling of histories. What kinds of techniques did Vietnamese and Western political actors, scholars, and writers, employ to narrate the Vietnamese past(s) and how do these visions tell us about the crafter of these narratives? What counts as “history” and who gets/got to decide? Whose experiences were relevant in the different epistemological approaches?Arts and Science, Faculty ofdecolonial, minorit, indigenousSDG4,SDG10,SDG16
HIS317H120th Century GermanyA survey of modern German history in the twentieth century. Topics include World War I and the postwar settlement, the Weimar Republic, the National Socialist dictatorship, the Holocaust, the division of Germany, the Cold War, German reunification, Germany and the European Union, nationalism, political culture, war and revolution, religious and ethnic minorities and questions of history and memory.Arts and Science, Faculty ofminorit, nationalismSDG10,SDG16
HIS318H1"Histories of the "Wild" West"What happens when histories of North America begin in the West? This course examines the critical challenges that the myths and legacies of the West pose to North American history, from pre-contract to 1990. Themes include First Nations and colonialism, immigration, racism, economic development, regionalism, prostitution and illegal economies.Arts and Science, Faculty ofracismSDG4,SDG10,SDG16
HIS319H1Histories of the Horn of AfricaA critical, introductory survey exploring major themes in the political, social, economic, and cultural histories of the Horn of Africa [Somalia, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Eritrea, Sudan, South Sudan] and surrounding Red Sea and Indian Ocean from prehistoric times to the present.Arts and Science, Faculty ofoceanSDG10,SDG16
HIS323H1Rites of Passage and Daily Life in the Middle AgesReflecting on the life cycle and rites of passage in the medieval period gives the opportunity to study the daily lives of peasants, nobles, monks, nuns, and burghers, and to observe from an interesting angle the differences between female and male life experiences.Arts and Science, Faculty offemaleSDG5
HIS323H5The Rwandan Genocide: History, Violence, and IdentityThis course examines the 1994 Rwandan Genocide, situated within larger historical frameworks of the nature of precolonial polities, the impact of colonialism, and the crises of postcolonial state building. Through a close examination of primary sources and historical arguments, this course will explore history and memory, violence and trauma, identity and belonging, justice and reconciliation. [24L]University of Toronto Mississaugareconciliation, violenceSDG10,SDG16
HIS327H1Rome: The City in HistoryThis course investigates the development of Rome from its mythical foundations, through the Empire, the Middle Ages, Renaissance and Baroque to the modern city, illustrating the shift from the pagan to the papal city and its emergence as the capital of a united Italy after 1870 and a modern European metropolis.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcapital, invest, metroSDG11
HIS332H1Crime and Society in England, 1500-1800The changing nature of crime and criminal justice in early-modern England; the emergence of modern forms of policing, trial and punishment.Arts and Science, Faculty ofland, criminal justiceSDG10,SDG16
HIS333H1Catholic Asia in the Early Modern Era, 1500-1800This course examines the impact of Catholicism in Asia, from its introduction to its relevance in the contemporary global order. Students will be introduced to how Catholicism and the technologies accompanying it affected historical transitions in local communities in Asia as well as how the growth of these communities has affected the global Catholic Church.Arts and Science, Faculty oftransitSDG11
HIS335H1Canadian Legal HistoriesThis course examines Canadian legal history through differing Indigenous, civil, and common law legal traditions, using multiple categories of analysis, including race, gender, class, spirituality and sexuality. Legal history is a strong and engaging field of study in Canada. Topics will include constitutional histories, treaties, law-making, differing systems of land tenure, the franchise and the structure of deliberative bodies (e.g. legislatures), courts and systems of justice, policing and criminal law, punishment (including histories of incarceration and alternatives).Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, indigenous, landSDG5,SDG10,SDG16,SDG15
HIS337H1Culture, Politics and Society in 18th Century BritainDeals with England, Scotland, Ireland and the Atlantic World. Addresses major political, social, economic, intellectual and cultural highlights of the "long" eighteenth century. Deals with enlightenment, industrialization and the loss of the first British empire. Interrogates Britain's emerging status as a world power.Arts and Science, Faculty ofindustrialization, landSDG9,SDG15
HIS343H1History of Modern IntelligenceThis course explores the rise of modern intelligence over the long 20th century, from Anglo-Russian imperial competition before World War I through to the post-9/11 era. Students will study the contribution of intelligence services to victories and defeats in war, peace, and the grey areas in between. The course will also examine the relationship between intelligence services and society.Arts and Science, Faculty ofpeaceSDG4,SDG16
HIS346H1Rice, Sugar, and Spice in Southeast Asia: a History of Food in the RegionThis course examines the importance of food products in the livelihoods of the inhabitants of Southeast and in the world economy. It traces the circulation of these products within the Southeast Asian region in the pre-modern period, into the spice trade of the early modern era, and the establishment of coffee and sugar plantations in the late colonial period, and the role of these exports in the contemporary global economy.Arts and Science, Faculty oftradeSDG2,SDG10,SDG12
HIS347H1The Country House in England 1837-1939This course examines class distinction and community through the lens of the English country house from 1837 to 1939. Topics include owners, servants, houses, collections, gardens and rituals such as fox hunting.Arts and Science, Faculty oflandSDG15
HIS349H1History of Britain: Struggle for PowerAn introduction to the history of modern England with emphasis on the search for identity with reference to the nation, the crown, class, gender, age, political parties, race and ethnicity.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, landSDG5,SDG15
HIS352H1A History of Women in Pre-colonial East AfricaThis course examines the lived experience of women in societies, communities and polities of varying sizes across territories that cover eight contemporary East African states. It encompasses the period from 1000 B.C to the end of the nineteenth century. Topics covered are clustered under four broad themes: a) Ecology, work in commodity production, wealth and exchange relations; b) “Institutional” power, ideology and structures; c) “Creative” power particularly in the areas of healing, resistance/contestation and transformation; and d) Violence, war and vulnerability. The course challenges present day gender and identity categories applied to Africa’s deep past and highlights critical nuances of gender, identity and power dynamics in Africa.Arts and Science, Faculty ofvulnerability, gender, women, production, ecolog, institut, violenceSDG1,SDG5,SDG12,SDG15,SDG16
HIS355H5Histories of Extraction and the Future of the EnvironmentThis course uses Indigenous, transnational and feminist frameworks to examine colonialism’s impact on the environment. From Turtle Island (Canada/U.S.) to Aotearoa (New Zealand), this course dismantles colonial histories, extractive industries and the state apparatuses that govern our relationship to the environment to form alternative understandings of environmental histories and futures.University of Toronto Mississaugafeminis, indigenous, environmental, landSDG5,SDG10,SDG16,SDG13,SDG15
HIS356H1War in Canadian HistoryThis course examines war as a major force in the history of Canada from the so-called colonial period to recent times. In addition to key dynamics in military history (e.g. battles, military organization), the course will stress the links between war and society, politics, empire and colonialism, technology and environment, memory and commemoration, and identity. Topics may include indigenous warfare and diplomacy, imperial rivalry in early North America, Canada and the British Empire, the world wars, the Cold War, and peacekeeping. Soldiers and peaceniks are both welcome and will be equally happy and annoyed.Arts and Science, Faculty ofpeace, indigenousSDG16,SDG10
HIS357H5The RenaissanceA cultural history of the 15th and 16th centuries set against the socio-economic background. The course will concentrate upon the development of the Renaissance in Italy and will deal with its manifestations in Northern Europe.University of Toronto Mississaugasocio-economicSDG1
HIS359H1Regional Politics and Radical Movements in the 20th Century CaribbeanThe role of nationalism, race and ethnicity, class conflict and ideologies in the recent development of Caribbean societies; Europe's replacement by the United States as the dominant imperial power in the Caribbean; how this mixture of regional and international pressures has led to widely differing political systems and traditions.Arts and Science, Faculty ofnationalismSDG16
HIS361H1The Holocaust, from 1942Follows on HIS338H1. Themes include: resistance by Jews and non-Jews; local collaboration; the roles of European governments, the Allies, the churches, and other international organizations; the varieties of Jewish responses. We will also focus on postwar repercussions of the Holocaust in areas such as justice, memory and memorialization, popular culture and politics.Arts and Science, Faculty oflaborSDG10,SDG16
HIS363H1Dynamics of Gender in Canadian HistoryA lecture course which deals thematically with gender issues in Canadian history (including familial roles, changing patterns of work and employment, and participation in the public sphere).Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, employmentSDG5,SDG8
HIS364H1From Revolution to Revolution: Hungary Since 1848This course offers a chronological survey of the history of Hungary from the 1848 revolution until the present. It is ideal for students with little or no knowledge of Hungarian history but who possess an understanding of the main trends of European history in the 19th and 20th centuries. The focus is on the revolutions of 1848-1849, 1918-1919, the 1956 Revolution against Soviet rule and the collapse of communism in 1989. The story has not been invariably heroic, violent and tragic.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledgeSDG4,SDG10,SDG16
HIS375H1Crime and Punishment in the Early Modern WorldWhat did it take to break the law in the period 1400-1800, and how were people prosecuted and punished when they did? We will review the kinds of crimes that triggered arrest, the different types of law codes in place and the importance of the revival of Roman law, ways of avoiding prosecution, the criminalization of “deviance”, judicial processes in colonization, and variations based on age and gender. We’ll also look at forms of punishment, including the varieties of corporal and capital punishment, the operation of prisons, the use of exile and transportation.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, capital, judicSDG5,SDG9,SDG16
HIS379H1Vietnam at WarThis course examines war in modern Vietnam, beginning with Vietnamese nationalism in the 19th century to the conflicts with France, the United States, and China. We will consider the military, political, economic, and cultural contexts of these complex and interconnected wars, especially from the viewpoint of the Vietnamese people.Arts and Science, Faculty ofnationalismSDG12,SDG16
HIS381H1Youth in the Early Modern WorldAdolescence is a time of adaptation between childhood and adulthood, and it’s often described as a modern invention. This course will look at how people in their teens and twenties navigated social demands and expectations around work, law, education, and marriage in the period 1400-1700. The course will address issues around biology, gender, violence, sexuality, mobility, and forced labour, with attention to comparing experiences between distinct traditions in different parts of the early modern world.
Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, labour, violenceSDG5,SDG8,SDG16
HIS385H1The History of Hong KongA study of political, economic, and social change in the British colony of Hong Kong from 1842 until the present day.Arts and Science, Faculty ofsocial changeSDG10,SDG16
HIS386H5Gender and History in South AsiaThis course seeks to understand the manifold ways in which gender has shaped South Asian history, with a particular emphasis on the period from the colonial era to contemporary times. The themes will include the relationship between gender, kinship, society and politics on the one hand and race, imperialism, nationalism, popular movements and religion on the other.University of Toronto Mississaugagender, nationalismSDG5,SDG16
HIS388H1France Since 1830A study of French society, politics and culture from the Paris Commune to the 1990s. Special attention is paid to watersheds like the Dreyfus Affair and the Vichy regime, to issues of regionalism/nationalism, cultural pluralism, women's rights, intellectual and cultural trends, and decolonization.Arts and Science, Faculty ofwomen, water, decolonization, nationalismSDG5,SDG6,SDG10,SDG16
HIS390H1Slavery in Latin AmericaThis seminar focuses on the history of African slavery in Latin America from its origins in the fifteenth century to its abolition in the nineteenth century. Readings will draw from primary sources and historical scholarship related to a range of topics, including the slave trade, gender, religious and cultural practices, and emancipation.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, tradeSDG5,SDG10
HIS390H5Revolutions and Nations in Latin AmericaExamines social revolutions in Guatemala, Bolivia, Cuba and Nicaragua. It emphasizes the historical linkages between these revolutions and national identity, and stresses the roles of gender, race and the United States in revolutionary processes. This course considers as well the counterrevolutionary politics of the 1970s and 1980s in Central America and the Southern cone.University of Toronto MississaugagenderSDG5,SDG10
HIS396H5Modernity and IslamThe aim of this course is to engage students in the ongoing historiographical debates on modernity and Islam. Students will critically explore recent public discussions concerning "Islamic Fundamentalism," "Islamic Feminism," and "What Went Wrong" in the Islamic world.University of Toronto MississaugafeminisSDG5
HIS398H5South Asia in Motion: Circulation, Mobility, HistoriesThis course examines how the movement of peoples, goods and ideas across land and sea has shaped South Asia’s history. In particular it analyses how far-reaching networks based on trade, pilgrimage, patronage, politics and labour that passed through the Indian Ocean, Bay of Bengal, and the Himalayas connected South Asia to Southeast Asia, and East Asia, amongst other spaces. It also foregrounds how these histories of mobility changed under colonial rule and its aftermath. The course focuses on the period from 1200 until the present.University of Toronto Mississaugalabour, trade, ocean, landSDG8,SDG10,SDG12,SDG14,SDG15
HIS399Y5Research Opportunity ProgramFor senior undergraduate students who have developed some knowledge of a discipline and its research methods, this course offers an opportunity to work on the research project of a professor. Students enrolled have an opportunity to become involved in original research, develop their research skills and share in the excitement and discovery of acquiring new knowledge. Project descriptions for the following fall-winter session are posted on the ROP website in mid-February and students are invited to apply at that time. See Experiential and International Opportunities for more details.University of Toronto MississaugaknowledgeSDG4
HIS406H1Advanced Topics in Gender HistoryAn in-depth examination of issues in gender history. Content in any given year depends on instructor. See History website for more details.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgenderSDG5
HIS410H5Doing Digital HistoryHow have Web 2.0 technologies changed the practice of history? Students learn by doing in this course: researching and writing for the digital medium; learning about the theory and practice of digital history; experimenting with new technologies; and creating a digital history project.University of Toronto MississaugalearningSDG4
HIS417H1Sex Work History in Comparative ContextsThis seminar explores the historical effects of the "world's oldest profession" in Canada and beyond. Using a range of texts, including film, memoirs, oral history and visual culture, it seeks to enhance both historical and contemporary discussions of the sex trade by examining its rich, difficult and problematic pasts. Seminar readings and discussions will examine the lives and experiences of multiple sex trade-involved populations, from affluent 19th-century madams to streetwalkers and queer and trans communities.Arts and Science, Faculty ofqueer, tradeSDG5,SDG10,SDG16
HIS418H1Themes in Canadian Environmental HistoryEnvironmental historians study the reciprocal relationship between humans and nature over time. This course examines key themes in the history of Canada's environment. Possible topics include food, energy, pollution, cities, parks, and environmental movements. Specific themes vary by year, depending on the focus of the instructor. Strong emphasis is place on reading and research.Arts and Science, Faculty ofpollution, energy, cities, environmental, pollutSDG2,SDG3,SDG7,SDG11,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
HIS422H1Early Modern English Popular Culture, 1500-1800Deals with issues of orality, literacy, gender, class, cultural bricolage and vernacular epistemology – the constituents of popular, as opposed to elite knowledge - through the study of folklore, magic, religion, drink, sex, riot and festivity in early modern England. Some background in medieval and/or early modern history or literature is highly recommended. Extensive work will be undertaken with primary printed sources.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, gender, landSDG4,SDG5
HIS423H1Social History of Medicine in the 19th & 20th CenturiesIntroduces students to current issues in the social history of medicine and some of the major developments in the modern history of the discipline. The format is class discussion based on themes covered in the course textbook, covering such topics as the history of the doctor-patient relationship, changes in physicians' social status, changing attitudes toward the body, and the evolution of various medical and surgical specialties including obstetrics and gynecology. (Joint undergraduate-graduate).Arts and Science, Faculty ofecologSDG3,SDG15
HIS430H1The Two Germanies and the Cold War, 1949-1989This course explores central themes of the field of postwar German and Cold War history from national, European and global history perspectives. It familiarizes students with significant events, texts, dates and actors in its analysis of the histories of the two postwar German states and explores German history as a microcosm of Cold War relations. In analyzing the two Germanies after 1949 an interdisciplinary variety of texts will be studied, covering topics from diplomacy and economy, to gender, memory, politics and geopolitics.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgenderSDG5,SDG16
HIS443H1Space and Sense in the Early Modern WorldHow did early moderns experience sense and space and how did the expanding cultural, political, and social horizons of the period emerge from and shape those experiences? This course explores Florence, Amsterdam, Boston, Manila to compare how experiences of space and sense varied by age, gender, race, and class.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgenderSDG5
HIS446H1Gender and Slavery in the Atlantic WorldThe course examines the relationship between gender and the experience of slavery and emancipating several Atlantic world societies from the 17th-19th centuries. Areas to be covered are the Caribbean, Brazil, the U.S. South, West and South Africa and Western Europe.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgenderSDG5,SDG10
HIS462H5Indigenous North AmericaThis reading and research-based course focuses on the history of Indigenous peoples in Canada and the United States, while also considering Mexico and the Caribbean. It explores a wide variety of methodologies and topics, examining Indigenous social structures, cultures, and economies alongside the influence of colonialism, capitalism, and nation states.University of Toronto Mississaugacapital, indigenousSDG9,SDG10,SDG11,SDG16
HIS464H5Decolonizing AfricaThis research-intensive seminar looks at alternative histories of decolonization in Africa, including revolutionary nationalisms, secessionist movements, and pan-Africanism– as well as ongoing debates over boundaries, citizenship, and sovereignty in postcolonial Africa.University of Toronto Mississaugacitizen, decolonization, nationalism, sovereigntySDG4,SDG10,SDG16
HIS468H1Commemorations and Public History in Canada, 1800-2000This course explores selected topics in the history of commemoration, public memory, and public history in Canada. Remembering the past has often involved various groups - political, economic, and social elites - who have attempted to create ‘pasts’ or ‘traditions’ for themselves and others in society, often as part of creating socio-economic and political hegemony. We also will read about their contestation by women, working-class people, and ethnic and racialized groups to counter the powerful’s apparent monopoly on public memory. As well, we will explore how historical memories have shaped and created landscapes, in ways both discursive and material.Arts and Science, Faculty ofsocio-economic, women, landSDG1,SDG5,SDG8,SDG15
HIS469H1Upper Canada: Creating a Settler Society, 1790s-1860sThis course explores selected topics in the history of Upper Canada: its formation in the crucible of transatlantic and imperial warfare, relationships with Indigenous people, the creation of multiple institutions, and colonial leisure and culture. As well as having its own particular local characteristics and features, not least its proximity to the United States, Upper Canada was one of a number of settler societies within the British Empire. The course explores various dimensions of these aspects and considers the relationships between local dynamics and imperial currents.Arts and Science, Faculty ofsettler, indigenous, institutSDG4,SDG10,SDG16
HIS470H1History, Rights, and Difference in South AsiaAddressing South Asian history after 1750, this course examines ideas of rights, contract, and the rule of law in colonial and postcolonial contexts. Attention is paid to the intellectual history of rights and the central place of colonial and postcolonial questions within that history. Topics include rights and questions concerning indigenous culture, caste and customary practice, gender and capitalist development.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, capital, indigenous, rule of lawSDG5,SDG9,SDG10,SDG16
HIS480H5Partition and its Aftermath in South AsiaThis course examines the everyday effects of the partition of 1947, and its aftermath, when British India gained independence and was also crafted into new nation states. Amongst other issues, it engages with sexual violence, nation-making, territoriality, rehabilitation, citizenship, and spatiality. More broadly it connects these issues to space, place and historical memory.University of Toronto Mississaugacitizen, violenceSDG4,SDG5,SDG16
HIS497H1Animal Politics and ScienceWhy is thinking about the animal unsettling for some or strange for others? Especially since Darwin, the question of the animal-what it says about being or not being human-has been at the core of important philosophical and scientific debates. This course examines the ways that question has been answered over time.Arts and Science, Faculty ofanimalSDG14,SDG15
HIS498Y5Internship in HistoryThrough a part-time, unpaid work placement, a limited number of advanced history students may enrol for field experience relating to expertise they have gained in the program. Placements are made at local libraries, historic sites and foundations, media outlets, public and private institutions. Five previous history courses and a cumulative GPA of 3.0 are required. For application to admission contact the Department of Historical Studies before June 1.University of Toronto MississaugainstitutSDG4
HIS499Y5Research Opportunity ProgramFor senior undergraduate students who have developed some knowledge of a discipline and its research methods, this course offers an opportunity to work on the research project of a professor. Students enrolled have an opportunity to become involved in original research, develop their research skills and share in the excitement and discovery of acquiring new knowledge. Project descriptions for the following fall-winter session are posted on the ROP website in mid-February and students are invited to apply at that time. See Experiential and International Opportunities for more details.University of Toronto MississaugaknowledgeSDG4
HISA05H3Themes in World History IIAn introduction to history that focuses on a particular theme in world history, which will change from year to year. Themes may include migration; empires; cultural encounters; history and film; global cities.University of Toronto ScarboroughcitiesSDG10,SDG11
HISA07H3The Ancient Mediterranean WorldAn introduction to the main features of the ancient civilizations of the Mediterranean world from the development of agriculture to the spread of Islam. Long term socio-economic and cultural continuities and ruptures will be underlined, while a certain attention will be dedicated to evidences and disciplinary issues.
Same as CLAA04H3
0.50 pre-1800 credit
Ancient World Area
University of Toronto Scarboroughsocio-economic, agriculturSDG1,SDG2,SDG10
HISA08H3Africa in the World: An IntroductionAn interdisciplinary introduction to the history and development of Africa with Africa's place in the wider world a key theme. Students critically engage with African and diasporic histories, cultures, social structures, economies, and belief systems. Course material is drawn from Archaeology, History, Geography, Literature, Film Studies and Women's Studies.
Africa and Asia Area
Same as AFSA01H3

University of Toronto ScarboroughwomenSDG5
HISB05H3History of Information for a Digital AgeThis course provides a general introduction to digital methods in History through the study of the rise of information as a concept and a technology. Topics include the history of information theory, the rise of digital media, and, especially, the implications of digital media, text processing, and artificial intelligence for historical knowledge. Using simple tools, students learn to encode texts as data structures and transform those structures programmatically.University of Toronto ScarboroughknowledgeSDG4,SDG9
HISB22H3Histories of Black Feminism Canada: From Runaway Slaves to #BlackLivesMatterThis introductory survey course connects the rich histories of Black radical women’s acts, deeds, and words in Canada. It traces the lives and political thought of Black women and gender-non-conforming people who refused and fled enslavement, took part in individual and collective struggles against segregated labour, education, and immigration practices; providing a historical context for the emergence of the contemporary queer-led #BlackLivesMatter movement. Students will be introduced, through histories of activism, resistance, and refusal, to multiple concepts and currents in Black feminist studies. This includes, for example, theories of power, race, and gender, transnational/diasporic Black feminisms, Black-Indigenous solidarities, abolition and decolonization. Students will participate in experiential learning and engage an interdisciplinary array of key texts and readings including primary and secondary sources, oral histories, and online archives.
Same as WSTB22H3
Canadian Area
University of Toronto Scarboroughlearning, gender, women, queer, feminis, labour, indigenous, decolonizationSDG4,SDG5,SDG8,SDG10,SDG16
HISB30H3American History to the Civil WarA survey of American history from contact between Indians and Europeans up through the Civil War. Topics include the emergence of colonial societies; the rise and destruction of racial slavery; revolution and republic-making; economic and social change in the new nation; western conquest; and the republic's collapse into internal war.
United States and Latin America Area
University of Toronto Scarboroughsocial changeSDG10,SDG16
HISB50H3Africa in the Era of the Slave TradeAn introduction to the history of Sub-Saharan Africa, from the era of the slave trade to the colonial conquests. Throughout, the capacity of Africans to overcome major problems will be stressed. Themes include slavery and the slave trade; pre-colonial states and societies; economic and labour systems; and religious change.
Africa and Asia Area
Same as AFSB50H3
University of Toronto Scarboroughlabour, tradeSDG8,SDG10
HISB57H3Sub-Continental Histories: South Asia in the WorldA survey of South Asian history. The course explores diverse and exciting elements of this long history, such as politics, religion, trade, literature, and the arts, keeping in mind South Asia's global and diasporic connections.
Africa and Asia Area
Same as GASB57H3
University of Toronto ScarboroughtradeSDG10
HISB58H3Modern Chinese HistoryThis course provides an overview of the historical changes and continuities of the major cultural, economic, political, and social institutions and practices in modern Chinese history.
Same as GASB58H3
Africa and Asia Area

University of Toronto ScarboroughinstitutSDG10,SDG16
HISB74H3Asian Foods and Global CitiesThis course explores the social circulation of Asian-identified foods and beverages using research from geographers, anthropologists, sociologists, and historians to understand their changing roles in ethnic entrepreneur-dominated cityscapes of London, Toronto, Singapore, Hong Kong, and New York. Foods under study include biryani, curry, coffee, dumplings, hoppers, roti, and tea.
Same as GASB74H3 Africa and Asia Area
University of Toronto Scarboroughentrepreneur, citiesSDG8,SDG11,SDG12
HISB93H3Modern Europe I: The Nineteenth CenturyEurope from the French Revolution to the First World War. Major topics include revolution, industrialization, nationalism, imperialism, science, technology, art and literature.
European Area
University of Toronto Scarboroughindustrialization, nationalismSDG9,SDG10,SDG16
HISC05H3Food Systems in Historical PerspectiveThis course puts urban food systems in world historical perspective using case studies from around the world and throughout time. Topics include provisioning, food preparation and sale, and cultures of consumption in courts, restaurants, street vendors, and domestic settings. Students will practice historical and geographical methodologies to map and interpret foodways. Same as FSTC05H3 Transnational AreaUniversity of Toronto Scarboroughfood system, urban, consumSDG2,SDG11,SDG12
HISC16H3Indigeneity and the ClassicsThis course will explore the representations and realities of Indigeneity in the ancient Mediterranean world, as well as the entanglements between modern settler colonialism, historiography, and reception of the 'Classical' past. Throughout the term, we will be drawn to (un)learn, think, write, and talk about a series of topics, each of which pertains in different ways to a set of overarching questions: What can Classicists learn from ancient and modern indigenous ways of knowing? What does it mean to be a Classicist in Tkaronto, on the land many Indigenous Peoples call Turtle Island? What does it mean to be a Classicist in Toronto, Ontario, Canada? What does it mean to be a Classicist in a settler colony? How did the Classics inform settler colonialism? How does modern settler colonialism inform our reconstruction of ancient indigeneities? How does our relationship to the land we come from and are currently on play a role in the way we think about the ancient Mediterranean world? Why is that so? How did societies of the ancient Mediterranean conceive of indigeneity? How did those relationships manifest themselves at a local, communal, and State levels? Same as CLAC26H3
Ancient World Area
University of Toronto Scarboroughsettler, indigenous, landSDG4,SDG10,SDG16,SDG15
HISC20H3Fascism and the Far RightThis course examines the political, cultural and social history of fascism, from historical regimes and movements to contemporary expressions of the far right, alt-right and populist nationalism. We will explore topics including intellectual origins, the mobilization of culture, the totalitarian state, political violence, and global networks.University of Toronto Scarboroughnationalism, violenceSDG16
HISC22H3The Second World War in EuropeThis course examines the impact of Second World War on the political, social, and cultural fabric of European societies. Beyond the military and political history of the war, it will engage topics including, but not limited to, geopolitical and ideological contexts; occupation, collaboration and resistance; the lives of combatants and civilians in total war; the Holocaust and the radicalisation of violence; and postwar memory.
European Area
University of Toronto Scarboroughlabor, violenceSDG8,SDG16
HISC29H3Global Commodities: Nature, Culture, HistoryThis course explores familiar commodities in terms of natural origins, everyday cultures of use, and global significance. It analyses environmental conditions, socio-economic transactions, political, religious, and cultural contexts around their production, distribution, and consumption. Commodity case studies will be selected among tea, opium, chocolate, rice, bananas, cotton, rubber, coffee, and sugar.
Transnational Area
University of Toronto Scarboroughsocio-economic, consum, production, environmentalSDG1,SDG12,SDG13
HISC36H3People in Motion: Immigrants and Migrants in U.S. HistoryOverview of the waves of immigration and internal migration that have shaped America from the colonial period to the present. Topics include colonization and westward migration, immigrants in the industrial and contemporary eras, nativism, stances towards pluralism and assimilation, and how migration experiences have varied by race, class, and gender.
United States and Latin America Area
University of Toronto ScarboroughgenderSDG5,SDG10,SDG16
HISC46H3Canada and the WorldA look at Canada's evolution in relation to developments on the world stage. Topics include Canada's role in the British Empire and its relationship with the U.S., international struggles for women's rights, Aboriginal peoples' sovereignty and LGBT equality, socialism and communism, the World Wars, decolonization, the Cold War, humanitarianism, and terrorism.
Canadian Area
University of Toronto Scarboroughwomen, equalit, humanitarian, decolonization, sovereignty, terrorisSDG5,SDG10,SDG16
HISC51H3From Opium to Maximum City: Narrating Political Economy in China and IndiaThis course addresses literary, historical, ethnographic, and filmic representations of the political economy of China and the Indian subcontinent from the early 19th century to the present day. We will look at such topics as the role and imagination of the colonial-era opium trade that bound together India, China and Britain in the 19th century, anticolonial conceptions of the Indian and Chinese economies, representations of national physical health, as well as critiques of mass-consumption and capitalism in the era of the ‘liberalization’ and India and China’s rise as major world economies. Students will acquire a grounding in these subjects from a range of interdisciplinary perspectives. Same as GASC51H3 Asia and Africa AreaUniversity of Toronto Scarboroughanticolonial, capital, trade, consumSDG9,SDG10,SDG12
HISC55H3War and Society in Modern AfricaConflict and social change in Africa from the slave trade to contemporary times. Topics include the politics of resistance, women and war, repressive and weak states, the Cold War, guerrilla movements, resource predation. Case studies of anticolonial rebellions, liberation wars, and civil conflicts will be chosen from various regions.
Same as AFSC55H3
Africa and Asia Area
University of Toronto Scarboroughanticolonial, women, trade, social changeSDG5,SDG10,SDG16
HISC57H3China and the WorldA study of the history of China's relationship with the rest of the world in the modern era. The readings focus on China's role in the global economy, politics, religious movements, transnational diasporas, scientific/technological exchanges, and cultural encounters and conflicts in the ages of empire and globalization.
Same as GASC57H3
Africa and Asia Area

University of Toronto ScarboroughglobalizSDG9,SDG10
HISC96H3Language and Society in the Arab WorldAn examination of the relationship between language, society and identity in North Africa and the Arabic-speaking Middle East from the dawn of Islam to the contemporary period. Topics include processes of Arabization and Islamization, the role of Arabic in pan-Arab identity; language conflict in the colonial and postcolonial periods; ideologies of gender and language among others.
Same as AFSC30H3 Asia and Africa Area
University of Toronto ScarboroughgenderSDG5,SDG10
HISD16H3Socialist Feminism in Global ContextA comparative exploration of socialist feminism, encompassing its diverse histories in different locations, particularly China, Russia, Germany and Canada. Primary documents, including literary texts, magazines, political pamphlets and group manifestos that constitute socialist feminist ideas, practices and imaginaries in different times and places will be central. We will also seek to understand socialist feminism and its legacies in relation to other contemporary stands of feminism.
Same as WSTD16H3
Transnational Area
University of Toronto ScarboroughfeminisSDG5,SDG10
HISD48H3The World Through Canadian EyesHow have Canadians historically experienced, and written about, the world? In what ways have nationalism, imperialism, and ideas about gender and race given meaning to Canadian understandings of the world? Students will consider these questions by exploring the work of Canadian travel writers, missionaries, educators, diplomats, trade officials, and intellectuals.
Canadian Area
University of Toronto Scarboroughgender, trade, nationalismSDG5,SDG10,SDG16
HISD50H3Southern Africa: Conquest and Resistance, 1652-1900A seminar study of the history of the peoples of southern Africa, beginning with the hunter-gatherers but concentrating on farming and industrializing societies. Students will consider pre-colonial civilizations, colonialism and white settlement, violence, slavery, the frontier, and the mineral revolution. Extensive reading and student presentations are required.
Africa and Asia Area
University of Toronto ScarboroughviolenceSDG10,SDG16
HISD52H3East African Societies in TransitionA seminar study of East African peoples from late pre-colonial times to the 1990's, emphasizing their rapid although uneven adaptation to integration of the region into the wider world. Transitions associated with migrations, commercialization, religious change, colonial conquest, nationalism, economic development and conflict, will be investigated. Student presentations are required.
Same as AFSD52H3
Africa and Asia Area
University of Toronto Scarboroughinvest, transit, nationalismSDG9,SDG10,SDG11,SDG16
HISD54H3Aqueous History: Water-Stories for a FutureThis upper-level seminar will explore how water has shaped human experience. It will explore water landscapes, the representation of water in legal and political thought, slave narratives, and water management in urban development from the 16th century. Using case studies from South Asia and North America we will understand how affective, political and social relations to water bodies are made and remade over time. Same as GASD54H3University of Toronto Scarboroughwater, urban, landSDG6,SDG10,SDG11,SDG14,SDG15
HISD69H3Sufis and Desert Fathers: Mysticism in Late Antiquity and Early IslamThis course is an introduction to mystical/ascetic beliefs and practices in late antiquity and early Islam. Often taken as an offshoot of or alternative to “orthodox” representations of Christianity and Islam, mysticism provides a unique look into the ways in which these religions were experienced by its adherents on a more popular, often non-scholarly, “unorthodox” basis throughout centuries. In this class we will examine mysticism in late antiquity and early Islam through the literature, arts, music, and dance that it inspired. The first half of the term will be devoted to the historical study of mysticism, its origins, its most well-known early practitioners, and the phases of its institutionalization in early Christianity and early Islam; the second part will look into the beliefs and practices of mystics, the literature they produced, the popular expressions of religion they generated, and their effects in the modern world. This study of mysticism will also provide a window for contemporary students of religion to examine the devotional practices of unprivileged members of the late antiquity religious communities, women and slaves in particular. Same as CLAD69H3.University of Toronto Scarboroughwomen, wind, privileged, institutSDG5,SDG10,SDG16
HLTA02H3Foundations in Health Studies IThis the first part of a sequence of two courses designed to introduce theory, contemporary topics, and analytical techniques related to the study of health issues. Examples of topics include: social determinants of health, basic anatomy, introduction to child development, introduction to the life course and aging, disease, health economics and policy, and applicable research methods.University of Toronto Scarboroughhealth issuesSDG3
HLTA03H3Foundations in Health Studies IIThis the second part of a sequence of two courses designed to introduce theory, contemporary topics, and analytical techniques related to the study of health issues. Examples of topics include: social determinants of health, basic anatomy, introduction to child development, introduction to the life course and aging, disease, health economics and policy, and applicable research methods.University of Toronto Scarboroughhealth issuesSDG3
HLTA91H3A Healthy Campus for Students: Prioritizing Mental Health and WellnessStudents need to be and feel part of a community that allows them to flourish and thrive. This course focuses on creating a healthy campus community by equipping students with practical knowledge, theoretical frameworks, and skills to prioritize their mental health, physical health, and self-care activities. Emphasis is placed on examining theoretical frameworks and practical activities that ameliorate mental health and self care practices, particularly those included in UTSC’s Healthy Campus Initiative Pillars (i.e. Arts & Culture, Equity & Diversity, Food & Nutrition, Mental Health, Physical Activity, and Physical Space). Drawing on theoretical frameworks and current peer-reviewed research from fields including medicine, psychology, nutrition, exercise and fitness, as well as social and cultural studies, students will learn to debate and integrate theoretical and practical concepts relevant to contemporary understandings of what it means to be healthy. In addition, students will engage in experiential learning activities that will expose them to campus resources in ways that they can apply to creating healthy communities.University of Toronto Scarboroughnutrition, mental health, knowledge, learning, equity, equitSDG2,SDG3,SDG4,SDG10,SDG11
HLTB11H3Basic Human NutritionAn introductory course to provide the fundamentals of human nutrition to enable students to understand and think critically about the complex interrelationships between food, nutrition, health and environment.University of Toronto ScarboroughnutritionSDG2,SDG3
HLTB16H3Introduction to Public HealthThis course will present a brief history about the origins and development of the public health system and its role in health prevention. Using a case study approach, the course will focus on core functions, public health practices, and the relationship of public health with the overall health system.University of Toronto Scarboroughpublic healthSDG3
HLTB30H3Current Issues in HealthAn interdisciplinary consideration of current and pressing issues in health, including health crises, care, education, policy, research, and knowledge mobilization and translation. The course will focus on emerging questions and research, with attention to local and global experts from a range of disciplines and sectors.University of Toronto ScarboroughknowledgeSDG4,SDG16
HLTB40H3Health Policy and Health SystemsThis course focuses on public and private financing mechanisms for health care in Canada, emphasizing provincial differences and discussing the systems in place in other developed nations. Topics will include the forces of market competition and government regulation as well as the impact of health policy on key stakeholders. Students will also learn how to apply simple economic reasoning to examine health policy issues.University of Toronto Scarboroughhealth careSDG3,SDG16
HLTB41H3Introduction to the Social Determinants of HealthThis course introduces students to Social Determinants of Health (SDOH) approaches to reducing health inequities, and improving individual and population health. Students will critically explore the social, political, economic, and historic conditions that shape the everyday lives, and influence the health, of people.University of Toronto ScarboroughequitSDG3,SDG10,SDG16
HLTB42H3Perspectives of Culture, Illness and HealingThis course introduces students to anthropological perspectives of culture, society, and language, to foster understanding of the ways that health intersects with political, economic, religious and kinship systems. Topics will include ethnographic theory and practice, cultural relivatism, and social and symbolic meanings and practices regarding the body.University of Toronto ScarboroughillnessSDG3,SDG16
HLTB50H3Introduction to Health HumanitiesAn introduction to human health through literature, narrative, and the visual arts. Students will develop strong critical skills in text-centered methods of analysis (i.e., the written word, visual images) through topics including representations of health, illness narratives, death and dying, patient-professional relationships, technoscience and the human body.University of Toronto ScarboroughillnessSDG3
HLTB60H3Introduction to Interdisciplinary Disability StudiesAn introduction to interdisciplinary disability studies through humanities, social science, and fine arts, with a strong basis in a social justice orientation that understands disability as a relational, social, and historical symbolic category, and ableism as a form of oppression. Students will develop strong critical skills in interpretation and analysis of artworks (i.e., the written word, visual images, performance) and theoretical texts. Topics including representations of disability in media, including literature and film; medicalization and tropes of disability; disability activism; and intersectional analysis of disability in relation to gender, race, sexuality, ethnicity, and class.University of Toronto Scarboroughdisabilit, gender, social justiceSDG3,SDG5,SDG16
HLTC16H3Introduction to Health Information SystemsAn introduction to the fundamental concepts in health informatics (HI) and the relevance of HI to current and future Canadian and international health systems. Students will be introduced to traditional hospital-based/clinician-based HI systems, as well as present and emerging applications in consumer and public HI, including global applications.University of Toronto ScarboroughconsumSDG12
HLTC17H3Introduction to Rehabilitation SciencesThis course will provide students with an introduction to the rehabilitation sciences in the Canadian context. Students will gain knowledge regarding the pressing demographic needs for rehabilitation services and research, as well as the issues affecting the delivery of those services.University of Toronto ScarboroughknowledgeSDG4
HLTC19H3Chronic DiseasesThis course will introduce students to the regional, national, and global patterns of chronic disease and demonstrate how demography, behaviour, socio-economic status, and genetics impact patterns of chronic disease in human populations. Using epidemiological studies we will examine these patterns, assess their complex causes, and discuss strategies for broad-based preventative action.University of Toronto Scarboroughsocio-economicSDG1
HLTC20H3Global Disability StudiesThis course considers how the category of disability works globally across geographic locations and cultural settings. Combining an interdisciplinary social justice-oriented disability studies perspective with a critical decolonial approach, students continue to develop an understanding of disability as a relational, social, and historical symbolic category, and ableism. Students will develop strong critical skills in interpretation and analysis of both social science texts, works of theory, and artworks (i.e., the written word, visual images, performance). Topics including representations of disability in global and diasporic media, including literature and film; medicalization and tropes of disability across cultures; human rights and disability activism around the world; and intersectional analysis of disability in relation to gender, race, sexuality, ethnicity, and class in diverse global contexts.University of Toronto Scarboroughdisabilit, decolonial, gender, social justice, human rightsSDG3,SDG4,SDG5,SDG16
HLTC22H3Health, Aging and the Life CycleThis course focuses on the transition from birth to old age and changes in health status. Topics to be covered include: socio-cultural perspectives on aging, the aging process, chronic and degenerative diseases, caring for the elderly.University of Toronto ScarboroughtransitSDG11
HLTC23H3Issues in Child Health and DevelopmentThis course will explore bio-social aspects of health and development in children. Topics for discussion include genetics and development, growth and development, childhood diseases, the immune system, and nutrition during the early years.University of Toronto Scarboroughnutrition, child healthSDG2,SDG3
HLTC24H3Environment and HealthEnvironmental issues are often complex and require a holistic approach where the lines between different disciplines are often obscured. The environment, as defined in this course, includes the natural (biological) and built (social, cultural, political) settings. Health is broadly defined to include the concept of well-being. Case studies will be used to illustrate environment and health issues using an ecosystem approach that includes humans as part of the ecosystem.University of Toronto Scarboroughwell-being, health issues, environmental, ecosystemSDG3,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
HLTC25H3Infectious DiseasesAdopting ecological, epidemiological, and social approaches, this course examines the impact of infectious disease on human populations. Topics covered include disease ecology, zoonoses, and the role of humans in disease occurrence. The aim is to understand why infectious diseases emerge and how their occurrence is intimately linked to human behaviours.University of Toronto ScarboroughecologSDG15
HLTC26H3Global Health and Human BiologyThis course will apply students' knowledge of health studies and human biology to solving real-life cases in global health, such as the Ebola outbreaks in Africa or the acute toxic encephalopathy mystery illness among children in India. This case-study-oriented course will focus on the application of human biology principles in addressing current cases in global health.University of Toronto Scarboroughglobal health, illness, knowledgeSDG3,SDG4
HLTC27H3Community Health and EpidemiologyEpidemiology is the study or the pattern and causes of health-related outcomes and the application of findings to improvement of public health. This course will examine the history of epidemiology and its principles and terminology, measures of disease occurrence, study design, and application of concepts to specific research areas.University of Toronto Scarboroughpublic healthSDG3
HLTC42H3Emerging Health Issues and Policy NeedsThis course takes an interdisciplinary approach to helping students prepare to tackle complex emerging health issues and to explore ways of addressing these issues through public policy. A range of contemporary and newly-emerging health issues are discussed and analyzed in the context of existing policy constraints within Canada and worldwide.University of Toronto Scarboroughhealth issuesSDG3
HLTC43H3Politics of Canadian Health PolicyThis course examines the role of all levels of Canadian government in health and health care. The impact of public policies, health care policy, and access to health care services on the health of populations is considered. The course also examines the role of political parties and social movements in the policy change process.University of Toronto Scarboroughhealth careSDG3
HLTC44H3Comparative Health Policy SystemsThis course surveys a selection of health care systems worldwide in relation to financing, reimbursement, delivery systems and adoption of new technologies. In this course students will explore questions such as: which systems and which public/private sector mixes are better at achieving efficiency and equity? How do these different systems deal with tough choices, such as decisions about new technologies? The set of international health care systems we focus on are likely to vary by term but will include a subset of OECD countries as well as countries with large populations that are heavily represented in Toronto such as China and India.University of Toronto Scarboroughhealth care, equity, equitSDG3,SDG4,SDG10
HLTC46H3Globalization, Gender and HealthThis interdisciplinary course draws on diverse theoretical and analytical approaches that span the humanities, social sciences and life sciences to critically explore the diverse relationships between gender and health, in local and global contexts. Particular attention is given to intersections between sex, gender and other social locations and processes that impact health and health inequities across the lifespan, including the impacts of ableism, colonialism, hetero-normativity, poverty, racialization, and sexism on women's and men's health, and related health research and practice. Through course readings, case studies, group discussions, class activities, and course assignments, students will apply these theoretical lenses and develop analytical skills that : (1) advance a more contextualized understanding of gender and health across the lifespan, (2) provide important insights into gendered health inequities, and (3) speak to strategies and social movements that begin to address these challenges.University of Toronto Scarboroughpoverty, gender, women, globaliz, equitSDG1,SDG5,SDG9,SDG10
HLTC47H3Institutional Ethnography: Investigating Health and Social Problems in the EverydayBy engaging with ideas rooted in critical social science and humanities, and emphasising the work of Canadian scholars, students learn how policy, law and various forms of regulation and governance impact on our everyday lives. Students learn theoretical, ontological and methodological concepts from a distinctive Canadian school of feminist sociological analysis called social organization of knowledge. This is an advanced and intensive reading and writing course where students learn to think about ruling relations in the space between subjectivity and objectivity.University of Toronto Scarboroughknowledge, feminis, invest, institut, governanceSDG4,SDG5,SDG9,SDG16
HLTC49H3Indigenous HealthThis course will examine the health and well-being of Indigenous peoples, given historic and contemporary issues. A critical examination of the social determinants of health, including the cultural, socioeconomic and political landscape, as well as the legacy of colonialism, will be emphasized. An overview of methodologies and ethical issues working with Indigenous communities in health research and developing programs and policies will be provided. The focus will be on the Canadian context, but students will be exposed to the issues of Indigenous peoples worldwide. Same as SOCC49H3University of Toronto Scarboroughsocioeconomic, well-being, indigenous, landSDG1,SDG3,SDG10,SDG16,SDG15
HLTC56H3Drawing IllnessFor close to a century, comics as a medium have examined diverse topics, from the serious to the silly. Drawing Illness draws on interdisciplinary scholarship from disability studies, comics studies, comic histories, medical anthropology, history of medicine and public health to examine the ways in which graphic narratives have been utilized to tell a range of stories about illness, disability, grief, dying, death, and medicine.University of Toronto Scarboroughpublic health, disabilit, illnessSDG3
HLTC60H3Disability HistoryThis course introduces students to disability history, a subfield within both history and the interdisciplinary field of disability studies. Students will use critical perspectives from disability studies to interpret how the concept of disability has changed over time and across cultures. This course understands disability as a social and political phenomenon and seeks to understand the experiences of disabled people in the past around the world. Students enrolled in this course will read secondary and primary source texts, and draw on lectures, films, memoirs, popular culture, and art to examine the social and cultural construction and experiences of disability. Students will also gain an understanding of how historians conduct research, and the methods and problems of researching disability history. Historical themes include colonialism, industrialization, war, and bureaucracy; regions and time periods studied will be selected at the discretion of the instructor.University of Toronto Scarboroughdisabilit, industrializationSDG3,SDG9
HLTD07H3Advanced Rehabilitation Sciences: Disability Studies and Lived Experiences of 'Normalcy'This course builds on HLTC17H3 by examining rehabilitation from the perspectives of researchers, clinicians, and clients. The course focuses on the historical role of rehabilitation, not only in improving health, but also in perpetuating the goal of 'normalcy'. Students will examine how rehabilitation impacts people, both at an individual and societal level, and explore the field of disability studies and its critical engagement with the message that disabled people need to be repaired.University of Toronto ScarboroughdisabilitSDG3
HLTD08H3Special Topics in Health SciencesAn examination of a current health sciences topic. The specific topic will vary from year to year, and may include: clinical epidemiology, an advanced nutrition topic, or the biology and population health impacts of a specific disease or illness condition.University of Toronto Scarboroughnutrition, illnessSDG2,SDG3
HLTD23H3Indigenous Peoples: Pandemics, Epidemics and OutbreaksThis course will examine pandemics, epidemics, and outbreaks of contagious infectious diseases, specifically viruses (i.e. HIV, Ebola, SARS, hantavirus, smallpox, influenza) among Indigenous Peoples. Students will learn about the social, cultural, and historical impacts of the virus on Indigenous peoples and their communities with regards to transmission, treatment and prevention, public health measures and strategies, as well as ethical issues.University of Toronto Scarboroughpublic health, epidemics, indigenousSDG3,SDG10,SDG16
HLTD25H3Topics in Environmental HealthThe didactic portion of this course will examine emerging environmental health issues using case studies. In the hands-on portion of the course, students will learn a range of research skills - how to use the Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, evidence-based health and best practices, and the different elements of a successful grant proposal - while honing their researching, writing, and presenting skills.University of Toronto Scarboroughmental health, health issues, environmentalSDG3,SDG13
HLTD40H3The Politics of Care, Self- Care, and Mutual AidDrawing on insights from critical social theory and on the experience of community partners, this course critically explores the ethics, economics, and politics of care and mutual aid. The course begins with a focus on informal care in our everyday lives, including self-care. We then move on to interrogate theories of care and care work in a variety of settings including schools, community health centres, hospitals, and long-term care facilities. The course is interdisciplinary, drawing on insights from scholarship across the humanities, social sciences, medicine, and public health.University of Toronto Scarboroughpublic healthSDG3
HLTD44H3Environmental Contaminants, Vulnerability and ToxicityThis course is designed to provide an in-depth understanding of the potential effects on human health of exposure to environmental contaminants, with special attention to population groups particularly vulnerable to toxic insults.University of Toronto Scarboroughvulnerability, environmentalSDG1,SDG13
HLTD46H3Violence and Health: Critical PerspectivesViolence is a significant public health, human rights, and human development problem that impacts millions of people worldwide. Relying on a critical public health perspective, critical social theories, and local and global case studies on anti-oppression, this course explores structural (causes of) violence, the impact violence has on (public) health and human development, and societal responses to treatment, prevention, and social transformation.University of Toronto Scarboroughpublic health, anti-oppression, human rights, violenceSDG3,SDG4,SDG16
HLTD47H3Special Topics in Health: Advanced Topics in Health and WellnessAn examination of a current topic in health and wellness. Topics may include: disability, addiction, psychosocial wellbeing, social activism around health issues, Wellness Indices, Community Needs and Assets Appraisals. The course will focus on the contributing historical, social, and/or cultural factors, as well as relevant health policies.University of Toronto Scarboroughwellbeing, health issues, disabilitSDG3
HLTD50H3Special Topics in Health HumanitiesThis advanced seminar will provide intensive study of a selected topic in and/or theoretical questions about the health humanities. Topics will vary by instructor and term but may include narrative medicine, stories of illness and healing, representations of older age and aging in literature and film, AIDS and/or cancer writing, representations of death and dying in literature and film, the role of creative arts in health.University of Toronto ScarboroughillnessSDG3
HLTD80H3Critical Health EducationThis course will investigate school- and community-based health education efforts that approach health as a complex social, biological, and cultural experience; critique and challenge prevailing understandings of health; and offer alternative theoretical, pedagogical, and curricular approaches to health and illness. Issues such as sexuality, gender, nation, race, social class, age, ability, and indigeneity will be central concerns in this study of health pedagogy, curriculum, and promotion.University of Toronto Scarboroughillness, health education, pedagogy, gender, investSDG3,SDG4,SDG5,SDG9
HLTD81H3Health Professions EducationThe quality of our health care system is dependent on initial and ongoing education supporting our health professionals. In response to ongoing and new challenges in health care, governments and institutions respond with novel ideas of enacting health care in improved ways. Health care institutions, policy makers, and the public have expectations of highly skilled, knowledgeable, and prepared individuals. As our understanding of health and health systems change, these expectations also change. Keeping up is in part the work of health professions education. Preparing individuals for these dynamic, complex, in some cases unpredictable, and everchanging health care service demands is necessary and complex. In this course, we explore the role and governance, structure, and contemporary multidisciplinary scientific advances of initial and continuing health professions education as a means of supporting the practice and quality of health care. We also explore the future of health professions and how health professions education is working to keep up.University of Toronto Scarboroughhealth care, knowledge, institut, governanceSDG3,SDG4,SDG16
HMB201H1Introduction to Genes, Genetics & BiotechnologyThe course provides a comprehensive introduction to a variety of therapeutic approaches including gene therapy, CRISPR-based gene editing, epigenetic manipulations; regenerative medicine. This course consists of three parts: tools and techniques of gene; genome manipulations; medical, environmental and agricultural biotechnology applications; and ethical, legal and social aspects of modern biotechnology as it pertains to human health and wellbeing.Arts and Science, Faculty ofagricultur, wellbeing, environmentalSDG2,SDG3,SDG13
HMB203H1Introduction to Global HealthAn introductory course covering the theories, operational components and strategies of implementing health care in resource-poor settings. Topics may include education, control of vector-borne diseases, essential drug provision, maternal and child health, nutrition, incorporation of alternative and complementary technologies, community participation and deployment of health service providersArts and Science, Faculty ofnutrition, global health, health care, child healthSDG2,SDG3
HMB204H1Introduction to Human BiologyAn introduction to the biological, health, environmental, and sociopolitical issues that influence human health and well-being. Â Topics include genetic variation within and across human populations, biological variation related to the environment, determinants of health and disease, and human behaviour and development.Arts and Science, Faculty ofwell-being, environmentalSDG3,SDG13
HMB303H1Global Health and Human RightsThe Global Health & Human Rights course uses a multidisciplinary approach to consider the theory and practice of global health as well as human rights from a global health perspective. The course has an emphasis on the social, historical, economic and political determinants of global health and human rights. The critical approach used in the course will also allow students to begin to consider the limitations and contradictions inherent in the theory and practice of global health and in human rights.Arts and Science, Faculty ofglobal health, human rightsSDG3,SDG16
HMB306H1Ethical Considerations in Emerging TechnologyAdvancing technology increases our ability to intervene in the course of natural events involving human health and well being. Questions arise as whether we ought to and who will benefit or be harmed. This course considers the far-reaching bioethical implications of emerging bio-technology. Topics to be explored include-but are not limited to- ethical considerations in emerging reproductive technologies, genetic alteration/genetic enhancement. Use of life support technologies, synthetic life, life extension.Arts and Science, Faculty ofwell beingSDG3
HMB322H1Topics in Health & DiseaseExplore the scientific basis and interdisciplinary healthcare practices of several diseases (diseases vary by year). Discuss current issues related to the biology and the impact of these diseases.Arts and Science, Faculty ofhealthcareSDG3
HMB323H1Global Health ResearchHealth is a responsibility shared worldwide. Globalization of health has impacted biomedical research. Students will explore current global health research advances and build skills in the design and conduct of global health research studies.Arts and Science, Faculty ofglobal health, globalizSDG3,SDG9
HMB342H1Epidemiology of Health & DiseaseThis course engages students in the fundamental science of epidemiology applied to health and disease. After an introduction to various measures of health and disease, the scientific methods used to investigate, analyze, prevent and control health problems will be illustrated using social, biomedical and public health examplesArts and Science, Faculty ofpublic health, investSDG3,SDG9
HMB402H1Topics in Translational MedicineThe bridge between basic scientific research and clinical practice integrates fundamental knowledge about molecular/cellular mechanisms and clinical disorders to increase the potential for new medical treatments, therapies and interventions as well as understanding of disease processes. Specific topics vary from year to year and will be based on the instructor's area(s) of expertise.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledgeSDG4
HMB406H1Health Care EthicsSince research involving human subjects lays the foundation for innovation in modern health care, this course examines health care ethics along a continuum from bench to bedside. Ethical issues are discussed in the context of specific cases involving human research, as well as contemporary clinical practice.Arts and Science, Faculty ofhealth careSDG3
HMB420H1Seminar in Neurobiology of BehaviourThis seminar course focuses on recent research into the neurobiology underlying human behaviour. A variety of normal and abnormal human behaviours are studied which may include: voluntary action; moral cognition; hedonism; aggression; mental health; addiction; the impact of the gut microbiome on brain development and health.Arts and Science, Faculty ofmental healthSDG3
HMB433H1Topics in Global HealthSeminar and theme based course examining the opportunity to apply basic knowledge of biological determinants of disease to designing health system interventions and informatics that can have a global impact in the near term.Arts and Science, Faculty ofglobal health, knowledgeSDG3,SDG4
HMB440H1DementiaThis course, featuring a service-learning component, explores dementia. In patients with dementia, intellectual, social and occupational functioning deteriorate. The course addresses the multi-disciplinary aspects of dementia (clinical, genetic, molecular, social) with a focus on the most common cause of dementia, Alzheimer's disease. Enrolment is by application. Detailed application instructions are available on the HMB Special Enrolment website: The application will ask about motivation and/or relevant experience. Applications are received during priority course enrollment, and late applications considered if space remains. Specific application review and response dates will be available on the HMB Special Enrolment website. Applications will be assessed based on prerequisites, submitted answers to application prompts and cGPA. This course is open to all Human Biology students.Arts and Science, Faculty oflearningSDG4
HMB441H1Genetics of Human DiseaseThis advanced course aims to provide students with current, in-depth knowledge of the genetics of specific human diseases, including single gene (e.g., Huntington disease), multifactorial (e.g. Alzheimer's disease), and non-Mendelian (e.g. mitochondrial DNA-related disease) disorders, and how the use of genetics to elucidate disease mechanisms can lead to treatments and personalized medicine in order to improve healthcare.Arts and Science, Faculty ofhealthcare, knowledgeSDG3,SDG4
HMB443H1Global Hidden HungerVitamin and mineral deficiencies, termed ‘hidden hunger,’ affect about half the world’s population. Explore the global nature, catastrophic consequences, and causes of these deficiencies. Discuss formulation and implementation of international, national, and local policies to alleviate ‘hidden hunger’ especially in infants and young children. A service-learning opportunity is integrated. Students will be required to contribute to a local community organization while using course knowledge to develop a project or initiative beneficial to the organization and community.

Enrolment is by application. Detailed application instructions are available on the HMB Special Enrolment website: The application will ask about motivation and/or relevant experience. Applications are received during priority course enrollment, and late applications considered if space remains. Specific application review and response dates will be available on the HMB Special Enrolment website. Applications will be assessed based on prerequisites, submitted answers to application prompts and cGPA. This course is open to all Human Biology students.

Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, learningSDG4
HMB452H1Personalized MedicineThe bridge between basic scientific research and clinical practice integrates fundamental knowledge about molecular/cellular mechanisms and clinical disorders to increase the potential for new medical treatments and technologies as well as understanding of disease processes. Specific topics vary from year to year and will be based on the course instructor's area(s) of expertise.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledgeSDG4
HMB453H1AIDS: A Global PerspectiveSeminars explore the global AIDS crisis. Varying epidemiological profiles of AIDS are placed in broader biological, social, and cultural frameworks. The impact of globalization and structural inequality on local cultures and lifestyles provides a backdrop to the discussions.Arts and Science, Faculty ofglobaliz, inequality, equalitSDG9,SDG10
HMB460H1Seminars in Neurobiology of Mental HealthThis seminar course focuses on recent research into the neurobiology underlying mental health issues and is highly discussion-based and collaborative in nature. Specific topics are indicated by subtopic (which may vary yearly).Arts and Science, Faculty ofmental health, health issues, laborSDG3,SDG8
HMB462H1Topics in EpidemiologyThe focus is on the theory and application of biostatistics and epidemiology to current developments in special topics in substantive areas of epidemiology (e.g., chronic disease, environmental & occupational health, infectious disease, methods, social, etc.).Arts and Science, Faculty ofenvironmentalSDG13
HMB490Y1Health in CommunityAn experiential learning course exploring health-related challenges and social determinants of health in partnership with local community organizations. Lectures and tutorials will support learning of selected biological and social aspects of health and disease, neuroscience, genetics or population health, and the development of scientific knowledge translation skills relevant to the community agencies. Cannot be taken concurrently with a full year research project course. Enrolment is by application. Detailed application instructions are available on the HMB Special Enrolment website: The application will ask about motivation and/or relevant experience. . Applications are received during priority course enrollment, and late applications considered if space remains. Specific application review and response dates will be available on the HMB Special Enrolment website. Applications will be assessed based on prerequisites, submitted answers to application prompts and cGPA. This course is open to all Human Biology students.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, learningSDG4
HMB491Y1Project in Biotechnology IndustryStudents undertake an academic internship in the biotechnology sector, in addition to meeting regularly in class to discuss and share their experiences. The course is designed to provide students with an opportunity to apply academic learning in a professional context, build their network, and explore potential career paths. Students will be required to complete 200 hours with a placement partner over the duration of the course (normally 8 hours/week). The course is open to fourth year students. Students work with course staff to secure their internship with our partner organizations. Enrolment is by application. Detailed application instructions are available on the HMB Special Enrolment website: Application packages will be accepted in April every year, and specific due date, course/placement information, and the application form can be found in the website. The application will ask about goals, course expectations and relevant knowledge & experience. Applications will be assessed based on prerequisites, submitted answers to application prompts and relevant knowledge. Course enrolment will be based on the number of internship opportunities available (which will vary from year-to-year), student qualifications (e.g. performance in relevant courses, qualifications related to the internship positions on offer, and interview performance). Final acceptance into the course is dependent on the official acceptance of a student as an intern with a partner organization. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, learningSDG4
HMU333H1Ethnomusicology of Urban Environments:Doing Res - SoundThis course explores the intersection of sound, listening, and urban environment through a selective survey of contemporary scholarship from ethnomusicology, sound studies, anthropology of sound, cultural geography, and urban studies. Class discussions, assigned readings, audio-visual examples, and lectures will build a theoretical understanding of sound’s relation to issues of identity, culture, politics, representation, power, media, gender, race, and urban space. Students will receive hands-on research methods training as they conduct ethnomusicological research in downtown Toronto. Students will be guided in designing a research project and conduct field research, interviews and soundwalks. They will materialize research results as presentable audio(visual) media.Music, Faculty ofgender, urbanSDG5,SDG11
HMU345H1Global Popular MusicsGlobal Popular Musics is an introduction to popular music in its social and cultural context in a variety of international settings. Genres to be covered may include, but are not limited to, rock, hip-hop, country, and “world music”. The course will take an issues-based approach to the study of popular music, focusing on topics such as the interplay of tradition and modernity; media and technology; race, gender, sexuality, class, and other facets of identity; urbanization and migration; and the markets and legal structures surrounding music.Music, Faculty ofgender, urbanSDG5,SDG11
HMU385H1Intro to Sound StudiesThis course introduces students to the interdisciplinary field of sound studies by exploring how people perceive and engage with everyday sounds, especially in urban settings. Topics may include, but are not limited to noise, silence, acoustic communities, soundscapes, media, and various sound technologies.Music, Faculty ofurbanSDG11
HMU435H1Topics in Ethnomusic:Current I ssuesAn undergraduate seminar devoted to exploring an emergent sub-field of ethnomusicology. The sub-field to be explored will rotate, but some examples are: the study of music and gender, race, or class; music and language; music and violence; sociomusicology; medical ethnomusicology; the ethnomusicology of popular music and technology; analytical approaches in ethnomusicology.Music, Faculty ofgender, violenceSDG5,SDG16
HPS110H1The Science of Human NatureWhy do we do what we do? What factors play a role in shaping our personality? What biological and social elements help configure a person's moral and emotional character? In this course, we examine landmark studies that shook standard beliefs about human nature in their time. We analyze those studies in their historical context and discuss their relevance to social, ethical, and policy debates. The studies may include research on mother love, obedience, conformity, bystander intervention in emergencies, deception, race, and gender stereotypes.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, landSDG5,SDG15
HPS200H1Science and ValuesAn introduction to issues at the interface of science and society. Including the reciprocal influence of science and social norms, the relation of science and religion, dissemination of scientific knowledge, science and policy. Issues may include: Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Weapons; Genetic Engineering; The Human Genome Project; Climate Change.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, climateSDG4,SDG13
HPS202H1Technology in the Modern WorldThis course examines the reciprocal relationship between technology and society since 1800 from the perspectives of race, class, and gender. From the role of European imperial expansion in 19th-century industrialization and mechanization to the development of nuclear technology, smartphones, and digital computers in the 20th century, we consider cultural responses to new technologies, and the ways in which technology operates as an historical force in the history of the modern world.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, industrializationSDG5,SDG9
HPS205H1Science, Technology, and EmpireThis gateway course introduces the emergence of the modern science and technology and the rise of European mercantile and colonial empires as closely intertwined processes. Beginning with the European discovery of the Americas, this course provides a broad thematic overview of the transformation of scientific practices in imperial contexts, including but not limited to geography and cartography; medical botany and plantation agriculture; biogeography and evolutionary biology; ecology and environmentalism; and race science and anthropology. The course primarily focuses on British and French colonial contexts in South Asia, Africa, Australasia and the Americas, but also considers Iberian, Russian, Dutch, and other imperial formations.Arts and Science, Faculty ofagricultur, environmental, ecologSDG2,SDG13,SDG15
HPS240H1The Influence of the Eugenics Movement on Contemporary SocietyThis course explores present-day topics such as reproductive issues (including “designer babies” and genetic counselling), gender, racism/colonialism, disability and euthanasia through the lens of the history of eugenics. A “scientific” movement which became popular around the world in the early twentieth century, eugenics was based on the principle that certain undesirable human characteristics were hereditary and could be eliminated by controlled reproduction. It resulted in the enactment of laws in numerous places, including Canada, authorizing coerced reproductive sterilization of certain individuals, and other measures intended to “improve” humanity. Today, we see its influences woven through contemporary debates, a number of which we will consider.Arts and Science, Faculty ofdisabilit, racism, gender, productionSDG3,SDG4,SDG5,SDG12
HPS318H1History of Medicine IThis course explores how medicine was practiced, taught and theorized from ancient Greece to the early modern period. It focuses on the historical development of western medicine in relation to societies, politics and culture, and considers topics such as the creation of medical traditions, the transmission and communication of medical knowledge, the pluralistic world of healers, the role of religion, magic and natural philosophy, the cultural meaning of disease, and the emergence of institutions such as the hospital.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, institutSDG4,SDG16
HPS319H1History of Medicine IIThis course examines the development of medicine from the seventeenth to the twentieth century. It focuses on the historical development of western medicine in relation to societies, politics and culture and considers topics such as changing views of the body, the development of medical institutions such as hospitals, asylums and laboratories, the diversifies world of healing and the place of visual and material culture in the production and dissemination of medical knowledge.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, labor, production, institutSDG4,SDG8,SDG12,SDG16
HPS346H1Modifying and Optimizing Life: on the Peculiar Alliance between AI, Biology, and EngineeringTaking cue from the entanglements that historically have pervaded the relation between biology and information technology since the early 20th century, this course interrogates the sociocultural and technological conjuncture that has brought computer science, biology and engineering together into peculiar, ingenious, and often controversial alliances. What do AI, synthetic biology, and biotechnology have in common? How have they come to be associated? What are the debates and ethics emerging from such associations? The course will focus on topics such as: geoengineering and bioremediation; GMO and Robotic insects; the use of expert systems and machine learning to optimize synthetic biology; the flourishing and marketing of precision and personalized medicine/immunotherapy; and the ethics behind CRISPR babies.Arts and Science, Faculty oflearning, remediationSDG4,SDG6
HPS444H1Health, Medicine, and Society in the Mediterranean WorldThis course examines healing practices and medical knowledge in the Mediterranean world, focusing on the early modern period. We will address topics such as the interplay between medicine and religion, the relationship between patients and practitioners, and the role of women as both healers and patients and across Mediterranean shores. We will also consider how individuals in different Mediterranean regions experienced the relationship between health and the environment, explore the bearings that medical pursuits had on the creation and consolidation of notions of sex and gender, and examine how medical knowledge shaped views of the body and informed health policies.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, gender, womenSDG4,SDG5
HST209H1Introduction to Health: Determinants of Health & Health CareA multidisciplinary approach to understanding perspectives in health, health equity, and primary health care. Themes include critical discussion of the measurements of health outcomes and the socioeconomic and political factors that affect health, including neglected and marginalized populations in Canada and globally.Arts and Science, Faculty ofsocioeconomic, health care, health equity, equity, equit, marginalizedSDG1,SDG3,SDG4,SDG10
HST211H1Health Policy in CanadaIntroduces students to health policy in Canada, with a particular focus on the social determinants of health, and on how to improve health through policy advocacy. Examines the policy making process in the Canadian context, and the development of health policy in Canada. Explores current debates about health issues.Arts and Science, Faculty ofhealth issuesSDG3
HST305H1Perspectives in Health, Gender, Ethnicity and RaceThis course will examine historical and contemporary health disparities with respect to gender, ethnicity, and race. Other intersectional issues such as Colonialism, class, sexuality, and the urban/rural divide will also be considered as they to social determinants of health. Attention will be focused on examples of disparities that perpetuate and exacerbate current epidemiological challenges for underrepresented populations in Canada and globally.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, urban, ruralSDG5,SDG11
HST306H1Health, Nutrition and Food SecurityThis course examines the antecedents (for example: social structure, environments, human development and behaviour) that underlie nutrition-mediated aspects to human health and disease. This will include review and analysis of seminal, primary, and current research as well as contemporary issues surrounding nutritional literacy and deficits, food insecurity and access, as these relate to morbidity and pre-mature mortality. The course will also examine existing public health practices for health promotion and access, and population-level disease prevention and interventions.Arts and Science, Faculty ofnutrition, food security, food insecurity, public healthSDG2,SDG3
HST310H1Critical Health PolicyA critical, in-depth exploration of contemporary health and social issues. Political, social and economic forces at play in Canadian society are examined in relation to specific health issues and policies, in order to understand general societal and system dynamics of evolution and change, and to identify implications for reform efforts.Arts and Science, Faculty ofhealth issuesSDG3
HST330H1Population HealthExtends students' understanding of population-based strategies of health promotion in Canada. Topics include: variations in health status as affected by population patterns, class, gender, ethnicity, employment, and family composition; major causes of morbidity and mortality; the concept of community health opportunities and constraints facing public policy.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, employmentSDG5,SDG8
HST405H1Global Migration and HealthOver the past decades, economic globalization, widening socio-economic inequities, conflict, natural disasters, environmental degradation, and, more recently, climate change have combined to become increasingly significant forces shaping global migration fluxes. This course analyzes the impact of migration on the health of those who move and of individuals, communities and entire societies in countries of origin, transit, arrival, and resettlement. It adopts an interdisciplinary approach, incorporating scholarly work from the fields of public health, the social sciences, law, and human rights.Arts and Science, Faculty ofsocio-economic, public health, globaliz, equit, transit, climate, environmental, human rightsSDG1,SDG3,SDG9,SDG10,SDG11,SDG13,SDG16
HST411H1Political Economy of HealthExamines the production and distribution of health and illness within and across populations. A political economy approach is used to better understand the fundamental origins of health inequalities, the political action that is required to tackle them, and the obstacles that hinder the possibilities for such action.Arts and Science, Faculty ofillness, equalit, productionSDG3,SDG10,SDG12
HST440H1Health & PharmaceuticalsA critical examination of drug development, including the role of health professionals and the pharmaceutical industry in researching, testing, marketing, licensing, and evaluating pharmaceutical drugs. Topics include the differing needs for drug development, evaluation and dispensing in lower income countries, and potential conflicts of interest in drug development.Arts and Science, Faculty ofincomeSDG3,SDG10
HST464H1The Nature of Global HealthExplores the historical, ideological, economic, political, and organizational factors that shape the theory and practice of international health (IH). Students will be encouraged to critically examine some of the central tensions embedded in this field.Arts and Science, Faculty ofglobal healthSDG3
IDSB01H3Political Economy of International DevelopmentIntroduces students to major development problems, focusing on international economic and political economy factors. Examines trade, aid, international institutions such as the World Bank, the IMF and the WTO. Examines both conventional economic perspectives as well as critiques of these perspectives. This course can be counted for credit in ECM Programs.University of Toronto Scarboroughtrade, institutSDG10,SDG16
IDSB02H3Development and EnvironmentThe environmental consequences of development activities with emphasis on tropical countries. Environmental change in urban, rainforest, semi-arid, wetland, and mountainous systems. The influences of development on the global environment; species extinction, loss of productive land, reduced access to resources, declining water quality and quantity, and climate change.University of Toronto Scarboroughwater, arid, urban, climate, environmental, species, forest, landSDG6,SDG11,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
IDSB04H3Introduction to International/Global HealthThis course offers an introduction to the political, institutional, social, economic, epidemiological, and ideological forces in the field of international/global health. While considerable reference will be made to high-income countries, major emphasis will be placed on the health conditions of “low- and middle-income countries and their interaction with the development aid milieu. After setting the historical and political economy context, the course explores key topics and themes in global health including: international/global health agencies and activities; data on health; epidemiology and the global distribution of health and disease; the societal determinants of health and health equity; health economics and the organization of health care systems in comparative perspective; globalization, trade, work, and health; health humanitarianism in the context of crisis, health and the environment; the ingredients of healthy societies across the world; and social justice approaches to global health.University of Toronto Scarboroughglobal health, health care, health equity, equity, globaliz, trade, equit, humanitarian, income, institut, social justiceSDG3,SDG4,SDG9,SDG10,SDG16
IDSB06H3Equity, Ethics and Justice in International DevelopmentWhat constitutes equitable, ethical as well as socially and environmentally just processes and outcomes of development? This course explores these questions with particular emphasis on their philosophical and ideological foundations and on the challenges of negotiating global differences in cultural, political and environmental values in international development.University of Toronto Scarboroughequitable, equity, equit, environmentalSDG4,SDG10,SDG13
IDSB07H3Confronting Developments Racist Past and PresentThis course offers students an in-depth survey of the role race and racism plays in Development of Thought and Practice across the globe. Students will learn the multiple ways colonial imaginaries and classificatory schemes continue to shape International Development and Development Studies. A variety of conceptual frameworks for examining race, racism and racialization will also be introduced.University of Toronto ScarboroughracismSDG4,SDG10
IDSB10H3Political Economy of Knowledge Technology and DevelopmentExamines in-depth the roles of information and communication technology (ICT) in knowledge production and their impact on development. Do new forms of social media make communication more effective, equitable, or productive in the globalized world? How has network media changed governance, advocacy, and information flow and knowledge exchange and what do these mean for development?University of Toronto Scarboroughequitable, knowledge, globaliz, equit, production, governanceSDG4,SDG9,SDG10,SDG12,SDG16
IDSB11H3Global Development in Comparative PerspectiveThis course will focus on the importance of historical, socio-economic, and political context in understanding the varying development experiences of different parts of the Global South. In addition to an introductory and concluding lecture, the course will be organized around two-week modules unpacking the development experience in four different regions of the Global South & Latin America/Caribbean, Africa, the Middle East, and South/South East Asia.University of Toronto Scarboroughsocio-economicSDG1
IDSC07H3Project Management IIA case study approach building on Project Management I. Examines: the art of effective communication and negotiation, visioning, participatory and rapid rural appraisal; survey design and implementation; advanced financial management and budgeting; basic bookkeeping and spreadsheet design; results based management; environmental impact assessments; cross-cultural effectiveness; and gender and development.University of Toronto Scarboroughgender, rural, environmentalSDG5,SDG11,SDG13
IDSC08H3Media and DevelopmentCritical perspectives on the effects of traditional and 'new' media on development policy and practice. The course examines the increasingly significant role the media plays in the development process, the ways in which media-generated images of development and developing countries affect development policy and the potential of 'new' media for those who are marginalized from the development process.University of Toronto ScarboroughmarginalizedSDG10
IDSC11H3Issues in Global and International HealthKey global and international health issues are explored in-depth in three learning phases. We begin with a reading and discussion seminar on international/global health policy and politics. (Exact topic changes each year based on student interest and developments in the field). Next, students develop group projects designed to raise awareness around particular global and international health problems, culminating in UTSC International Health Week in the Meeting Place. The third phase --which unfolds throughout the course-- involves individual research projects and class presentations.University of Toronto Scarboroughglobal health, health issues, learningSDG3,SDG4
IDSC14H3The Political Economy of FoodExamines how institutions and power relations shape the production and distribution of food, particularly in the global South. The course evaluates competing theories of hunger and malnutrition. It also explores the historical evolution of contemporary food provisioning and evaluates the viability and development potential of alternative food practices.University of Toronto Scarboroughnutrition, malnutrition, production, institutSDG2,SDG12,SDG16
IDSC16H3Populism, Development, and Globalization in the Global SouthThe rise of populism has been widespread and often linked to processes of economic globalization. This course explores the historical and more recent economic and social factors shaping populist movements and leaderships in the Global South.University of Toronto ScarboroughglobalizSDG9
IDSC17H3Development, Citizen Action and Social Change in the Global SouthExplores the question of citizenship through theories of citizen participation and action in dialogue with a wide range of recent empirical case studies from the global south. Going beyond formal rights and status, the course looks at deeper forms of political inclusion and direct participation in decision-making on political and policy issues.University of Toronto Scarboroughcitizen, social changeSDG4,SDG16
IDSC19H3Community-driven Development: Cooperatives, Social Enterprises and the Black Social EconomyThis course introduces students to alternative business institutions (including cooperatives, credit unions, worker-owned firms, mutual aid, and social enterprises) to challenge development. It investigates the history and theories of the solidarity economy as well as its potential contributions to local, regional and international socio-economic development. There will be strong experiential education aspects in the course to debate issues. Students analyze case studies with attention paid to Africa and its diaspora to combat exclusion through cooperative structures. Same as AFSC19H3University of Toronto Scarboroughsocio-economic, worker, invest, institutSDG1,SDG8,SDG9,SDG16
IDSC20H3Critical Approaches to Community Engagement in DevelopmentThis course focuses on critical approaches to community engagement in international development. The first half of the course traces the history of critical and participatory approaches to community engagement in development. In the second half of the course students are trained in critical and ethical approaches to participatory community-engaged research. Students' learning will be guided by an iterative pedagogical approach aimed at facilitating dialogue between theory, practice and experience. Students taking this course will learn about the challenges faced by communities in their interactions with a range of development actors, including international development agencies, local NGOs, state actors and universities.University of Toronto ScarboroughlearningSDG4
IDSD06H3Feminist and Postcolonial Perspectives in Development StudiesThis interdisciplinary course traces the advance of feminist and postcolonial thinking in development studies. The course serves as a capstone experience for IDS students and social science majors looking to fully engage with feminist and postcolonial theories of development. This course combines short lectures with student led-discussions and critical analyses of development thought and practice.University of Toronto ScarboroughfeminisSDG5
IDSD07H3Extractive Industries in AfricaThis course examines resource extraction in African history. We examine global trade networks in precolonial Africa, and the transformations brought by colonial extractive economies. Case studies, from diamonds to uranium, demonstrate how the resource curse has affected states and economies, especially in the postcolonial period. Same as AFSD07H3University of Toronto ScarboroughtradeSDG10
IDSD08H3Community-Centered Media Tactics for Development Advocacy and SocialThis course explores the intersection of community-centered research, art, media, politics, activism and how they intertwine with grass-root social change strategies. Students will learn about the multiple forms of media tactics, including alternative and tactical media (fusion of art, media, and activism) that are being used by individuals and grass-root organizations to promote public debate and advocate for changes in development-related public policies. Through case studies, hands-on workshops, community-led learning events, and a capstone project in collaboration with community organizations, students will gain practical research, media and advocacy skills in formulating and implementing strategies for mobilizing public support for social change.University of Toronto Scarboroughlearning, labor, social changeSDG4,SDG8,SDG16
IDSD19H3The Role of Researcher-Practitioner Engagement in DevelopmentThis course focuses on recent theories and approaches to researcher-practitioner engagement in development. Using case studies, interviews, and extensive literature review, students will explore whether such engagements offer opportunities for effective social change and improved theory.University of Toronto Scarboroughsocial changeSDG16
IFP090H1Challenges to Global EquityArts and Science, Faculty ofequity, equitSDG4,SDG10
IFP100Y1Themes in World HistorySurveys the development of human societies from their origins to the present using examples from across the world. Topics may include the environment, cultural development and interaction, the creation and nature of belief systems, political, economic and social structures, gender relations, and the relationship between global patterns and local developments. Enrolment is restricted to students registered in the International Foundation Program. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgenderSDG5
IMM199H1Immunology in the News TodayWhy do we get sick? How do vaccines work? Does our diet influence our immunity? This course is intended to inspire curiosity about questions generated by immunology concepts that are prevalent in the news today. Different topics will be explored each week including immunity worldwide, human vaccinations and the mucosal immune system. Topics will be placed in context through real-life case studies, immunology virtual laboratory simulation, interactions with faculty members and extensive coverage of the basic science underlying each topic. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofvaccine, laborSDG3,SDG8
INF302H1Integr Approaches Tech & SocThis course explores how society, culture, and understanding of the human condition influence, and are influenced by, technological development. It focuses on the study of interdependent and institutionalized systems of law, economics, culture and technology, exploring the conditions of stability and instability in these systems. We will survey the available theories and methods for understanding large scale socio-technological systems.Information, Faculty ofinstitutSDG16
INF401H1From Classroom to WorkplaceWhere a university (or any formal educational setting) is student-centered and focused on facilitating student learning, a workplace is focused on its own strategic goals, stakeholders, and clients. Student learning is peripheral to the purpose of the organization. While it is assumed that any organization that engages a practicum student has a commitment to the educational value of the experience for all parties, employers are not responsible for the students' academic development. In order for learning to occur in the workplace, the processes associated with learning (cognitive, emotional, affective, etc.) must be made conscious and accessible to the learner. This is the overriding purpose of this course: to create independent, autonomous and self-directed learning professionals.Information, Faculty oflearning, accessibSDG4,SDG8,SDG11
INF411H1Info in Global EconomyThis course surveys how information technologies, information services, and information itself are produced, circulated, and consumed. How is information made into a commodity? How are markets for information and information services created and sustained? Students will develop a basic understanding of the political, economic, cultural, and regulatory environment in which information, culture, and technologies are produced, as well as the implications of processes such as globalization, digitization, and commodification for social life.Information, Faculty ofglobaliz, consumSDG9,SDG12
INF413H1Information PolicyThis course provides students with an introduction to the history and development of information policy. Topics include Canadian and international regulations concerning data protection and privacy, intellectual and cultural property, and industrial organization. The course will also cover emerging models of governance and the politics of standards setting bodies and global treaty organizations.Information, Faculty ofgovernanceSDG16
INF453H1Capstone ProjectA self-guided and collaborative student project. Students will identify a design problem, design a creative solution to the problem using a combination of skills from previous courses, and share their project with the class. Students will present the outcomes of their project in both visual and written formats.Information, Faculty oflaborSDG8,SDG9
INI100H1The City Where Movies Are MadeIn this course, first-year students will be introduced to film culture in Toronto from a variety of angles, including: a history of the city onscreen (both as itself and as a popular shooting location for American productions); an account of major Toronto filmmaking sites and institutions; introductions to local directors and producers; and overviews of contemporary local film festival culture (TIFF and beyond) as well as the city’s film-critical community. Through a combination of lectures, screenings, field trips and special guest speakers, the students will be moved to consider both the vitality of Toronto’s film scene as well as its connections to other aspects of the city. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofproduction, institutSDG11,SDG12,SDG16
INI101H1Blogging the Just CityAn introduction to the concept of the city as a creative environment promoting not only growth and wealth but also social justice, equality, cooperation, and civility. Students will learn to build their own blog to help them to observe, interpret, and reflect upon the process of urban interaction and the relationship between creativity and justice. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofequalit, urban, social justiceSDG10,SDG11,SDG16
INI102H1Telling the Stories of the City: Writing Creative Non-FictionAn introduction to creative writing techniques and the personal essay form through which students will explore and develop their conscious connection to the natural-urban landscape. The course will include activities such as field trips, readings, interviews, and journaling to generate the material for personal essays on engagement with nature in the city. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofurban, landSDG11,SDG15
INI196H1Environmental WritingFrom environmental disasters and ecological collapse to climate change denial and celebrations of nature and wilderness, we will explore the diverse ways humans imagine and write about the natural world and the consequences of such writing. We will study a variety of nonfiction texts, images, and videos about ecology, the environment, nature, wilderness, and sustainability as we consider what these terms mean. From the 19th century American transcendentalists to 20th century ecologists, and 21st century scientific, Indigenous, feminist, and anti-racist perspectives, we will analyze the many ways that humans use writing to argue for certain ways of seeing and interacting with our planet and the creatures that inhabit it. Through weekly reading, written reflections, and discussion, students will hone their deep reading, research, and writing skills. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty offeminis, indigenous, anti-racist, climate, environmental, planet, ecologSDG5,SDG10,SDG16,SDG13,SDG15
INS200H1Introduction to Indigenous Truth and ResilienceThis course is an interdisciplinary introduction to the historical and contemporary experiences of Indigenous peoples in Canada, with an emphasis on local lands and peoples. The course will explore Indigenous resilience, relationships with settlers and settler states, and principles and ethics of Indigenous Knowledge. Tutorials will focus on critical discussion and experiential learning.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, learning, settler, indigenous, resilien, resilience, landSDG4,SDG10,SDG16,SDG11,SDG13,SDG15
INS201Y1Introduction to Indigenous Studies: Foundations, History and PoliticsThis course is designed to introduce students to the ideas, methods and themes of the discipline of Indigenous Studies. The development of the field of Indigenous Studies in Canada will form an important focus in the first half. The second part of the course will address "history and politics", including an overview of the historical processes of diplomacy, alliances, and treaty-making.Arts and Science, Faculty ofindigenousSDG10,SDG16
INS205H1Indigenous Worldviews, Spiritual and Healing TraditionsThis course will discuss the relationship between spiritual philosophies, beliefs, traditions and practices that contribute to meaning in Indigenous communities. This course will emphasize traditions and teachings and understanding the role of spirituality historically and within contemporary Indigenous societies, including governance, treaties, environment, culture, healing and everyday life.Arts and Science, Faculty ofworldview, indigenous, governanceSDG4,SDG10,SDG16
INS240Y1Ecological Interactions: Intro to Aboriginal and Western SciencesIntroduction to methodologies and applications of Indigenous and Western sciences, with an emphasis on environmental change, animal behaviour, evolution, sustainable practices, and implications of intrinsic ecological connections. Exploratory labs, often outdoors, develop literacy and skills in each paradigm as well as critical thought, creative reflection, and synthesis of knowledge.Arts and Science, Faculty ofABS, knowledge, indigenous, environmental, animal, ecologSDG2,SDG4,SDG10,SDG16,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
INS250H1Indigenous Environmental Science and PracticeThis course is a study of the ecological and scientific teachings of Indigenous peoples. The course provides and overview of Indigenous peoples' relationships with the natural world in historical and contemporary environmental issues and their implications for Indigenous Peoples and others.Arts and Science, Faculty ofindigenous, environmental, ecologSDG10,SDG16,SDG13,SDG15
INS261H1Contemporary Challenges Facing Indigenous CommunitiesThis is a survey course focusing on the contemporary challenges faced by Indigenous peoples in Canada. In this course students research specific challenges facing Indigenous communities today. This includes specific challenges that arise out of the broader topic areas of language and culture, land rights, economics, governance, youth, education, health, social services, environment, violence, healing, community development, repatriation of cultural property, and decolonization.Arts and Science, Faculty ofindigenous, decolonization, land, governance, violenceSDG10,SDG16,SDG15
INS300Y1Worldviews, Indigenous Knowledges, and Oral TraditionA study of the languages and culture of Indigenous peoples through exploration of oral histories, from creation stories until present times, including the role of oral history and methods for studying oral history through accounts told by elders.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, worldview, knowledges, indigenousSDG4,SDG10,SDG16
INS303H1Indigenous Language and Indigenous ThoughtExamination of original Indigenous values and philosophies as embodied in Indigenous languages through various media forms.Arts and Science, Faculty ofindigenousSDG10,SDG16
INS322H1Indigenous Narratives of EmpowermentThis course explores Indigenous decolonization and empowerment by analysing comparatively theoretical and literary debates that focus on issues of sovereignty, gender, grass-roots activism, and anti-racism. It analyses several emerging paradigm approaches to this set of debates including intersectional critical-race theory, Indigenous feminisms, and decolonization practices in theoretical and literary texts.Arts and Science, Faculty ofanti-racism, racism, gender, feminis, indigenous, decolonization, sovereigntySDG4,SDG5,SDG10,SDG16
INS352H1Indigenous Leadership, Policy and Practices in CanadaA historical and contemporary overview of leadership and politics in First Nation, Inuit and Metis communities in Canada. This course will focus on pre-contact governance structures, contemporary effects of colonization, and processes and strategies for decolonization. Various policy initiatives from Indigenous organizations will be examined.Arts and Science, Faculty ofindigenous, decolonization, governanceSDG10,SDG16
INS380H1Special Topics in Indigenous StudiesThis seminar provides an in-depth examination of trends and topics within Indigenous Studies. Content in any given year depends on the instructor. See Indigenous Studies website for more detail.Arts and Science, Faculty ofindigenousSDG10,SDG16
INS390H1Research and Ethics in Indigenous StudiesThis course examines research approaches, strategies, methods and techniques used in Indigenous studies. It explores a range of topical issues including research ethics and protocols, intellectual property rights, research agreements and community-based research. This course includes the study of quantitative, qualitative and Indigenous methodologies. Critically examines research theories, methodologies and practices used by academic disciplines to study Indigenous peoples. Decolonized research methodologies will form a focus of this course.Arts and Science, Faculty ofindigenousSDG10,SDG16
INS403H1Indigenous Peoples and the Urban ContextCritically examines Indigenous peoples' experiences, encounters and interactions in urban areas in Canada. This course explores the historical and contemporary conditions of Indigenous peoples, including urban governance and the development of Indigenous organizations. This course will focus on youth perspectives and how traditions, cultures and knowledges are expressed in urban settings.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, knowledges, indigenous, urban, governanceSDG4,SDG10,SDG16,SDG11
INS460H1Indigenous Theory, Research and Methods (formerly Methodology in Aboriginal Studies)This course explores the basis of Indigenous knowledge and how that translates into research theory and methodology. Students will design a research project, consider Indigenous research governance and conduct an ethics review. This is a service learning course. This course is only open to students enrolled in a Specialist or Major in Indigenous Studies.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, learning, indigenous, governanceSDG4,SDG10,SDG16
INS480H1Advanced Special Topics in Indigenous StudiesThis seminar provides an advanced in-depth examination of trends and topics within Indigenous Studies. Content in any given year depends on the instructor. See Indigenous Studies website for more detail.Arts and Science, Faculty ofindigenousSDG10,SDG16
INS492H1Topics in International Indigenous StudiesThis seminar provides an in-depth examination of Indigenous studies in international contexts. Content in any given year depends on the instructors. See Indigenous Studies website for more detail. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofindigenousSDG10,SDG16
INS493H1Independent Experiential StudiesStudents design and implement an independent experiential Indigenous studies research project in consultation with an Indigenous organization and a faculty supervisor. Students must be enrolled in a major or specialist program in Indigenous Studies, and require written permission from a faculty supervisor and the Director of Indigenous Studies. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofindigenousSDG10,SDG16
INS494Y1Independent Experiential StudiesStudents design and implement an independent experiential Indigenous studies research project in consultation with an Indigenous organization and a faculty supervisor. Students must be enrolled in a major or specialist program in Indigenous Studies, and requires written permission from a faculty supervisor and the Director of Indigenous Studies. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofindigenousSDG10,SDG16
INT300H1Arts & Science Internship Program - Professional Work TermStudents participate in a full-time, paid, career-related work experience totalling at least 420 hours within a 4-month period. Students compete for employment within the public, not-for-profit, or for-profit sectors. Students will be enrolled into the course once hired for an ASIP work term and the work experience must be approved by the Experiential Learning & Outreach Support (ELOS) Office. Student performance while on the work term will be monitored through a site visit and/or student and employer check-in. Students will be required to submit a learning plan at the start of each work term opportunity, reflective reports at regular intervals during the work period, a work term evaluation, and a final work term assignment (which may have different formats depending on the student's program). Employers will also be asked to submit a final evaluation of the student's progress and performance. This course is only open to students admitted to the ASIP stream of their program of study for Year 2. This course does not carry credit weight and is evaluated as Credit/No Credit. No tuition fee is associated, however an ancillary fee will be assessed. Refer to the ASIP Fees & Financial Aid website for further details.Arts and Science, Faculty oflearning, employmentSDG4,SDG8
INT301H1Arts & Science Internship Program - Professional Work TermStudents participate in a full-time, paid, career-related work experience totalling at least 420 hours within a 4-month period. Students compete for employment within the public, not-for-profit, or for-profit sectors. Students will be enrolled into the course once hired for an ASIP work term and the work experience must be approved by the Experiential Learning & Outreach Support (ELOS) Office. Student performance while on the work term will be monitored through a site visit and/or student and employer check-in. Students will be required to submit a learning plan at the start of each work term opportunity, reflective reports at regular intervals during the work period, a work term evaluation, and a final work term assignment (which may have different formats depending on the student’s program). Employers will also be asked to submit a final evaluation of the student’s progress and performance. This course is only open to students admitted to the ASIP stream of their program of study for Year 3. This course does not carry credit weight and is evaluated as Credit/No Credit. No tuition fee is associated, however an ancillary fee will be assessed. Refer to the ASIP Fees & Financial Aid website for further details.Arts and Science, Faculty oflearning, employmentSDG4,SDG8
INT400H1Arts & Science Internship Program - Professional Work TermStudents participate in a full-time, paid, career-related work experience totalling at least 420 hours within a 4-month period. Students compete for employment within the public, not-for-profit, or for-profit sectors. Students will be enrolled into the course once hired for an ASIP work term and the work experience must be approved by the Experiential Learning & Outreach Support (ELOS) Office. Student performance while on the work term will be monitored through a site visit and/or student and employer check-in. Students will be required to submit a learning plan at the start of each work term opportunity, reflective reports at regular intervals during the work period, a work term evaluation, and a final work term assignment (which may have different formats depending on the student's program). Employers will also be asked to submit a final evaluation of the student's progress and performance. This course is only open to students admitted to the ASIP stream of their program of study for Year 2. This course does not carry credit weight and is evaluated as Credit/No Credit. No tuition fee is associated, however an ancillary fee will be assessed. Refer to the ASIP Fees & Financial Aid website for further details.Arts and Science, Faculty oflearning, employmentSDG4,SDG8
INT401H1Arts & Science Internship Program - Professional Work TermStudents participate in a full-time, paid, career-related work experience totalling at least 420 hours within a 4-month period. Students compete for employment within the public, not-for-profit, or for-profit sectors. Students will be enrolled into the course once hired for an ASIP work term and the work experience must be approved by the Experiential Learning & Outreach Support (ELOS) Office. Student performance while on the work term will be monitored through a site visit and/or student and employer check-in. Students will be required to submit a learning plan at the start of each work term opportunity, reflective reports at regular intervals during the work period, a work term evaluation, and a final work term assignment (which may have different formats depending on the student’s program). Employers will also be asked to submit a final evaluation of the student’s progress and performance. This course is only open to students admitted to the ASIP stream of their program of study for Year 3. This course does not carry credit weight and is evaluated as Credit/No Credit. No tuition fee is associated, however an ancillary fee will be assessed. Refer to the ASIP Fees & Financial Aid website for further details.Arts and Science, Faculty oflearning, employmentSDG4,SDG8
INT450H1Arts & Science Internship Program - Professional Work TermStudents participate in a full-time, paid, career-related work experience totalling at least 420 hours within a 4-month period. Students compete for employment within the public, not-for-profit, or for-profit sectors. Students will be enrolled into the course once hired for an ASIP work term and the work experience must be approved by the Experiential Learning & Outreach Support (ELOS) Office. Student performance while on the work term will be monitored through a site visit and/or student and employer check-in. Students will be required to submit a learning plan at the start of each work term opportunity, reflective reports at regular intervals during the work period, a work term evaluation, and a final work term assignment (which may have different formats depending on the student’s program). Employers will also be asked to submit a final evaluation of the student’s progress and performance. This course is only open to students admitted to the ASIP stream of their program of study for Year 2. This course does not carry credit weight, is evaluated as Credit/No Credit, and no tuition fee is associated.Arts and Science, Faculty oflearning, employmentSDG4,SDG8
INT451H1Arts & Science Internship Program - Professional Work TermStudents participate in a full-time, paid, career-related work experience totalling at least 420 hours within a 4-month period. Students compete for employment within the public, not-for-profit, or for-profit sectors. Students will be enrolled into the course once hired for an ASIP work term and the work experience must be approved by the Experiential Learning & Outreach Support (ELOS) Office. Student performance while on the work term will be monitored through a site visit and/or student and employer check-in. Students will be required to submit a learning plan at the start of each work term opportunity, reflective reports at regular intervals during the work period, a work term evaluation, and a final work term assignment (which may have different formats depending on the student’s program). Employers will also be asked to submit a final evaluation of the student’s progress and performance. This course is only open to students admitted to the ASIP stream of their program of study for Year 3. This course does not carry credit weight, is evaluated as Credit/No Credit, and no tuition fee is associated.Arts and Science, Faculty oflearning, employmentSDG4,SDG8
INT470H1Arts & Science Internship Program - Professional Work TermStudents participate in a full-time, paid, career-related work experience totalling at least 420 hours within a 4-month period. Students compete for employment within the public, not-for-profit, or for-profit sectors. Students will be enrolled into the course once hired for an ASIP work term and the work experience must be approved by the Experiential Learning & Outreach Support (ELOS) Office. Student performance while on the work term will be monitored through a site visit and/or student and employer check-in. Students will be required to submit a learning plan at the start of each work term opportunity, reflective reports at regular intervals during the work period, a work term evaluation, and a final work term assignment (which may have different formats depending on the student’s program). Employers will also be asked to submit a final evaluation of the student’s progress and performance. This course is only open to students admitted to the ASIP stream of their program of study for Year 2. This course does not carry credit weight, is evaluated as Credit/No Credit, and no tuition fee is associated.Arts and Science, Faculty oflearning, employmentSDG4,SDG8
INT471H1Arts & Science Internship Program - Professional Work TermStudents participate in a full-time, paid, career-related work experience totalling at least 420 hours within a 4-month period. Students compete for employment within the public, not-for-profit, or for-profit sectors. Students will be enrolled into the course once hired for an ASIP work term and the work experience must be approved by the Experiential Learning & Outreach Support (ELOS) Office. Student performance while on the work term will be monitored through a site visit and/or student and employer check-in. Students will be required to submit a learning plan at the start of each work term opportunity, reflective reports at regular intervals during the work period, a work term evaluation, and a final work term assignment (which may have different formats depending on the student’s program). Employers will also be asked to submit a final evaluation of the student’s progress and performance. This course is only open to students admitted to the ASIP stream of their program of study for Year 3. This course does not carry credit weight, is evaluated as Credit/No Credit, and no tuition fee is associated.Arts and Science, Faculty oflearning, employmentSDG4,SDG8
IRE199H1Why We Work: Understanding Work Through the Prism of Art & CultureWhy do we work? What does work mean to the average person? These questions are not as straightforward as they appear. We work for the bulk of our lives and most of our days are spent with coworkers who are neither family nor our closest friends, but we often fail to realize how self-defining work really is. This speaks to work's centrality but also to its invisibility in reflective discourse. However, through “popular” representations of work (e.g., such as in story-telling, cave drawings, hieroglyphs, music, writing, painting, television, film, video games, etc.,) we can begin to better understand the meaning of work and how this has changed over time. Readings in anthropology, history, economics, sociology and employment relations plus film and art criticism will help us explore these questions from an interdisciplinary perspective; assignments will encourage students to reflect on their own experience of work. Developing strong analytical and communication skills is an important goal of the course. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofemployment, workerSDG8
IRE242H1HRM for Industrial Relations and HR ProfessionalsThis course explores the relationship between human resource management, employment relations, and industrial relations. Extensive practical course work will expose students to the functions human resource professionals execute to recruit, select, compensate, train, and evaluate the performance of employees. The course prepares students for advanced HR topics in upper level IRE courses. Note: Course will not count towards Rotman Commerce program requirements.Arts and Science, Faculty ofemploymentSDG8,SDG9
IRE244H1Labour RelationsIntroduction to the institutions, issues and legislation affecting the employment relationship in the public and private sectors in Canada, with emphasis on collective bargaining. The economic and political environment, history of the labour movement, union organization, certification, contract negotiation, strikes, dispute resolution, contract administration and grievances.Arts and Science, Faculty ofemployment, labour, institutSDG8,SDG10,SDG16
IRE339H1Labour Markets and Public PolicyThis course is designed to provide students in the IRHR program with knowledge of how the labour market affects the employment relationship. The basic tools of labour economics are developed and applied to various issues of organizational and government policy such as: the incentive effects of compensation arrangements, government income support programs, and minimum wage policy; the determinants of preferences for hours of work including job-sharing, overtime and retirement; the impacts of unions on compensation and productivity; public-sector employment and alternatives to the right to strike; discrimination in employment on the basis of gender and race as well as related government policies such as pay and employment equity.
Note: IRE339H1 will not count towards an ECO program.
Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, equity, gender, employment, labour, wage, equit, incomeSDG4,SDG5,SDG8,SDG10
IRE346H1HR Planning & StrategyAn understanding is developed of how essential elements of the human resource planning process support organizational goals and strategies. Topics such as environmental influences, job analysis, forecasting human resource needs and ascertaining supply, succession planning, downsizing and restructuring, mergers and acquisitions, outsourcing, and strategic international issues are examined.Arts and Science, Faculty ofoutsourc, environmentalSDG10,SDG12,SDG13
IRE347H1Training & DevelopmentThe role of training and development initiatives in organizations. Students acquire the knowledge and skills to conduct a training needs assessment, identify training objectives, explore strategies to increase the transfer of training, design and deliver a training activity using various training methodologies, and evaluate its effectiveness.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledgeSDG4,SDG8,SDG10
IRE348H1Recruitment & SelectionThe principles, legal issues, and emerging trends affecting the recruitment process and selection of staff in organizations. Development of recruitment strategies, assessment of applications for employment, interviewing candidates, and the role of testing and measurement of competencies in making hiring decisions.Arts and Science, Faculty ofemploymentSDG8
IRE367H1CompensationThe theory and process of developing and administering compensation systems. Through the core compensation principles of efficiency, equity, consistency and competitiveness we consider such topics as: job analysis, job evaluation, pay levels and structures, pay for performance, benefits, and compensating special groups of workers.Arts and Science, Faculty ofequity, worker, equitSDG4,SDG8,SDG10
IRE378H1Employment HealthThe influence of legislation, the labour market and collective bargaining on health policies and programs in the workplace. The rights and responsibilities of employers, employees, unions and governments for the regulation and promotion of workplace health and safety; and the implications of evolving demographic, economic, and social factors.Arts and Science, Faculty ofemployment, labourSDG3,SDG8
IRE430H1Canadian Employment Law & the Non-Union Workplace (formerly IRE340Y1)The course will focus on the law governing employment in a non-unionized workplace. Specifically, it will cover every phase of the employment relationship from hiring to termination and beyond and the rights and obligations of employers and employees as developed by the Courts and under employment-related statutes (namely the Employment Standards Act, 2000 and the Human Rights Code.) The course will also cover provisions from the Occupational Health and Safety Act.Arts and Science, Faculty ofemployment, human rightsSDG8,SDG10,SDG16
IRE431H1Canadian Labour Law & the Unionized Workplace (formerly IRE340Y1)The course will focus on the laws impacting unionized workplaces. It will cover every phase of the Ontario Labour Relations Act, 1995 (the “LRA”) from union organizing, certification, negotiation and bargaining, collective agreement arbitration, retention of bargaining rights and decertification and termination of bargaining rights.Arts and Science, Faculty oflabourSDG8,SDG10
IRE446H1Working as an Internal Organizational ConsultantThis course examines the various elements of the consulting process and the interpersonal skills required to build trust, influence others, contract with clients, and establish and maintain strong working relationships. This seminar may include a compulsory learning format component using a service-learning placement with a community-based agency or organization. Consult the current timetable for details.Arts and Science, Faculty oflearningSDG4,SDG16
IRW230H1Economics of Work and OrganizationsThe foundations of economic thinking as well as an introduction to economic theories that explain why organizations exist, the central economic theories of work and worker behaviour; the incentives that make workers and firms behave optimally and an introduction to the new behavioural economic theories of work and organizations are all part of this course. Note: Course will not count towards Economics program requirements.Arts and Science, Faculty ofworkerSDG8,SDG16
IRW240H1Introduction to Work and OrganizationsThe study of work and the history and development of organizations, their central theories and concepts; the behaviours, outcomes, practices and institutions that emerge from or affect work and organizations; contemporary issues in work and organizations.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinstitutSDG16
IRW300H1Effective Communication and Strategic Writing in OrganizationsFocused on understanding and crafting strategic, effective, and ethical written and verbal communications in organizations. The technical components of organizational writing and persuasion, how messages are perceived from multiple stakeholders, and the conflicts that can arise over organizational miscommunications, particularly between managers and workers.Arts and Science, Faculty ofworkerSDG8
IRW410H1Organizational Governance and DesignGovernance and design refers to “who gets to decide what and how” in organizations. This course examines the development of different types of organizations and governance arrangements, and different design archetypes within organizations. Focus is placed on how different governance and design arrangements support different strategic objectives and goals and ways of coordinating work effort.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgovernanceSDG16
IRW432Y1EntrepreneurshipStudents will learn about the theory and practice of entrepreneurship as well as determinants of entrepreneurial success by developing a business or organizational plan to bring their “proposed” product and service ideas to market, to achieve a local community or social development objective, to learn how to secure funding for a new venture creation through individual and/or collective entrepreneurship.Arts and Science, Faculty ofentrepreneurSDG8,SDG9
ITA199H1Italian Fascism and Global Responses: The Dark Side of ItalianitaAfter WWI, Italian society faced a political, economic, and moral crisis that resulted in the rise of fascism. Using diverse sources (media, literary texts, movies, architecture and design), this course explores various reactions in Italy and abroad to the rise of Mussolini and the totalitarian State. Why did common people, intellectuals, politicians, and business and community leaders around the globe succumb to the seduction of fascism? How did other people denounce fascist violence? After an introduction to Italian fascism, the course will consider global reactions to Italian fascism and diverse responses in Italian communities abroad (e.g. Canada, USA, Argentina). Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofviolenceSDG16
ITA315H1Sex and Gender in Contemporary ItalyThis course will focus on theoretical and cultural productions that deal with issues of sexuality and gender in (contemporary) Italy. Based on an individual instructor’s area of expertise, themes explored may include feminism and women’s rights, sexual liberation and LGBTQ+ rights, Queer-of-Colour critique, and other topics within the study of sexual and gender diversity. Primary materials will include manifestos, theoretical essays, novels, short stories, and films that deal with gender and sexual diversity in the Italian-speaking world and from a transnational perspective. Linguistic issues will also be discussed. This course includes a component designed to enhance students’ research experience.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, women, queer, feminis, lgbtq, productionSDG5
ITA333H1Identity Politics in Renaissance ItalyThis course explores the intersection of religion, gender, and race in the literature and culture of Renaissance Italy. Between 1350 and 1650, constructs of identity based on these categorizations consolidated into cultural norms that influenced modern colonialism and contemporary nationalism. In this course, we will investigate how texts and ideas that we normally place at the core of the myth of the Italian Renaissance were always in dialogue with fantasies of power, exceptionalism, and orientalism. We will pair close reading of a wide range of literary genres (romance, dramaturgy, fiction, travelogues, political writing) with visual artifacts and archival materials. Authors to be studied include Boccaccio, Petrarch, and Ariosto.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, invest, nationalismSDG5,SDG9,SDG16
ITA349H1Black Italian Cultural ProductionThis interdisciplinary course will explore the landscape of cultural production made by Italians of African descent. The course provides students with relevant historical and sociological background necessary to understand entanglements of race, gender, identity, and citizenship occurring in contemporary Italy. The analysis of cultural production includes literature, music, cinema, television, visual arts and fashion. Students read not only academic material but also short stories, novels and poems; listening to and analyzing rap, trap and hip-hop tracks; watching online exhibitions and documentaries; examining Netflix series and Instagram pages. When possible, the course will also host Italian artists and activists engaging in conversations about their work.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcitizen, gender, production, landSDG4,SDG5,SDG12,SDG15
ITA392H5Queer Italy: Literature and Cinema(Offered in English) An exploration of expressions of gender diversity in Italian culture through time. Particular attention will be paid to issues of persecution, social struggle and activism, censorship, and marginalization of LGBTQ+ individuals and works. Texts will be available in Italian and English.University of Toronto Mississaugagender, queer, lgbtqSDG5
ITA455H1Women Writers in ItalyThe course will focus on the writings of women in different periods of Italian history. Spanning a variety of genres, from the novel to autobiography, from poetry to essayism, the course will discuss various aspects of the debate regarding the changing roles of women in society. This course includes a component designed to enhance students' research experience.Arts and Science, Faculty ofwomenSDG5
ITA460Y1Internship in ItalianOpportunity to apply acquired knowledge in a work placement environment. The placement will take place in local community organizations, Private Business Associations and local media.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledgeSDG4,SDG16
JAA377H1Black Radical Theory from the Global South: Anthropological PerspectivesThis course will survey the works of Black theorists and anthropologists from the Global South, who are shaping current debates within and beyond the discipline of Anthropology, concerning colonialism and decolonization, Marxism, indigeneity, political economy, Black radical thought, queer theory and decolonial feminism. Students will look at how these works challenge the “Northern Academy’s monoliteracy” (Musila), politics of knowledge production and construction of the Global South as primarily a site of fieldwork and research extraction. Authors will include Sylvia Tamale, Wangui Kimari, Sabelo Ndlovu-Matsheni, Ochy Curiel, Keguro Macharia, Beatriz Nascimento, Michel-Rolph Trouillot and Abdelghaffar Ahmed.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, decolonial, queer, feminis, decolonization, productionSDG4,SDG5,SDG10,SDG12
JAL355H1Language and GenderAn introduction to some of the principal questions of feminist theory, as viewed from sociolinguistics. Topics include: socialization into gendered discourse patterns, cultural and ethnic differences in gendered interactions; the role of language and gender in legal, medical and labour settings; multilingualism, migration, imperialism and nationalism; sexuality, desire and queer linguistics, language, gender and globalization.Arts and Science, Faculty ofgender, queer, feminis, labour, globaliz, nationalismSDG5,SDG8,SDG9,SDG16
JAL355H5Language and GenderWays in which gender influences the use of language and behaviour in conversational interaction: ways in which language reflects cultural beliefs about gender.University of Toronto MississaugagenderSDG5
JAV120H1Visual ConceptsAn introduction to a wide range of topics situated in modernism and postmodernism that inform current art practice and critical discourse. The course investigates post-1970 art practice through diverse societal, cultural, and political influences of post-modernism.Architecture, Landscape, and Design, John H. Daniels Faculty ofinvestSDG11,SDG16
JAV151H1History of Architecture, Landscape, Urbanism, and Art IAn introduction to the pre-industrial world through examples of architecture, landscape, sites, and art drawn from across the globe. The goal of this course is not only to explain the artifacts and sites under discussion but also to explain the social, economic, and cultural conditions of the world through them.Architecture, Landscape, and Design, John H. Daniels Faculty ofurban, landSDG11,SDG15
JAV152H1History of Architecture, Landscape, Urbanism, and Art IIAn introduction to the post-industrial world through examples of architecture, landscape, sites, and art drawn from across the globe. The goal of this course is not only to explain the artifacts and sites under discussion but also to explain the social, economic, and cultural conditions of the world through them.Architecture, Landscape, and Design, John H. Daniels Faculty ofurban, landSDG11,SDG15
JAV303H1Land, Relations, Truth and ReconciliationThe course considers interdisciplinary perspectives on sustainability within the built and natural environment. Through the examination of a broad set of textual and visual artifacts, students will critically examine responses to topics such as climate change, systemic inequity, and spatial justice at an individual, civic, regional, and planetary scale.Architecture, Landscape, and Design, John H. Daniels Faculty ofequity, equit, cities, climate, planetSDG4,SDG10,SDG11,SDG13
JBH471H5Worlds Colliding: The History and Ecology of Exploration, Contact, and ExchangeAn examination of contact in world history through both an ecological and a historical lens. Precise topics will depend on the year, but the focus will be on the creation of global systems and ecological challenges that continue to shape our world. In some years, students may have the option of participating in an international learning experience during Reading Week that will have an additional cost and application process. Students interested in this course will need to be approved for enrollment by the department and course instructors.University of Toronto Mississaugalearning, ecologSDG4,SDG15
JCI199H1Italians in Canada: Histories, Journeys, Struggles, SuccessesThis course explores the presence of people from the Italian peninsula in what is now known as Canada. The course begins with discussions on Giovanni Caboto’s and other explorers’ journeys to then focus on contemporary Italian-Canadian communities. This course provides students with the critical tools necessary to understand various historical, linguistic, culinary, spiritual, political, and creative elements of Italian-Canadian identity and life. Students of both Italian and non-Italian heritage are most welcome in this course, which is taught in English. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.Arts and Science, Faculty ofculinarySDG4,SDG10,SDG11
JCI250H1Italian Canadian CommunitiesThis course examines the past and present settlement patterns of those of Italian descent in Canada, in rural areas and cities, including increasing suburbanization. Students will address issues such as work and employment and political participation. Challenges and opportunities will be examined, with respect to issues such as migration, community-building, belonging, and discrimination.Arts and Science, Faculty ofemployment, cities, urban, ruralSDG8,SDG10,SDG11
JCP221H5ThermodynamicsAn introduction to equilibrium thermodynamics with application to ideal and non-ideal systems: covering the concepts of work and heat, the laws of thermodynamics, internal energy, enthalpy and entropy, the chemical potential, states of matter, phase rules and phase diagrams, and chemical equilibria. Kinetics topics include rate laws, both differential and integrated, rate constants, activated complex theory, and temperature effects.University of Toronto MississaugaenergySDG7
JEG100H1Introduction to Physical Geography and Earth ScienceThis introduction to Physical Geography and Earth Sciences examines the atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere and biosphere, emphasizing processes, flows of energy and materials, and the interconnectedness of these Earth systems. Specific topics include weather and climate, earth materials, geological and geomorphic processes involved in the genesis of landforms, river systems, glaciers, soils, and biomes.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenergy, climate, weather, land, soilSDG7,SDG13,SDG15
JEG400Y5Geography / Environment Science InternshipThrough a part-time, unpaid work placement, students apply the natural science based environmental science/physical geography expertise gained through previous course work. Placements are made at local conservation authorities, municipalities, environmental consulting companies, corporations, provincial or federal agencies, and other organizations. Students must submit an application online. Instructions for the application can be found on the Geography Department home page: of Toronto Mississaugaenvironmental, conservSDG8,SDG11,SDG13
JEG401Y5Geography / Environment Social Science InternshipThrough a part-time, unpaid work placement, students apply the knowledge and expertise gained through previous course work in geography. Placements may be made in a range of settings. For example, placements may include municipal government, regional government, neighbourhood organizations and centres, corporations as well as with non-governmental organizations. Admission for this course will be through an online application. Instructions for the application can be found on the Geography Department home page: of Toronto MississaugaknowledgeSDG4,SDG8,SDG11
JEP351H5Comparative Environmental PolicyThis course is an introduction to comparative environmental policy. The main focus of the course will be Canada-US-Mexico comparative policy around climate change, biodiversity, water resources, and pollution. Other countries may be examined as larger themes related to sustainable development and environmental justice will be covered in detail.University of Toronto Mississaugapollution, water, sustainable development, climate, environmental, environmental justice, pollut, biodiversSDG3,SDG6,SDG8,SDG11,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
JEP356H5Environmental JusticeEnvironmental Justice is about the fair treatment of all people in the creation and implementation of environmental policies. It also provides a critical framework to analyze and understand inequalities of an environmental kind. These inequalities are often based around identities of race, class and gender, such that marginalized groups are made to bear the burden of environmental externalities like pollution. Why are First Nations in Canada less likely to have access to safe drinking water? Why are industrial plants often in low-income neighborhoods? After critical examinations of the theories and foundations of environmental justice, this course uses a case study approach to understanding the concepts and the ways in which it has shaped modern society. [24L, 12T]University of Toronto Mississaugalow-income, pollution, gender, water, equalit, marginalized, income, environmental, environmental justice, pollutSDG1,SDG3,SDG5,SDG6,SDG10,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
JEP452H5Politics and Policy of Wildlife ConservationThis course is an in-depth analysis of conservation policy in Canada. The course begins with an overview biodiversity crisis facing the planet and then moves to an overview of Canada's approach to managing biodiversity across the country. We will carefully examine the federal Species at Risk Act as well as the provincial and territorial wildlife legislation. The remaining of the course will be aimed at making improvements to the Canadian strategy. During the course of the semester, the students will focus on the recovery of endangered species in Canada through the development of a recovery strategy for a specific species.University of Toronto Mississaugaplanet, conserv, species, biodivers, endangered species, wildlifeSDG13,SDG14,SDG15
JFP450H1Indigenous Issues in Health and HealingThis course consists of an examination of health and healing from a holistic perspective (mental, physical, emotional, spiritual) and how colonialism, culture, and public policy have impacted the health of Indigenous peoples in the present day. This course is built around a case-based project in which students working in interdisciplinary groups take on the role of a traditional Indigenous healer, and then assess their healing strategy from a biomedical perspective.Arts and Science, Faculty ofindigenousSDG3,SDG10,SDG16
JGA305H1Environmental and Archaeological GeophysicsApplication of near-surface geophysical methods to investigate environmental and archaeological sites; in particular magnetometry, resistivity, ground-probing radar, and seismic surveys. Course will cover background on the various methods, and allow students to run field surveys and present on case studies.Arts and Science, Faculty ofinvest, environmentalSDG9,SDG13
JGC439H1The Problem and Promise of Caribbean FreedomThis course surveys the institutional and ideological structures that have historically internally and externally governed the Caribbean; the patterns of uneven development and crisis they have produced and the forms of agency, resistance they have produced. Centering the social, economic, and spatial inter-connectedness of the Caribbean territorial region and its increasingly de-territorialized diaspora, we explore possibilities for economic, social and climate justice for all Caribbean communities.Arts and Science, Faculty ofclimate, climate justice, institutSDG11,SDG13,SDG16
JGE321H1Multicultural Perspectives on Environmental ManagementDiverse approaches to environmental issues in a variety of multicultural settings are introduced, compared and analyzed, using case studies. Perspectives on environmental management will be discussed as they emerge from contexts such as Latin America, Asia, or Africa.Arts and Science, Faculty ofenvironmentalSDG13
JGE331H1Resource and Environmental TheoryIntroduction to and critical evaluation of major ideas and conceptual traditions underpinning environmental and natural resource politics and regulation. Topics include: parks and protected areas, market-based environmental regulation, property rights and conservation, Malthusianism, and biodiversity conservation. Emphasis is placed on critical reading of primary texts.Arts and Science, Faculty ofnatural resource, environmental, conserv, biodiversSDG12,SDG13,SDG14,SDG15
JGE378H5Natural HazardsEarth is a dangerous place and risk is an inherent feature of life on this planet. Some of the events and processes that we call "hazardous," such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, floods, tsunamis, cyclones, and forest fires are natural environmental processes. We define them as hazards only when they pose a threat to human interests. In this course we will examine natural hazards as well as some technological hazards, their causes, their potential impacts on people, and their management and mitigation.University of Toronto Mississaugaenvironmental, planet, forestSDG13,SDG15
JGU216H1Globalization and Urban ChangeFocusing on the impacts that global flows of ideas, culture, people, goods, and capital have on cities throughout the globe, this course explores some of the factors that differentiate the experiences of globalization and urban change in cities at different moments in history and in various geographic locations.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcapital, globaliz, cities, urbanSDG9,SDG11
JGU346H1The Urban Planning ProcessOverview of how planning tools and practice shape the built form of cities. This course introduces twentieth century physical planning within its historical, social, legal, and political contexts. Community and urban design issues are addressed at local and regional scales and in both central cities and suburbs. The focus is on Toronto and the Canadian experience, with comparative examples from other countries, primarily the United States. Transportation costs: $20.Arts and Science, Faculty ofcities, urbanSDG11
JIG322H1Indigenous Worlds, Worldviews and the EnvironmentExplores the diverse ways of understanding and responding to the world that emerge from indigenous cultures around the world. Examines how indigenous ways of being and relating to their natural environment can help us understand and address the current environmental crisis. Using examples of indigenous activism from Canada and around the world, examines how colonial histories shape dispossession and marginalization and inform visions for the future. Topics include traditional ecological knowledge, place-based social movements, environmental concerns of indigenous peoples, bio-cultural restoration and decolonization of nature-human relations.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, worldview, indigenous, decolonization, environmental, ecologSDG4,SDG10,SDG16,SDG13,SDG15
JIG440H1Indigenous GeographiesThis course draws on theoretical texts of Indigeneity, with a primary focus on Indigenous spaces in the Americas. Course participants will examine how core geographic concepts such as place, territory, land, movement and the scale of the body are sites of colonial dispossession and violence, as well as sites for decolonial and liberatory thought and practice. We will primarily engage with Indigenous-led scholarship within Geography and Indigenous Studies, and creative forms of knowledge production generated across Indigenous communities.Arts and Science, Faculty ofknowledge, decolonial, indigenous, production, land, violenceSDG4,SDG10,SDG16,SDG15
JIH366H1Indigenous Histories of the Great Lakes, 1815 to the PresentExplores the history of Aboriginal peoples (Indigenous and Metis) living in the Great Lakes Region after the Great Lakes were effectively split between British North America (later Canada) to the north and the united States to the south, when a rapidly increasing newcomer population on both sides of the border marginalized Indigenous peoples and settled on their land. Topics include a comparative examination of Indigenous experiences of colonialism, including treaties and land surrenders as well as the development of government policies aimed at removing and/or assimilating Great Lakes peoples. This course will also study resistance by First National and Tribal Councils to those programs over nearly two centuries and assess local strategies used for economic and cultural survival.Arts and Science, Faculty ofindigenous, marginalized, landSDG10,SDG14,SDG15,SDG16
JIH460H1Indigenous Histories of North AmericaThis senior seminar takes a regional approach, featuring work written by or in collaboration with Indigenous scholars and Indigenous communities, to draw students into discussion of comparative historiographies, the role of worldview in historical writing and the significant methodological interventions made by Indigenous studies. Students explore oral history and material culture as sources for writing history and discuss ethical research practices for community-based scholarship. In addition to active participation, each student will write a major paper, approximately 15 pages in length, in the form of a review essay on the historiography of either a region or a topic. This course is a joint graduate/undergraduate seminar.Arts and Science, Faculty ofworldview, labor, indigenousSDG4,SDG8,SDG10,SDG14,SDG15,SDG16
JNS450H1Sexuality & DisabilityAn interdisciplinary and intersectional approach to the study of disability and sexuality. Students will engage with historical, mainstream and critical discourses and explore complex issues and representations pertaining to disability, sexuality, sexual practices and desire. Draws from a range of writings and cultural texts in queer, crip and sexuality studies.Arts and Science, Faculty ofdisabilit, queerSDG3,SDG5,SDG10
JOUB02H3Critical JournalismThe course examines the representation of race, gender, class and power in the media, traditional journalistic practices and newsroom culture. It will prepare students who wish to work in a media-related industry with a critical perspective towards understanding the marginalization of particular groups in the media.University of Toronto ScarboroughgenderSDG5
JPE251H5Introduction to Canadian Environmental Law and Policy IThis course serves as an introduction to environmental policy and law in Canada. The primary intent is to provide an overview of the political context in which environmental policy and law is made and implemented. The emphasis in this course will be on environmental policy. The course begins with an outline of the Canadian parliamentary system and policymaking process. A series of case studies, from biodiversity to climate change, are then explored as a way to see the policy process in action. [24L][11T]University of Toronto Mississaugaclimate, environmental, biodiversSDG13,SDG14,SDG15,SDG17
JPE252H5Introduction to Canadian Environmental Law and Policy IIThis course builds on the themes and concepts introduced in JPE251H5. The primary intent is to provide an overview of the political context in which environmental policy and law is made and implemented. The emphasis in this course will be on environmental law. [24L][11T]University of Toronto MississaugaenvironmentalSDG13,SDG14,SDG17
JPE395H1Physics of the EarthDesigned for students interested in the physics of the Earth and the planets. Study of the Earth as a unified dynamic system; determination of major internal divisions in the planet; development and evolution of the Earth's large scale surface features through plate tectonics; the age and thermal history of the planet; Earth's gravitational field and the concept of isostasy; mantle rheology and convection; Earth tides; geodetic measurement techniques, in particular modern space-based techniques.Arts and Science, Faculty ofplanetSDG14,SDG15